Princess Louise of Denmark (1750–1831)
Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway was born to Frederick V of Denmark and Louise of Great Britain. Her eldest daughter, Marie of Hesse-Kassel, was the wife of Frederick VI of Denmark, she married Landgrave Charles of Hesse-Kassel on 30 August 1766 at Christiansborg Castle, in Copenhagen, with her brother King Christian VII's consent. This was despite advice given against it, due to many accusations of debauchery by Landgrave Charles and the poor influence he had on the King. This, did not last, as Christian VII's warm feelings for him soon evaporated, in the spring 1767, the couple left Copenhagen to live in Hanau, she would have her first child in Hanau, Marie Sophie, Princess of Hesse on October 20, 1767 and her second, Prince of Hesse on January 20, 1769. The family would move to Gottorp Castle after her spouse was appointed governor of Schleswig Holstein. In 1770, King Christian VII gave his sister a parish and land in Güby, Schleswig-Holstein, named Louisenlund in her honour. In the summer of 1770, Louise and Charles hosted the king and queen during their tour of the Duchies on their way to the German border.
During their stay, rumors circulated about the affair between the queen and Struensee because of their manner, it was observed that the queen was anxious not to be near Struensee in the presence of Louise. When the royal couple left, Louise was disappointed that she was not asked to accompany them on their journey, she would have her third child Prince Frederik of Hesse on May 24, 1771. After the removal and execution of Johann Friedrich Struensee on 28 April 1772 her husband found favour with the King again and with it, he was appointed Governor of Norway in September 1772, it was said that Charles planned to raise support in Norway for a coup to take the regency power over the king from prince Frederick and queen dowager Juliana. Louise did not accompany him there, but when he returned to Denmark in April 1773, she returned with him to Norway in June, they were well received in Christiania, upon their arrival in Trondhjem, one aristocrat, Nordahl Brun, welcomed them as the "heavenly couple", greeted Louise with a poem.
In the Landgrave's own words, he became so popular that the Norwegians would gladly have him as King. This was an illusion, the people of Christiania soon found the cost of entertaining the couple, a huge burden on town expenses. Expensive demands, such as new golden chairs to sit in during church service, a triumphal arch for the official entry of Louise in to Christiania where examples of the standard the royal couple demanded for their standard during their stay and created antipathy among the population. On 4 September and Charles hosted a ball and a court reception in honor of the birthday of queen Juliana Maria and departed on 8 September 1773. With her husband's larger income, he had Hermann von Motz build Louisenlund Castle on the land in Güby as a summer residence for the couple; the Princess would have her fourth child Juliane, Princess of Hesse on January 19, 1773 before leaving Norway and moving into Louisenlund Castle in 1774. Her husband was made Field Marshal the same year but would stay away from political circles and remain at Louisenlund till the 14th change of government in April 1784.
The new change brought a close friendship with Crown Prince Frederik, who would marry their daughter Princess, Marie Sophie. They would become King Frederick VI of Denmark and Queen Marie Sophie of Denmark. Princess Louise would have two more children, Prince Christian of Hesse, born August 14, 1776 and Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel, born September 28, 1789, her husband continued as Governor of Schleswig Holstein all her life. She was buried in Schleswig Cathedral, she had 6 children together with her husband, they are: Marie Sophie, Princess of Hesse, married on 31 July 1790 to the future King Frederik VI of Denmark Wilhelm, Prince of Hesse Prince Frederik of Hesse Juliane, Princess of Hesse, Protestant Abbess of Itzehoe Prince Christian of Hesse Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel, married on 28 January 1810 to Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg Bricka, Carl Frederik. DANSK BIOGRAFISK LEXIKON. Copenhagen: Gyldendalske Boghandels Forlag. P. 402.
Retrieved November 19, 2009. Holm, E. "Carl, Landgreve af Hessen-Kassel, 1744—1836, Generalfeltmarskal". Copenhagen: bjoerna.dk. Retrieved 19 November 2009. Media related to Princess Louise of Denmark at Wikimedia Commons
Gmunden is a town in Upper Austria, Austria in the district of Gmunden. It has 13,204 inhabitants, it is much frequented as a health and summer resort, has a variety of lake, brine and pine-cone baths, a hydropathic establishment, inhalation chambers, whey cure, etc. It is an important centre of the salt industry in Salzkammergut. Gmunden has a median elevation of 425 metres, it is situated next to the lake Traunsee on the Traun River and is surrounded by high mountains, including the Traunstein, the Erlakogel, the Wilder Kogel and the Höllengebirge. Gmunden is divided into the following boroughs: Gmunden, Gmunden-Ort, Traundorf, Unterm Stein; as of 2001, Gmunden had a population of 13,336. Of that, 88.4% were Austrian in nationality, 1.5% are from other European Union states, 10.2% are other foreigners. Citizens of Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia placed the strongest foreigner portion, followed by Turks and Germans; the majority confess themselves to the Roman Catholic Church.
