Canadian five-dollar note
The Canadian five-dollar note is the lowest denomination and one of the most common banknotes issued by the Bank of Canada. As with all modern Canadian banknotes, all text is in both French; the current five-Canadian dollar note, part of the Frontier Series, is predominantly blue and was introduced November 7, 2013, using the same technology found in the $20, $50 and $100. The bill features a portrait of Canada's seventh prime minister Sir Wilfrid Laurier and hologram of the Mackenzie Tower from the West Block on Parliament Hill on the front; the front of the previous note features Sir Wilfrid Laurier, the coat of arms, a picture of the West Block of the Parliament buildings, but in a different layout from the current note. The reverse side depicts children engaged in winter sports, including sledding, ice skating, hockey. Nous vivions en trois lieux: l'école, l'église et la patinoire; the winters of my childhood were long seasons. We lived in three places—the school, the church and the skating rink—but our real life was on the skating rink.
In the image, one of the hockey players, notably a girl, wears hockey sweater number 9 to honour Canadian hockey legend Maurice Richard, idolized in Carrier's story. Yellow dots representing the EURion constellation can be found on the reverse side; this note features raised, textured printing as well as a special tactile feature to assist the blind in identifying the denomination. Security features include'BANK OF CANADA' and'BANQUE DU CANADA' visible only under ultraviolet light. In 2005, the Canadian government polled its citizens on the idea of retiring the five-dollar note, replacing it with a five-dollar coin; the money saved in making the coin would fund the Canadian Olympic team. Canadians resoundingly ridiculed the idea of a five-dollar coin; some pointed out the note's most recent redesign took place only four years prior, while many others were averse to the idea of carrying yet another coin in their wallets and pockets. Due to the overwhelmingly negative response, plans for the five-dollar coin were discarded.
Instead, on 15 November 2006, the Bank of Canada released an updated version of the five-dollar note with updated security features, including a holographic stripe found in the rest of the series, a watermark of Laurier that appears when held to the light. These features replaced the iridescent maple leaves that were in the issue of 2002. For years, Canadians have been known to deface certain editions of the five-dollar note by using ink pens to alter Laurier's features to resemble Spock, the Star Trek character portrayed by Leonard Nimoy. In 2002, the Bank of Canada objected to "any mutilation or defacement of banknotes", which could shorten the lifespan of the currency; when "Spocking" surged in 2015 following Nimoy's death, the Bank reminded people that, while the practice is not illegal and the notes remain legal tender and "a symbol of our country and a source of national pride", defacing the bill could damage its security features and lead retailers to refuse them. The 2013 issue of the note features an image of Laurier with less resemblance to Spock.
Bank of Canada's banknote page
The shilling is a unit of currency used in Austria, the United Kingdom, New Zealand, United States and other British Commonwealth countries. The shilling is used as a currency in four east African countries: Kenya, Tanzania and Somalia, it is the proposed currency that the east African community plans to introduce. The word shilling comes from old English "Scilling", a monetary term meaning twentieth of a pound, from the Proto-Germanic root skiljaną meaning'to separate, divide.' The word "Scilling" is mentioned in the earliest recorded Germanic law codes, those of Æthelberht of Kent. Slang terms for the old shilling coins include "bob" and "hog". While the derivation of "bob" is uncertain, John Camden Hotten in his 1864 Slang Dictionary says the original version was "bobstick" and speculates that it may be connected with Sir Robert Walpole. One abbreviation for shilling is s, it was represented by a solidus symbol, which may have stood for a long s or ſ, thus 1/9 would be one shilling and ninepence.
A price with no pence was sometimes written with a solidus and a dash: 11/–. The solidus symbol is still used for the Kenyan shilling, rather than sh. During the Great Recoinage of 1816, the mint was instructed to coin one troy pound of standard silver into 66 shillings, or its equivalent in other denominations; this set the weight of the shilling, its subsequent decimal replacement 5 new pence coin, at 87.2727 grains or 5.655 grams from 1816 until 1990, when a new smaller 5p coin was introduced. In the past, the English world has had various myths about the shilling. One myth was that it was deemed to be the value of a cow in a sheep elsewhere. A shilling was a coin used in England from the reign of Henry VII; the shilling continued in use after the Acts of Union of 1707 created a new United Kingdom from the Kingdoms of England and Scotland, under Article 16 of the Articles of Union, a common currency for the new United Kingdom was created. The term shilling was in use in Scotland from early medieval times.
