Princess Marie of Denmark
Princess Marie of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, RE is the second wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark. Marie Cavallier was born in Paris and she is the only child of Alain Cavallier, partner in an advertising agency, and Françoise Grassiot, owner of the Château de la Vernède, near Avignon. She is the granddaughter of Mr. Claude Cavallier and Baroness Odile Brunet de Sairigné. She moved to Geneva, Switzerland with her following the divorce of her parents. She has two older, maternal half-brothers and Gregory Grandet, both born in Switzerland, and two younger, paternal half-brothers and Edouard Cavallier, both born in Paris. After her parents divorced, Marie was sent to the Collège Alpin International Beau Soleil boarding school in Switzerland and she attended Babson College in Wellesley, for a brief time, to study international business and economics and went on to study economics in Genève. Marie earned a Bachelor of Arts at Marymount Manhattan College, during her years in college, Marie worked for Estée Lauder, as assistant to the public relations manager in 1994, and as an assistant to the managing director of ING Numismatic Group SA in Genève.
After graduating, she started working for DoubleClick Inc, an advertising agency. Back in France, she worked for advertising agency Media Marketing and she worked for Reuters financial news agency Radianz in Switzerland, took a position with REInvest in Geneva and worked as executive secretary in ING Numismatic Group SA until the engagement. Princess Maries mother tongue is French, in addition she speaks English and Italian. In connection to her wedding with Prince Joachim she started taking lessons in Danish, Marie first came to public attention when she was photographed on a private holiday in Avignon, with Prince Joachim in August 2005. She celebrated the New Year 2006/2007 with Prince Joachim, his former wife Alexandra, their sons and Felix, in January 2007, Marie accompanied Prince Joachim and his children on a ski holiday in Switzerland. Later that year, Marie joined the family for Easter at Marselisborg Palace. Marie increasingly made weekend visits from Geneva to Denmark in 2007, on 3 October 2007, it was officially announced that Marie Cavallier was engaged to Prince Joachim.
On 21 November 2007, the Royal Court announced that the wedding would be held on 24 May 2008, the first wedding took place on 24 May 2008 in Møgeltønder Church. Upon her marriage to Joachim, Maries title is Her Royal Highness Princess Marie of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat. Marie, who had been a French citizen and a member of the Roman Catholic Church, became, in connection with the marriage, a Danish citizen and a member of the Evangelical-Lutheran Church of Denmark. Maries wedding gown was designed by Spanish-Italian fashion house Arasa Morelli, Marie started her role as Princess of Denmark shortly after her wedding, while attending with her husband events and activities from his patronages
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, R. E. is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark. Frederik is the apparent to the throne of Denmark, which means that should Frederik inherit the throne. The couple met at the Slip Inn, a pub in Sydney when the prince was visiting Australia during the 2000 Summer Olympics and her paternal grandfather was Captain Peter Donaldson. Mary was named after her grandmothers, Mary Dalgleish and Elizabeth Gibson Melrose and her mother died on 20 November 1997. In 2001, her married the British author and novelist Susan Horwood. Donaldson was born and raised in Hobart, during her childhood, she was involved in sports and other extracurricular activities both at school and elsewhere. She studied music – playing piano and clarinet – and played basketball, in 1974, Donaldson started schooling in Clear Lake City Elementary School in Houston and moved to Sandy Bay, Tasmania from 1975 to 1977. Her primary education, from 1978 to 1983, was at Waimea Heights with her secondary schooling being at Taroona High School, Donaldson studied at the University of Tasmania from 1990 to 1994, graduating with a combined Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws degree on 27 May 1995.