Evangelicals are next. 5.9% are Muslims and 3.3% are Orthodox. 10.3% are nonreligious. In 1000 BCE the Illyrians were mining salt here. A settlement was in existence in the fifth century CE. By 1186 Gmunden was a fortified place surrounded by walls, although it did not receive a church until about 1300. In 1278 Gmunden became a town. On November 14, 1626 an army of rebellious peasants was defeated at Gmunden by General Pappenheim, ordered by Maximilian I to suppress the peasant rebellion in Upper Austria; the dead peasant insurgents were buried in nearby Pinsdorf, where an obelisk styled memorial known as the Bauernhügel in their honour can still be seen. Gmunden supplied battleships to Austria during the 17th century and helped wounded soldiers in hospitals in World War I. During World War II, an SS maternity home was located here, "to insure racial purity" in accordance with Nazi racial theories; the local council consists of 37 members. In the last municipal election in September 2015, the following are seats won by the political parties: ÖVP: 20 seats FPÖ: 5 seats SPÖ: 5 seats BIG - Bürgerinitiative Gmunden: 4 seats Die Grünen: 3 seats Mayors: 1946–1955: Fritz Eiblhuber 1955–1956: Alfred Klimesch 1956–1973: Karl Piringer 1973–1979: Karl Sandmeier 1979–1997: Erwin Herrmann 1997–2014: Heinz KöpplThe current mayor is Stefan Krapf from ÖVP party.
He became the mayor of Gmunden since 2014 replacing Heinz Köppl. The city council which includes of the mayor, consists of nine members. There are a great number of excursions and points of interest round Gmunden, specially worth mentioning being the Traun Fall, 10 miles north of Gmunden, a castle called Schloss Ort, a ceramic factory producing Gmundner Keramik branded pottery; the town hall is a popular tourist destination. In Gmunden there are four elementary schools and three Hauptschulen; the three high schools are BG/BRG Gmunden, BRG Schloss Traunsee, Gymnasium Ort. Caspar Erasmus Duftschmid, born in Gmunden Heinrich Schiff and conductor, born in Gmunden Duchess Maria Amalia of Württemberg, born in Gmunden. Media related to Gmunden at Wikimedia CommonsGmunden's official homepage Schloss Ort Gmunden Pictures of Gmunden
George III of the United Kingdom
George III was King of Great Britain and King of Ireland from 25 October 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death in 1820. He was concurrently Duke and prince-elector of Brunswick-Lüneburg in the Holy Roman Empire before becoming King of Hanover on 12 October 1814, he was the third British monarch of the House of Hanover, but unlike his two predecessors, he was born in Great Britain, spoke English as his first language, never visited Hanover. His life and with it his reign, which were longer than those of any of his predecessors, were marked by a series of military conflicts involving his kingdoms, much of the rest of Europe, places farther afield in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Early in his reign, Great Britain defeated France in the Seven Years' War, becoming the dominant European power in North America and India. However, many of Britain's American colonies were soon lost in the American War of Independence.
Further wars against revolutionary and Napoleonic France from 1793 concluded in the defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815. In the part of his life, George III had recurrent, permanent, mental illness. Although it has since been suggested that he had bipolar disorder or the blood disease porphyria, the cause of his illness remains unknown. After a final relapse in 1810, a regency was established. George III's eldest son, Prince of Wales, ruled as Prince Regent until his father's death, when he succeeded as George IV. Historical analysis of George III's life has gone through a "kaleidoscope of changing views" that have depended on the prejudices of his biographers and the sources available to them; until it was reassessed in the second half of the 20th century, his reputation in the United States was one of a tyrant. George was born in London at Norfolk House in St James's Square, he was the grandson of King George II, the eldest son of Frederick, Prince of Wales, Augusta of Saxe-Gotha.