The common currency created in 1707 by Article 16 of the Articles of Union continued in use until decimalisation in 1971. In the traditional pounds and pence system, there were 20 shillings per pound and 12 pence per shilling, thus there were 240 pence in a pound. Three coins denominated in multiple shillings were in circulation at this time, they were: two shillings, which adopted the value of 10 new pence at decimalisation. At decimalisation in 1971, the shilling coin was superseded by the new five-pence piece, of identical size and weight and had the same value, inherited the shilling's slang name of a bob. Shillings remained in circulation until the five pence coin was reduced in size in 1991. Between 1701 and the unification of the currencies in 1825, the Irish shilling was valued at 13 pence and known as the "black hog", as opposed to the 12-pence English shillings which were known as "white hogs". In the Irish Free State and Republic of Ireland the shilling coin was issued as scilling in Irish.
It was worth 1/20th of an Irish pound, was interchangeable at the same value to the British coin, which continued to be used in Northern Ireland. The coin featured a bull on the reverse side; the first minting, from 1928 until 1941, contained 75% silver, more than the equivalent British coin. The original Irish shilling coin ) was withdrawn from circulation on 1 January 1993, when a smaller five pence coin was introduced. Australian shillings, twenty of which made up one Australian pound, were first issued in 1910, with the Australian coat of arms on the reverse and King Edward VII on the face; the coat of arms design was retained through the reign of King George V until a new ram's head design was introduced for the coins of King George VI. This design continued until the last year of issue in 1963. In 1966, Australia's currency was decimalised and the shilling was replaced by a ten cent coin, where 10 shillings made up one Australian dollar; the slang term for a shilling coin in Australia was "deener".
The slang term for a shilling as currency unit was "bob", the same as in the United Kingdom. After 1966, shillings continued to circulate, as they were replaced by 10-cent coins of the same size and weight. New Zealand shillings, twenty of which made up one New Zealand pound, were first issued in 1933 and featured the image of a Maori warrior carrying a taiaha "in a warlike attitude" on the reverse. In 1967, New Zealand's currency was decimalised and the shilling was replaced by a ten cent coin of the same size and weight. Ten cent coins minted through the remainder of the 1960s included the legend "ONE SHILLING" on the reverse. Smaller 10-cent coins were introduced in 2006. Shillings were used in Malta, prior to decimalisation in 1972, had a face value of five Maltese cents. In British Ceylon, an shilling was equivalent to eight fanams. With the replacement of the rixdollar by the rupee in 1852, a shilling was deemed to be equivalent to half a rupee. On the decimalisation of the currency
The loonie, formally the Canadian one-dollar coin, is a gold-coloured coin, introduced in 1987 and is produced by the Royal Canadian Mint at its facility in Winnipeg. The most prevalent versions of the coin show a common loon, a bird found throughout Canada, on the reverse and Queen Elizabeth II, the nation's head of state, on the obverse. Various commemorative and specimen-set editions of the coin with special designs replacing the loon on the reverse have been minted over the years; the coin's outline is an 11-sided curve of constant width. Its diameter of 26.5 mm and its 11-sidedness matched that of the already-circulating Susan B. Anthony dollar in the United States, its thickness of 1.95 mm was a close match to the latter's 2.0 mm. Its gold colour differed from the silver-coloured Anthony dollar. Other coins using a curve of constant width include the 7-sided British twenty pence and fifty pence coins. After its introduction, the coin became the symbol of the Canadian dollar: media discuss the rate at which the loonie is trading against other currencies.
