Duchess Agnes of Württemberg
Duchess Agnes of Württemberg was a German aristocrat and writer under the pseudonym of Angela Hohenstein. Duchess Agnes was born at Carlsruhe, Kingdom of Prussia was the youngest child of Duke Eugen of Württemberg, by his second marriage to Princess Helene of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Agnes had three half-siblings by her father's previous marriage with Princess Mathilde of Waldeck and Pyrmont. Agnes founded numerous foundations and institutions that bore her name, such as the Agnes School, a school for female servants in Gera. Agnes married on 6 February 1858 at Karlsruhe to Heinrich XIV, Prince Reuss Younger Line, son of Heinrich LXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line and Princess Adelheid Reuss of Ebersdorf, they had two children: Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line, married in 1884 to Princess Elise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, had issue. Princess Elisabeth Reuss of Schleiz, married in 1887 to Prince Hermann of Solms-Braunfels, had issue. Helene From a lovely time. Eight images The blessing of the Grandmother Genealogics - Leo van de Pas - Agnes, Herzogin von Württemberg thePeerage.com - Agnes Herzogin von Württemberg The Royal House of Stuart, London, 1969, 1971, 1976, Addington, A. C.
Reference: II 223 Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Fürstliche Häuser, Reference: 1956 L'Allemagne dynastique, Giraud, Reference: II 525
Countess Amalie Henriette of Solms-Baruth
Countess Amalie Henriette Charlotte of Solms-Baruth was a countess by birth of Solms-Baruth. She was the only child of John Christian II, Count of Solms-Baruth and his wife, Friederike Louise of Reuss-Köstritz, she married on 30 January 1789 with Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. They had the following children: Princess Louise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg Princess Elisabeth of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. King Philippe of Belgium is a descendant of Adelaide through her daughter Maria Josepha. Grand Duke Henri of Luxembourg is a descendant of Adelaide through her daughters Marie Anne and Maria Antonia. King Charles XVI Gustav of Sweden is a son of Sibylla, the great-great-granddaughter of Amalie Henriette's son Ernest Christiaan. Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands is a daughter of Bernhard, a great-grandson of Amalie Henriette's daughter Emilie. Queen Sophia of Spain and Constantine II of Greece are children of Frederica of Hanover, whose grandmother Empress Augusta Victoria was a granddaughter of Amalie Henriette's son Ernest Christian
Langenburg is a town in the district of Schwäbisch Hall, in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is located on a hill above the river Jagst, 18 km northeast of Schwäbisch Hall, it is the place where the Wibele - small, biscuit-like pastries - were invented and are still baked today. The history of Langenburg begins with the building of a castle on the western hill crag. Prehistoric settling is but not proven. Langenburg is first documented in 1226; the free Lords of Langenburg, which stepped into history in 1201, were related to the Lords of Hohenlohe. Maybe they held family bonds. After the Langenburgs had died out, the Hohenlohe family inherited the possessions. Langenburg thus came under the rule of Hohenlohe and remained part of the Principality for the next centuries. Since 1568 Langenburg was the residency of latter principality Hohenlohe-Langenburg. In the 17th Century, Langenburg was the site of witch trials; the last victims, Anna Schmieg and Barbara Schleicher, were executed in 1672. Langenburg has a vintage car museum and the large Langenburg Castle, the seat of the family of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.
Robisheaux, Thomas. The Last Witch of Langenburg: Murder in a German Village. W. W. Norton & Co. ISBN 978-0-393-06551-0
Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg
Friedrich Eugen, Duke of Württemberg was the fourth son of Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis. He was born in Stuttgart. From 1795 until 1797 he was Duke of Württemberg. After serving with Frederick the Great during the Seven Years' War, he took up residence in 1769 at his family's exclave, the County of Montbéliard, of which he was made lieutenant-general in March 1786 by his eldest brother, Charles Eugene, Duke of Württemberg, who had begun to come into the inheritance of portions of the County of Limpurg in the 1780s, he re-sold it in 1791 to his brother. The next year he was named governor of the margraviate of Ansbach-Bayreuth by King Frederick William II of Prussia, to whom it had been sold by the last prince of that branch of the House of Hohenzollern. Montbéliard was taken over by the short-lived Rauracian Republic in 1792 annexed by the French Republic in 1793, his elder brothers had only daughters, so following Charles Eugene's death in 1793 and that of their brother Duke Ludwig Eugen, Frederick Eugene became reigning duke until his own death two years later.