As he was born two months prematurely and thought unlikely to survive, he was baptised the same day by Thomas Secker, both Rector of St James's and Bishop of Oxford. One month he was publicly baptised at Norfolk House, again by Secker, his godparents were the King of Sweden, his uncle the Duke of Saxe-Gotha and his great-aunt the Queen of Prussia. Prince George grew into a healthy but shy child; the family moved to Leicester Square, where George and his younger brother Prince Edward, Duke of York and Albany, were educated together by private tutors. Family letters show that he could read and write in both English and German, as well as comment on political events of the time, by the age of eight, he was the first British monarch to study science systematically. Apart from chemistry and physics, his lessons included astronomy, French, history, geography, commerce and constitutional law, along with sporting and social accomplishments such as dancing and riding, his religious education was wholly Anglican.
At age 10, George took part in a family production of Joseph Addison's play Cato and said in the new prologue: "What, tho' a boy! It may with truth be said, A boy in England born, in England bred." Historian Romney Sedgwick argued that these lines appear "to be the source of the only historical phrase with which he is associated". George's grandfather, King George II, disliked the Prince of Wales, took little interest in his grandchildren. However, in 1751 the Prince of Wales died unexpectedly from a lung injury at the age of 44, George became heir apparent to the throne, he inherited his father's title of Duke of Edinburgh. Now more interested in his grandson, three weeks the King created George Prince of Wales. In the spring of 1756, as George approached his eighteenth birthday, the King offered him a grand establishment at St James's Palace, but George refused the offer, guided by his mother and her confidant, Lord Bute, who would serve as Prime Minister. George's mother, now the Dowager Princess of Wales, preferred to keep George at home where she could imbue him with her strict moral values.
In 1759, George was smitten with Lady Sarah Lennox, sister of the Duke of Richmond, but Lord Bute advised against the match and George abandoned his thoughts of marriage. "I am born for the happiness or misery of a great nation," he wrote, "and must act contrary to my passions." Attempts by the King to marry George to Princess Sophie Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel were resisted by him and his mother. The following year, at the age of 22, George succeeded to the throne when his grandfather, George II, died on 25 October 1760, two weeks before his 77th birthday; the search for a suitable wife intensified. On 8 September 1761 in the Chapel Royal, St James's Palace, the King married Princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, whom he met on their wedding day. A fortnight on 22 September both were crowned at Westminster Abbey. George remarkably never took a mistress, the couple enjoyed a genuinely happy marriage until his mental illness struck, they had 15 children -- six daughters. In 1762, George purchased Buckingham House for use as a family retreat.
His other residences were Windsor Castle. St James's Palace was retained for
House of Fabergé
The House of Fabergé is a jewellery firm founded in 1842 in Saint Petersburg, Russia, by Gustav Faberge, using the accented name Fabergé. Gustav's sons, Peter Carl and Agathon, grandsons followed him in running the business until it was nationalised by the Bolsheviks in 1918; the firm was famous for designing elaborate jewel-encrusted Fabergé eggs for the Russian Tsars, for a range of other work of high quality and intricate detail. In 1924, Peter Carl's sons Alexander and Eugène Fabergé opened Fabergé & Cie in Paris, making similar jewellery items and adding the name of the city to their rival firm's trademark, styling it FABERGÉ, PARIS. In 1937, the rights to the Fabergé brand name were sold to Samuel Rubin for the marketing of perfume; the brand name was resold in 1964 to cosmetics company Rayette Inc. which changed its name to Rayette-Fabergé Inc. As the name was resold more times, Fabergé companies launched clothing lines, the cologne Brut, the perfume Babe, hair products, undertook film production.
The brand changed hands a few more times, jewellery was added back to the product lines. Next to branded Fabergé products, the world market has been continuously supplied with imitation "Fauxbergé" items and "Fabergé-style" products. Today, the brand is used for jewellery items and gem stones; the Fabergé family can be traced back to 17th century France under the name Faberges. The Faberges lived at the village of La Bouteille in the Picardy region of northern France. However, they fled the country during or shortly after 1685 because of religious persecution. An estimated 250,000 fellow Huguenots, as the movement of French Protestants was known became fugitives. During the family's progress eastward through Europe, its name changed progressively from Faberges through Favry, Fabrier and to Faberge without an accent. At Schwedt-on-Oder northeast of Berlin, in the second half of the 18th century, a Jean Favri is known to have been employed as a tobacco planter. By 1800, an artisan called Pierre Favry had settled in the Baltic province of Livonia.
