Earl of Lichfield
Earl of Lichfield is a title, created three times, twice in the Peerage of England and once in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The third creation is held by a member of the Anson family; the first creation, in the Peerage of England, was in December 1645 by King Charles I for Charles Stewart. Before that, Lord Bernard Stewart, youngest son of Esmé Stewart, 1st Duke of Lennox, was to be created Earl of Lichfield by Charles I for his actions at the battles of Newbury and Naseby but died before the creation could be implemented. Charles Stewart, the son of Bernard's younger brother George, killed at the Battle of Edgehill, was instead created Earl of Lichfield in December 1645, soon after the Battle of Rowton Heath. Charles Stewart's cousin, who held the titles of Duke of Richmond and Earl of Lennox through the first Duke of Lennox's eldest son James, died aged eleven in 1660 with Charles Stewart as his heir; the 1st Earl of Lichfield of the 1645 creation thus succeeded as 3rd Duke of Richmond and 6th Duke of Lennox.
In that same year he was created Hereditary Great Chamberlain of Scotland, Hereditary Great Admiral of Scotland, Lord-Lieutenant of Dorset. On 15 April 1661 he was invested with the Order of the Garter, he married Frances Teresa Stuart, the celebrated beauty and alleged former mistress of King Charles II. In disgrace with the king, Charles was sent into exile as ambassador to Denmark, where he drowned on 12 December 1672. All of the English and Scottish titles, bestowed upon the male heirs became extinct; the second creation, in the Peerage of England, came in 1674 when King Charles II bestowed the titles of Baron Spelsbury, Viscount Quarendon and Earl of Lichfield upon Sir Edward Lee, 5th Baronet, of Quarendon in anticipation of his marriage to the king's illegitimate daughter Charlotte Fitzroy, whose mother was Barbara Villiers. The wedding took place in 1677; the Lee baronetcy, of Quarendon in Buckinghamshire, had been created in the Baronetage of England in 1611 for Henry Lee. He was the heir of Henry Lee of Ditchley.
The 1st Earl of Lichfield from the Lee family was succeeded by his third but eldest surviving son, George Henry Lee, who became the 2nd Earl and 6th Baronet. He constructed the stately home of Ditchley in Oxfordshire. On his death the titles passed to the 3rd Earl, he represented Oxfordshire in the House of Commons and served as Captain of the Honourable Band of Gentlemen Pensioners from 1762 to 1772. He was succeeded by his grand-uncle Robert, the 4th Earl, he was childless. On his death in 1776 all his titles became extinct; the third creation, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, came in William IV's coronation honours of 1831 in favour of Thomas Anson, 2nd Viscount Anson, a landowner and Whig politician from the Anson family who served as Master of the Buckhounds from 1830 to 1834 and as Postmaster General from 1835 to 1841. The 1st Earl was the eldest son of Thomas Anson, 1st Viscount Anson, who on 17 February 1806 had been created Baron Soberton, of Soberton in the County of Southampton, Viscount Anson, of Shugborough and Orgreave in the County of Stafford, both in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.
In 1831, the 1st Earl's cousin William Anson was made a baronet. The earldom of Lichfield continued to descend within the Anson family from father to son until the death of the 4th Earl, in 1960, he was succeeded by his grandson, the 5th Earl, the only son of Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas William Arnold Anson, Viscount Anson, eldest son of the 4th Earl. Known professionally as Patrick Lichfield, he was a successful photographer; as of 2017 the titles are held by the 6th Earl, only son of the 5th Earl and Lady Leonora Grosvenor, daughter of the 5th Duke of Westminster. He succeeded as the 6th Earl of Lichfield upon his father's death on 11 November 2005; the 6th Earl married in December 2009 Lady Henrietta Conyngham, daughter of Henry Conyngham, 8th Marquess Conyngham. They have Thomas Ossian Patrick Wolfe Anson, Viscount Anson; the courtesy title of the eldest son and heir apparent of the Earl is Viscount Anson. The family seat of the Anson earls of Lichfield is Shugborough Hall, about 15 miles from the city of Lichfield.
