The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Club Universidad Nacional
Club de Fútbol Universidad Nacional A. C. commonly known as Pumas de la UNAM, Pumas UNAM, U. N. A. M. Or just as Pumas, is a Mexican league football club based in Ciudad Universitaria, Club Universidad Nacional represents the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and plays their home matches at Olímpico Universitario Stadium, located on UNAMs main campus. Universidad Nacional is one of the most popular clubs in Mexico and they have won seven Primera División championships and four international titles. Club Universidad Nacional was originally a club of college students from the Universitys several schools. UNAM have evolved into one of the most popular Mexican teams and have gained an international following, the teams blue and gold colors were selected as a tribute to the University of Notre Dame, whose football coaches helped to develop an American-style football team at the university. The nickname was inspired by Roberto Tapatio Mendez, who coached the team from 1946–64, the nickname stayed with the public, and all the athletic teams representing the University have been called Pumas. Their home ground is the Estadio Olímpico Universitario, the setting for the 1968 Summer Olympic Games and it has a seating capacity of over 58,000. Olympic Academic Stadium is situated within the University campus which enables easy access by the University students, the Pumas have training facilities within the University campus but their main complex is the Cantera, located near the University. The petition was rejected in favor of Club Marte de Morelos, by the 1940s, the dean Gustavo Baz Prada assigned the task to prepare the UNAM representative to Rodolfo Butch Muñoz, then player of Club España. The new manager formed its new team members of the student body of the many schools. The UNAM representative joined many university tournaments, with successful results and this prepared the team to complete their later transition to professional status. In August 1954, the Club Universidad was accepted as a member of the Segunda División and this achievement was accomplished with the support of the dean Nabor Carrillo and Guillermo Aguilar Alvarez Sr. a benefactor of the club. Aguilar Alvarez was appointed by the dean as the chairman of the club, on September 12,1954 UNAM played its first professional game, an away match against Monterrey. After competing for three years, Club Universidad requested a moratorium in its competing in Segunda División play to undergo a programme rebuilding process. Within that year this was accomplished, hector Ortiz was appointed as the new manager of the club, and a Board of Patrons was formed. The match ended, the students rushed the pitch, and honored its team by carrying them off the field on their shoulders—this was the first step towards the consolidation of the club. José Luis González La Calaca, Lorenzo Garcia, Carlos Calderón de la Barca, Manuel Manolo Rodríguez, Edmundo El Poli Pérez, and Gustavo El Gato Cuenca. The team established itself in the Primera División, the Board of Patrons prepared for the continuation of the success by establishing youth system to develop new players
San Luis F.C.
San Luis Fútbol Club, known more commonly as San Luis or San Luis Potosí, was a Mexican professional football club from the city of San Luis Potosí, Mexico. The club was founded in 1957, when they were known as Santos, the teams nickname of Tuneros, a reference to the tuna fruit, was later changed to Gladiadores. The nickname for the team was changed to Reales. The nickname Tribu Real is a reference to the fact that the team was once named Real San Luis, another nickname recently given to the team is the name of El Equipo del Milagro because of the last-minute miracle to stay in the highest division. San Luis play their games at Alfonso Lastras Ramirez Stadium. On May 28,2013 it was confirmed the team would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez, Mexico, the team began playing the Tercera Division de Mexico where they were able to win the 1969–70 season gaining promotion to Segunda Division. In the 1970–71 season San Luis was able to win Segunda Division and this automatically gave them the promotion to go to Primera Division for the 1971–72 season. Their stint in Primera Division was cut short after losing the playoff against Laguna in the 1973–74 season. It did not take long for San Luis to once again win Segunda Division and in 1975–76 they achieved the title and this would lead to the Potosino classic in the top flight since Atlético Potosino had achieved promotion in the 1973–74 season as semi finalist. Once again their stay in Primera Division did not last long, in