A Gustav Fabrier was born there in 1814. By 1825, the family's name had evolved to "Faberge". In the 1830s, Gustav Faberge moved to Saint Petersburg to train as a goldsmith under Andreas Ferdinand Spiegel, who specialised in making gold boxes, he continued his training with the celebrated firm of Keibel and jewellers to the Tsars. In 1841, his apprenticeship over, Gustav Faberge earned the title of Master Goldsmith. In 1842, Gustav Faberge opened Fabergé as a jewellery store in a basement shop. Adding a diacritic to the name's final e may have been an attempt to give the name a more explicitly French character, to appeal to the Russian nobility's Francophilia. French was the official language of Russia's royal court, was used by the country's aristocracy, Russia's upper classes associated France with luxury goods. In that year, Gustav married Charlotte Jungstedt, the daughter of Carl Jungstedt, an artist of Danish origin. In 1846, the couple had a son, Peter Carl Fabergé, popularly known as Carl Fabergé.
Carl Fabergé was educated at the Gymnasium of St Anne’s. This was a fashionable establishment for the sons of the affluent middle classes and the lower echelons of the nobility, providing an indication of the success of his father’s business. Gustav Fabergé retired to Dresden, Germany in 1860, leaving the firm in the hands of managers outside of the Fabergé family while his son continued his education; the young Carl undertook a business course at the Dresden Handelsschule. At the age of 18, he embarked on a Grand Tour, he received tuition from respected goldsmiths in Frankfurt, Germany and England, attended a course at Schloss’s Commercial College in Paris and viewed the objects in the galleries of Europe’s leading museums. Carl returned to St Petersburg in 1872, aged 26 years. For the following 10 years, his father's Workmaster, Hiskias Pendin, acted as his tutor. In 1881, the company moved to larger street-level premises at 16/18 Bolshaia Morskaia. Following Pendin’s death in 1882, Carl took over the running of the firm.
Three other significant events happened that year. He was awarded the title of Master Goldsmith. Agathon Fabergé, his younger brother by 16 years, joined the business. While Agathon’s education was restricted to Dresden, he was noted as a talented designer who provided the business with fresh impetus, until his death 13 years later. Following Carl’s involvement with repairing and restoring objects in the Hermitage Museum, the firm was invited to exhibit at the Pan-Russian Exhibition in Moscow. One of the Fabergé pieces displayed at the Pan-Russian Exhibition was a replica of a 4th-century BC gold bangle from the Scythian Treasure in the Hermitage Museum. Tsar Alexander III declared, he ordered that specimens of work by the House of Fabergé should be displayed in the Hermitage Museum as examples of superb contemporary Russian craftsmanship. In 1885, the House of Fabergé was bestowed with the coveted title "Goldsmith by special appointment to the Imperial Crown", beginning an association with the Russian tsars.
In 1885, Tsar Alexander III commissioned the House of Fabergé to make an Easter egg as a gift for his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna. Its "shell" is enamelled on gold to represent a normal hen’s egg; this pulls apart to reveal a gold yolk, which in turn opens to produce a gold chicken that opens to reveal a replica of the Imperial Crown from which a miniature ruby egg was suspended. Although the Crown and the miniature egg have been los
Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
The Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin was a territory in Northern Germany held by the House of Mecklenburg residing at Schwerin. It was a sovereign member state of the German Confederation and became a federated state of the North German Confederation and of the German Empire in 1871. Like its predecessor, the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, the Schwerin lands upon the incorporation of the extinct Duchy of Mecklenburg-Güstrow in 1701 comprised the larger central and western parts of the historic Mecklenburg region; the smaller southeastern part was held by the Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz branch of the grand ducal house, who ruled over the lands of the former Bishopric of Ratzeburg in the far northwest. The grand duchy was bounded by the Baltic coast in the north and the Prussian province of Pomerania in the northeast, where the border with the Hither Pomeranian region ran along the Recknitz river, the Peene, Kummerower See. In the south it bordered with the Prussian province of Brandenburg and in the southwest with the Amt Neuhaus district held by the Kingdom of Hanover, incorporated into the Prussian province of Hanover after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866.
In the west, the Duchy of Holstein was incorporated into the Schleswig-Holstein Province, after which Mecklenburg was entirely surrounded by Prussian territory. Beside the capital at Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin comprised the coastal cities of Rostock and Wismar, held by the Swedish crown until 1803, as well as the inland towns of Parchim and Güstrow. In the early years of the French Revolutionary Wars Duke Frederick Francis I of Mecklenburg-Schwerin had remained neutral, in 1803 he regained Wismar, pawned to him from Sweden. After Napoleon's victory at the Battle of Austerlitz and the final dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, he joined the Confederation of the Rhine by a treaty of 22 March 1808. Napoleon, in preparation for the French invasion of Russia in 1812, disregarded this alliance. Duke Frederick Francis was the first member of the confederation to abandon Napoleon, to whose armies he had sent a contingent, in the following War of the Sixth Coalition he fought against the troops of the First French Empire —with the result that his new allies and Russia, now offered his duchy to the Kingdom of Denmark.