The nickname loonie became so recognized that in 2006, the Royal Canadian Mint secured the rights to it. When the Canadian two-dollar coin was introduced in 1996, it was in turn nicknamed the "toonie". Canada first minted a silver dollar coin in 1935 to celebrate the 25th anniversary of George V's reign as king; the voyageur dollar, so named because it featured an Indigenous person and a French voyageur paddling a canoe on the reverse, was minted in silver until 1967, after which it was composed of nickel. The coins did not see wide circulation due to their size and weight. By 1982, the Royal Canadian Mint had begun work on a new composition for the dollar coin that it hoped would lead to increased circulation. At the same time, vending machine operators and transit systems were lobbying the Government of Canada to replace the dollar banknotes with wider circulating coins. A Commons committee recommended in 1985 that the dollar bill be eliminated despite a lack of evidence that Canadians would support the move.
The government argued that it would save between $175 million and $250 million over 20 years by switching from bills that had a lifespan of less than a year to coins that would last two decades. The government announced on March 25, 1986, that the new dollar coin would be launched the following year as a replacement for the dollar bill, which would be phased out, it was expected to cost $31.8 million to produce the first 300 million coins, but through seigniorage, expected to make up to $40 million a year on the coins. From the proceeds, a total of $60 million over five years was dedicated toward funding the 1988 Winter Olympics in Calgary; the failure of the Susan B. Anthony dollar coin in the United States had been considered and it was believed Americans refused to support the coin due to its similarity to their quarter coin and its lack of esthetic appeal. In announcing the new Canadian dollar coin, the government stated it would be the same overall size as the Susan B. Anthony coin – larger than a quarter – to allow for compatibility with American manufactured vending machines, but would be eleven-sided and gold-coloured.
It was planned that the coin would continue using the voyageur theme of its predecessor, but the master dies, struck in Ottawa were lost in transit en route to the Mint's facility at Winnipeg. A Commons committee struck to investigate the loss discovered that the Mint had no documented procedures for transport of master dies and that it had shipped them via a local courier in a bid to save $43.50. It was found to be the third time that the Mint had lost master dies within five years. An internal review by the Royal Canadian Mint argued that while a policy existed to ship the obverse and reverse dies separately, the new coin dies were packaged separately but were part of the same shipment; the Mint disagreed with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police's contention that the dies were lost in transit, believing instead that they were stolen. The dies were never recovered. Fearing the possibility of counterfeiting, the government approved a new design for the reverse, replacing the voyageur with a Robert-Ralph Carmichael design of a common loon floating in water.
The coin was nicknamed the "loonie" across English Canada, became known as a "huard", French for "loon", in Quebec. The loonie entered circulation on June 30, 1987, as 40 million coins were introduced into major cities across the country. Over 800 million loonies had been struck by the coin's 20th anniversary. Two years after the loonie's introduction, the Bank of Canada ceased production of the dollar banknote; the final dollar bills were printed on June 30, 1989. Initial support for the coin was mixed; the loonie has subsequently gained iconic status within Canada, is now regarded as a national symbol. The term "loonie" has since become synonymous with the Canadian dollar itself; the town of Echo Bay, home of Robert-Ralph Carmichael, erected a large loonie monument in his honour in 1992 along the highway, similar to Sudbury's'Big Nickel'. Officials for the 2002 Salt Lake Winter Olympics invited the National Hockey League's ice making consultant, Dan Craig, to oversee the city's E Center arena, where the ice hockey tournament was being held.
1954 Series (banknotes)
The 1954 Series was the third series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar issued by the Bank of Canada. The banknotes were designed in 1952 following the accession of Elizabeth II to the throne after the death of her father George VI; the banknote designs differed from the preceding 1937 Series banknotes, though the denomination colours and bilingual printing were retained. The banknote series became known as the "Devil's Head" series, leading to design modifications for all denominations; the second variant of the series was issued in 1956. Planning for the banknotes began on 6 February 1952 after the death of George VI and the accession of Elizabeth II to the throne; the first design, created by the Canadian Bank Note Company, was deemed too similar in style to the 1937 Series, including the "elaborate scrollwork" decorating the edges of the banknotes. To reflect a "growing sense of Canadian nationalism", the design of the banknotes was different from that of the 1937 Series, retaining the bilingual text and denomination colours using a modern 1950s style that abandoned Victorian ornamentation associated with Canada's colonial past.