the end of a great season in 1976–77 where they reached the championship playoff, the franchise was sold to Tampico Madero who took over their spot in Primera Division. The team returned to Primera Division in the 2002–03 season ending in the mid table position and this stint was short lived since the tournaments after they did not do well and ended up being relegated after the 2003–04 season. Their last stint was in Primera Division was in 2005–06 season when they gain promotion after winning the 2004–05 Primera A, after the 2012–13 season Querétaro was relegated to the Ascenso MX after accumulating the lowest coefficient over the past three seasons. Querétaro would have be replaced by the 2012 Apertura Ascenso MX champion La Piedad and it was also announced that San Luis would move to Tuxtla Gutiérrez and be renamed Chiapas F. C. replacing the new outgoing Querétaro. Finally, La Piedad confirmed that they would relocate to Veracruz. These changes have sparked controversy in the Mexican press as Querétaro effectively bought its place back in the first division, with this San Luis was left without a team in top flight now having only Atlético San Luis, was formed in 2013, in Ascenso MX. Players in italic are still active but are not currently with San Luis
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Club Atlético Monarcas Morelia is a Mexican professional football club based in Morelia, Michoacán, playing in Liga MX. The team is owned by Grupo Salinas and plays its games in Estadio Morelos. Club Atlético Morelia was founded November 21,1924, as Oro Morelia in Morelia, in 1950, Club Deportivo Morelia was among the teams that founded the Segunda División. After the 1956–1957 season, in which ended up in second place. After an unsuccessful season, in 1968 Monarcas Morelia was relegated back to the Segunda División, Morelia appointed Nicandro Ortiz as chairman. Ortiz acquired the team and strengthened its position in the league, in 1996 the major broadcast company TV Azteca bought the team. By the year 2000 the club were playing under the Monarcas moniker, in recent years Monarcas Morelia has been one of the main protagonists in the Primera División. The team was crowned champions away in the Bombonera Stadium, the Morelos Stadium has never been the site of its team winning a final. Monarcas Morelia has played three other finals which they lost to Toluca, Monterrey and Pumas respectively, after missing the playoffs for three consecutive tournaments, Morelia ended in third place in the general table in the Apertura 2009. Morelia defeated Santos Laguna in the first round, 4–2 on aggregate, with a 2–1 aggregate score, Morelia was eliminated. Morelia qualified for the 2010 Copa Libertadores by ending in place in the classification phase. It was the time that Morelia participated in the Copa Libertadores. Morelia was the Runner-up of the Clausura 2011, after a hard fought final, Pumas won this 3–2 on aggregate, taking the trophy home. Morelia is the 2010 SuperLiga champion, with a 2–1 victory in the finals over the New England Revolution in which Miguel Sabah scored both Morelias goals. On November 5,2013 Monarcas Morelia won their first Copa MX in a 3–3 match that would take them to penalties and this title also made them participate in the first Supercopa MX edition, which they won against Tigres UANL with a global score of 5–4. After 15 years, the terrible 2014–15 campaign made Monarcas one of the last teams in the average table, which decides which team will be relegated. Thats why Enrique Meza was chosen to be the coach for the current Apertura 2015 season, Meza already saved Morelia once, in the 1995–96 season. The clubs colors are generated from the flag which are yellow and red
Atlante Fútbol Club, is a Mexican football club based in Cancun, Quintana Roo. Founded in 1916, Atlante were original members of the Mexican professional league when it began in 1943, Atlante has won three national league championships, two from their original home in Mexico City, and the most recent following their 2007 relocation to Cancún. They are also winners of the Copa México, and twice winners of the CONCACAF Champions Cup / CONCACAF Champions League. Atlante currently compete in Mexicos second-tier Ascenso MX following relegation from Liga MX at the end of the 2013–14 season and they play their home matches at the Estadio Andrés Quintana Roo in Cancún. Atlante was founded on April 18,1916 with the name Sinaloa by a group of young Mexican football enthusiasts, the team began playing at La Condesa neighborhood in Mexico City. After changing its name to Lusitania and U-53, Refugio Martínez proposed the name Atlante, despite its popularity, the Mexican Federation did not allow the team to be involved at the