Instead, Denmark was promised the adjacent lands of Swedish Pomerania by the 1814 Peace of Kiel and the rule of the Mecklenburg dukes remained inviolate. At the 1815 Congress of Vienna, Frederick Francis joined the newly established German Confederation, like his Strelitz cousin Charles II, was elevated to the title of a "Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin". In 1819 serfdom was abolished in his dominions; the Mecklenburg governance was still determined by the 1755 inheritance agreement, which upheld the medieval hierarchy of the estates, which affected the social and economic development of both grand duchies. During the revolutions of 1848, the duchy witnessed a considerable agitation in favour of a liberal constitution. On 10 October 1849 Grand Duke Frederick Francis II granted a new Basic law elaborated by his First Minister Ludwig von Lützow. In the subsequent reaction of the Mecklenburg nobility, backed by the Strelitz grand duke George, all the concessions, made to democracy were withdrawn and further restrictive measures were introduced in 1851 and 1852.
In the dispute over neighbouring Holstein which culminated in the 1866 Austro-Prussian War, Frederick Francis II supported the Kingdom of Prussia, whom he aided with Mecklenburg-Schwerin soldiers. His grand duchy began to pass more under Prussian influence. In 1867 he joined the Zollverein. In the Franco-Prussian War, Prussia again received valuable assistance from Grand Duke Frederick Francis II, an ardent advocate of German unity and held a high command in her armies. In the course of the German unification in 1871, Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz became states of the German Empire. There was now renewed agitation for a more democratic constitution, the German Reichstag parliament gave some countenance to this movement. In 1897 Frederick Francis IV succeeded his father Frederick Francis III as the last grand duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. In 1907 the Grand Duke promised a constitution to his subjects; the duchy had always been under a feudal system of government, the grand duke having the executive in his hands.
The duchy shared a diet. At other times they were represented by a committee consisting of the proprietors of knights' estates, known as the Ritterschaft, the Landschaft, or burgomasters of certain towns. Mecklenburg-Schwerin returned six members to the Reichstag. Upon the suicide of his cousin Grand Duke Adolphus Frederick VI on 23 February 1918, Frederick Francis served as regent of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. Shortly afterwards, on 14 November, he was forced to renounce the Mecklenburg throne in the course of the German Revolution; the grand duchy turned into the Free State of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a federated state of the Weimar Republic. Thereby ended nearly eight centuries of continuous rule by the Obotrite Mecklenburg dynasty, beginning with their progenitor Prince Niklot; until 1918 the grand duke was styled as "Prince of the Wends". "Mecklenburg-Schwerin und Mecklenburg-Strelitz". Biblioteca geograph
Glücksburg is a small town in the district Schleswig-Flensburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, Germany and is the farmost northern settlement of Germany. It is situated on the south side of an inlet of the Baltic Sea, approx. 10 km northeast of Flensburg. The town was the home of the family Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, since 1863 the royal family of Denmark and since 1905 of Norway. A branch of the family is the former royal family of Greece, which includes Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, his descendants, including Charles, Prince of Wales, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, Prince George of Cambridge, are members of the House of Windsor under British law, but genealogically are members of a cadet branch of the House of Glücksburg. Glücksburg is home to a German Navy base. Among the facilities at the base is the transmitter, callsign DHJ58. DHJ58, situated at 54° 50'N and 9° 32' E, ceased its transmissions on longwave frequency 68.9 kHz in 2002 and in 2004 its longwave antenna was disassembled.
Kai-Uwe von Hassel, was mayor of Glücksburg, Minister President of Schleswig-Holstein, Federal Minister, President of the Bundestag Gui Bonsiepe and design theorist Chisholm, Hugh, ed.. "Glücksburg". Encyclopædia Britannica. Cambridge University Press
Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel
Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel was a cadet member of the house of Hesse-Kassel and a Danish general field marshal. Brought up with relatives at the Danish court, he spent most of his life in Denmark, serving as royal governor of the twin duchies of Schleswig-Holstein from 1769 to 1836. Charles was born in Kassel on 19 December 1744 as the second surviving son of Hesse-Kassel's hereditary prince, the future Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and his first wife Princess Mary of Great Britain, his mother was a daughter of King George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach and a sister of Queen Louise of Denmark. His father, the future landgrave, left the family in 1747 and converted to Catholicism in 1749. In 1755 he formally ended the marriage with Mary; the grandfather, William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse, granted the county of Hanau and its revenues to Mary and her sons. The young Prince Charles and his two brothers and Frederick, were raised by their mother and fostered by Protestant relatives since 1747.
