A primary producer converts an abiotic source of energy into energy stored in organic compounds, which can be used by other organisms. The primary producers can convert the energy in the light or the energy in inorganic chemical compounds to build organic molecules, accumulated in the form of biomass and will be used as carbon and energy source by other organisms; the photoautotrophs are the main primary producers, converting the energy of the light into chemical energy through photosynthesis building organic molecules from carbon dioxide, an inorganic carbon source. Examples of chemolithotrophs are some archaea and bacteria that produce biomass from the oxidation of inorganic chemical compounds, these organisms are called chemoautotrophs, are found in hydrothermal vents in the deep ocean. Primary producers are at the lowest trophic level, are the reasons why Earth is sustainable for life to this day. There are many different types of primary producers out in the Earth's ecosystem at different states.
Fungi and other organisms that gain their biomass from oxidizing organic materials are called decomposers and are not primary producers. However, lichens located in tundra climates are an exceptional example of a primary producer that, by mutualistic symbiosis, combine photosynthesis by algae with the protection of a decomposer fungus. Plant-like primary producers use the sun as a form of energy and put it into the air for other organisms. There are of course H2O primary producers, including a form of bacteria, phytoplankton; as there are many examples of primary producers, two dominant types are coral and one of the many types of brown algae, kelp. Gross primary production occurs by photosynthesis; this is a main way that primary producers take energy and produce/release it somewhere else. Plants, coral and algae do this. Bacteria is a more recent find in the process of photosynthesis with primary producers, as they were just discovered in the soil. During photosynthesis, primary producers take energy from the sun and produce it into energy and oxygen.
Primary producers need energy to convert this same energy elsewhere, so they get it from nutrients. One type of nutrient is nitrogen. Without primary producers, organisms that are capable of producing energy on their own, the Earth would be unable to sustain itself. Plants, along with other primary producers, produce the energy that beings consume, the oxygen that they breathe, it is thought. Aquatic algae streams; this is displayed by net primary production, a fundamental ecological process that reflects the amount of carbon, synthesized within an ecosystem. This carbon becomes available to consumers. Net primary production displays that the rates of in-stream primary production in tropical regions are at least an order of magnitude greater than similar temperate systems
The Peloncillo Mountains of Hidalgo County, is a major 35-mile long mountain range southwest of New Mexico's Hidalgo County, part of the New Mexico Bootheel region. The range continues to the northwest into Arizona as the Peloncillo Mountains of Cochise County, Arizona; the extreme southwest corner of the range lies in Arizona. It is a linear range bordering the linear San Bernardino Valley of southeast Cochise County, Arizona; the Peloncillo Mountains lie in a region of southeast Arizona, southwest New Mexico, northeast Sonora, extreme northwest Chihuahua called the Madrean Sky Islands. They are tall mountain ranges isolated by surrounding flatlands and valleys with sky islands of isolated fauna and flora. Various corridors exist between some ranges; some ranges are lower elevation, with a reduced variety of habitats. The Peloncillo Mountains are north-south trending, but curving northeasterly at the north end, they parallel the southwesterly-by-northeast San Bernardino Valley of Arizona, with various canyons and washes draining into the valley.
Historical battles, Indian Wars caused retreat into this mountain region. The highest peak is Gray Mountain at 6,928 feet; the region is famous for the historical events that occurred there. The Baker Canyon Wilderness is located just south in the connected mountain range, the Guadalupe Mountains. Skeleton Canyon Massacre Skeleton Canyon treasure Gray Mountain, Peakbagger Gray Mountain, summitpost.org, "New Mexico 1K Prominence Peaks, The Chiricahua-Peloncillo Region Chiricahua-Peloncillo Region–2-Maps: Black Hills, Peloncillo Mountains, etc. Antelope Pass Study Area with geology explanations and some mountain/hillside photos
The Dead Alewives was an improvisational comedy troupe during the 1980s and 1990s from Milwaukee. Some of the group's individual members went on to become noteworthy after the group's breakup; the Dead Alewives began as a splinter group from the Milwaukee-based national comedy organization ComedySportz. The split occurred out of a desire to do a less family-oriented, more uncensored style of improv than the "clean" variety offered by ComedySportz; the group took its name from the local phenomenon of multitudes of dead alewife fish washing up on the shore of Lake Michigan during summers in the mid-1980s. Its shows featured music from local bands during their set breaks; the Dead Alewives began performing in the ComedySportz theater space in Milwaukee's Third Ward district. They appeared on several theaters in the Milwaukee area during their existence. Other venues that played host to their shows included Thai Joe's, The Avalon Theatre, the Miramar Theatre, where they wound up their weekly live shows in the late 1990s.
