The President-elect of the United States is the person who has won the quadrennial presidential election in the United States, but who has not yet been inaugurated as president of the United States. President-elect is the honorific title accorded to this individual; the only constitutional provisions pertaining directly to the president-elect, address matters related to the election winner's availability to take the oath of office. Nowhere is there an unequivocal statement made of when the winner of the election becomes president-elect. Since the 1960s, U. S. federal law has empowered the General Services Administration Administrator to ascertain who the apparent election winner is, to help facilitate the basic functioning of the president-elect's transition team. By convention, during the period between the election and the inauguration, the president-elect prepares to carry out the duties of the office of president and works with the outgoing president to ensure a smooth handover of all presidential responsibilities.
Incumbent presidents who have won re-election for a second term are not referred to as presidents-elect, as they are in office and are not waiting to become president. If a vice president succeeds to the presidency by way of the president's death, resignation or removal from office, that person does not hold the title of president-elect, as they would become president immediately. Conversely, a sitting vice president, elected president does become president-elect. Article II, Section 1, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution, along with the Twelfth and Twentieth Amendments directly address and govern the process for electing the nation's president. Presidential elections are further regulated by various federal and state laws. Under federal law, the presidential electors, the members of the Electoral College, the body that directly elects the president, must be "appointed, in each state, on the Tuesday next after the first Monday in November, in every fourth year". Thus, all states appoint their electors in November, once every four years.
However, the manner of appointment of the electors is determined by the law of each state, subject to the restrictions stipulated by the Constitution. In every state, an election by the people is the method employed for the choice of the members of the Electoral College; the Constitution, does not specify any procedure that states must follow in choosing electors. A state could, for instance, prescribe that they be elected by the state legislature, or choice by the state's governor; the latter was the norm in early presidential elections prior the 1820s, no state has done so since the 1860s. Several states have enacted or proposed laws that would give their electoral votes to the winner of the national popular vote regardless of the result of their statewide vote, but these laws will not come into force unless and until states with a majority of the electoral votes collectively enact such laws, which as of 2018 has yet to occur. On the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, the electors of each state meet in their respective state capitals and in those meetings the electors cast their votes for President and Vice President of the United States.
At the conclusion of their meetings, the electors of each state and of the District of Columbia execute a "certificate of vote", declaring the vote count in each meeting. To each certificate of vote, a certificate of ascertainment is annexed; each state's certificate of ascertainment is the official document that declares the names of the electors, certifying their appointment as members of the Electoral College. Given that in all states the electors are chosen by popular election, each certificate of ascertainment declares the results of the popular vote that decided the appointment of the electors, although this information is not constitutionally required; the electors in each state and of the District of Columbia send the certificates of vote, with the enclosed certificates of ascertainment, to the President of the U. S. Senate; the electoral votes are counted in a joint session of Congress in early January and if the ballots are accepted without objections, the presidential and vice-presidential candidates winning at least 270 electoral votes—a majority of the total number of electoral votes—are certified as having won the election by the incumbent Vice President, in their capacity as President of the Senate.
If no presidential candidate reaches the 270-vote threshold, the election for the president would be decided by the House of Representatives in a run-off contingent election. If no vice-presidential candidate reaches that threshold, the election for the vice president would be decided by the Senate. Although neither the Constitution nor any federal law requires electors to vote for the candidate who wins their state's popular vote, some states have enacted laws mandating that they vote for the state vote winner; the constitutionality of these laws have never been tested in the courts. There have only been a few instances of "faithless electors" casting their ballots for a candidate to whom they were not pledged, such instances have never altered the final outcome of a presidential election. U. S. Presidential elections are indirect elections, meaning that voters do not choose between the candidates directly, but rather elect the people who will. Due to this, the potential exists th
Ion Grigorescu is a Romanian painter, was one of the first Romanian conceptual artists and advocates of anti-art, postulating a radical consolidation of artistic activities with quotidian life. He is the creator of numerous films, photographic series, actions recorded on film, as well as drawings and collages that documented both his private life and the passage of the Romanian people from life under communist regimes to the realities of expansive capitalism, he is represented by Andreiana Mihail Gallery and Gregor Podnar Gallery Berlin-Ljubljana. 2013 - Trauma of the Exposed Body, prometeogallery di Ida Pisani, Church San Matteo, Lucca 2011 - Performing History, the Romanian Pavilion at the 54th International exhibition La Biennale di Venezia 2011 - Rome seen with the eyes / Rome invented, with Bogdan Vladuţă, Andreiana Mihail Gallery, Bucharest. N. A. C. Bucharest 2006 - Am Boden, Kunstverein. N. A. C. Bucharest. N. A. C. Bucureşti, Vă place palatul Ceauşescu?. Some notes on Paradoxes: the embodied city” in ”Paradoxes: the Embodied City”, Gulbenkian Foundation, Lisbon, 2005 Saxenhuber, Hedwig ”...that they mark everyday life in its depth”, in Springerin, Band XI, Heft 1 Fruejahr, Vienna, 2005 Cel ce se pedepsește singur.
Stefan Bertalan, Florin Mitroi, Ion Grigorescu. Arta și România în anii 80-90, Editura Institutului Cultural Român, 2009 Experiment în arta românească după 1960”- Adrian Guță, Performance art în România între 1980-1996, p. 79, Centrul Soros pentru artă contemporană, 1997 Alexandra Titu, Experimentul în arta românească după 1960,Ion Grigorescu,Editura Meridiane 2003 Ion Grigorescu, Studiul 3, Editura Institutului Cultural Român, 2009 Ion Grigorescu, Catalogul Romanian Cultural Resolution, editat de Editura Hatje Cantz, 2011. N. A. C. Bucharest, 2007.
The Malaysia Youth Museum is a museum in Melaka City, Malaysia. The museum is dedicated to the youth of Malaysia, their contribution to the economic and social well-being at regional and international levels; the museum building was used as part of the Dutch Administrative Complex during the Dutch Malacca. It was converted into a post office and subsequently an Anglo-Chinese School in 1931, it was turned into a museum and was opened by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad on 15 April 1992. The museum is located on the ground floor of the building, while the upper floor houses the Melaka Art Gallery, it is located in a cluster at Bandar Kilir along with core Melaka historic sites: A Famosa, St Paul's Church, the Stadthuys, Christ Church, the Proclamation of Independence Memorial and the Malacca Sultanate Palace Museum. The museum houses documents and information related to various Malaysian youth organisations locally and internationally; the museum opens every day except Monday from 9.00 a.m. to 5.30 p.m.