The crown princess native language is English and she studied French during her secondary education. In 2002, she worked as an English tutor in Paris. After meeting Frederik at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney and she worked for Australian and global advertising agencies after graduating in 1995. Upon graduation Mary moved to Melbourne to work in advertising and she became a trainee in marketing and communications with the Melbourne office of DDB Needham, taking a position of account executive. In 1996, Mary was employed by Mojo Partners as an account manager, in 1998, six months after her mothers death, she resigned and travelled to America and Europe. In June 2000, she moved to a smaller Australian agency, however, in the spring of 2000 until December 2001, she became sales director and a member of the management team of Belle Property, a real estate firm specialising in luxury property. Mary Donaldson met Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Summer Olympics on 16 September in Sydney and he was not identified by her friends as the Crown Prince of Denmark until after they met.
They conducted a long-distance relationship by phone and letter, on 15 November 2001 the Danish weekly magazine Billed Bladet named Mary as Frederiks girlfriend. She moved from Australia to Denmark in December 2001, while she was working as an English tutor in Paris. On 24 September 2003 the Danish court announced that Queen Margrethe II intended to give her consent to the marriage at the State Council meeting scheduled for 8 October 2003
Princess Athena of Denmark
Princess Athena of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, is the youngest child and only daughter of Prince Joachim and Princess Marie of Denmark. As of April 2017, Athena is tenth in the line of succession to the Danish throne, Princess Athena was born in 24 January 2012 at Rigshospitalet the Copenhagen University Hospital in Copenhagen. When her father met the press following her birth, he joked that her name could become anything between Jo and Scheherazade and she has two older half-brothers from her fathers first marriage, Prince Nikolai and Prince Felix, and an older brother, Prince Henrik. At her christening, she was named Athena Marguerite Françoise Marie, after her grandmothers, Athena is styled as Her Highness Princess Athena of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat
The Han Chinese, Han people or simply Han are an ethnic group native to East Asia. They constitute approximately 92% of the population of China, 95% of Taiwan, 76% of Singapore, 23% of Malaysia, Han Chinese are the worlds largest ethnic group with over 1.3 billion people. Similarly, the Chinese language came to be named the Han language ever since, in the Oxford Dictionary, the Han are defined as The dominant ethnic group in China. In the Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Asia and Oceania, the Han are called the dominant population in China, as well as in Taiwan, according to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the Han are the Chinese peoples especially as distinguished from non-Chinese elements in the population. The name Hanzhong, in turn, was derived from the Han River, which flows through the regions plains. The river, in turn, derives its name from such as Tianhan, Xinghan or Yunhan, all ancient Chinese poetic nicknames for the Milky Way. This gave rise to a commonly used nowadays by overseas Chinese for ethnic identity – Huaren.
The term is used in conversation and is an element in the Cantonese word for Chinatown. The vast majority of Han Chinese – over 1.2 billion of them – live in areas under the jurisdiction of the Peoples Republic of China, where they constitute about 92% of its population. Han Chinese constitute the majority in both of the administrative regions of the PRC—about 95% and 96% of the population of Hong Kong and Macau. There are over 22 million Han Chinese in Taiwan, they began migrating from the coastal provinces of mainland China to Taiwan during the 13th to 17th century. At first, these migrants chose to settle in locations that bore a resemblance to the areas they had left behind in mainland China, hoklo immigrants from Quanzhou settled in coastal regions, and those from Zhangzhou tended to gather on inland plains, while the Hakka inhabited hilly areas. Clashes between these groups over land and cultural differences led to the relocation of some communities, of about 40 million overseas Chinese worldwide, nearly 30 million live in Southeast Asia.