The Dead Alewives did not receive widespread recognition. Their Dungeons and Dragons sketch from the comedy CD Take Down the Grand Master made the rounds on the Internet during the late 1990s; the short was one of the most requested on the syndicated Dr. Demento radio program. Entertainment Weekly reported that the Dead Alewives had been contacted about a television sketch-comedy series, but it fell through; the Dead Alewives ceased their weekly live performances in the late 1990s, the individual members all pursued other interests. Francis Montgomery "Mondy" Carter was a founding member of the troupe, he worked as an actor in the city's live theater industry. He moved with his family to Asheville, North Carolina where he hoped to continue to work on theater projects with his wife, Karen Stobbe. Robert "Bo" Johnson lives in Milwaukee, works in theaters in the area, he plays rhythm guitar with Milwaukee-based pop band Random Maxx. Peter Alberts was a staff member of Fireman Press, the self-contained publishing house that produced the independent comic book Scud: The Disposable Assassin.
He lives in Los Angeles. Rob Schrab. In addition to his tenure with the Dead Alewives, Schrab is a successful artist and writer of comic books and graphic novels, most notably Scud: The Disposable Assassin; when the Dead Alewives folded, Schrab moved to Los Angeles to pursue a pending movie deal for his comic characters. Among his achievements are co-writing the animated film Monster House with Dan Harmon. Dan Harmon became a Dead Alewife at the same time as Schrab, both having trained under Scholler and Johnson. Harmon was the creator and writer of several Dead Alewives recordings that found some viral Internet success, such as "Dungeons and Dragons" sketch known as "Summoner Geeks". In the late 1990s, he moved to Los Angeles with Schrab, where the two launched a career as screenwriting partners. Harmon was the producer and star of Acceptable. TV on VH1, as well as the creator of the TV series Community and the co-creator of Rick and Morty. Sean McKenna was a founding member. After the Alewives ceased their live performances, he moved to the Twin Cities to continue his theatrical career, where he became the voice of the Best Buy Idea Box on television commercials and provided the voice for the titular character in Schrab's Robot Bastard short.
Sean works at an ad agency. He has two children. Kurt Scholler taught improv classes in Milwaukee while living there, appeared in a number of television ads for the Cousins sandwich restaurant chain, CapitalOne, Campbell's Soup. In addition, he has appeared in small roles on a number of television shows, including Kwik Witz, Boston Legal, The West Wing. Scholler performed the physical role of the robot in Schrab's Robot Bastard short. Still performing with ComedySportz in Los Angeles, Scholler continues to do commercials and television, including a brief cameo on The Sarah Silverman Program. Dylan Bolin is a Milwaukee-based comedian and improv artist who joined the troupe after the departure of some of the original members. Tom Clark is a stand-up comedian, he lives in Los Angeles and has acted on such shows as TNT's The Closer, NBC's Outsourced and The Hallmark Movie The Wish List. He has appeared in Universal Pictures Big Miracle and Columbia Pictures Freaks of Nature, he has done stand up on Comedy Central's Premium Blend and CBS's The Late Late Show.
He, joined after the departure of some of the founding members. Mark Redlich worked with the Dead Alewives and ComedySportz while finishing his Ph. D in organic chemistry, he lives in Milwaukee, where he works as a chemical analyst, plays lead guitar in Random Maxx with Bo Johnson. Redlich is still active with ComedySportz. Eric Price is a comedian and impressionist who did several shows with the Dead Alewives in the stead of the departed founders. Price was a featured performer on MADtv. Rollie Cafaro is a Milwaukee-area attorney and veteran of ComedySportz who filled in for absent members during a number of shows. Dead Alewives website, archived 2003 December 17 from original by Internet Archive's Wayback Machine The Dead Alewives at The Dead Alewives at Video of Summoner Geeks Video of Summoner Geeks Flash animated 8-Bit D&D using characters based on Brian Clevinger's 8-Bit Theater, archived 2010 February 27 from original by Internet Archive's Wayback Machine Home Page of Volitio
Psalm 108 is the 108th psalm in the Book of Psalms. The first verse attributes it to the author of many Psalms, it is a hymn, beginning in English "O God, my heart is fixed. In the Greek Septuagint version of the bible, in the Latin Vulgate, this psalm is Psalm 107 in a different numbering system. In Latin, it is known as "Paratum cor meum Deus"; the psalm is a regular part of Jewish, Catholic and Protestant liturgies. It has been paraphrased in hymns, has been set to music often. Psalm 108 contains numerous verses. Verses 1–5 are similar to Psalm 57:7–11, with slight variation, while verses 7–13 are similar to Psalm 60:5–11. William Barrick considers this psalm to be the "borrower". John Paul II said that the fusion of Psalms 57 and 60 with Psalm 108 shows that "Israel in the Old Testament, was re-using and bringing up-to-date the Word of God revealed". Charles Spurgeon called Psalm 108 "The Warrior's Morning Song, with which he adores his God and strengthens his heart before entering upon the conflicts of the day".
