Idi Amin Dada was a Ugandan political leader and military officer who served as the President of Uganda from 1971 to 1979. Amin was born in either Koboko or Kampala to a Kakwa father, in 1946 he joined the Kings African Rifles of the British Colonial Army. Initially a cook, he rose to the position of lieutenant, taking part in British actions against Somali rebels in the Shifta War and the Mau Mau rebels in Kenya. Following Ugandas independence from the United Kingdom in 1962, Amin remained in the forces, rising to the position of major. Aware that Ugandan President Milton Obote was planning on arresting him for misappropriating army funds, Amin launched a 1971 military coup, in 1975, Amin became the chairman of the Organisation of African Unity, a Pan-Africanist group designed to promote solidarity among African states. During the 1977–1979 period, Uganda was a member of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights, in 1977, when Britain broke diplomatic relations with Uganda, Amin declared he had defeated the British and added CBE, for Conqueror of the British Empire, to his title.
Radio Uganda announced his entire title, His Excellency President for Life, Field Marshal Alhaji Dr. Idi Amin Dada, VC, DSO, MC, CBE. Dissent within Uganda and Amins attempt to annex the Kagera Region of Tanzania in 1978 led to the Uganda–Tanzania War, Amin went into exile, first in Libya and in Saudi Arabia, where he lived until his death on 16 August 2003. Amins rule was characterized by human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, extrajudicial killings, nepotism and gross economic mismanagement. The number of people killed as a result of his regime is estimated by international observers, Amin did not write an autobiography, and he did not authorize an official written account of his life. So, there are discrepancies regarding when and where he was born, most biographical sources claim that he was born in either Koboko or Kampala around 1925. Other unconfirmed sources state Amins year of birth from as early as 1923 to as late as 1928, Amins son Hussein has stated that his father was born in Kampala in 1928.
According to Fred Guweddeko, a researcher at Makerere University, Amin was the son of Andreas Nyabire, Nyabire, a member of the Kakwa ethnic group, converted from Roman Catholicism to Islam in 1910 and changed his name to Amin Dada. He named his son after himself. Abandoned by his father at an age, Idi Amin grew up with his mothers family in a rural farming town in north-western Uganda. Guweddeko states that Amins mother was Assa Aatte, an ethnic Lugbara, Amin joined an Islamic school in Bombo in 1941. After a few years, he left school only a fourth-grade English-language education. Amin joined the Kings African Rifles of the British Colonial Army in 1946 as an assistant cook, in life, he falsely claimed he was forced to join the army during World War II and that he served in the Burma Campaign
Marlon Brando, Jr. was an American actor, film director and activist. He is credited with bringing realism to film acting and he helped to popularize the Stanislavski system of acting, studying with Stella Adler in the 1940s. Julius Caesar, The Wild One, Reflections in a Golden Eye, Last Tango in Paris, Brando was an activist for many causes, notably the Civil Rights Movement and various Native American movements. Brando received Academy Award nominations for playing Emiliano Zapata in Viva Zapata, Mark Antony in Joseph L. Mankiewiczs 1953 film adaptation of Shakespeares Julius Caesar, and Air Force Major Lloyd Gruver in Sayonara, an adaption of James Micheners 1954 novel. Brando was included in a list of Top Ten Money Making Stars three times in the 1950s, coming in at number 10 in 1954, number 6 in 1955, the 1960s proved to be a fallow decade for Brando. The Godfather was one of the most commercially successful films of all time, Brando took a four-year hiatus before appearing in The Missouri Breaks.
After this, he was content with being a highly paid actor in cameo roles, such as in Superman and The Formula. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Brando was paid a record $3.7 million and 11. 75% of the profits for 13 days work on Superman. Brando was ranked by the American Film Institute as the fourth-greatest movie star among male movie stars whose screen debuts occurred in or before 1950. He was one of three professional actors, along with Charlie Chaplin and Marilyn Monroe, named in 1999 by Time magazine as one of its 100 Most Important People of the Century. He died of respiratory failure on July 1,2004, at age 80, Brando was born on April 3,1924, in Omaha, Nebraska, to Marlon Brando, Sr. a pesticide and chemical feed manufacturer, and Dorothy Julia. Brando had two sisters, Jocelyn Brando and Frances. His ancestry included German, Dutch and Irish and his patrilineal immigrant ancestor, Johann Wilhelm Brandau, arrived in New York in the early 1700s from the Palatinate in Germany.