The banknotes were marked with English text to the left of the French text. The less ornate design and arrangement of elements was said to improve the legibility of the banknotes; the banknotes featured the same border style on the reverse. All banknotes in the series measure 152.4 by 69.85 millimetres, which are the same length as the 1937 Series banknotes but 1⁄8 inch narrower. This change made the banknotes closer in size to the Federal Reserve Notes issued in the United States; the new notes were introduced by Graham Towers, the Governor of the Bank of Canada, to the Parliamentary Press Gallery in June 1954, entered circulation that September. In advertisements that ran in Canadian newspapers in September 1954, the Bank of Canada stated that design and use of two colours on the obverse were security features to deter counterfeiting; the banknotes all featured a portrait of Elizabeth II, based on a photograph taken by Yousuf Karsh, placed on the right side of the obverse, the first series to carry the portrait of Elizabeth as queen.
The photograph was the same one used for the 1952 Canada 2-cent stamp, but was flipped to have Elizabeth II face left, the diamond tiara she was wearing was removed. The final image was engraved by George Gunderson, master engraver at British American Bank Note Company, after receiving approval from Elizabeth II; the portrait's placement differed from earlier banknote series that had an oval-framed portrait in the centre of the banknote, more susceptible to wearing as it occurred at the crease point for a folded banknote. This was the first series to include the Canadian coat of arms, which appeared centrally in the background of the obverse; the design changes were made to portray themes more typical of Canada and lead artist Charles Comfort, contracted by the Bank of Canada to "develop a more contemporary design for Canada's currency", created a rendering of the cenotaph at the National War Memorial with an engraving of pine branches by Eric Bergman, a design he preferred when the reverse of all banknotes in the series were expected to have the same design.
He simplified the design and replaced the allegorical themes from earlier banknote issues with scenes of Canadian landscapes, as executives at the Bank of Canada considered the War Memorial "too loaded". The design included the use of horizontal bands, but the printing companies preferred the more traditional enclosed border. In 1953, the Bank of Canada announced that the designs of the 1937 Series would be replaced with images of Canadian landscapes; the images were chosen from a set of over 3,000 photographs obtained from Archives Canada, Canadian Pacific, several news agencies. The final set of images for consideration were required to satisfy several conditions: preference for rural scenes, no well-known scenes, no large buildings, little indication of human or economic activity; the Bank of Canada acquired all intellectual property associated with the images, with a transfer of copyright from the owner to the Bank of Canada and the owner required to destroy any outstanding copies or negatives.
The designs included a Saskatchewan prairie scene engraved for the $1 banknote by Carl Louis Irmscher of the American Bank Note Company, the Saint-François River seen from Upper Melbourne in Richmond, engraved by Harry P. Dawson for the $2 banknote, an engraved scene of Otter Falls on the Aishihik River in southwestern Yukon, at mile 996 of the Alaska Highway, created by C. Gordon Yorke, the first engraving he produced for the Bank of Canada; the $10 banknote featured an engraving by Dawson, based on a Canadian Pacific Railway photograph of Yoho National Park, of Emerald Lake and Mount Burgess. The reverse of the $20 banknote was engraved by Joseph Louis Black of ABN, William Ford engraved the scene of the Laurentians based on a photograph from the Provincial Publicity Bureau of Quebec. Warrell Alfred Hauk engraved a seascape scene of Crescent Beach in Lockeport, Nova Scotia based on a photograph for the $50 banknote, Ford engraved a scene of Okanagan Lake for the $100 banknote; the scene depicted on the $1000 banknote, based on a photograph by Max Sauer, is of a covered bridge spanning the Saguenay River fjord at L'Anse-Saint-Jean in Quebec.
