The Pribilof Islands are a group of four volcanic islands off the coast of mainland Alaska, in the Bering Sea, about 200 miles north of Unalaska and 200 miles southwest of Cape Newenham. The Siberian coast is 500 miles northwest. About 77 square miles in total area, they are rocky and are covered with tundra, with a population of 572 as of the 2010 census; the principal islands are Saint George. The former was named for the Feast of Saints Peter and Paul, on the day of which the island was discovered; the Otter and Walrus islets are near St. Paul; the total land area of all the islands is 75.072 sq mi. The islands are part of the Bering Sea unit of the Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge. While oral traditions of the Aleut people maintain the islands were sparingly visited, "no ethnohistoric or archaeological evidence points to the use or occupation of the Pribilof Islands... by any native people before the Russian period in Alaska." The seasonal migrations of the Northern fur seal became known by the Russians in the 1780s.
Swimming north through the Aleutian Islands, the seals returned in the autumn with newly born pups. The unknown northern breeding grounds became a focus of Russian trappers. An employee of the Lebedev-Lastochkin Company, Gavriil Pribylov, sailed in 1786 to discover the location, after disobeying orders to retrieve company property in the Kurile Islands; the rookeries Pribylov visited held upwards of four million seals. The islands became site to the LLC's first artel in what became Russian America. With the creation of the Russian-American Company, a monopoly, Russian operations continued on the islands. Under the Alaska Purchase sovereignty was passed to the United States in 1867. From 1870 to 1890, the U. S. government leased them to the Alaska Commercial Company. From 1890 through 1910, the North American Commercial Company held the monopoly on seal-hunting there, but the industry shrank owing to seal-hunting on the open sea; the North Pacific Fur Seal Convention of 1911 was signed by the United Kingdom, Japan and the United States to restrict hunting in the area.
Under the Fur Seal Act of 1966, hunting of the seals was forbidden in the Pribilofs, with the exception of subsistence hunting by native Aleuts. Ambrose Bierce suggested renaming the islands'locus sigilli' in his The Devil's Dictionary. A post office was established for the Pribilofs in 1948 at St. Paul, with Mrs. Ruth Anderson as postmistress. Naturalist and paleontologist Roy Chapman Andrews visited the islands in 1913 aboard the schooner Adventuress on her maiden voyage with John Borden and crew, his films of fur seals led to efforts to protect the animals. The buildings on St. George and St. Paul Islands related to the hunting of the northern fur seal make up the national historic district. Residents are concentrated in the towns of St. Paul and St. George, each on the island of the same name. Many of the residents of the islands are related. St. Paul and St. George each have small airports. Air service is provided from the Alaskan mainland. St. Paul has a population of 479, with its economy dependent on the annual taking of the snow crab and on subsistence and commercial halibut harvests.
Support services to commercial fleets plying the waters of the Bering Sea contribute to the economy. The balance of economic activity on the island relates to working for the United States Government; the U. S. Coast Guard maintains a base on St. Paul, but no longer maintains a LORAN-C master station, as LORAN technology has been replaced by GPS navigation; the National Weather Service has a station on the island, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration maintains a presence. St. George has a population of 102, its economy is similar to that of St. Paul; the Pribilof Islands are a birdwatching attraction, home to many species that do not fly in North America beyond Alaska. More than 240 species have been identified, an estimated two million seabirds nest there annually. St. Paul is popular, having a high cliff wall, known as Ridge Wall, above the Bering Sea. Harrison Gray Otis, chief government agent in 1879 The AMIQ Institute – a research project documenting the Pribilof Islands and their inhabitants FURSEAL.