Mexican championship, the Liga Mayor. In order for Atlante to be allowed into the league, it had to win several proof-matches against Toluca and América, the duels were finally won by Atlante with scores of 7–2 and 2–1, respectively. Accepted within the Liga Mayor, Atlante formed a rivalry against Necaxa. The games between two were furious battles, even drawing in points at the end of the 1931–32 tournament. Through the beginnings of the history of the football in Mexico, what today many do not recall is that Atlante was the first Mexican team that acquired national fame by knocking down those foreign giants. In 1929, Atlante defeated Sabaria of Hungary 3–1, in 1930, Atlante defeated two times the Sportivo of Buenos Aires 2–1 and 3–2. And one of their more recalled feats was the 3–2 victory in 1931 over Bella Vista of Uruguay who had three players won the first World Cup a year before in Montevideo. Propelling Atlantes popularity, it was brought to the big screen in many films of the countrys cinematographic golden era. Some of those films are Los Hijos de Don Venancio, Los Nietos de Don Venancio, El Vividor, El que con niños se acuesta, players Horacio Casarín and Martí Ventolrà were even part of those films casting. Together, they all became what is today as the Mexican Primera División. After 4 tournaments, and with the aid of its owner General Jose Manuel Nuñez as well as of its sensational player Horacio Casarín, the final match against León was attended by 48,622 people, including the current President Miguel Alemán Valdés. Before that, in 1945 the team imposed the Latin American record for goals in a single season with 121 goals in 30 matches. Atlante also became the first Mexican team to be crowned at the Champion of Champions cup during the 1941–42 season, in 1966, General Jose Manuel Nuñez decided to sell the team to Fernando González, Fernandón
Club Deportivo Guadalajara Spanish pronunciation, often simply known as Guadalajara, and popularly known as Chivas, is a Mexican professional football club based in Guadalajara, Jalisco. Guadalajara plays in Liga MX with 11 First Division titles,7 Campeón de Campeones,1 InterLiga,1 Copa Challenger,4 Copa Oros de Occidente, and 3 Copa México. Guadalajara is one of the ten founding members of the Mexican First Division and, along with longstanding rivals Club América, Guadalajara was the runner-up of the 2010 Copa Libertadores. Guadalajara is the football club in Mexico to exclusively field Mexican players. The teams three colors symbolize Fraternity, Union, and Sports, the team mascot, as well as their nickname, is the goat or chiva. Chivas is one of Mexicos most successful and popular teams, and holds the Mexican league record for the longest winning streak at the beginning of a season, the team was founded by Edgar Everaert, who arrived in Mexico in 1906. Their kit was modeled on that of the favourite team. Some historians assert that the colours came from the French Tricolour because some of the clubs first players were French, a few Spanish and English also became members of the Unión Football Club. On a tour of Europe, Everaert noticed that European teams named after their town or city seemed to generate more support from fans in their communities. So, in 1908, with the approval of Everaert and the players, in 1908, it was also decided that the team would only field Mexican-born players because of the growing sense of oppression Mexican nationals felt towards non-Mexican nationals. Following the aftermath of the Mexican Revolution, amateur football tournaments throughout the country flourished, between 1906 and 1943, Guadalajara won 13 amateur titles, the first in 1908. Also during this period, the oldest rivalry in Mexican football began to form, in 1943 the Liga Mayor was founded after the merging of several regional leagues and the era of professional football began. Guadalajara struggled during the years, with the exception of the 1948–49 season when they finished third. This same year Guadalajara was given the name Chivas Locas during a game against Atlas, the name was initially considered an insult, but later adopted as the teams nickname due to the overwhelming popularity of the club. During the 1951–52 and 1954–55 seasons, the finished as runner-up in the league. Guadalajara won its first championship during this season due to a last minute goal scored by Salvador Reyes. Led by coaches such as Donald Russ and Javier de la Torre in subsequent years and it was the only team in Mexicos football history to win four league championships in a row, during the 1958–59, 1959–60, 1960–61, and 1961–62 seasons. During the 1970s and early 1980s, Guadalajara struggled, in the 1970–71 season, the team finished very close to the relegation zone