Brando was raised a Christian Scientist, she was an alcoholic and often had to be brought home from Chicago bars by her husband. In his autobiography, Songs My Mother Taught Me, Brando expressed sadness when writing about his mother and Brandos father eventually joined Alcoholics Anonymous. Brando harbored far more enmity for his father, stating, I was his namesake and he enjoyed telling me I couldnt do anything right. He had a habit of telling me I would never amount to anything, Brandos parents moved to Evanston, when his fathers work took him to Chicago, but separated when Brando was 11 years old. His mother took the three children to Santa Ana, where they lived with her mother, in 1937, Brandos parents reconciled and moved together to Libertyville, Illinois, a small town north of Chicago
Louis McHenry Howe was an American reporter for the New York Herald best known for acting as an early political advisor to President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Born to a family in Indianapolis, Howe was a small, sickly. The family moved to Saratoga, New York, after financial losses. Howe married Grace Hartley and spent the next decade freelancing for the New York Herald and he was assigned to cover the New York state legislature in 1906, and soon became a political operative for Thomas Mott Osborne, a Democratic opponent of the Tammany Hall political machine. After Osborne fired Howe in 1909, Howe attached himself to rising Democratic star Franklin D. Roosevelt, with whom he would work for the rest of his life. Howe oversaw Roosevelts campaign for the New York State Senate, worked with him in the Navy Department, after Roosevelt contracted polio in 1921, resulting in partial paralysis, Howe became Roosevelts public representative, keeping his political career alive during his recovery. He arranged Roosevelts 1924 Happy Warrior convention speech that returned him to the public eye, Howe spent the next four years laying the groundwork for Roosevelts landslide 1932 presidential victory.
Named Roosevelts secretary, Howe helped the president to shape the programs of the New Deal. Howe grew ill shortly after Roosevelts election, and died before the end of his first term. Howe acted as an advisor to Franklins wife, Eleanor. Eleanor called Howe one of the most influential people in her life, Howe was born in 1871 in Indianapolis, Indiana, to wealthy parents and Edward P. Howe, who owned a store and part of a wholesale business. Edward P. Howe, originally from Cincinnati, had been a captain with the Union Army in the Civil War, Louis had two stepsisters and Cora, from his mothers previous marriage. Howe was sickly and fragile as a child, suffered from asthma, fearing to expose Howe to public school, his parents instead enrolled him in an all-girls seminary. Edward speculated heavily in real estate, and gradually lost the wealth in the depression that followed the Panic of 1873. When Louis was seven, the family lost their home, moving to Saratoga, New York, edwards health collapsed, but he nonetheless took a job as a reporter for a Saratoga newspaper, purchasing a small Democratic paper of his own, The Saratoga Sun.
Louiss health, in contrast, improved during his years, allowing him to leave the house more often. On his way to a wedding rehearsal, he suffered a bicycle accident in which he fell into gravel. Ultimately, the obstacles of his still-questionable health and finances caused him to abandon his university ambitions
Adlai Stevenson II
Adlai Ewing Stevenson II was an American lawyer and diplomat, noted for his intellectual demeanor, eloquent public speaking, and promotion of progressive causes in the Democratic Party. He served on the committee created the United Nations. He was the 31st Governor of Illinois from 1949 to 1953, Stevenson was defeated in a landslide by Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower in the 1952 presidential election. In 1956 he was again the Democratic presidential nominee against Eisenhower and he sought the Democratic presidential nomination for a third time at the 1960 Democratic National Convention, but was defeated by Senator John F. Kennedy of Massachusetts. After his election, President Kennedy appointed Stevenson as the United States Ambassador to the United Nations and he served from 1961 to 1965. He died on July 14,1965, from failure in London. Following public memorial services in New York City, Washington, DC, the prominent historian Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. who served as one of his speechwriters, wrote that Stevenson was a great creative figure in American politics.
He turned the Democratic Party around in the fifties and made JFK possible. to the United States and the world he was the voice of a reasonable and elevated America. He brought a new generation into politics, and moved millions of people in the United States, journalist David Halberstam wrote that Stevensons gift to the nation was his language and well-crafted and calming. W. Willard Wirtz, his friend and law partner, once said If the Electoral College ever gives an honorary degree, Stevenson was born in Los Angeles, California, in a neighborhood now designated as the North University Park Historic District. His home and birthplace at 2639 Monmouth Avenue has been designated as a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument and he was a member of a prominent Illinois political family. His grandfather Adlai Stevenson I was Vice President of the United States under President Grover Cleveland from 1893 to 1897. A maternal great-grandfather, Jesse W. Fell, had been a friend and campaign manager for Abraham Lincoln in his 1858 US Senate race.