Matthew Henry calls it "An assurance of God's answer and salvation". The Midrash teaches that verse 3 refers to David's practice of arising each night before dawn and praising God with psaltery and harp, thus "awakening the dawn". Following is the Hebrew text of Psalm 108: O God, my heart is fixed. Awake and harp: I myself will awake early. I will praise thee, O LORD, among the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations. For thy mercy is great above the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds. Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth. God hath spoken in his holiness. Gilead is mine. Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom? Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts? Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man. Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies. Verse 5 is recited during Selichot. Verse 7 is part of the Elokai Netzor paragraph at the end of the Amidah.
This verse is identical to verse 7 in Psalm 60. This is one of the psalms for which St. Benedict of Nursia did not specify the use, in the Rule of St. Benedict of 530AD. However, Psalm 108 was traditionally performed by his order for matinss of Saturday, or according to another document of the founder or according to one of his successors, so that all 150 psalms are executed each Week. In the Liturgy of Hours, Psalm 108 is read to the Office of Lauds of Wednesday of the fourth week. Psalm 108 has been set to music in The Anglican "Hymnal 1982", The United Methodist Hymnal, Psalter Hymnal and the Baptist Hymnal 1991 Pieces with text from Psalm 108: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project Psalm 108: Free scores at the Choral Public Domain Library Text of Psalm 108 according to the 1928 Psalter Psalms Chapter 108 text in Hebrew and English, mechon-mamre.org A song. / My heart is steadfast, God. Unites States Conference of Catholic Bishops Psalm 108:1 introduction and text, biblestudytools.com Psalm 108 – Praise and Trust from the Past for Today enduringword.com Psalm 108 / Refrain: Be exalted, O God, above the heavens.
Rodrigo Nicanor Mora Núñez is a former Uruguayan professional footballer who played as a striker. Born in Rivera, Mora started his professional career with modest Juventud de Las Piedras. In 2008, aged 20, he signed for top division outfit Defensor Sporting. After a successful first season, helping La Farola finish third in the Apertura and win the Clausura, he found himself on the bench more than not in the following, subsequently left for fellow league outfit Cerro. At his new team he scored nine goals in 2009–10, a further five in the campaign's Copa Libertadores, four of them in the qualifying rounds against teams in his country, he was purchased back for the 2010–11 season, finished the Apertura tournament with 11 goals – second-best in the competition behind Nacional's Santiago García – as his team ranked in top position. In January 2011 he signed for Benfica on a free transfer, effective as of July, he was presented by the Portuguese club on 1 July, alongside Nolito. He played his first official game on 14 October in a Portuguese Cup game against Portimonense, replacing Rodrigo in the 78th minute of a 2–0 away win.
In January 2012, after failing to establish himself at Benfica, he joined Peñarol on a six-month loan. He signed on loan for River Plate in August, with the option of making the move permanent after a year. In July 2013, he signed in exchange for Rogelio Funes Mori. After a brief stint on loan in Club Universidad de Chile, he returned to the team mid-2014 on request of new manager Marcelo Gallardo, was an integral part of the team that won the 2014 Copa Sudamericana, the 2015 Recopa Sudamericana and the 2015 Copa Libertadores; as of 2017 Mora has been ridden unable to play any football due to a necrosis. River PlateCopa Sudamericana: 2014 Recopa Sudamericana: 2015, 2016 Copa Libertadores: 2015, 2018 Suruga Bank Championship: 2015 Copa Argentina: 2016 Supercopa Argentina: 2017 Rodrigo Mora at ForaDeJogo Rodrigo Mora at Soccerway
The Public Enemy is a 1931 American all-talking pre-Code gangster film produced and distributed by Warner Bros. The film was directed by William A. Wellman and stars James Cagney, Jean Harlow, Edward Woods, Donald Cook, Joan Blondell; the film relates the story of a young man's rise in the criminal underworld in prohibition-era urban America. The supporting players include Beryl Mercer, Murray Kinnell, Mae Clarke; the screenplay is based on an unpublished novel—Beer and Blood by two former newspapermen, John Bright and Kubec Glasmon—who had witnessed some of Al Capone's murderous gang rivalries in Chicago. In 1998, The Public Enemy was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry by the Library of Congress as being "culturally or aesthetically significant"; as youngsters in 1900s Chicago, Irish-Americans Tom Powers and his lifelong friend Matt Doyle engage in petty theft, selling their loot to "Putty Nose". Putty Nose persuades them to join his gang on a fur warehouse robbery, assuring them he will take care of them if anything goes wrong.