They are collectively called Nanyang Chinese, according to a population genetic study, Singapore is the country with the biggest proportion of Hans in Southeast Asia. Up until the past few decades, overseas Han communities originated predominantly from areas in southern China, christmas Island has a Chinese majority at 70%, large Chinese populations live in Malaysia and Thailand. Prior to the 1965 split and Singapore used to have the largest overseas Chinese population in the world and this position has since been taken by Thailand. The prehistory of the Han ethnic group is closely intertwined with both records and mythology. Han Chinese trace their ancestry from a confederation of late neolithic/early bronze-age agricultural tribes that lived along the Guanzhong, the Yellow Emperor is traditionally credited to have united with the neighbouring Shennong tribes after defeating their leader, Flame Emperor, at the Battle of Banquan
Ingrid of Sweden
Ingrid of Sweden was Queen consort of Denmark from 1947 until 1972 as the wife of King Frederick IX. Born into the House of Bernadotte, she was the daughter of King Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, in 1947, her husband became king on his fathers death. As queen, Ingrid reformed the traditions of Danish court life, abolished many old-fashioned customs at court, King Frederick IX died in 1972, and Ingrid was widowed at the age of 61. Her eldest daughter, Margrethe aged 31, became the new Queen and she was an aunt of the present King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf. Her father was the eldest son of King Gustaf V of Sweden by his wife and her mother was a daughter of Queen Victorias third son Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn by his wife Princess Louise Margaret of Prussia. She was baptised Ingrid Victoria Sofia Louise Margareta in Slottskyrkan in Stockholm, the family lived in apartments in the Royal Palace in Stockholm, in a mansion at Ulriksdal, near the capital, and in a summer residence, Sofiero Castle in Scania in southern Sweden.
In 1920, when Ingrid was just ten years old, her mother died from meningitis while in the month of her sixth pregnancy. Her father remarried Lady Louise Mountbatten three years later, Louise was a second cousin of Ingrids. Only a stillborn daughter resulted from her fathers second marriage, Ingrid was raised to a sense of duty and seriousness. She was well educated and interested in sports, especially horse-riding and she got her drivers licence early. The question of Ingrids marriage was a hot topic of conversation in the 1920s and she was matched with various foreign royalties and was seen by some as a possible wife for the heir-apparent to the British throne, the Prince of Wales, who was her second cousin. Her mother, Margaret of Connaught, and the then-Prince of Wales father, King George V, were first cousins, in 1928, Ingrid met the Prince of Wales in London. On 15 March 1935, shortly before her 25th birthday, she was engaged to Frederick, Crown Prince of Denmark and they were related in several ways.
As descendants of Oscar I of Sweden, they were third cousins, through Leopold, Grand Duke of Baden, they were third cousins. And finally through Paul I of Russia, Frederick was a cousin of Ingrids mother. They married in Stockholm Cathedral on 24 May 1935, among the wedding guests were the King and Queen of Denmark, the King and Queen of Belgium and the Crown Prince and Crown Princess of Norway. Her wedding was one of the greatest media events of the day in Sweden in 1935, Ingrid appeared on the radio in 1935 and read a poem, something which was given much attention. While she was Crown Princess, she was the patron of the Girl Guides, after having taken, and passed
Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg
Alexandra, Countess of Frederiksborg, RE was the first wife of Prince Joachim of Denmark, the younger son of Queen Margrethe II. She is of mixed Chinese-European ancestry and lived in Hong Kong until she met Prince Joachim in 1994 and they were married from 1995 to 2005 and had two boys. After her divorce she remarried and stayed in Denmark, thus she has one-eighth Chinese ancestry. She was christened at the Cathedral of Saint John, Hong Kong and her father was an insurance company executive, her mother was the manager of a communications company. She attended Quarry Bay Junior School, Glenealy School and Island School, manley studied international business at universities in Austria and England. It is not known whether she has obtained a university degree, from 1990 to 1995, she was employed by GT Management Ltd. Hong Kong, where she from 1990–1993 worked in Sales and Marketing, Alexandra met Prince Joachim at a party in Hong Kong, where he was working for a Danish shipping company. Their engagement, which took both Alexandras family and Danish royal watchers by surprise, was revealed in May 1995.