Admiral Anson, the 1st Earl of Lichfield and others are buried at St Michael and All Angels Church in Colwich, a short distance from Shugborough Hall. The 2nd, 3rd and 4th Earl and other Ansons of Shugborough after 1854 were buried in the churchyard of St Stephen's Church in Great Haywood until the 5th Earl decided to return to the Anson vault at Colwich, he was buried there in 2005. Charles Stewart, created 1st Earl of Lichfield in 1645 Other titles: Baronet, of Quarendon, Baron Spelsbury, Viscount Quarendon Sir Edward Henry Lee, 5th Baronet, created 1st Earl of Lichfield in 1674 Charles Lee, Viscount Quarendon Edward Henry Lee, Viscount Quarendon Sir George Henry Lee, 6th Baronet, 2nd Earl of Lichfield Sir George Henry Lee, 7th Baronet, 3rd Earl of Lichfield Sir Robert Lee, 8th Baronet, 4th Earl of Lichfield Other titles: Baron Soberton, Viscount Anson Thomas William Anson, 2nd Viscount Anson, created 1st Earl of Lichfield in 1831 Thomas George Anson, 2nd Earl of Lichfield Thomas Francis Anson, 3rd Earl of Lichfield Thomas Edward Anson, 4th Earl of Lichfield Thomas William Arnold Anson, Viscount Anson Thomas Patrick John Anson, 5th Earl of Lichfield Thomas William Robert Hugh Anson, 6th Earl of Lichfield m.
Lady Henrietta Conyngham, daughter of Henry Conyngham, 8th Marquess Conyng
Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Claude George Bowes-Lyon, 14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, styled as Lord Glamis from 1865 to 1904, was a British peer and landowner, the father of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and the maternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. From 1937 he was known as 14th and 1st Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, as he was the 14th Earl in the peerage of Scotland but the 1st Earl in the peerage of the United Kingdom. Claude was born in Lowndes Square, the son of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, his wife, the former Frances Dora Smith, his younger brother Patrick Bowes-Lyon was a tennis player. After being educated at Eton College he received a commission in the 2nd Life Guards in 1876, served for six years until the year after his marriage, he was an active member of the Territorial Army and served as Honorary Colonel of the 4th/5th Battalion of the Black Watch. Upon succeeding his father to the Earldom on 16 February 1904, he inherited large estates in Scotland and England, including Glamis Castle, St Paul's Walden Bury, Woolmers Park, near Hertford.
He was made Lord Lieutenant of an office he resigned when his daughter became Queen. He had a keen interest in forestry, was one of the first to grow larch from seed in Britain, his estates had a large number of smallholders, he had a reputation for being unusually kind to his tenants. His contemporaries described him as an unpretentious man seen in "an old macintosh tied with a piece of twine", he enjoyed physical labour on the grounds of his estates. He made his own cocoa for breakfast, always had a jug of water by his place at dinner so he could dilute his own wine. Despite the Earl's reservations about royalty, in 1923 his youngest daughter, married George V's second son, Prince Albert, Duke of York, Lord Strathmore was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order to mark the marriage. Five years he was made a Knight of the Thistle. In 1936 his son-in-law's brother, Edward VIII, abdicated and his son-in-law became King; as the queen consort's father, he was created a Knight of the Garter and Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in the Coronation Honours of 1937.
This enabled him to sit in the House of Lords as an Earl. At the Coronation, the Earl and Countess sat in the Royal Box with Queen Mary and their shared granddaughters, The Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret. In life he became deaf. Lord Strathmore died of bronchitis on 7 November 1944, aged 89, at Glamis Castle, he was succeeded by Patrick Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis. He married Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck on 16 July 1881 in Surrey; the couple had ten children, of whom they were fond. The Earl would part his moustache in a theatrical but courteous gesture before kissing them: Forbes, Grania, My Darling Buffy: The Early Life of The Queen Mother ISBN 978-0-7472-7387-5 Vickers, Elizabeth: The Queen Mother ISBN 978-0-09-947662-7 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was the first wife of King Christian VIII from 1806 until 1810, before he became King of Denmark. She was a daughter of Frederick Francis I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg, the seventh of the couple's surviving children born at Ludwigslust's court. On a visit to Mecklenburg Prince Christian Frederik of Denmark stayed at his uncle's court in Schwerin where he fell in love with his cousin, Duchess Charlotte, two years he married her; the young couple took residence first at Amalienborg royal complex, at Sorgenfri, but married life was unhappy. Charlotte's character was thought to be frivolous. In 1808, she gave birth to her husband's only surviving son, the future King Frederick VII of Denmark. Charlotte Frederica's alleged affair with her singing teacher, Swiss-born singer and composer Édouard Du Puy, led on to her removal from the court. For this reason, her husband divorced her in 1810, sent her into internal exile in Horsens, prohibited her from seeing her son again.