HTML – summary of the Fur Seal Act at U. S. Fish & Wildlife Service web site. Retrieved on April 16, 2008. 16 U. S. C. CHAPTER 24—CONSERVATION AND PROTECTION OF NORTH PACIFIC FUR SEALS – text of the U. S. Code on the U. S. Government Printing Office web site. Retrieved on April 16, 2008. Alaska Fisheries Science Center Historical Corner: The Pribilof Islands Retrieved on July 23, 2014
Crassispira chazaliei is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Pseudomelatomidae. The length of the shell varies between 43 mm; the shell has a narrowly fusiform shape. Its surface is rather blackish-fuscous, it contains 11 whorls, of which the apical are smooth, shining carinate centrally, but the type specimen is a little worn and imperfect in this particular. The lower whorls are suturally impressed just below the sutures, at the summit of each whorl, once spirally acutely keeled, the remaining portion being rather ventricose, longitudinally obliquely multicostate, crossed by, on the four penultimate whorls, three to five spiral revolving lines, gemmulate at the several points of junction with the ribs; the gemmules are shining pale. The body whorl possesses fourteen such lirae, with over twenty grained ribs; the aperture is oblong. The outer lip is not columellar nearly straight, the sinus shallow, but well expressed; the siphonal canal is recurved. This species occurs in the Caribbean Sea from Panama to Suriname Dautzenberg, Ph. "Croizière du yacht Chazalie dans l’Atlantique.
Mollusques." Mémoires de la Société zoologique de France 13: 1-50. Daccarett, E. Y. & Bossio, V. S. 2011. Colombian Seashells from the Caribbean Sea. L'Informatore Piceno. 384pp. Tucker, J. K.. "Catalog of recent and fossil turrids". Zootaxa. 682: 1–1295. "Hindsiclava chazaliei". Gastropods.com. Retrieved 16 January 2019
Nicolaes Hasselaer, was a Dutch Golden Age brewer and major of the Amsterdam schutterij, best known today for his portrait by Frans Hals. He was born in Amsterdam as the son of Pieter Dirksz Hasselaer, brewer of the Witte Arent, a founding member of the Dutch East India Company. Nicolaes became known in the 18th century for his biography by Jan Wagenaar in his history of Amsterdam, who claimed he saved a remonstrant's family from a mob in 1627, in 1629, he saved the Dutch West India Company from a raid, he was held in such high respect that the mobs dispersed without him needing to fire a shot. He was mentioned for his bravery in a poem by Vondel, his reason for defending the WIC headquarters was personal, since he was listed in their investor's catalog Groot-Kapitaalboek twice, for the sums of 4000 guilders and 2000 guilders. That is worth about 420,000 euros in 2010, he married Geertruid van Erp on 29 December 1619 and their son Gerrit was baptized in the Nieuwe Kerk on 13 October 1620. Geertruid van Erp didn't survive and Claes married a second time to Sara Wolphaerts van Diemen on 14 August 1622.
They in turn had a daughter Geertruyd Hasselaer, baptized in the Oude Kerk on 18 April 1624, followed by Anna on 5 April 1626, Aefje on 17 May 1629. The pendant portraits of Nicolaes and his bride Sara are in the Rijksmuseum, where they were part of a bequest in 1885 by J. S. R. van de Poll. Since 2007, the sitters of these undated and uninscribed portraits have been disputed, his portrait was documented by Hofstede de Groot in 1910, who claimed that contrary to what the museum states, this is in fact a portrait of Nicolaes' brother Dirk Hasselaer the younger: "186. DIRK PIETERSZ HASSELAER. M. 42. Half-length, he sits on a chair facing right, with his head three-quarters right, looks down to the left. He pointed beard, his right elbow rests on the arm of the chair. He wears a dark costume with white wristbands. In the Rijksmuseum catalogue the sitter is identified as Nicolaes Hasselaer. Canvas, 32 inches by 26 1/2 inches. Presented to the Rijksmuseum in 1885 by J. S. R. van de Poll. In the Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, 1907 catalogue, No. 1089."Hofstede de Groot lists the portrait's pendant as a portrait of Brechtje van Schooterbosch, the wife of Nicolaes' older brother.