On 3 January 1967, a $1 note commemorating the centennial of Canadian Confederation was introduced into circulation. The image on the reverse of this version shows the original Parliament Buildings, which were destroyed by fire in 1916, is the same engraving used for a Dominion of Canada banknote designed and printed in the 19th century; the obverse includes a green monochrome adaptati
Scenes of Canada
Scenes of Canada was the fourth series of banknotes of the Canadian dollar issued by the Bank of Canada. It was first circulated in 1970 to succeed the 1954 Series, was replaced by the Birds of Canada series beginning in 1986; the design process for this series began in 1963 with a primary goal of creating banknotes that were more counterfeit-resistant than the 1954 Series it was to replace. The Bank of Canada requested design submissions from security printing companies, receiving several from both domestic and foreign companies. One proposed design was received from Organisation Giori, a Swiss security printer based in Lausanne that had developed a multicolour printing press "that raised the bar on banknote security", its designs for the $10 and $20 banknotes were a "significant departure" from traditional Canadian banknote designs by incorporating more colours, new graphic elements, different security features, but the design was rejected. Final conceptual designs were created by Canadian Bank Note Company, British American Bank Note Company, De La Rue, the latter being the first foreign firm involved in the design of Canadian banknotes.
The design by De La Rue was selected by the Bank of Canada in 1964 as the basis for the new series. Each denomination retained the dominant colour of the respective banknote from the 1954 Series: green for the $1 banknote, orange for the $2 banknote, blue for the $5 banknote, mauve for the $10 banknote, burnt orange for the $50 banknote, brown for the $100 banknote; because of the multicoloured tints used to complement the design for each banknote, Bank of Canada staff began referring to the series as the "multicoloured series". The portraits on the obverse of each denomination were larger than for the same denomination in the 1954 Series. All denominations were to feature the portrait of Elizabeth II, but portraits of former prime ministers were used for some denominations at the request of Edgar Benson, the Minister of Finance in 1968, to "reflect Canada's burgeoning national identity"; the vertical borders of the obverse were curvilinear, the left edge of which had "multicoloured diamonds" bordering a circular frame within, the Coat of Arms.
It featured "sweeping guilloché" patterns. The reverse of each denomination had a scenic vignette; the initial design by De La Rue included a circular watermark, excluded from the final design. A memorandum circulated to designers during the design process stated that the "subjects chosen represent a substantial improvement in range of contrast and detail", to improve security; the phrase "will pay to the bearer on demand" that appeared in earlier banknote series was replaced by the phrase "this note is legal tender", reflecting the fact that Canadian banknotes had long since ceased to be redeemable in gold. Colourful, wavy patterns were part of each denomination's design; the serial numbers on the obverse were printed in red on the blue on the right. In addition, this is the first series that has interleaving position of French text; the interleaving nature is by text on the same side, as well as by denomination. The following table is a complete representation of all positions of English texts on all denominations.
The dates stamped on the banknotes represent the year in which the original intaglio plates were produced for that denomination. The most prominent designer for this series was C. Gordon Yorke, who engraved the portraits of Robert Borden and Wilfrid Laurier and the vignettes for four of the seven denominations; the series was the first Bank of Canada series not to include a one-thousand dollar note. All notes measure 152.4 × 69.85 mm. The original design for the $1 banknote used green as the dominant colour, but final designs used black to mitigate possible confusion with the $20 banknote; the portrait on the obverse is of Elizabeth II, the engraving for, created by George Gunderson, master engraver at British American Bank Note Company. A tugboat is prominent in the foreground of the vignette on the reverse, which depicts the Ottawa River with a broken log boom with Parliament Hill in the background, it was engraved by Yorke based on a 1963 photograph taken by Malak Karsh. The banknote was first circulated in June 1974, was printed by both CBN and BABN.
The final print run for the banknote was on 20 April 1989, which would be circulated by the end of June 1989, after which banks were required to refrain from circulating the banknotes, to send collected $1 banknotes to the Bank of Canada for destruction. Front Back The portrait on the obverse is of Elizabeth II; the reverse of the $2 banknote features a scene of six men of an Inuit family preparing their kayaks for a hunt, based on a 1950s photograph of Joseph Idlout and his relatives taken at Pond Inlet in Baffin Island by Douglas Wilkinson. It was engraved by Yorke, was intended to be used on the reverse of the $100 banknote; the $2 banknote was first circulated in August 1975, was printed by BABN. Front Back The portrait on the obverse is of Wilfrid Laurier, the engraving for, created by Yorke; the vignette on the reverse was based on a photograph by George Hunter and engraved by George Gunderson and Yorke. It depicts a salmon seiner in the Johnstone Strait, a channel along the northeast coast of Vancouver Island.
