The Liga MX is the top level of the Mexican football league system. Currently sponsored by BBVA through its Mexican subsidiary BBVA Bancomer, it is known as Liga BBVA Bancomer. Each season, the league holds two tournaments, the Apertura, which starts in the summer, and the Clausura, which starts in the winter. As of 2017, the league comprises 18 clubs, with one being relegated every year based upon its league performances over the three years. The first 8 teams in the table at the end of the phase of the tournament qualify to the liguilla. Up until July 2011, the league was divided into 3 groups, the group formatting was removed in favor of a single-table format. The league is considered the strongest in North America, and among the strongest in all of Latin America. Of the 56 teams to have competed in the league, América have won the title a record 12 times, followed by Guadalajara, Toluca, Cruz Azul, León and Pumas UNAM, the current league champions are Tigres UANL, who won the Apertura 2016 tournament. Prior to the Liga Mayor, there was no national league in Mexico. The winners of the Primera Fuerza, a league consisting of teams near. There were other regional leagues such as the Liga Amateur de Veracruz, the Liga Occidental De Jalisco, many club owners were not keen on the idea of establishing a professional league, despite paying players under the table. With the increasing demand for football, there was a sense of urgency to unite all the amateur leagues in Mexico to progress as a football nation. The professional national league was established in 1943. When the Federación Mexicana de Fútbol Asociación announced the formation of the nations first professional league, the F. M. F. announced that 10 clubs would form the Liga Mayor. The league was founded by six clubs from the Primera Fuerza of Mexico City, Primera Fuerza, América, Asturias, Atlante, Necaxa, and Marte. Liga Occidental De Jalisco, Atlas and Guadalajara, Liga Amateur de Veracruz, ADO, Veracruz and Moctezuma. The 1970 World Cup held in Mexico was the first World Cup televised on a grand scale, the season following the FIFA World Cup, the F. M. F. Changed the league format and established a playoff phase to determine the national champion and this was done to regenerate interest and reward teams that placed fairly high in the standings
Deportivo Toluca F.C.
Deportivo Toluca Fútbol Club S. A. de C. V. is a professional Mexican football club. Tolucas stadium Nemesio Díez Riega is located in Toluca, State of Mexico in Mexico, Toluca plays in the Liga MX, has been champion ten times and is one of the most successful clubs of Mexico. On 12 February 1917, the brothers Román Alday and Gerardo Ferrat alongside Filiberto Navas, the Teams first official First Division game was against Atlante, in which Toluca won 2 goals by one The team won three consecutive championships in 1966 and 1967 under coach Ignacio Trelles. In 1975 Toluca won the one more time. This is the time the Mexican Championship has been decided by a round-robin, two-legged. In 1997 Enrique Ojitos Meza became the coach of the team, Toluca resurged, its tactical scheme was very offensive, which was very characteristic of its coach. It was not atypical to see scores like 5-3, the offensive idea suited perfectly the Paraguayan José Saturnino Cardozo, who became the best scorer of the league in four occasions. Toluca won the championship in 1998, the first one in twenty years, with Enrique Meza as coach, Toluca won the championship three times in a period of three years. In the Invierno 2001 tournament Ricardo La Volpe became the coach of Toluca and he, along with Cardozo and Vicente Sánchez had one of the most successful and exciting teams in years. However, La Volpe left Toluca with a few left in the season. In Apertura 2006, they tied in the first leg but suffered a loss in the Estadio Nemesio Díez against Guadalajara, in the Clausura 2007 tournament, Toluca had one of their worst seasons, finishing in last place. In the Copa Libertadores 2007, they made it to the round of 16, following the elimination from both tournaments, Gallego resigned from his position stating the need for a year off as his reason for resigning from Club Toluca. José Pekerman, former coach of the Argentine national team, was appointed as coach of Club Toluca on May 30,2007. In the Apertura 2007, Toluca had a better finish than the previous tournament. They were ultimately eliminated by league runner-up Pumas in the quarter-finals of the Apertura 2007 playoffs, Club Toluca failed to qualify for the 2008 Copa Libertadores. On the Apertura 2008, Toluca had a weak start under their new coach, Jose Manuel El Chepo De La Torre and their goalkeeper Hernan Cristante set a record by not allowing any goals for 773 minutes. Toluca would go on to win the Bicentenario 2010 tournament by beating Santos Laguna in a dramatic penalty shoot-out, earning them the cup win. Besides winning the domestic title ten times, Toluca has also been the Runner-Up of the Mexican domestic tournament six times, on the Apertura 2012, Toluca finished first place and therefore earned a place for the Copa Libertadores
Toros Neza Fútbol Club, also known as Toros Neza is a Mexican football team based in the city of Nezahualcóyotl. They play in the Segunda División de México, the club returned for the Clausura 2011 Liga de Ascenso tournament, taking the place of Atlante UTN who had been purchased by Grupo Salinas. An earlier Toros Neza side played in the Mexican Primera División in the 1990s. There have been several clubs played in the city of Neza, such as Deportivo Neza. In 1993–94 they finished bottom of their group, and played their last 14 home games in Pachuca, however, the following season they were known again as Toros Neza. In the 1996–97 tournament they reached the semi-finals in the Apertura and they bettered this in the Clausura, reaching the final where they lost to C. D. However, they were relegated at the end of the 1999–2000 season, in December 2010 it was announced that Neza would be returning to the professional ranks for the Clausura stage of the 2010–11 Liga de Ascenso season. They will be the team of Monarcas Morelia, and ultimately be owned by TV Azteca. They effectively took the place of the Atlante UTN team who competed in the Apertura 2010 tournament, the Monarcas Morelia and Atlante clubs swapped their filial teams, and the changed team were known as Neza FC starting with the Clausura 2011 tournament. When the new calendar for the 2015-16 Segunda División season came out again the team had dissolved. Note, Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules, players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality
Club Santos Laguna S. A. de C. V. commonly known as Santos Laguna or Santos, is a Mexican professional football club. Representing the urban area of La Comarca Lagunera, made up of Torreón, Gómez Palacio and Lerdo Municipalities, the club was founded in 1988, and reached Mexicos top division after buying the Ángeles de Puebla club. Santos Laguna debuted in Mexicos top division in the 1988–89 tournament and they have won a number of tournaments, Invierno 1996, Verano 2001 and Clausura 2008,2012 and 2015. The club reached the finals in the 1993–94 season, Verano 2000, Bicentenario 2010, Apertura 2010, Santos Laguna won the Apertura 2014 Copa MX. It is the football club formed in the Laguna region, after the unsuccessful Laguna Football Club. In 2008, the club celebrated its 20th anniversary, in a February 17,2013 poll by Consulta Mitofsky, it was the fifth-most-popular team in Mexico. Among IFFHS clubs, Santos Laguna is 58th in the world rankings, Santos Laguna was founded in 1983 by the Mexican Social Security Institute of the state of Durango as Santos IMSS. Since the late 1970s, the IMSS had sponsored a football tournament with teams from across the country. Jose Diaz Couder, IMSS head of services in Gómez Palacio, was invited to participate in the tournaments despite the fact that he did not have a team. He appealed to the players he knew to form a team, in 1987 Tuberos de Veracruz, part of the Segunda División de México, was purchased by IMSS and moved to Santa Cruz, Tlaxcala. The first Santos Laguna team spent less than a year in Tlaxcala before moving to Gómez Palacio, a lack of facilities spurred efforts to obtain Moctezuma Stadium in Torreon, owned by John Abusaid, and the Saints made their first home in the former Estadio Corona. On September 4,1988 Los Guerreros played their first game as Santos Laguna, when the IMSS sold its professional sports clubs, Salvador Necochea Sagi bought Santos Laguna. In their first year in the Second Division A, the Warriors avoided relegation with three wins, two draws and one loss, william Galindo, Carlos González, Julio Cesar Armendáriz, Tomas Moreno and Fernando de la Rosa were notable players. In 1989 Los Guerreros earned their nickname when, after a poor start and their fan base grew, and the clubs owners bought the first Estadio Corona. The club underwent changes the year, replacing its logo with the current one and playing in green. Of the 18 founding members of the Second Division B, two won promotion to the first division, the Autonomous University of Tamaulipas and Santos Laguna. In 1988 Santos Laguna purchased the Puebla Angels, giving them Cristian Saavedra, Wilson Graniolatti, Martin Zuniga and Miguel Herrera and a record of three wins, four draws and one loss. Lucas Ochoa scored the clubs first First Division goal and the Warriors, led by Carlos Ortiz, in 1991, Grupo Modelo became majority owner of the club and Ramon Ramirez made his First Division debut with a goal against Club Deportivo Guadalajara
Club Universidad Nacional
Club de Fútbol Universidad Nacional A. C. commonly known as Pumas de la UNAM, Pumas UNAM, U. N. A. M. Or just as Pumas, is a Mexican league football club based in Ciudad Universitaria, Club Universidad Nacional represents the National Autonomous University of Mexico, and plays their home matches at Olímpico Universitario Stadium, located on UNAMs main campus. Universidad Nacional is one of the most popular clubs in Mexico and they have won seven Primera División championships and four international titles. Club Universidad Nacional was originally a club of college students from the Universitys several schools. UNAM have evolved into one of the most popular Mexican teams and have gained an international following, the teams blue and gold colors were selected as a tribute to the University of Notre Dame, whose football coaches helped to develop an American-style football team at the university. The nickname was inspired by Roberto Tapatio Mendez, who coached the team from 1946–64, the nickname stayed with the public, and all the athletic teams representing the University have been called Pumas. Their home ground is the Estadio Olímpico Universitario, the setting for the 1968 Summer Olympic Games and it has a seating capacity of over 58,000. Olympic Academic Stadium is situated within the University campus which enables easy access by the University students, the Pumas have training facilities within the University campus but their main complex is the Cantera, located near the University. The petition was rejected in favor of Club Marte de Morelos, by the 1940s, the dean Gustavo Baz Prada assigned the task to prepare the UNAM representative to Rodolfo Butch Muñoz, then player of Club España. The new manager formed its new team members of the student body of the many schools. The UNAM representative joined many university tournaments, with successful results and this prepared the team to complete their later transition to professional status. In August 1954, the Club Universidad was accepted as a member of the Segunda División and this achievement was accomplished with the support of the dean Nabor Carrillo and Guillermo Aguilar Alvarez Sr. a benefactor of the club. Aguilar Alvarez was appointed by the dean as the chairman of the club, on September 12,1954 UNAM played its first professional game, an away match against Monterrey. After competing for three years, Club Universidad requested a moratorium in its competing in Segunda División play to undergo a programme rebuilding process. Within that year this was accomplished, hector Ortiz was appointed as the new manager of the club, and a Board of Patrons was formed. The match ended, the students rushed the pitch, and honored its team by carrying them off the field on their shoulders—this was the first step towards the consolidation of the club. José Luis González La Calaca, Lorenzo Garcia, Carlos Calderón de la Barca, Manuel Manolo Rodríguez, Edmundo El Poli Pérez, and Gustavo El Gato Cuenca. The team established itself in the Primera División, the Board of Patrons prepared for the continuation of the success by establishing youth system to develop new players