Burnett Transit Center
The Burnett Transit Center is an elevated light rail station on the METRORail Red Line in Houston, United States. It was built as part of the North/Red Line Extension, and it has three tracks accessed by two island platforms, one for each direction. The center track is used by northbound trains short-turning to return southbound and these trains unload passengers onto the eastern platform, and load passengers from the western platform. The station features a 6 bay bus terminal and a Kiss, the station is located above the intersection of North Main Street and Burnett Street, which was once proposed for a multimodal transit hub prior to 2011. Ridemetro. org Ridemetro. org Upcoming rail, freeway openings just the beginning for both - Houston Chronicle, youTube - Houston Metro Rail - Red Line extension. On riding the North Line – Off the Kuff
Downtown Houston is Houstons central business district, containing the headquarters of many prominent companies. There is a network of pedestrian tunnels and skywalks connecting the buildings of the district. The tunnel system is home to restaurants and services. What is now Downtown made up almost all of the City of Houston until expansions of the city limits in the early 20th century, Downtown Houston was the original founding point of the city. After the Texas Revolution, two New York real estate promoters, John Kirby Allen and Augustus Chapman Allen, purchased 6,642 acres of land from Thomas F. L, parrot and his wife, for $9,428. The Allen brothers first landed in the area where the White Oak Bayou and Buffalo Bayou meet, gail Borden, Jr. a city planner, laid out wide streets for the town. The city was granted incorporation by the Texas legislature on June 5,1837, Houston was the temporary capital of Texas. In 1840, the town was divided into four wards, each with different functions in the community, by 1906 what is now Downtown was divided among six wards.
The wards are no longer political divisions, but their names are used to refer to certain areas. Houston became a choice, as only the most powerful storms were able to reach the city. The second came a year with the 1901 discovery of oil at spindletop and oil industries began flocking to east Texas, many settling in Houston. From that point forward the area grew substantially, as many skyscrapers were constructed, in the 1980s, economic recession canceled some projects and caused others to be scaled back, such as the Bank of the Southwest Tower. Ralph Bivins of the Houston Chronicle wrote that Fox said that area was a neighborhood of Victorian-era homes. Bivins said that the construction of Union Station, which occurred around 1910, hotels opened in the area to service travelers. Afterwards, according to Bivins, the area began a downward slide toward the skid row of the 1990s. Passenger trains stopped going to Union Station in 1974, the construction of Interstate 45 in the 1950s separated portions of the historic Third Ward from the rest of the Third Ward and brought those portions into Downtown.
Beginning in the 1960s the development of the 610 Loop caused the focus of the Houston area to move away from Downtown Houston, in the mid-1980s, the bank savings and loan crisis forced many tenants in Downtown Houston buildings to retrench, and some tenants went out of business. Barna said that this development further caused Downtown Houston to decline, the Gulf Hotel fire occurred in 1943
Not to be confused with the Alley Theatre in Northern Ireland. The Alley Theatre is a Tony Award-winning indoor theatre in Downtown Houston, the Hubbard is the main stage with seating for 774, the more intimate Neuhaus seats 310. Nine towers and open-air terraces give the Alley Theatre a castle-like quality, inside, a staircase spirals from the entrance vestibule to the second-floor lobby. A wide variety of plays have been performed in this theater, the Alley Theatre is one of the three oldest resident theatres in the United States. Under the leadership of Nina Eloise Whittington Vance, the Alley Theatre first started in a dance studio with an opening on Main Street. A brick corridor led from Main to the back of the studio, hence the name Alley Theatre. ”In 1948, early paying members scouted Houston for a new location for the Alley, finally landing on an abandoned fan factory on Berry Avenue. The Alley re-opened on February 8,1949, with a production of Lillian Helman’s The Children’s Hour, in 1954, Ms.
Vance brought in Albert Dekker to ‘guest-star’ in Death of a Salesman. The Alley became a fully professional/Equity company, the Alley Theatre was invited by the United States State Department to represent the American Regional Theatre at the Brussels World’s Fair in 1958. In 1962, the Houston Endowment gifted land worth $800,000, in the summer of 1963, the theatre raised more than $900,000 from Houstonians. These funds helped the theatre grow from its modest beginnings into one of the most prestigious non-profit resident theatres in the United States. Paul Zindels The Effect of Gamma Rays on Man-in-the-Moon Marigolds was staged at the Alley in 1964, in 1996, the Alley Theatre won the Regional Theatre Tony Award and has toured 40 American cities and abroad. And is regarded as “one of the most respected resident companies in the country and this marked the first time a Russian had been invited to the U. S. to recreate a play precisely as it appeared in the Soviet Union. The Alley is currently led by Artistic Director Gregory Boyd and Managing Director Dean R.