They were wed on 18 November 1995, by Queen Margrethes Chaplain-in-Ordinary, the wedding festivities were held at Fredensborg Palace. The brides gown was designed by Jørgen Bender, she wore the Alexandrine Drop Tiara, originally the property of Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, when she married Prince Joachim, she had to renounce her British citizenship and give up her career in marketing. She changed her religious affiliation, Alexandra, an Anglican, received instruction in the Evangelical Lutheran faith and was confirmed prior to her wedding. Prince Joachim and Alexandra have two children from their marriage, Prince Nikolai William Alexander Frederik. Alexandra became popular with the Danish people, known for her fashion sense and charity work, she was dubbed the Diana of the North. She is a native English and German speaker, and her fluency in German helped her pick up the Danish language quickly, within a few months she spoke it nearly without accent, which further endeared her to the Danes.
As she said in an interview, I dont find the grammar especially difficult and it reminds me a little of German, with the glottal stop … Saying something with an upswing or a downswing can give a word an entirely different meaning, she explained. It was my decision to learn the language immediately and it would have been terrible to have to stand up and speak English at an engagement, or thank someone for something. It would have been utterly wrong and this is my home, and so there was no other option. In addition to her European language skills, Alexandra speaks a bit of Cantonese, at a press conference in 1995, when asked whether or not she is able to communicate with Prince Henrik in Chinese, she stated that she believes that his Chinese is better than hers
China, officially the Peoples Republic of China, is a unitary sovereign state in East Asia and the worlds most populous country, with a population of over 1.381 billion. The state is governed by the Communist Party of China and its capital is Beijing, the countrys major urban areas include Shanghai, Beijing, Shenzhen and Hong Kong. China is a power and a major regional power within Asia. Chinas landscape is vast and diverse, ranging from forest steppes, the Himalaya, Karakoram and Tian Shan mountain ranges separate China from much of South and Central Asia. The Yangtze and Yellow Rivers, the third and sixth longest in the world, Chinas coastline along the Pacific Ocean is 14,500 kilometers long and is bounded by the Bohai, East China and South China seas. China emerged as one of the worlds earliest civilizations in the basin of the Yellow River in the North China Plain. For millennia, Chinas political system was based on hereditary monarchies known as dynasties, in 1912, the Republic of China replaced the last dynasty and ruled the Chinese mainland until 1949, when it was defeated by the communist Peoples Liberation Army in the Chinese Civil War.
The Communist Party established the Peoples Republic of China in Beijing on 1 October 1949, both the ROC and PRC continue to claim to be the legitimate government of all China, though the latter has more recognition in the world and controls more territory. China had the largest economy in the world for much of the last two years, during which it has seen cycles of prosperity and decline. Since the introduction of reforms in 1978, China has become one of the worlds fastest-growing major economies. As of 2016, it is the worlds second-largest economy by nominal GDP, China is the worlds largest exporter and second-largest importer of goods. China is a nuclear weapons state and has the worlds largest standing army. The PRC is a member of the United Nations, as it replaced the ROC as a permanent member of the U. N. Security Council in 1971. China is a member of numerous formal and informal multilateral organizations, including the WTO, APEC, BRICS, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization, the BCIM, the English name China is first attested in Richard Edens 1555 translation of the 1516 journal of the Portuguese explorer Duarte Barbosa.
The demonym, that is, the name for the people, Portuguese China is thought to derive from Persian Chīn, and perhaps ultimately from Sanskrit Cīna. Cīna was first used in early Hindu scripture, including the Mahābhārata, there are, other suggestions for the derivation of China. The official name of the state is the Peoples Republic of China. The shorter form is China Zhōngguó, from zhōng and guó and it was applied to the area around Luoyi during the Eastern Zhou and to Chinas Central Plain before being used as an occasional synonym for the state under the Qing
DR, officially rendered into English as the Danish Broadcasting Corporation, is the Danish government-owned radio and television public broadcasting company. Founded in 1925 as an organization, it is Denmarks oldest and largest electronic media enterprise. DR is a member of the European Broadcasting Union. DR is funded by a licence which is charged to all Danish households with television sets, smartphones. Today, DR operates six television channels, all of which are distributed free-to-air via a nationwide DVB-T network, DR operates eight radio channels, of which all are available nationally on DAB radio and online. On FM radio only the original 4 stations are available, DR was founded on April 1,1925 under the name of Radioordningen, changed to Statsradiofonien in 1926, and Danmarks Radio in 1959. Which was changed to DR in 1996, statsradiofoniens second FM radio station, Program 2, was added in 1951, followed by P3 in 1963. Experimental television broadcasts started in 1949, with regular programming beginning on October 2,1951 with the launch of Denmarks first television channel, colour television test broadcasts were started in March 1967, with the first large-scale colour broadcasting occurring for the 1968 Winter Olympics in Grenoble, France.
