Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg

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Princess Karoline Mathilde
Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein
Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.jpg
Tenure27 April 1931 – 20 February 1932
Born(1860-01-25)25 January 1860
Augustenborg, Jutland, Denmark
Died20 February 1932(1932-02-20) (aged 72)
Grünholz, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Free State of Prussia, Weimar Republic
SpouseFriedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
IssueVictoria Adelaide, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Alexandra Victoria, Princess August Wilhelm of Prussia
Helena Adelaide, Princess Harald of Denmark
Adelaide Louise, Princess of Solms-Baruth
Wilhelm Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
Karoline Mathilde, Countess Hans of Solms-Baruth
Full name
German: Viktoria Friederike Auguste Marie Karoline Mathilde
FatherFrederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein
MotherPrincess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg

Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg (25 January 1860, in Augustenborg, Jutland, Denmark – 20 February 1932, in Grünholz, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, Free State of Prussia, Weimar Republic) was the second-eldest daughter of Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and his wife Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.


Karoline Mathilde's elder sister, Augusta Viktoria was German Empress and Queen of Prussia as the wife of Wilhelm II, German Emperor. Karoline Mathilde was Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and later Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein as the wife of Friedrich Ferdinand. Karoline's maternal grandmother Princess Feodora of Leiningen was the half-sister of Queen Victoria.

Marriage and issue[edit]

Karoline Mathilde married Friedrich Ferdinand, the eldest son of Friedrich, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and Princess Adelheid of Schaumburg-Lippe and a nephew of Christian IX of Denmark, on 19 March 1885 at Primkenau. Friedrich Ferdinand and Karoline Mathilde had six children:

After the overthrow of the Hohenzollern dynasty at the end of World War I, Karoline and her family lived quietly, seldom seen outside Grünholz Castle.[1]

Karoline died on 20 February 1932, aged 72, at their castle. A few years previously, she had suffered an attack of heart disease and never completely recovered, her husband was the only family member present on her deathbed.[1]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 25 January 1860 – 19 March 1885: Her Serene Highness Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
  • 19 March 1885 – 27 November 1885: Her Highness The Hereditary Princess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 27 November 1885 – 27 April 1931: Her Highness The Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
  • 27 April 1931 – 20 February 1932: Her Highness The Duchess of Schleswig-Holstein



  1. ^ a b "Princess Karoline Dies at 72 in Germany", The New York Times, 21 February 1932
Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg
Cadet branch of the House of Oldenburg
Born: 25 January 1860 Died: 20 February 1932
German nobility
Preceded by
Adelheid of Schaumburg-Lippe
Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
27 November 1885–27 April 1931
Succeeded by
Herself as Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein
Titles in pretence
Title last held by
Dorothea of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Duchess consort of Schleswig-Holstein
27 April 1931–20 February 1932
Reason for succession failure:
Duchy annexed by Prussia in 1866
Succeeded by
Marie Melita of Hohenlohe-Langenburg