Gladden, the opening of the new home of the Alley Theatre in November 1968 was a nationally chronicled event. It has two stages – the Hubbard Stage, which has 824 seats, and the more intimate Neuhaus Stage, which has 310 seats. The Alley’s building at 615 Texas Ave. was designed by Ulrich Franzen, along with Ms. Vance, wanted to create “a building that sings from any viewpoint. ”The theatre building has no right angles but does have wide bands and terraces and is “reminiscent of Frank Lloyd Wright’s buildings. ”Franzen selected the concrete exterior because he was inspired by Houston’s location and the warm weather of the Southwest. There are three triangles in the building and “the curves cling to and move around the triangles. ”Franzen designed the Alley in what is known as the Brutalist style that was popular from the 1950s through the mid-1970s. The term “brutalism” was coined in 1953 and comes from the French béton brut meaning raw concrete. ”Concrete is the material most widely associated with Brutalist architecture.
Of the Brutalist theatres built in the 1960s, including the Vivian Beaumont at Lincoln Center, in 1994, the Alley Theatre was chosen to receive the Twenty-Five Year Award by the American Institute of Architects/Houston, which recognizes distinguished architecture of lasting quality
Bayou Place is a 130,000 square foot entertainment complex that houses multiple theaters and restaurants located in Downtown Houston, United States. The complex was the former Albert Thomas convention center located in the Houston Theater District at 500 Texas Street, the convention center was made obsolete with the opening in 1987 of the much larger George R. Brown Convention Center on the eastern edge of downtown. After years of discussion, Maryland-based developer David Cordish entered into an agreement with the city of Houston in 1991 to redevelop the site. After a few years of discussions and construction. At one time the complex had a completion date in the year 1996. Cordish Company has had a 50-year lease to manage Bayou Place since 1997, the following are located within the complex, The Hard Rock Cafe is a popular global chain that offers meals with an atmosphere surrounded by plenty of Rock and Roll memorabilia. A four-tiered riser system on the main floor creates an intimate cabaret/dinner theater feel, the permanent 56 x 40 stage is equipped with ample sound and light.
Two 8 x 10 video screens are suspended above the stage, check the Website for upcoming concert schedules. Sundance Cinemas Houston opened in Bayou Place in early November 2011, the theater features specialized film programming and present features from film festivals and from general release. In March 2011, Cordish signed a 10-year lease with Sundance, the 36,000 square feet space will receive a $2.25 million remodeling. It will open to the public on November 23,2011, the theater closed after being open for 13 years. Angelika left the space and closed on Sunday, August 29,2010 due to a dispute with the landlord
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
Texas is the second largest state in the United States by both area and population. Other major cities include Austin, the second most populous state capital in the U. S. Texas is nicknamed the Lone Star State to signify its former status as an independent republic, and as a reminder of the states struggle for independence from Mexico. The Lone Star can be found on the Texan state flag, the origin of Texass name is from the word Tejas, which means friends in the Caddo language. Due to its size and geologic features such as the Balcones Fault, although Texas is popularly associated with the U. S. southwestern deserts, less than 10 percent of Texas land area is desert. Most of the centers are located in areas of former prairies, forests. Traveling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, the term six flags over Texas refers to several nations that have ruled over the territory. Spain was the first European country to claim the area of Texas, Mexico controlled the territory until 1836 when Texas won its independence, becoming an independent Republic.
In 1845, Texas joined the United States as the 28th state, the states annexation set off a chain of events that caused the Mexican–American War in 1846. A slave state before the American Civil War, Texas declared its secession from the U. S. in early 1861, after the Civil War and the restoration of its representation in the federal government, Texas entered a long period of economic stagnation. One Texan industry that thrived after the Civil War was cattle, due to its long history as a center of the industry, Texas is associated with the image of the cowboy. The states economic fortunes changed in the early 20th century, when oil discoveries initiated a boom in the state. With strong investments in universities, Texas developed a diversified economy, as of 2010 it shares the top of the list of the most Fortune 500 companies with California at 57. With a growing base of industry, the leads in many industries, including agriculture, energy and electronics, aerospace. Texas has led the nation in export revenue since 2002 and has the second-highest gross state product.