The $5 banknote was first circulated in December 1972, was printed by CBN. An updated version was issued in 1979, for which the serial numbers were moved to the bottom centre of the reverse and the central obverse guilloché was modified. Front Back The portrait on the obverse is of John A. Macdonald, for which the engraving was created by Gunderson. A scene depicting the operations of Polymer Corporation in Sarnia, Ontario is on the reverse, chosen because the Crown corporation had "achiev
Withdrawn Canadian banknotes
Banknotes that are no longer in issue in Canada, are being removed from circulation, are said to be withdrawn from circulation. The Bank of Canada, Canada's sole issuer of bank notes issues five different denominations. Smaller denominations have been replaced by coins, larger ones are felt to be no longer required in an era of electronic transmission of most large transactions. Despite competition from some more valuable foreign notes, there are no plans to re-issue Canadian banknotes larger than $100. Notes issued by these former issuing authorities are considered to be withdrawn from circulation: Colonial governments, prior to each province or dominion entering confederation; the Dominion of Canada between 1870 and 1935, which issued notes in denominations of 25¢, $1, $2, $4, $5, $50, $100, $500, $1,000 Canadian chartered banks, from pre-Confederation to 1944. All Bank of Canada notes issued prior to the current Frontier Series are being withdrawn from circulation; the following Bank of Canada denominations included in previous series have been permanently retired: The $25 note was issued only in 1935, to commemorate the silver jubilee of King George V.
As with other 1935 issues, separate English and French versions were printed. This was a limited release, never printed in large quantities; the note was coloured an appropriate royal purple. The $25 note was withdrawn from circulation in 1937; the $500 denomination was included only in the 1935 series. No note of this denomination has been printed since; the note was coloured burnt sienna. The $500 note was withdrawn from circulation in 1938. There had been two previous printings of the $500 note by the Dominion of Canada, one in 1925 featuring King George V, one in 1911 picturing Queen Mary. Of the latter, only three are known to still exist, one of which sold for US$322,000 in a Heritage auction in October 2008, it is unlikely. Printing of the $1 note ceased in 1989; these notes are never seen in circulation today. The most recent banknote series that included the $1 note was the Scenes of Canada, with the $1 note released in 1974, coloured green and black; the face featured a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II.
Printing of the $2 note ceased on February 18, 1996, with initial release of the toonie, a coin that replaced it. These notes are seen in circulation today; the most recent banknote series that included the two-dollar note was the Birds of Canada series in 1986, in which this note was a terra cotta colour. The face featured a portrait of Queen Elizabeth II. Prior to the withdrawal of the $1 note, the $2 was not as circulated and was difficult to find in some regions, Alberta in particular. After the $1 note was withdrawn, the $2 was much more circulated. Printing of the $1,000 note ceased in 2000; the denomination was withdrawn on the advice of the Solicitor General and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, as it was used for money laundering and organized crime. The Bank of Canada has requested; the most recent issue of this denomination was in 1992 as part of the Birds of Canada series. It was pink in colour, featuring Queen Elizabeth II on the face, two pine grosbeaks on the back. Currency withdrawn from circulation remains legal tender, but this does not obligate any creditor to accept it as a medium of exchange.
Withdrawn currency is exchanged at commercial bank branches, though some banks require that exchangers be bank customers. The bank returns the withdrawn currency, together with worn out currency, to the Bank of Canada for destruction. Liabilities for outstanding provincial and Dominion of Canada notes was transferred to the Bank of Canada in 1935, liability for chartered bank notes in 1950; as of December 31, 2016, the total value of provincial, chartered bank, discontinued Bank of Canada denominations still outstanding is $1.139 billion, of which more than $765 million is in $1,000 notes. The liability for this amount remains on the Bank of Canada's books up to the present day. On February 27, 2018, The Government of Canada announced in their 2018 Federal Budget that there are plans to make all withdrawn banknotes no longer legal tender. If passed into law, these notes will still retain face value and may still be redeemed at banks in exchange for current banknotes; the current five denominations - $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100 - will not be affected at this time, but the government may decide to remove legal tender status from older series versions of these denominations in the future.
