Princess Charlotte of Cambridge

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Princess Charlotte
Born (2015-05-02) 2 May 2015 (age 3)
St Mary's Hospital, London, England
Full name
Charlotte Elizabeth Diana[fn 1]
House Windsor
Father Prince William, Duke of Cambridge
Mother Catherine Middleton

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge (Charlotte Elizabeth Diana; born 2 May 2015) is a member of the British royal family. She is the second child and only daughter of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. She is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne.

Birth and baptism[edit]

The Gun Salute in Hyde Park, London to mark the birth of Charlotte

Charlotte, the second child of Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge, was born at 08:34 BST on 2 May 2015 in Lindo Wing of St Mary's Hospital, London.[2] Several landmarks were illuminated pink to mark the birth, including Tower Bridge, London Eye, and the Trafalgar Square fountains, on 3 May,[3] followed by gun salutes at Hyde Park and the Tower of London on 4 May.[4] Later that day, her name was announced as Charlotte Elizabeth Diana,[5] with the two middle names being chosen after her great-grandmother Queen Elizabeth II and grandmother Diana, Princess of Wales.[6][7]

On 5 July 2015, Princess Charlotte was baptised by the Archbishop of Canterbury at St. Mary Magdalene Church, Sandringham. Her godparents are her parents' cousins The Honorable Laura Pettman and Adam Middleton, and family friends Thomas van Straubenzee, James Meade, and Sophie Carter.[8] The ceremony used a font that was made for Queen Victoria's first child.[8]

Public interest[edit]

The queue outside Buckingham Palace to view the ornate golden easel holding the official announcement of Charlotte's birth

Despite the efforts of her parents to shelter their children from the press,[9] each photograph or public appearance of Charlotte has caused a media frenzy.[10] According to shopping statistics and polls among parents, Charlotte is a major children's style icon. Retailers, particularly in clothing, benefit greatly from their products appearing in photographs of the Princess. Brand Finance have estimated that she will be worth more than £3 billion to the British economy throughout her lifetime.[10] In July 2018, Reader's Digest valued her at $5 billion, or £3.8 billion.[11] On 11 June 2016, she made her first public appearance, which was on the balcony of Buckingham Palace during Trooping the Colour.[12] She accompanied her parents on their royal tour of Canada in September 2016[13] and on their diplomatic visit to Poland and Germany in July 2017.[14]

Charlotte started her education at the Willcocks Nursery School, near her family's home in Kensington Palace, in January 2018.[15]

Titles and succession[edit]

Charlotte is, from birth, a princess of the United Kingdom entitled to the style of Royal Highness under letters patent issued by Queen Elizabeth II on 31 December 2012, which gave the title and style to all children of the Prince of Wales's eldest son.[16][17] She is thus styled "Her Royal Highness Princess Charlotte of Cambridge".[6]

Charlotte is fourth in the line of succession to the British throne, after her grandfather, father, and elder brother.[18][19] Due to the implementation of the Perth Agreement, which replaced male-preference primogeniture with absolute primogeniture, she is the first British princess who was not displaced by a younger brother in the line of succession.[20]

Ancestry[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ British princesses such as Charlotte do not normally use a surname. When needed, the surname for male-line descendants of Elizabeth II is usually Mountbatten-Windsor.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Royal Family name". The Official Website of the British Monarchy. The Royal Household. Archived from the original on 15 February 2009. Retrieved 24 July 2013. 
  2. ^ "Royal baby: William and Kate present daughter to the world". BBC News. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 May 2015. 
  3. ^ "Royal baby: Princess's first night at Kensington Palace". BBC News. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  4. ^ "Royal baby: London gun salutes mark birth of princess". BBC News. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 4 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge name their baby" (Press release). Clarence House. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 7 May 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Royal princess named Charlotte Elizabeth Diana". BBC. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 7 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  7. ^ "Princess Charlotte Elizabeth Diana: why William and Kate made their name choices for royal baby". The Daily Telegraph. London. 4 May 2015. Archived from the original on 6 May 2015. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "Princess Charlotte is christened at a Sandringham church". BBC News. 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015. 
  9. ^ Hunt, Peter (29 September 2016). "Prince George and Princess Charlotte in Canada play day". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  10. ^ a b Spedding, Emma (1 May 2016). "The Princess Charlotte Effect: inside the clothing frenzy caused by a Royal one-year-old". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  11. ^ "Princess Charlotte is worth a billion dollars more than Prince George", by Markeeta Waddington, Nine.com.au
  12. ^ "Princess Charlotte makes her balcony debut at Trooping the Colour – AOL Lifestyle". Aol.com. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  13. ^ Canada (1 October 2016). "Prince William, Kate and children bid farewell to Canada as royal tour ends". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 23 May 2017. 
  14. ^ Hunt, Peter (17 July 2017). "George and Charlotte join Poland and Germany diplomacy tour". BBC. Retrieved 29 April 2018. 
  15. ^ "Princess Charlotte to start nursery school in January". BBC. 18 December 2017. Retrieved 18 December 2017. 
  16. ^ "No. 60384". The London Gazette. 8 January 2013. p. 213. 
  17. ^ "Royal baby girl 'would be princess'". BBC News. 9 January 2013. Retrieved 6 July 2013. 
  18. ^ "The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are expecting their second child" (Press release). Clarence House. 8 September 2014. Archived from the original on 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  19. ^ "Duchess of Cambridge pregnant with second child". BBC News. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "Royal baby: Duchess of Cambridge gives birth to new prince". BBC News. 23 April 2018. Retrieved 23 April 2018. 
  21. ^ a b c d e f g Paget, Gerald (1977). The Lineage and Ancestry of H.R.H. Prince Charles, Prince of Wales (2 vols). Edinburgh: Charles Skilton. ISBN 978-0-284-40016-1. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g Williamson, D. (1981). "The Ancestry of Lady Diana Spencer". Genealogist's Magazine. 20 (6): 192–199. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Reitwiesner, William Addams (April 2011). The Ancestry of Catherine Middleton. New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 978-0880822527. 

External links[edit]

Princess Charlotte of Cambridge
Born: 2 May 2015
Lines of succession
Preceded by
Prince George of Cambridge
Succession to the British throne
4th in line
Followed by
Prince Louis of Cambridge