Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

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Princess Charlotte
Born (2015-05-02) 2 May 2015 (age 2)
St Mary's Hospital, London
Full name
Charlotte Elizabeth Diana[fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine Middleton

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (Charlotte Elizabeth Diana; born 2 May 2015) is the second child and only daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. She is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne.

Birth and baptism[edit]

The queue outside Buckingham Palace, London, to view the official announcement of the birth of Princess Charlotte at 13:15 on 2 May 2015. The ornate golden easel holding the announcement is just visible behind the railing, centre left.

Clarence House announced on 8 September 2014 that the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were expecting their second child.[2][3] Charlotte was born on 2 May 2015, at 08:34 BST in the Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London where her brother George was born,[4] the Duke of Cambridge was present at the birth. The baby was delivered naturally by doctors Alan Farthing, surgeon-gynaecologist to Queen Elizabeth II; Guy Thorpe-Beeston, an expert in high-risk pregnancies and surgeon-gynaecologist of the Royal Household; Sunit Godambe, consultant neonatalogist at the hospital; and Huw Thomas, physician to the Queen.[5] She was shown to the public for the first time outside the hospital with her parents, less than 10 hours after she was born.[6]

In the evening of 3 May, landmarks such as Tower Bridge, London Eye, and the Trafalgar Square fountains in London and the Peace Tower in Ottawa, Ontario, were illuminated pink to mark the Princess's birth.[7][8] On 4 May, gun salutes were fired at Hyde Park and the Tower of London.[9][10] Later that day, her name was announced as Charlotte Elizabeth Diana.[11]

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham. Her godparents are The Hon. Laura Fellowes, Prince William's cousin; Adam Middleton, the Duchess's cousin; and family friends Thomas van Straubenzee, James Meade, and Sophie Carter.[12]

Public interest[edit]

On 1 May 2016, the Royal Family released photographs of Charlotte ahead of her first birthday.[13][14][15] Multiple retailers, particularly in clothing, were expected to benefit greatly from their product placement in these photographs,[16] on 2 May, Charlotte turned one, receiving gifts from 64 countries, including a book of Hans Christian Andersen fairy tales from David Cameron,[17] and a $44,000 gemstone-studded white gold toy rattle from The Natural Sapphire Company of the United States.[18]

On 11 June 2016, she made her first public appearance, which was on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour, and in September of that year she accompanied her parents to Canada.[19][20]

Princess Charlotte started her education at the Willcocks Nursery School, near Kensington Palace, in January 2018.[21]

Titles and succession[edit]

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge is, from birth, a princess of the United Kingdom entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by Queen Elizabeth II on 31 December 2012, which gave the title and style to all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son.[22][23]

The princess is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne, after her grandfather, father, and elder brother.[2][24] Due to the implementation of the Perth Agreement, which replaced male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture, Charlotte is the first British princess who was not displaced by her younger brother in the line of succession.[25]

Notable namesakes[edit]

In 2016, Marc Jacobs debuted the lipstick "Charlotte" named after her,[26] and the Princess Charlotte chrysanthemum, also named after her, was displayed at the Chelsea Flower Show.[27][28]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ British princesses such as Charlotte do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  3. ^ "Royal baby announcement – as it happened". The Guardian. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Official announcement made as Duchess Kate gives birth to baby girl in London". 9 News. Retrieved 2 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Royal baby: meet the doctors who delivered Kate Middleton's second child". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  6. ^ "Royal baby: William and Kate present daughter to the world". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "A life-saving Jewish connection, if new UK princess named Alice". The Times of Israel. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Government of Canada (5 May 2015). "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge". Queen's Printer for Canada. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  9. ^ "Royal baby: London gun salutes mark birth of princess". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  10. ^ "No. 61216". The London Gazette (Supplement). 2 May 2015. p. 1. 
  11. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby" (Press release). Clarence House. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  12. ^ "Princess Charlotte is christened at a Sandringham church". BBC News. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  13. ^ Hume, Tim (1 May 2016). "New photos of Princess Charlotte released ahead of 1st birthday". CNN. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  14. ^ Kimble, Lindsay; Jessen, Monique (1 May 2016). "Where To Get Princess Charlotte's Perfect First Birthday Portrait Ensembles – and that Adorable Walker!". People. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  15. ^ Samocha, Leeor (1 May 2016). "Baby Pictures of Princess Charlotte and All the Royals May Be Cuteness Overload, but Here They Are Anyway". E! News. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  16. ^ Spedding, Emma (1 May 2016). "The Princess Charlotte Effect: inside the clothing frenzy caused by a Royal one-year-old". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  17. ^ The Associated Press (2 May 2016). "Princess Charlotte receives gifts from 64 countries". MacLean's. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  18. ^ Duboff, Josh (2 May 2016). "Princess Charlotte's Collection of Gifts Includes a $44,000 Gold Rattle". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  19. ^ "Princess Charlotte makes her balcony debut at Trooping the Colour - AOL Lifestyle". Aol.com. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  20. ^ Canada (1 October 2016). "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  21. ^ "Princess Charlotte to start nursery school in January". BBC. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  22. ^ "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213. 
  23. ^ "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Duchess of Cambridge pregnant with second child". BBC News. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  25. ^ "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to new prince". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  26. ^ Rodulfo, Kristina (5 February 2016). "Marc Jacobs Debuts Lipstick Named After Princess Charlotte". Elle.com. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  27. ^ Duboff, Josh (23 May 2016). "See Kate Middleton and Prince William Visit the Flower Named After Princess Charlotte". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 
  28. ^ "Photos: Chelsea Flower Show 2016". Msn.com. 23 May 2016. Retrieved 15 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Born: 2 May 2015
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince George of Cambridge
Succession to the British throne
4th in line
Followed by
Prince NN of Cambridge
Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lady Helen Taylor
Ladies Followed by
The Marchioness of Winchester