Danmarks Radio officially ended test transmissions of television on April 1,1970. On exactly 16 May 1983 at 14,00 CEST, DR launched its first teletext information service, Danmarks Radios monopoly on national television lasted until 1988, when TV2 started broadcasting. 8 years DR launched their second channel, DR2 on August 30,1996. It was sometimes called den hemmelige kanal in its early years because it could not be seen nationwide at its launch, the first trials of DAB were carried out in 1995, with eight channels officially launching in October 2002. On June 7,2007, DR launched a news channel DR Update. It was added as a traditional channel, at the Danish changeover to over-the-air digital signals on November 1,2009, DR added three new channels to their lineup DR K - an intercultural and odd-film channel. DR HD – Denmarks first free-to-air high-definition channel intended to air shows from the other DR channels in true HD only. In 2013 the line-up of television channels was changed once again, a new channel targeting young people, DR3 replaced DR HD.
Another channel for children, DR Ultra replaced DR Update, the closure of DR Update was the start of a revamping of DR2 as a channel for news and society. Also in 2013, DR introduced a new logo in which the words DR featured in a white sans-serif font on a black background
Princess Margaret of Connaught
Princess Margaret of Connaught was Crown Princess of Sweden and Duchess of Scania as the first wife of the future King Gustaf VI Adolf. She was the daughter of Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught, third son of Queen Victoria. Nicknamed Daisy and known in Sweden as Margareta, she died 30 years before her husbands accession to the throne of Sweden, Princess Margaret was born at Bagshot Park and baptised in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle on 11 March 1882 by, The Archbishop of Canterbury. Her godparents were Queen Victoria, The German Emperor, the German Crown Princess and Princess Friedrich Karl of Prussia, and she was confirmed in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle in March 1898. Princess Margaret grew up as a member of the British Royal Family, taking part in family holidays and she was a bridesmaid along with her sister at the wedding of their paternal cousins The Duke and Duchess of York on 6 July 1893. When Princess Margaret of Connaught was 23 and her younger sister Princess Patricia of Connaught was 18 and their uncle, King Edward VII, wanted his nieces to marry a European king or crown prince.
The Portuguese expected one of the Connaught princesses would become the future Queen of Portugal, the Connaughts continued their trip to Egypt and Sudan. In Cairo, they met Prince Gustaf Adolf of Sweden, the future Gustaf VI Adolf of Sweden, Margarets sister Patricia had been considered a suitable match for Gustaf Adolf, without his knowledge, a meeting was arranged with the two sisters. Gustaf Adolf and Margaret fell in love at first sight, Prince Gustaf Adolf proposed at a dinner held by Lord Cromer at the British Consulate in Egypt, and was accepted. Margaret had certainly fallen completely in love with Gustaf Adolf and her parents were very happy with the match. Prince Gustaf Adolf was short of sight and used spectacles, he was tall, well informed, fond of music, an excellent shot, Gustaf Adolf and Margaret married on 15 June 1905, in St. Georges Chapel, at Windsor Castle. The couple spent their honeymoon in Ireland, and arrived in Sweden on 8 July 1905, one of Margarets wedding presents was the Connaught tiara, which remains in the Swedish royal jewellery collection today.