After her divorce, Charlotte Frederica spent the next years of her life in a palace in Horsens, in Jutland and in Aarhus, where she cultivated social circles among the local bourgeoisie and had affairs with officers. In 1829 she moved from Denmark to Karlsbad under the name "Mrs. von Gothen." In 1830 she traveled to Italy settling in Rome and converted to the Catholic faith. Charlotte Frederica died in Rome in 1840, her death was described as a relief to the court in Copenhagen as she dreamed of someday returning as the King's mother. Frederik VII, only one year old when she had to leave him, showed great reverence towards the memory of his late mother: he collected portraits of her in his rooms at Jægerspris Castle, when he visited Horsens on Sept. 1857 he thanked the city "for the love and kindness, shown to her." Bramsen, Bo, "Ferdinand og Caroline", Politikens Förlag, Köpenhamn 1969 Media related to Duchess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin at Wikimedia Commons
Danish royal family
The Danish royal family is the dynastic family of the monarch. All members of the Danish royal family except Queen Margrethe II hold the title of Prince/Princess of Denmark. Dynastic children of the monarch and of the heir apparent are accorded the style of His/Her Royal Highness, while other members of the dynasty are addressed as His/Her Highness; the Queen is styled Her Majesty. The Queen and her siblings belong to the House of Glücksburg, a branch of the Royal House of Oldenburg; the Queen's children and male-line descendants belong agnatically to the family de Laborde de Monpezat, were given the concurrent title Count/Countess of Monpezat by royal decree on 30 April 2008. The Danish royal family enjoys remarkably high approval ratings in Denmark, ranging between 82% and 92%; the Danish royal family includes: The Queen The Crown Prince and Crown Princess Prince Christian Princess Isabella Prince Vincent Princess Josephine Prince Joachim and Princess Marie Prince Nikolai Prince Felix Prince Henrik Princess Athena The Dowager Princess of Sayn-Wittenstein-Berleburg The Queen of the Hellenes Most of the members of the deposed royal family of Greece hold the title of Prince or Princess of Greece and Denmark with the qualification of His or Her Highness, pursuant to the Royal Cabinet Order of 1974 and as agnatic descendants of George I of Greece, who, as the son of the future King Christian IX of Denmark, was a "Prince of Denmark" prior to his accession to the throne of Greece in 1863.
Until 1953 his dynastic male-line descendants remained in Denmark's order succession. However, no Danish act has revoked usage of the princely title for these descendants, neither for those living in 1953, nor for those born subsequently or who have since married into the dynasty. There are three members of the Greek royal family who are not known to bear the title of Prince/ss of Denmark with the qualification of His/Her Highness. Marina, consort of Prince Michael of Greece and Denmark Princess Alexandra, Mrs. Mirzayantz The Duchess of ApuliaThe following, consorts of royal monarchs today, were born with the titles of Prince/Princess of Greece and Denmark although they are not descended from King Constantine and Queen Anne-Marie: Queen Sofia of Spain The Duke of Edinburgh The royal family of Norway descends in the legitimate male line from Frederick VIII of Denmark, Queen Margrethe II's great-grandfather. Haakon VII of Norway, born Prince Carl of Denmark as Frederick VIII's younger son, like his uncle, George I of Greece, invited to reign over another nation.
As with the Greek branch's descendants, members of the Norwegian line no longer have succession rights to the Danish crown, but unlike the Greek dynasts they discontinued use of Danish royal titles upon ascending to the Norwegian throne in 1905. The Ducal Family of Schleswig-Holstein descends in the legitimate male line from Christian III of Denmark; as with the Greek branch's descendants, members of the Schleswig-Holstein line no longer have succession rights to the Danish crown, but unlike the Greek dynasts they discontinued use of Danish royal titles upon ascending their foreign throne in 1564. Danish princes who marry without consent of the Danish monarch lose their dynastic rights, including royal title; the ex-dynasts, not being members of the Danish royal family, are usually accorded the hereditary title "Count of Rosenborg". They, their wives, their legitimate male-line descendants are: Count Ingolf and Countess Sussie of Rosenborg Countess Josephine of Rosenborg Countess Camilla of Rosenborg Countess Feodora of Rosenborg Count Ulrik and Countess Judi of Rosenborg Count Philip of Rosenborg Countess Katharina of Rosenborg Countess Charlotte of Rosenborg Count Axel and Countess Jutta of Rosenborg Count Carl Johan of Rosenborg Count Alexander of Rosenborg Countess Julie of Rosenborg Countess Désirée of Rosenborg Count Birger and Countess Lynne of Rosenborg Countess Benedikte of Rosenborg Count Carl Johan and Countess Lisa Jeanne of Rosenborg Countess Caroline of Rosenborg Countess Josefine of Rosenborg Countess Désirée of Rosenborg Countess Karin of Rosenborg Count Valdemar of Rosenborg Count Nicolai of Rosenborg Countess M
Charles Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis, 21st Baron Clinton
Charles John Robert Hepburn-Stuart-Forbes-Trefusis, 21st Baron Clinton was a British peer. Trefusis was his wife, Harriet. Educated at Oxford he played polo with the University team and won the Varsity Match against Cambridge in 1883. On 1 June 1886, he married Lady Jane McDonnell and they had two daughters: Hon. Harriet, married Maj. Henry Nevile Fane, they had seven children. Hon. Fenella, married Hon. John Bowes-Lyon, they had five children. From 1898 until he succeeded to his father's title in 1904, Trefusis was Convener of Kincardineshire County Council. In 1911, Lord Clinton was admitted to the Duchy of Cornwall Council and was appointed the duchy's Keeper of the Privy Seal in 1913 and Lord Warden of the Stannaries in 1921. From 1918-19, he was Joint Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Agriculture and Fisheries, Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1927–29, a director of the Southern Railway. Lord Clinton had been admitted to the Privy Council in 1927 and on his retirement in 1933, he was appointed a GCVO.