He acquiesced to the 1796 Treaty of Paris with revolutionary France in which his claims to Montbéliard and all other territories on the left bank of the Rhine River were renounced. Frederick Eugene thereby retained, France's recognition of the integrity of the duchy of Württemberg itself. Frederick Eugene married Friederike Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt, a niece of Frederick the Great, by whom he had twelve children: Frederick I, his successor, who would become the first King of Württemberg. Of their five daughters three died young, while Countess Marie von Urach wed Karl, Prince of Hohenlohe-Kirchberg in 1821 and Countess Alexandrine von Urach married Charles, Count Arpeau de Gallatin in 1825, from whom she was divorced in 1843; the duke died at Hohenheim, aged 65. His daughter, Sophie Dorothea, became Empress Marie Feodorovna; the Empress was mother to Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas I of Russia as well as Queen Anna Paulowna of the Netherlands and Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, great-grandmother of German Emperor William II.
Through his second son, Duke Louis of Württemberg, he is an ancestor of Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Juan Carlos I of Spain. Through his eldest son, Frederick I, he is an ancestor of Boris Johnson, elected Mayor of London in 2008 and 2012. Family tree with portrait Posthumous drawing of him as a young man by Adolph Menzel
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz was the wife of Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach, mother of Charles Frederick, the first Grand Duke of Baden. Anna Charlotte Amalia was the only daughter of Johan Willem Friso of Nassau-Dietz and his wife, Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel, she spoke West Frisian herself. After her marriage to Friedrich of Baden-Durlach in 1727 she moved to Durlach. During her pregnancies, Amalia tyrannized her servants, because of the princess's many tantrums, rumors circulated at the court of Durlach that she was mentally ill. Friedrich died on 26 March 1732, shortly after the birth of their second child; as further evidence of her alleged mental illness, it was charged that she shed no tears at the sight of her husband's corpse. Her father-in-law, Margrave Karl III Wilhelm, did not want Amalia influencing the new crown prince Karl Friedrich; the education of her two sons, Karl Friedrich and Wilhelm Ludwig, was taken over by her mother-in-law, Magdalena Wilhelmine of Württemberg.
In 1727 Amalia married Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach. They had two sons: Charles Frederick William Louis
Victoria was Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837 until her death. On 1 May 1876, she adopted the additional title of Empress of India. Victoria was the daughter of Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of King George III. Both the Duke and the King died in 1820, Victoria was raised under close supervision by her mother, Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, she inherited the throne at the age of 18, after her father's three elder brothers had all died, leaving no surviving legitimate children. The United Kingdom was an established constitutional monarchy, in which the sovereign held little direct political power. Victoria attempted to influence government policy and ministerial appointments. Victoria married her first cousin Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha in 1840, their nine children married into royal and noble families across the continent, tying them together and earning her the sobriquet "the grandmother of Europe". After Albert's death in 1861, Victoria avoided public appearances.
As a result of her seclusion, republicanism temporarily gained strength, but in the latter half of her reign, her popularity recovered. Her Golden and Diamond Jubilees were times of public celebration, her reign of 63 years and seven months was longer than that of any of her predecessors and is known as the Victorian era. It was a period of industrial, political and military change within the United Kingdom, was marked by a great expansion of the British Empire, she was the last British monarch of the House of Hanover. Her son and successor, Edward VII, initiated the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, the line of his father. Victoria's father was Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn, the fourth son of the reigning King of the United Kingdom, George III; until 1817, Edward's niece, Princess Charlotte of Wales, was the only legitimate grandchild of George III. Her death in 1817 precipitated a succession crisis that brought pressure on the Duke of Kent and his unmarried brothers to marry and have children.