In 1756, Mary moved to Denmark to look after Queen Louise of Denmark's children. She took her own children with her and they were raised at the royal court at Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen; the Hessian princes remained in Denmark, becoming important lords and royal functionaries. Only the eldest brother William returned in 1785, upon ascending the landgraviate. Charles began a military career in Denmark. In 1758 he was appointed colonel, at the age of 20 major general and in 1765 was put in charge of the artillery. After his cousin, King Christian VII, acceded to the throne in 1766, he was appointed lieutenant general, commander of the Royal Guard, knight of the Order of the Elephant and member of the Privy Council. In 1766, he was appointed Governor-General of Norway, a position he held until 1768 but which remained titular, as he never went to Norway during this period. In 1763, his elder brother William married Danish Princess Caroline. Charles followed suit on 30 August 1766 at Christiansborg Palace — his wife was Louise of Denmark, Charles thus became brother-in-law to his cousin, King Christian VII.
The marriage took place despite advice given against it, due to many accusations of debauchery by Prince Charles and the poor influence he had on the King. Shortly after, Charles fell into disfavour at court, in early 1767 he and Louise left Copenhagen to live with his mother in the county of Hanau, they would have their first child, Marie Sophie, there in 1767 and their second child, William, in 1769. In 1768, Charles purchased the landed property and village of Offenbach-Rumpenheim from the Edelsheim family. In 1771 he had the manor expanded into a princely seat, his mother Mary lived in the palace until her death in 1772. In 1781, Charles sold the Rumpenheim Palace to Frederick. In 1769, Prince Charles of Hesse was appointed royal Governor of the twin duchies of Schleswig and Holstein on behalf of the government of his brother-in-law, King Christian VII of Denmark and Norway. Charles took up residence at Gottorp Castle in Schleswig with his family, they would have their third child Frederick there in 1771.
In 1770, King Christian VII gave his sister the estate of Tegelhof in Güby between the City of Schleswig and Eckernförde. From 1772 to 1776, Charles had a summer residence constructed on the site which he named Louisenlund in honour of his wife. In September 1772, Charles was appointed commander-in-chief of the Norwegian army and he and Louise moved to Christiana; the assignement was a consequence of the coup d'état of King Gustav III of Sweden on 19 August 1772 and the subsequent prospect of war with Sweden. While in Norway, Princess Louise gave birth to their fourth child Juliane in 1773. Though Charles returned to Schleswig-Holstein in 1774, he continued to function as commander-in-chief of the Norwegian army until 1814. At the time of his return from Norway, he was appointed field marshal. During the War of the Bavarian Succession in 1778-79, he acted as a volunteer in the army of Frederick the Great and gained the trust of the Prussian king. Once, when Frederick was speaking against Christianity, he noticed a lack of sympathy of Charles' part.
In response to an inquiry from the king, Charles said, "Sire, I am not more sure of having the honour of seeing you, than I am that Jesus Christ existed and died for us as our Saviour on the cross." After a moment of surprised silence, Frederick declared, "You are the first man who has declared such a belief in my hearing."In 1788, the Swedish attack on Russia during the Russo Swedish War forced Denmark-Norway to declare war on Sweden in accordance with its 1773 treaty obligations to Russia. Prince Charles was put in command of a Norwegian army which invaded Sweden through Bohuslän and won the Battle of Kvistrum Bridge; the army was closing in on Gothenburg, when peace was signed on 9 July 1789 following the diplomatic intervention of Great Britain and Prussia, bringing this socalled Lingonberry War to an end. On 12 November, the Norwegian army retreated back to Norway. During the retreat, the Danish-Norwegian army lost 1,500-3,000 men to hunger, poor sanitary conditions, exposure to continual autumn rainfall.
Prince Charles was criticised for his direction of the campaign and although he continued to function as commander-in-chief, he had lost his popularity in Norway. When the crown prince and regent of Denmark, the future Frederick VI married Charles's eldest daughter Marie Sophie