Upon Lord Clinton's death in 1957, his title became abeyant between his two daughters until it was called out of abeyance for his great-grandson, Gerard in 1965. Burke's Peerage & Gentry
Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Cecilia Nina Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne was the mother of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and maternal grandmother and godmother of Queen Elizabeth II. She was born in Belgravia, the eldest daughter of the Rev. Charles Cavendish-Bentinck and his wife, Louisa. On 16 July 1881, she married Claude Bowes-Lyon, Lord Glamis, at Petersham and they had ten children. Claude inherited his father's title of Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne in 1904, whereupon Cecilia became Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne; the Strathmore estates included two grand houses and their surroundings: Glamis Castle and St Paul's Walden Bury. Cecilia was accomplished hostess who played the piano exceptionally well, her houses were run with meticulous care and a practical approach, she was responsible for designing the Italian Garden at Glamis. She was religious, a keen gardener and embroiderer, preferred a quiet family life. During World War I, Glamis Castle served as a convalescent hospital for the wounded, in which she took an active part until she developed cancer and was forced into invalidity.
In October 1921 she underwent a hysterectomy, by May 1922 was in recovery. In January 1923 she celebrated the engagement of her youngest daughter, Elizabeth, to the King's son, Prince Albert, Duke of York George VI; when asked by pressmen for a photograph during the Edward VIII abdication crisis, she said, "I shouldn't waste a photograph on me." At the coronation of their son-in-law and daughter, the Earl and the Countess were seated in the royal box, along with the immediate royal family. She suffered a heart attack in April 1938 during the wedding of her granddaughter, Anne Bowes-Lyon, to Thomas, Viscount Anson, she died 8 weeks aged 75, at 38 Cumberland Mansions, Bryanston Street, in London. Lady Strathmore outlived four of her ten children, she was buried on 27 June 1938 at Glamis Castle. 11 September 1862 – 16 July 1881: Miss Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck 16 July 1881 – 16 February 1904: Lady Glamis 16 February 1904 – 23 June 1938: The Right Honourable The Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne Davies, Edward J.
"Some Connections of the Birds of Warwickshire", The Genealogist, 26:58–76 Forbes, Grania, My Darling Buffy: The Early Life of The Queen Mother ISBN 978-0-7472-7387-5 Vickers, Elizabeth: The Queen Mother ISBN 978-0-09-947662-7
Lady Charles Bentinck
Lady Charles Bentinck, known between 1806 and 1816 as Lady Abdy, was a British aristocrat and a great-great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II. She was a daughter of Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley, his mistress, Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland, an actress at the Palais Royal, her paternal grandparents were Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington, Anne Hill, daughter of Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon. Her paternal uncles included Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, William Wellesley-Pole, 3rd Earl of Mornington, Henry Wellesley, 1st Baron Cowley, her parents were married six years after her birth, on 29 March 1794, at which point she was legitimized. On 3 July 1806, she married Sir William Abdy, 7th Baronet, their marriage remained childless. Abdy had introduced her to his friend Lord Charles Bentinck, a younger son of former British Prime Minister William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland. At some point during her first marriage and Lord Charles became lovers, they eloped on 5 September 1815, following which Abdy brought a suit for criminal conversation for 30,000 pounds, but won only 7,000 pounds in damages.
During the discussion of the divorce bill, the customary provision against remarriage was struck out in the House of Lords. Sir William Abdy was granted a divorce by royal consent to a special Act of Parliament on 25 June 1816. Anne and Lord William were married on 23 July 1816, enabling their first child to be born legitimate three weeks later, they had four children: Anne Hyacinthe Cavendish-Bentinck Emily Cavendish-Bentinck, who married the Rev. Henry Hopwood and had children; the Reverend Charles William Frederick Cavendish-Bentinck: Father to Cecilia Nina Cavendish-Bentinck, maternal grandfather to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon and great-grandfather to Queen Elizabeth II. Lt.-Gen. Arthur Cavendish-Bentinck: He married firstly Elizabeth Sophia Hawkins-Whitshed, he married secondly Augusta 1st Baroness Bolsover. Her profile at Worldroots.com A Right Royal Scandal: Two marriages that changed history