In 1818 he married Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, a widowed German princess with two children—Carl and Feodora —by her first marriage to the Prince of Leiningen. Her brother Leopold was Princess Charlotte's widower; the Duke and Duchess of Kent's only child, was born at 4.15 a.m. on 24 May 1819 at Kensington Palace in London. Victoria was christened by the Archbishop of Canterbury, Charles Manners-Sutton, on 24 June 1819 in the Cupola Room at Kensington Palace, she was baptised Alexandrina after one of her godparents, Emperor Alexander I of Russia, Victoria, after her mother. Additional names proposed by her parents—Georgina and Augusta—were dropped on the instructions of Kent's eldest brother, the Prince Regent. At birth, Victoria was fifth in the line of succession after the four eldest sons of George III: George, the Prince Regent; the Prince Regent had no surviving children, the Duke of York had no children. The Duke of Clarence and the Duke of Kent married on the same day in 1818, but both of Clarence's legitimate daughters died as infants.
The first of these was Princess Charlotte, born and died on 27 March 1819, two months before Victoria was born. Victoria's father died in January 1820. A week her grandfather died and was succeeded by his eldest son as George IV. Victoria was third in line to the throne after York and Clarence. Clarence's second daughter was Princess Elizabeth of Clarence who lived for twelve weeks from 10 December 1820 to 4 March 1821 and, while Elizabeth lived, Victoria was fourth in line; the Duke of York died in 1827. When George IV died in 1830, he was succeeded by his next surviving brother, Clarence, as William IV, Victoria became heir presumptive; the Regency Act 1830 made special provision for Victoria's mother to act as regent in case William died while Victoria was still a minor. King William distrusted the Duchess's capacity to be regent, in 1836 he declared in her presence that he wanted to live until Victoria's 18th birthday, so that a regency could be avoided. Victoria described her childhood as "rather melancholy".
Her mother was protective, Victoria was raised isolated from other children under the so-called "Kensington System", an elaborate set of rules and protocols devised by the Duchess and her ambitious and domineering comptroller, Sir John Conroy, rumoured to be the Duchess's lover. The system prevented the princess from meeting people whom her mother and Conroy deemed undesirable, was designed to render her weak and dependent upon them; the Duchess avoided the court because she was scandalised by the presence of King William's illegitimate children. Victoria shared a bedroom with her mother every night, studied with private tutors to a regular timetable, spent her play-hours with her dolls and her King Charles Spaniel, Dash, her lessons included French, German and Latin, but she spoke only English at home. In 1830, the Duchess of Kent and Conroy took Victoria across the centre of England to visit the Malvern Hills, stopping at towns and great country houses along the way. Similar journeys to oth
Hermann, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Hermann Ernst Franz Bernhard, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg was the 6th Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and the second son of Ernst I, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg and Princess Feodora of Leiningen. He succeeded to the title of Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg on 21 April 1860, when his elder brother signed over his rights to the throne, he died on 9 March 1913 in Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire. He was a general in the Prussian Cavalry. On 19 September 1899, his wife were in a saloon railway carriage at Perth Station. Lieutenant Colonel H A Yorke, the Inspecting Officer of Railways who reported on the accident, said that they had had a miraculous escape from injury when another train collided with the stationary train in which they were standing. On 24 September 1862 at Karlsruhe, he married Princess Leopoldine of Baden, daughter of Prince William of Baden, they had three children: Ernst II, Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg he married Princess Alexandra of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha on 20 April 1896.
They have five children. Princess Elise of Hohenlohe-Langenburg she married Heinrich XXVII, Prince Reuss Younger Line on 11 November 1884, they have five children. Princess Feodora Viktoria Alberta of Hohenlohe-Langenburg she married Emich, 5th Prince of Leiningen on 12 July 1894, they have five children. Kurt Eißele: Fürst Hermann zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg als Statthalter im Reichsland Elsass-Lothringen 1894–1907. O. O. 1950 Günter Richter: Hermann Fürst zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg. In: Neue Deutsche Biographie. Vol 9, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, 1972, p. 491 et suiv. Hermann zu Hohenlohe-Langenburg in daten.digitale-sammlungen.de