The name Texas, based on the Caddo word tejas meaning friends or allies, was applied by the Spanish to the Caddo themselves, during Spanish colonial rule, the area was officially known as the Nuevo Reino de Filipinas, La Provincia de Texas. Texas is the second largest U. S. state, behind Alaska, though 10 percent larger than France and almost twice as large as Germany or Japan, it ranks only 27th worldwide amongst country subdivisions by size. If it were an independent country, Texas would be the 40th largest behind Chile, Texas is in the south central part of the United States of America. Three of its borders are defined by rivers, the Rio Grande forms a natural border with the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas to the south
METRORail is the 23. 8-mile light rail system in Houston, Texas. As of 2015, the METRORail has a weekday ridership of 60,600. After Dallas DART Light Rail, METRORail ranks as the second most-traveled light rail system in the Southern United States, METRORail is operated by the Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County. This line was built after an approximately 20-year battle, starting in 1983 when Houston voters rejected a plan by referendum. A voter referendum in 1988 approved a 20-mile light rail plan, Bob Lanier was elected mayor in 1992, in 1991, U. S. Rep. Tom DeLay removed $65 million in federal funding for the rail line. Then, Houston drew up a plan with entirely local funding. Ground was broken on the original 7. 5-mile, 16-station portion of the line on March 13,2001, the opening of METRORail, which took place on January 1,2004, came 64 years after the previous streetcar system had been shut down. Houston was the largest city in the United States without a system after the 1990 opening of the Blue Line in Los Angeles.
Tom DeLay strongly opposed construction of the METRORail line and twice blocked federal funding for the system in the United States House of Representatives. Thus the Metrorail was built without any federal funding until November 2011 when a $900 million grant was approved for expansions, Klineberg considers these changes a paradigm shift or sea change on attitudes towards mass transit. Construction began on the 5. 3-mile and 9-station North/Red Line Extension from UH–Downtown to the Northline Transit Center Station in July 2009 and this extension opened on December 21,2013, increasing the line to its current total of 12.8 miles and 24 stations. The 6. 6-mile Purple Line, with 10 stations, both lines, together costing $1.3 billion, share a track segment in downtown, run east and diverge. The light rail line operates all 7 days of the week and it begins operations at 3,30 a. m. weekdays and 4,30 a. m. weekends and ends service at 12,30 a. m. Monday thru Thursday nights,2,45 a. m, friday and Saturday nights and,12,30 a. m.
Sunday nights. Scheduled train frequency varies from 6 minutes during the day to 20 minutes off-peak, the scheduled time for an end-to-end trip through the entire 12. 8-mile Red Line is on average 55 minutes. METRORail operations are controlled from Houston TranStar, a traffic and emergency management center for the city, one source claims that the trains have priority signalling at intersections. The Red Line is a 12. 8-mile double-tracked,4 ft 8 1⁄2 in standard gauge line with 24 stations approximately 1⁄2 mile apart, almost the entire route is at grade and on city streets. The original 2004 portion from Fannin South to UH-Downtown is entirely at ground-level, power supply is from 600/750 volts DC overhead wires, with nine substations
Houston Theater District
More than two million people visit the Houston Theater District annually. Houston is recognized as an important city for contemporary visual arts, the Houston Grand Opera is the only opera company in the U. S. to win a Grammy, a Tony, and an Emmy. In 2007, Da Camera of Houston was awarded the CMAcclaim Award from Chamber Music America, the Alley Theatre, founded in 1947, is Houstons oldest professional theatre company. The Alley is the theatre in Texas to win the Tony Award for best Regional Theatre. The Alley is the third oldest continually operating theatre in the United States, Alley Theatre Hubbard Stage Neuhaus Stage Hobby Center for the Performing Arts Sarofim Hall Zilkha Hall Jesse H. Early venues in the district were the Sam Houston Coliseum and the Houston Music Hall, the district is served by METRORail light rail service at Theater District Station. Houston Theater District Alley Theatre Da Camera of Houston Theatre Port
Wortham Theater Center
The Wortham Theater Center is a performing arts center located in downtown Houston, United States. The Wortham was designed by Eugene Aubry of Morris Architects and built entirely with $66 million in private funds, the City of Houston owns the theater, and the Houston First Corporation operates the facility. A significant portion of the funding, needed to build the center, came from the estate of the late Gus Wortham, the Wortham Foundation contributed $20 million for the construction of the new Theater Center, which was named for him. Additionally, the Cullen Foundation contributed $7.5 million, the Brown Theater, with 2,405 seats, is named for donors Alice and George Brown. It is used primarily for opera and large ballet productions, the Cullen Theater, with 1,100 seats, is named for donors Lillie and Roy Cullen. It is used for smaller productions and other events. The Houston Ballet began its first season on September 2,1987, with Janie Parker and Li Cunxin starring in the premiere of Ben Stevensons new production of Romeo.