Stevensons eldest son, Adlai E. Stevenson III, became a U. S and his mother was Helen Davis Stevenson, and he had an older sister, Elizabeth Stevenson Ives, an author who was called Buffie. Actor McLean Stevenson was a cousin once removed. He was the nephew by marriage of novelist Mary Borden, Stevenson was raised in the city of Bloomington, his family was a member of Bloomingtons upper class and lived in one of the citys well-to-do neighborhoods. Stevenson was devastated by the accident and rarely referred to it as an adult, however, in 1955 Stevenson heard about a woman whose son had experienced a similar tragedy. He wrote to her that she should tell her son that he must live for two, which Stevensons friends took to be a reference to the shooting incident
Ralph Rexford Bellamy was an American actor whose career spanned 62 years on stage and television. During his career, he played leading roles as well as supporting roles, garnering acclaim and awards, ralph Rexford Bellamy was born in Chicago, Illinois. He was the son of Lilla Louise, a native of Canada and he ran away from home when he was 15 and managed to get into a road show. He toured with road shows before landing in New York City. He began acting on stage there and by 1927 owned his own theater company, in 1931, he made his film debut and worked constantly throughout the decade both as a lead and as a capable supporting actor. He co-starred in five films with Fay Wray and his film career began with The Secret Six starring Wallace Beery and featuring Jean Harlow and Clark Gable. By the end of 1933, he had appeared in 22 movies, most notably Rebecca of Sunnybrook Farm. He played in seven films in 1934 alone, including Woman in the Dark, based on a Dashiell Hammett story, in which Bellamy played the lead.
He portrayed detective Ellery Queen in a few films during the 1940s, but as his career did not progress, he returned to the stage. Bellamy appeared in movies during this time, including Dance, Dance with Maureen OHara and Lucille Ball. The lead role was taken by Frank Lovejoy in 1956, who starred in NBCs Meet McGraw detective series. Bellamy appeared on television in numerous roles over the following years and he was a regular panelist on the CBS television game show To Tell the Truth during its initial run. Bellamy starred as Willard Mitchell, along with Patricia Breslin and Paul Fix, about this same time, he appeared on the NBC anthology series, The Barbara Stanwyck Show. In December 1961, he portrayed the part of Judge Quince in the episode Judgement at Hondo Seco on CBSs Rawhide, during the 1963–1964 television season, Bellamy co-starred with Jack Ging in the NBC medical drama The Eleventh Hour, in the role of a psychiatrist in private practice. Wendell Corey had appeared in the first season of the series, Bellamy appeared on Broadway in one of his most famous roles, as Franklin Delano Roosevelt in Sunrise at Campobello.
He starred in the 1960 film version, in the summer of 1961, Bellamy hosted nine original episodes of a CBS Western anthology series called Frontier Justice, a Dick Powell Four Star Television production. In 1950 Bellamy became a member of The Lambs, a club located in New York. Highly regarded within the industry, Bellamy served as a four-term President of Actors Equity from 1952–1964, among many roles in numerous shows, sometimes as a series regular, Bellamy portrayed Adlai Stevenson in the 1974 TV-movie The Missiles of October, a treatment of the Cuban Missile Crisis
Forty-eight of the fifty states and the federal district are contiguous and located in North America between Canada and Mexico. The state of Alaska is in the northwest corner of North America, bordered by Canada to the east, the state of Hawaii is an archipelago in the mid-Pacific Ocean. The U. S. territories are scattered about the Pacific Ocean, the geography and wildlife of the country are extremely diverse. At 3.8 million square miles and with over 324 million people, the United States is the worlds third- or fourth-largest country by area, third-largest by land area. It is one of the worlds most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, paleo-Indians migrated from Asia to the North American mainland at least 15,000 years ago. European colonization began in the 16th century, the United States emerged from 13 British colonies along the East Coast. Numerous disputes between Great Britain and the following the Seven Years War led to the American Revolution. On July 4,1776, during the course of the American Revolutionary War, the war ended in 1783 with recognition of the independence of the United States by Great Britain, representing the first successful war of independence against a European power.
The current constitution was adopted in 1788, after the Articles of Confederation, the first ten amendments, collectively named the Bill of Rights, were ratified in 1791 and designed to guarantee many fundamental civil liberties. During the second half of the 19th century, the American Civil War led to the end of slavery in the country. By the end of century, the United States extended into the Pacific Ocean. The Spanish–American War and World War I confirmed the status as a global military power. The end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991 left the United States as the sole superpower. The U. S. is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, International Monetary Fund, Organization of American States. The United States is a developed country, with the worlds largest economy by nominal GDP. It ranks highly in several measures of performance, including average wage, human development, per capita GDP. While the U. S. economy is considered post-industrial, characterized by the dominance of services and knowledge economy, the United States is a prominent political and cultural force internationally, and a leader in scientific research and technological innovations.
