Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky
The office of Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky was created under the state's second constitution, ratified in 1799. The inaugural officeholder was Alexander Scott Bullitt, who took office in 1800 following his election to serve under James Garrard in 1799; the lieutenant governor serves as governor of Kentucky under circumstances similar to the Vice President of the United States assuming the powers of the presidency. The current Lieutenant Governor is Republican Jenean Hampton; as specified in Kentucky Revised Statute 11.400 11.400 Duties of Lieutenant Governor. In addition to the duties prescribed for the office by the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Kentucky, the duties of the Lieutenant Governor shall be as follows: To serve as vice chairman of the State Property and Buildings Commission as prescribed by KRS 56.450. The Southern Growth Policies Board as prescribed by KRS 147.585. The Breaks Interstate Park Commission as provided in KRS 148.225. The Falls of the Ohio Interstate Park Commission pursuant to KRS 148.242.
The Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway Development Authority pursuant to KRS 182.305. The Interstate Water Sanitation Control Commissions as prescribed by KRS 224.18-710. The Kentucky Mining Advisory Council for the Interstate Mining Compact as provided by KRS 350.310. Nothing in this section shall prohibit the Governor and Lieutenant Governor from agreeing upon additional duties within the executive branch of the state government to be performed by the Lieutenant Governor. Effective: June 26, 2007 The role and powers of the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky were altered by a 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky. Prior to that 1992 amendment to the Constitution of Kentucky the lieutenant governor became acting governor at any time that the governor was outside of the commonwealth. Lieutenant governors Thelma Stovall and Happy Chandler engaged in high-profile use of their powers as acting governor when the elected governor was out of the commonwealth. Prior to the 1992 amendment of the Constitution of Kentucky, the lieutenant governor of Kentucky presided over the Kentucky Senate, casting a vote only in the event of a tie.
The 1992 constitutional amendment supplanted the office of President pro tempore of the Kentucky Senate with the new office of President of the Kentucky Senate as presiding officer and abolished the lieutenant governor's duties involving the Senate. As a result, the lieutenant governor has no ongoing constitutional duties, his or her traditional use of the Old Governor's Mansion as an official residence has been phased out. Candidates for governor and lieutenant governor in Kentucky run together on party slates; this is the result of the same 1992 constitutional amendment. This was famously highlighted. Gov. A. B. "Happy" Chandler in 1935 and then-Lt. Gov. Thelma Stovall in 1978 called the Kentucky General Assembly into session to enact legislation, not advocated by the governors at the time. In 1967 a Republican, Louie Nunn, was elected governor and a Democrat, Wendell H. Ford, was elected lieutenant governor. Democratic Democratic-Republican National Republican Free Soil Republican Whig Some accounts indicate that Kentucky's Confederate government had one lieutenant governor, Horatio F. Simrall, elected at the Russellville Convention in 1861.
Simrall fled to Mississippi shortly thereafter. As of January 2017, ten former lieutenant governors were the oldest being Julian Carroll; the most recent death of a former lieutenant governor was that of Wendell H. Ford, on January 22, 2015; the most serving lieutenant governor to die was Thelma Stovall on February 4, 1994. Governor of Kentucky
Lawrence Winchester Wetherby was an American politician who served as Lieutenant Governor and Governor of Kentucky. He is the only governor in state history born in Jefferson County, despite the fact that Louisville is the state's most populous city. After graduating from the University of Louisville, Wetherby held several minor offices in the Jefferson County judicial system before being elected lieutenant governor in 1947, he was called Kentucky's first "working" lieutenant governor because Governor Earle C. Clements asked him to carry out duties beyond his constitutional responsibility to preside over the state Senate, such as preparing the state budget and attending the Southern Governors Conference. In 1950, Clements resigned to assume a seat in the U. S. Senate, elevating Wetherby to governor. Wetherby won immediate acclaim by calling a special legislative session to increase funding for education and government benefits from the state's budget surplus. In 1951, he won a four-year full term as governor, during which he continued and expanded many of Clements' programs, including increased road construction and industrial diversification.