This was followed by Houston Grand Operas first season, on October 15,1987 with Plácido Domingo and Mirella Freni in a new production of Verdis Aida. There had been debate about how to re-design the entry section as a structure, but the decision was to leave the connecting archway, as designed. Hence, the archway could easily be extended, in the future, the Helen Hayes Chandelier, hanging in the Green Room, was originally installed in 1911 at New York Citys Fulton Theater. During the demolition of that theater, the chandelier was purchased by Houstonians Billy and Janie Price, the grand staircase, which is actually a bank of escalators, is surrounded by a site-specific illuminated installation by renowned New York sculptor Albert Paley. A unique acoustical feature of the theater are its frying pan pods and this construction enables the music to flow between these pods and into sections of the opera hall that are traditionally not considered good listening areas. Official Website of the Wortham Theater Center Houston Grand Operas website Houston Ballets website Albert Paley Official Website
Minute Maid Park
The ballpark is Houstons first retractable-roofed stadium, and features a natural grass playing field. The ballpark was built as a replacement of the Astrodome, the first domed sports stadium ever built and it is named for beverage brand Minute Maid, a subsidiary of The Coca-Cola Company, which acquired naming rights in 2002 for $100 million over 30 years. As of 2016, Minute Maid Park has a capacity of 41,168. The largest entrance to the park is inside what was once Houstons Union Station, the train moves along a track on top of the length of the exterior wall beyond left field whenever an Astros player hits a home run and/or the Astros win a game. The engines coal car is filled with giant oranges in reference to Minute Maids most famous product, the location called for the demolition of several structures of Houston prominence. Horace Baldwin Rices residence and Adath Yeshurun Congregations synagogue among other structures were removed, with an original estimated cost of $1 million USD, Union Station was constructed by the American Construction Company for an eventual total of five times that amount.
Exterior walls were constructed of granite and terracotta and it was completed and opened on March 1,1911. At the time, with seventeen railways, was considered the railroad hub of the Southern United States. This is evident by the Seal of Houston, which features a locomotive. Two more floors were added the following year, the station served as the main inter-city passenger terminal for Houston for over seven decades thereafter. Passenger rail declined greatly after World War II, and the last regularly-scheduled train, with this move, the building effectively became abandoned. On November 10,1977, the building was added to the National Register of Historic Places by the National Park Service. In August 1995, Astros owner Drayton McLane, leasing the Astrodome from Harris County, in reference to Pittsburghs Three Rivers Stadium and Cincinnatis Riverfront Stadium, McLane noted, I remember when those were built in the 1970s and those were as good a stadiums as there were. They were the most modern stadiums in the world, and now theyre saying theyre all bad and that they cant make a go of it without a new stadium.
It helps, but there are other things involved, citing a lack of adequate luxury boxes, in October, Astros Vice-President Bob McClaren claimed that renovations to the Astrodome would help increase revenue. Drayton McLane pointed toward Astrodome renovations as necessary saying Its 30 years old, according to the organization, the team was in danger of being sold to a Virginia businessman who was expected to move the Astros to Washington D. C. because of poor revenue. Meanwhile, Harris County Judge Robert Eckels pieced together a plan to build a new ballpark next to the Astrodome in the Astrodomain, the Astros echoed the Astrodomain location sentiment because they believed construction time would be shorter. This plan was considered to be nearly finalized when the Astros, in August 1996, Houstons Union Station received a $2 million USD grant from the Texas Transportation Commission for renovation in a separate project