Margaret was a mother to her children, and was determined to spend time with them. She was not keen on letting them be raised by nursery staff, when Gustaf Adolfs father, Crown Prince Gustaf, acceded to the throne as King Gustaf V in 1907, the couple became Crown Prince and Princess of Sweden. The marriage between Margaret and Gustaf Adolf is described as a love match. The visiting Infanta Eulalia of Spain wrote that the Crown Princess gave the Swedish court just a touch of the elegance of the Court of St Jamess and of how much Margaret loved her life in Sweden. After her arrival in Sweden, who in Sweden was called Margareta, received lessons in the Swedish language, after two years, she spoke good Swedish. She was eager to find out more about Sweden, Margaret took a great interest in many forms of sports, she used the winters for skiing, ice skating and playing hockey, and played tennis and golf during the summers
Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark
Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark, Count of Monpezat, RE, SKmd is the heir apparent to the throne of Denmark. Frederik is the son of Queen Margrethe II and Henrik. At the time of his birth, his grandfather was on the throne of Denmark. He was christened on 24 June 1968, at Holmens Kirke and he was named Frederik after his maternal grandfather, King Frederick IX, continuing the Danish royal tradition of the heir apparent being named either Frederick or Christian. His middle names honour his paternal grandfather, André de Laborde de Monpezat, his father, Prince Henrik and he became Crown Prince of Denmark when his mother succeeded to the throne as Margrethe II on 14 January 1972. Frederick attended primary school at Krebs Skole during the years 1974–1981, from 1974–1976 as a pupil at Amalienborg Palace. In the period 1982–1983, he was a boarder at École des Roches in Normandy, in 1986, Frederik graduated from the upper secondary school of Øregaard Gymnasium. In addition he is fluent in French and German, in 1989, began to study for an academic degree, when he began a course in Political Science at Aarhus University.
This included a year at Harvard University under the name of Frederik Henriksen and he took up a position for three months with the Danish UN mission in New York in 1994. In 1995, he obtained his MSc degree in Political Science from Aarhus University and he completed the course in the prescribed number of years with an exam result above average. His final paper was an analysis on the policy of the Baltic States. The prince was posted as First Secretary to the Danish Embassy in Paris from October 1998 to October 1999, Frederick has completed extensive military studies and training in all three services, notably completing education as a sailor in the naval elite special operations forces. In the period 2001 and 2002, he completed training for leaders at the Royal Danish Defence College. Reconnaissance Platoon Commander with the Royal Guard Hussars’ Regiment 1988, First Lieutenant in the Reserve 1989. First Lieutenant in the Reserve 1995, Lieutenant Commander in the Reserve 1997. Royal Danish Air Force Flying School 2000 Captain in the Reserve 2000, Command and General Staff Course, Royal Danish Defence College 2001–2002.
Staff Officer, Defence Command Denmark 2002–2003, senior lecturer with the Institute of Strategy at the Royal Danish Defence College, 2003–. Commander, senior grade, lieutenant colonel 2004, the wedding took place on 14 May 2004 at Copenhagen Cathedral, Copenhagen
Prince Vincent of Denmark
Vincent is fourth in line to the Danish throne, after his father, older brother Prince Christian and older sister, Princess Isabella. Prince Vincent was born at Rigshospitalet, the Copenhagen University Hospital, in Copenhagen, shortly after the birth, while speaking to the press, the Crown Prince joked about calling his newborn son Elvis, as the twins share a birthday with the King of Rock and Roll. At noon on 8 January, a 21-gun salute was fired from the Sixtus Battery at Holmen Naval Base in Copenhagen and his sister were christened on 14 April 2011, at the chapel of the Church of Holmen. His name was announced as Vincent Frederik Minik Alexander, in 2009, the Danish constitution was altered, granting absolute primogeniture to the Danish throne, meaning that the eldest child, regardless of gender, takes precedence in the line of succession. Under the old system of primogeniture, Vincent would have displaced his elder sister Isabella in the line of succession, with the new law. Vincent is styled as His Royal Highness Prince Vincent of Denmark, Count of Monpezat