In 1507, the German cartographer Martin Waldseemüller produced a map on which he named the lands of the Western Hemisphere America after the Italian explorer and cartographer Amerigo Vespucci
One of his most notable roles is Harry Dunne in the buddy comedy Dumb and Dumber opposite Jim Carrey, a role he reprised in the 2014 sequel Dumb and Dumber To. He received Golden Globe Award nominations for Best Actor for his performances in The Purple Rose of Cairo, Something Wild and The Squid, Daniels work outside of the film industry has received similar acclaim and accolades as to his work on screen. He has received a number of nominations for his work on stage, including Tony Award nominations for Best Actor for his roles in the plays God of Carnage. He is the founder and current executive director of the Chelsea, Daniels was born in Athens, Georgia, to Marjorie J. and Robert Lee Bob Daniels. He spent the first six weeks of his life in Georgia, where his father was teaching and his father owned the Chelsea Lumber Company and was a onetime mayor of Chelsea. He attended Central Michigan University and participated in the theater program. Daniels performed in New York in The Shortchanged Review at Second Stage Theatre and it was the first show of the inaugural season for Second Stage Theatre.
Daniels has starred in a number of New York productions, on and off Broadway. On Broadway, he has appeared in Lanford Wilsons Redwood Curtain, A. R. Gurneys The Golden Age and Wilsons Fifth of July, for which he was nominated for a Drama Desk Award for Best Supporting Actor. Off-Broadway, he received a Drama Desk nomination for Wilsons Lemon Sky, and he returned to the stage in 2009, appearing in Broadways God of Carnage opposite Hope Davis, James Gandolfini and Marcia Gay Harden. In 1991, he founded the Purple Rose Theatre Company, a stage company in Chelsea. Daniels has written more than a dozen plays for the company, in 2016, Daniels received a nomination for the Tony Award for Best Actor in a Play for his performance in Blackbird, opposite Michelle Williams. Daniels made his debut in Miloš Formans Ragtime in 1981. His next film, the Oscar-winning Terms of Endearment, in which he played Debra Wingers callow and he garnered a Golden Globe nomination as the star of The Purple Rose Of Cairo, directed by Woody Allen.
It was the last film that inspired the name for the company he established. Daniels earned his second Golden Globe nomination for starring in Jonathan Demmes Something Wild as an unassuming businessman swept up into a night by a mysterious woman. Daniels starred in the horror–comedy Arachnophobia in 1990, the next year, Daniels starred in two films. His next notable role was as Colonel Joshua Chamberlain in Gettysburg, Daniels reprised the role of Chamberlain ten years in the prequel film Gods and Generals
CBS is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of CBS Corporation. The company is headquartered at the CBS Building in New York City with major facilities and operations in New York City. CBS is sometimes referred to as the Eye Network, in reference to the iconic logo. It has called the Tiffany Network, alluding to the perceived high quality of CBS programming during the tenure of William S. Paley. It can refer to some of CBSs first demonstrations of color television, the network has its origins in United Independent Broadcasters Inc. a collection of 16 radio stations that was purchased by Paley in 1928 and renamed the Columbia Broadcasting System. Under Paleys guidance, CBS would first become one of the largest radio networks in the United States, in 1974, CBS dropped its former full name and became known simply as CBS, Inc. In 2000, CBS came under the control of Viacom, which was formed as a spin-off of CBS in 1971, CBS Corporation is controlled by Sumner Redstone through National Amusements, which controls the current Viacom.
The television network has more than 240 owned-and-operated and affiliated stations throughout the United States. The origins of CBS date back to January 27,1927, Columbia Phonographic went on the air on September 18,1927, with a presentation by the Howard Barlow Orchestra from flagship station WOR in Newark, New Jersey, and fifteen affiliates. Operational costs were steep, particularly the payments to AT&T for use of its land lines, in early 1928 Judson sold the network to brothers Isaac and Leon Levy, owners of the networks Philadelphia affiliate WCAU, and their partner Jerome Louchenheim. With the record out of the picture, Paley quickly streamlined the corporate name to Columbia Broadcasting System. He believed in the power of advertising since his familys La Palina cigars had doubled their sales after young William convinced his elders to advertise on radio. By September 1928, Paley bought out the Louchenheim share of CBS, during Louchenheims brief regime, Columbia paid $410,000 to A. H.