Bank of Canada: Bank Note Series, 1935 to Present Canadian Bank Notes Values 1866 to Present
Commemorative banknotes of the Canadian dollar
Four banknotes of the Canadian dollar have been commemorative issues. The first was issued in 1935 to the silver jubilee of the accession of George V to the throne of the United Kingdom, the only $25 banknote issued by the Bank of Canada; the second commemorative banknote was the Centennial $1 banknote issued in January 1967 to commemorate the Canadian Centennial. The third was issued in September 2015 to commemorate Elizabeth II becoming the longest-reigning monarch of the United Kingdom and Canada. In 2017, the Bank of Canada released a commemorative $10 banknote for Canada's sesquicentennial, available by Canada Day; the first commemorative banknote issued by the Bank of Canada was a $25 banknote in the 1935 Series to commemorate the silver jubilee of the accession of George V to the throne of the United Kingdom. The royal purple banknote was issued on 6 May 1935, is the only $25 banknote issued by the Bank of Canada. On the obverse are the portraits of George V and Mary of Teck from an engraving by Will Ford and master engraver Edwin Gunn of the American Bank Note Company.
The scene on the reverse depicts Windsor Castle, the official residence of the UK royal family, from an engraving by Louis Delmoce of ABN. The banknote includes the signatures of Graham Towers, the governor of the Bank of Canada, J. A. C. Osborne, the deputy governor. On 3 January 1967, a $1 note commemorating the centennial of Canadian Confederation was introduced into circulation; the Bank of Canada stopped issuing the commemorative note in 1968. The frames of both the obverse and reverse were based on the original $1 banknote of the 1954 Series, modified to include the texts "Le centenaire de la confederation Canadienne" and "Centennial of Canadian Confederation", with English text at the top of the obverse and bottom of the reverse, French text at the bottom of the obverse and top of the reverse. On the left side of the obverse is a monochrome green adaptation of the stylised maple leaf used as the Canadian Centennial logo, marked with the years 1867 and 1967; the portrait is of an engraving of Elizabeth II adapted from a 1951 photograph by photographer Yousuf Karsh, but with the tiara she was wearing removed.
The reverse depicts the original Centre Block of the parliament buildings, which were destroyed by fire in 1916, derived from the same engraving used for a Dominion of Canada banknote designed and printed in the 19th century. There are two variants of the banknote printed; the first includes the serial number below the top of the frame on the obverse, whereas the more common second variant substitutes the years 1867 and 1967 for the serial numbers. The version without the serial number was "intended to appeal to note collectors". On 9 September 2015, the Bank of Canada released a banknote to commemorate Elizabeth II becoming the longest-reigning monarch of the United Kingdom and Canada; the banknote was revealed at a ceremony at Rideau Hall by David Johnston, the Governor General of Canada. It is part of the Frontier Series of polymer banknotes, is a modified version of the standard $20 banknote of that issue. On the commemorative banknote, the images on the metallic foil are a portrait of Elizabeth II adapted from a 1951 photograph by photographer Yousuf Karsh at the top, the royal cypher of Elizabeth II at the bottom.
This is the same portrait used for all 1954 Series banknotes and the centennial $1 banknote, but it retains the tiara, making this banknote the first Canadian banknote to depict Elizabeth II wearing a tiara. A commemorative 10 dollar banknote, with a circulation of 40 million, was issued for Canada's 150th anniversary on 1 June 2017, it is of the same polymer material and purple colour of the standard Frontier Series $10 banknote, but contains a unique design that includes four portraits of important historical Canadian figures. The obverse features four portraits: John A. Macdonald, George-Étienne Cartier, Agnes Macphail, James Gladstone, the'Canada 150' logo at upper right; the reverse has five landscapes: Capilano Lake. The holographic window includes the national coat of arms, a representation of the artwork "Owl's Bouquet" by Inuit artist Kenojuak Ashevak. Commemorative notes at the Bank of Canada Bank of Canada Unveils and Issues Commemorative $20 Bank Note at the Bank of Canada The 2015 Commemorative $20 Bank Note Revealed at the Bank of Canada