When Tom is startled by a stuffed bear, he shoots it, alerting the police, who kill gang member Larry Dalton. Chased by a cop and Matt have to gun him down. However, when they go to Putty Nose for help, they find. Tom's straightlaced older brother Mike Powers fails, to talk Tom into giving up crime. Tom keeps his activities secret from his doting mother; when America enters World War I in 1917, Mike enlists in the Marines. In 1920, with Prohibition about to go into effect, Paddy Ryan recruits Tom and Matt as beer "salesmen" in his bootlegging business, he allies himself with noted gangster Samuel "Nails" Nathan. As the bootlegging business becomes more lucrative and Matt flaunt their wealth. Mike finds out that his brother's money comes not from politics, as Tom claims, but from bootlegging, declares that Tom's success is based on nothing more than "beer and blood". Tom retorts in disgust: "Your hands ain't so clean. You liked it. You didn't get them medals for holding hands with them Germans." Tom and Matt acquire girlfriends and Mamie respectively.
Tom tires of Kitty. He drops her for Gwen Allen, a woman with a self-confessed weakness for bad men. At a restaurant on the night of Matt's wedding reception to Mamie and Matt recognize Putty Nose and follow him home. Begging for his life, Putty plays a song on the piano that he had entertained Tom and Matt with when they were kids. Tom shoots him in the back. Tom gives his mother a large wad of money. Tom throws them in his brother's face. "Nails" Nathan dies in a horse riding accident, prompting Tom to shoot it. A rival gang headed by "Schemer" Burns takes advantage of the disarray resulting from Nathan's death, precipitating a gang war. Matt is gunned down in public, with Tom narrowly escaping the same fate. Furious, Tom takes it upon himself to single-handedly settle some of his men. Tom is wounded in the shootout, ends up in the hospital; when his mother and Matt's sister Molly come to see him, he reconciles with Mike and agrees to reform. However, Paddy warns Mike, his dead body is returned to the Powers home.
The screenplay, written by Harvey F. Thew was based on a novel, never published called Beer and Blood, by John Bright and Kubec Glasmon. Bright and Glasmon based their novel on actual people, having witnessed some of Al Capone's murderous gang rivalries in Chicago. Warner Bros. studio head Darryl F. Zanuck bought the rights to the novel and assigned director William A. Wellman to direct the film. Wellman, who had served in World War I like the brother of the main character, told Zanuck: "I'll bring you the toughest, most violent picture you did see". Edward Woods was cast in the lead role of Tom Powers and James Cagney was cast as Tom's best friend Matt Doyle, until director Wellman decided Cagney would be more effective in the part and switched the two actors but never reshot the sequences with the characters as children, why the child playing Cagney's role looks like Woods while the one playing Woods' role looks like Cagney. Another reason for the switch is that the sound technology used in The Public Enemy was superior to that used in earlier films, making it no longer imperative to have an actor in the lead role who had impeccable enunciation.
Louise Brooks was the original choice for Gwen Allen, a woman with self-confessed weakness for bad men. She refused the role, which went to Jean Harlow. Brooks' name was in studio records/casting call lists playing "Bess" in this movie, but she and her character did not appear. Brooks explained herself to Wellman by saying that she hated making pictures because she "hated Hollywood". In the opinion of Brooks's biographer Barry Paris, "turning down Public Enemy marked the real end of Louise Brooks's film career". Tom's first girlfriend Kitty was played by Mae Clarke, uncredited. Kitty is dropped off by Tom for Gwen after he pushes half a grapefruit into her face, the most famous scene in the movie. Joan Blondell played Matt's girlfriend, she had worked with Cagney in Sinners' Holiday and would wo