He endorsed the Supreme Court's 1954 desegregation order in the case of Brown v. Board of Education and appointed a biracial commission to oversee the successful integration of the state's schools; as chairman of the Southern Governors Conference in 1954 and 1955, he encouraged other southern governors to accept and implement desegregation. Limited to one term by the state constitution, Wetherby supported Bert Combs to be his successor, but Combs lost in the Democratic primary to A. B. "Happy" Chandler, a former governor and factional opponent of both Wetherby and Clements. Chandler's failure to support Wetherby's 1956 bid to succeed Democrat Alben Barkley in the Senate contributed to his loss to Republican John Sherman Cooper. From 1964 to 1966, Wetherby served on a commission charged with revising the state constitution, in 1966 he was elected to the Kentucky Senate, where he provided leadership in drafting the state budget. Following this, he served as a consultant for Brighton Engineering.
He died March 27, 1994, of complications from a broken hip and was buried in Frankfort Cemetery in Frankfort, Kentucky. Lawrence Wetherby was born January 1908, in Middletown, Kentucky, he was the fourth child of Fanny Wetherby. His grandfather was a surgeon in the Union Army during the Civil War, his father was a physician and farmer, during his childhood years, Wetherby worked on the family farm. After graduating from Anchorage High School, Wetherby enrolled in the pre-law program at the University of Louisville, he was a letterman on the football team in 1927 and 1928. He was inducted into the university's Athletic Hall of Fame. In 1929, he went to work for Judge Henry Tilford; the two would remain partners until 1950. On April 24, 1930, he married Helen Dwyer. Thanks to his father's influence, Wetherby became interested in local politics at an early age. School board races fascinated him, he allied himself with a faction of the Jefferson County Democratic Party headed by Leland Taylor and Ben Ewing.
When Ewing was elected county judge in 1933, he appointed Wetherby as a part-time attorney for the Jefferson County juvenile court. He held this position through 1937 returned to it in 1942 and 1943. In March 1943, he was appointed the first trial commissioner of the juvenile court. Wetherby was elected chairman of the 34th Legislative District Democratic Committee in 1943 and held the position through 1956. In March 1947, he resigned as trial commissioner of the juvenile court in order to run for lieutenant governor; the strongest of his four opponents in the Democratic primary was Bill May, the nephew of U. S. Representative Andrew J. May. May had sought the support of gubernatorial candidate Earle C. Clements, but Clements refused because Congressman May was an ally of Clements' political opponent John Y. Brown. Wetherby was unable to secure Clements' public endorsement, but he won the primary and went on to defeat Republican Orville M. Howard by over 95,000 votes. Despite Clements' refusal to endorse Wetherby in the primary, the two agreed on their legislative agendas and worked well together.
Some observers called. Previous lieutenant governors did little beyond their constitutionally mandated duty of presiding over the Kentucky Senate, but during Clements' administration, Wetherby was charged with preparing a state budget, presiding over the Legislative Research Commission, leading tours for the state Chamber of Commerce, attending the Southern Governors Conference. Clements made Wetherby executive secretary of the State Democratic Central Committee, which allowed Wetherby to make many important political contacts. On November 27, 1950, Clements resigned to accept a seat in the U. S. Senate, elevating Wetherby to governor. One of his first actions was to call a special legislative session to convene on March 6, 1951 for the purpose of allocating the state's $10 million budget surplus. Among the expenditures approved in the special session were increases in teachers' salaries and state benefits for the needy and government employees. Wetherby's popularity soared as a result of this session, he considered running for the Senate seat vacated by the death of Virgil Chapman in 1951.
Instead, after talking with Clements and other Democratic leaders, he decided to seek a full, four-year term as governor. Among the potential candidates for the Democra
The Kentucky Senate is the upper house of the Kentucky General Assembly. The Kentucky Senate is composed of 38 members elected from single-member districts throughout the Commonwealth. There are no term limits for Kentucky Senators; the Kentucky Senate meets at the Kentucky State Capitol in Frankfort. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state senator must: be at least 30 years old. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, senators are elected to four year staggered terms, with half the Senate elected every two years. Prior to a 1992 constitutional amendment, the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky presided over the Senate. President: Robert Stivers President pro tempore: David P. Givens Additionally, each political party elects a floor leader and caucus chairman. Current party leadership of the Kentucky Senate: Republican Party Leader: Damon Thayer Whip: Jimmy Higdon Caucus chair: Dan Seum Democratic Party Leader: Morgan McGarvey Whip: Dennis Parrett Caucus chair: Johnny Ray Turner As of 10 January 2019: Carolyn Conn Moore became the first woman to serve in the Kentucky Senate when in November 1949 she won a special election to replace her husband, J. Lee Moore, in the legislature after his death.
Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to the Kentucky Senate in 1988. Gerald Neal became the first African-American to be elected to a leadership position in the Kentucky General Assembly in 2014; as of 16 July 2018. Kentucky General Assembly Kentucky House of Representatives Government of Kentucky American Legislative Exchange Council members Kentucky Legislature Senate Members official government website State Senate of Kentucky at Project Vote Smart Kentucky Senate at Ballotpedia
Kentucky General Assembly
The Kentucky General Assembly called the Kentucky Legislature, is the state legislature of the U. S. state of Kentucky. It comprises the the Kentucky House of Representatives; the General Assembly meets annually in the state capitol building in Frankfort, convening on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in January. In even-numbered years, sessions may not last more than 60 legislative days, cannot extend beyond April 15. In odd-numbered years, sessions may not last more than 30 legislative days, cannot extend beyond March 30. Special sessions may be called by the Governor of Kentucky at any time for any duration; the first meeting of the General Assembly occurred in 1792, shortly after Kentucky was granted statehood. Legislators convened in the state's temporary capital. Among the first orders of business was choosing a permanent state capital. In the end, the small town of Frankfort, with their offer to provide a temporary structure to house the legislature and a cache of materials for constructing a permanent edifice, was chosen, the state's capital has remained there since.
After women gained suffrage in Kentucky, Mary Elliott Flanery was elected to the Kentucky House of Representative from the 89th District representing Boyd County, Kentucky. When Flanery took her seat in January 1922, she was the first female state legislator elected in Kentucky and the first female legislator elected south of the Mason–Dixon line. Operation Boptrot lead to the conviction of more than a dozen legislators between 1992 and 1995; the investigation led to reform legislation being passed in 1993. Kentucky remained neutral during the Civil War. However, the majority of the General Assembly had strong Union sympathies. A group of Confederate sympathizers met in Russellville to establish a Confederate government for the state; the group decided to establish the Confederate state capital in Bowling Green, but never displaced the elected General Assembly in Frankfort. The General Assembly played a decisive role in the disputed gubernatorial election of 1900. Initial vote tallies had Republican William S. Taylor leading Democrat William Goebel by a scant 2,383 votes.
The General Assembly, wielded the final authority in election disputes. With a majority in both houses, the Democrats attempted to invalidate enough votes to give the election to Goebel. During the contentious days that followed, an unidentified assassin shot Goebel as he approached the state capitol; as Goebel hovered on the brink of death, chaos ensued in Frankfort, further violence threatened. Taylor, serving as governor pending a final decision on the election, called out the militia and ordered the General Assembly into a special session, not in Frankfort, but in London, Kentucky, a Republican area of the state; the Republican minority heeded the call and headed to London. Democrats predictably resisted the call. Both factions claimed authority. Goebel died four days after receiving the fatal shot, the election was contested to the U. S. Supreme Court, who ruled the General Assembly's actions legal and made Goebel's lieutenant governor, J. C. W. Beckham, governor of the state; the General Assembly is bicameral, consisting of a House of Representatives.
The House and Senate chambers are on opposite ends of the third floor of the capitol building, legislators have offices in the nearby Capitol Annex building. Section 33 of the Kentucky Constitution requires that the General Assembly divide the state into 38 Senate and 100 House districts. Districts are required to be as nearly equal in population. Districts can be formed by joining more than one county, but the counties forming a district must be contiguous. Districts must be re-divided if necessary. Under the state constitution, only three counties may be divided to form a Senate district--Jefferson and Kenton; the Senate is the upper house of the General Assembly. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state senator must: be at least 30 years old. Under section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, senators are elected to four year staggered terms, with half the Senate elected every two years. Prior to a 1992 constitutional amendment, the Lieutenant Governor of Kentucky presided over the Senate.
President: Robert Stivers President Pro-Tempore: David P. Givens Additionally, each party elects a floor leader and caucus chair; the House of Representatives is the lower house of the General Assembly. Section 47 of the Kentucky Constitution stipulates that all bills for raising revenue must originate in the House of Representatives. According to Section 32 of the Kentucky Constitution, a state representative must: be at least 24 years old. Per section 30 of the Kentucky Constitution, representatives are elected every two years in the November following a regular session of the General Assembly. Speaker: David Osborne Speaker Pro Tempore: David Meade Additionally, each party elects a floor leader and caucus chair. Senate Standing Committees and Chairs AGRICULTURE, Sen. Paul Hornback APPROPRIATIONS & REVENUE, Sen. Christian McDaniel Senate Budget Review Subcommittee on Economic Development an