The Dirk-Brechtje couple were older than Claes and Sara. Considering Hofstede de Groot's comment that this portrait displays a style than Claes's marriage date of 1622 it is a mistake to label it as Dirk's, though Dirk lived longer than Nicolaes and took over his appointments as regent of the Amsterdam city orphanage and captain-major of the civic guard. However, it is the portrait of another member of the extensive Hasselaer family. Nicolaes Hasselaer by Van der Aa Nicolaes Hasselaer by Jan Wagenaar
The Adelaide River is a river in the Northern Territory of Australia. The river rises in the Litchfield National Park and flows northwards to Clarence Strait, joined by eight tributaries including the west branch of the Adelaide River, Coomalie Creek, Margaret River and Marrakai Creek, before discharging into its mouth in Adam Bay in the Clarence Strait; the river descends 151 metres over its 238-kilometre course. The catchment area of the river is 7,640 square kilometres; the Adelaide River is crossed by both the Stuart Highway adjacent to the township of Adelaide River and the Arnhem Highway near Humpty Doo. The Adelaide River is well known for its high concentration of saltwater crocodiles, along with other wildlife including white-bellied sea eagles, whistling kites, freshwater crocodiles, bull sharks and black flying-fox, its lower reaches form part of Mary River Floodplains Important Bird Area. Waters of this river are home to endangered speartooth shark and critically endangered largetooth sawfish.
Indigenous Australians including the Warray and Kungarakan owned the lands among the river for millennia. Lieutenant Fitzmaurice, under the command of John Lort Stokes, sighted the river on a boating expedition; the expedition was part of the Admiralty surveying ship HMS Beagle's voyage in 1839, the river was named in honour of Queen Adelaide. List of rivers of Northern Territory
In chemistry, 3,3,4,4-tetramethyltetrahydrofuran-2,5-dione is a heterocyclic compound with the formula C8H12O3, or 22. It is a white crystalline solid with a pungent camphoraceous odor; the compound is called 3,3,4,4-tetramethyloxolane-2,5-dione or 3,3,4,4-tetramethylsuccinic anhydride, namely the anhydride of 2,2,3,3-tetramethylsuccinic acid, sometimes abbreviated as TMSA. It can be seen as derivative of tetrahydrofuran-2,5-dione with two methyl groups replacing two hydrogen atoms on each of the carbon atoms in the ring that are not adjacent to the ring oxygen; the compound is soluble in petroleum ether. The compound was described in 1890 by Karl von Auwers and Victor Meyer who obtained it by thermal decomposition of 2,2,3,3-tetramethylsuccinic acid, it can be obtained, in > 50% yield, from 3,3,4,4-tetramethylpyrrolidine-2,5-dione Other synthesis routes include treatment of 2,2'-Azobis with sulfuric acid decomposition of the hydroxy-lactone of 2,2,3,3-tetramethyl-1-one-glutaric acid with release of carbon monoxide 3,3,4,4-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran 2,2,5,5-Tetramethyltetrahydrofuran-3,4-dione
The Solomon Islands national beach soccer team represents Solomon Islands in international beach soccer competitions and is controlled by S. I. F. F, the governing body for football in Solomon Islands; the team are known as the Bilikiki, or Bilikiki Boys, after a sea bird which inspired "a popular children's song". The team have adopted both the bird and the song, are "known for performing the song and dance when they win their matches", they are statistically the best team in Oceania. Ranked fourteenth in the world as of 2010, they have won every regional championship since regional championships began in 2006, their opening match 7–6 victory over Uruguay in the 2009 World Cup has been described as "Solomon Islands' biggest achievement so far in a FIFA tournament". In January 2011, the Bilikiki played a friendly beach soccer match against the Kurukuru, the Solomon Islands national futsal team, one of the most successful teams in Oceania; the Bilikiki won 4–1. The two teams had met for a friendly futsal match, which the Kurukuru had won 5–3.
Correct as of September 2013Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Coach: Gideon Omokirio OFC Beach Soccer Championship: WINNERS 2006, 2007, 2009, 2013Note: No 2008 championship – Solomon Islands were automatically selected as the best team in the continent for the world cup) World Cup Squad FIFA Profile News related to the Bilikiki, Solomon Times