Grebes Atlantic Broadcasting Company for a small Brooklyn station, WABC, which would become the networks flagship station. WABC was quickly upgraded, and the relocated to 860 kHz. The physical plant was relocated – to Steinway Hall on West 57th Street in Manhattan, by the turn of 1929, the network could boast to sponsors of having 47 affiliates. Paley moved right away to put his network on a financial footing. In the fall of 1928, he entered talks with Adolph Zukor of Paramount Pictures. The deal came to fruition in September 1929, Paramount acquired 49% of CBS in return for a block of its stock worth $3.8 million at the time
QB VII (miniseries)
QB VII by Leon Uris is a dramatic courtroom novel published in 1970. The four-part novel highlights the events leading to a trial in the United Kingdom. The novel was Uriss second consecutive #1 New York Times Best Seller, the novel is loosely based on a court case for defamation that arose from Uris previous best-selling novel Exodus. It began airing on ABC on April 29,1974, adapted to the screen by Edward Anhalt, it was produced by Douglas S. Cramer and directed by Tom Gries. The original music was written by Jerry Goldsmith and the cinematography by Paul Beeson, the six-and-a-half-hour miniseries won six primetime Emmy Awards and was nominated for several more. Adam Kelno has fled to England in the days following World War II, when the witness is unable to identify him as one of the doctors who castrated him, he is released. Kelno takes his wife and young son to Sarawak, where he labors for years, upon his return to England, he is knighted. Twenty years have passed, and he has just begun to enjoy his life of renown, when a book is published, which names him as a willing participant to Nazi medical experiments on Jews in the camps.
He sues for defamation, and finds not only can he not escape his past. QB VII refers to the courtroom in which the trial is held, Queens Bench and he had already had a laryngectomy for throat cancer, and used esophageal speech in his speaking parts. He died soon after filming was completed, QB VII was released as a Region 1 DVD on May 29,2001. List of Holocaust films QB VII at the Internet Movie Database
A Moon for the Misbegotten
A Moon for the Misbegotten is a play by Eugene ONeill. The play is a sequel to ONeills Long Days Journey into Night, the play premiered on Broadway in 1957 and has had four Broadway revivals, plus a West End engagement. Hogans landlord and drinking companion, a cynical alcoholic haunted by the death of his mother, the play begins with Mike, the last of Hogans three sons, leaving the farm. As a joke during one of their bouts, Tyrone threatens to sell his land to his hated neighbor, T. Steadman Harder. Hogan creates a scheme in which Josie will get Tyrone drunk, seduce him and Tyrone court in the moonlight. The scheme falls through when Josie finds out that Tyrone isnt going to sell the land to Harder after all. Tyrone tells Josie the story of how, after his mother died, he traveled back East on the train, Tyrone leaves for New York to handle his mothers estate, apparently to die soon of complications from alcoholism. As in Journey, the Tyrone character is based on Eugene ONeills older brother, Jamie ONeill.
A Moon for the Misbegotten was produced by the Theatre Guild, which had produced many of ONeills, plays including Strange Interlude in 1928, The Iceman Cometh in 1946, and this play, because ONeill was unhappy with progress in rehearsals. Demanded out-of-town tryouts in a series of Midwestern cities, the play had its world premiere at the Hartman Theatre in Columbus, Ohio in 1947. The play has been produced five times on Broadway, the original production opened on May 2,1957 at the now-demolished Bijou Theatre, where it ran for 68 performances. Directed by Carmen Capalbo, the cast included Cyril Cusack, Franchot Tone, scenic design was by William Pitkin, Lighting Design by Lee Watson, and Costume Design by Ruth Morley. Wendy Hiller was nominated for the Tony Award, Actress in a Play, the play was presented Off-Broadway by Circle in the Square Theatre, opening on June 12,1968. Directed by Theodore Mann, the cast featured Salome Jens as Josie, Mitchell Ryan as James Tyrone, Jr. Garry Mitchell as T.
Stedman Harder, brydon as Phil and Jack Kehoe as Mike. Both production casts included Colleen Dewhurst who won a Tony Award, Jason Robards, the cast again resurrected their roles in a Quintero-directed production for television, broadcast by ABC on May 27,1975. One of their affiliates in the state of Florida pre-empted the film controversially because it contained adult language, after nineteen previews, the second revival, directed by David Leveaux, opened on May 1,1984 at the Cort Theatre, where it ran for 40 performances. The cast included Ian Bannen, Jerome Kilty, and Kate Nelligan and this production was nominated for the Tony Award for, Actress in a Play, Director of a Play, Lighting Design, and Revival. After fifteen previews, the revival, directed by Daniel Sullivan, opened on March 19,2000 at the Walter Kerr Theatre