Princess Victoria Margaret of Prussia
Princess Victoria Margaret Elizabeth Marie Ulrike of Prussia was a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was the eldest daughter of Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia and his wife Princess Louise Sophie of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg, she had two children. Victoria's paternal grandparents were Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia and Princess Maria Anna of Anhalt-Dessau, her maternal grandparents were Frederick VIII, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Princess Adelheid of Hohenlohe-Langenburg. Victoria had three siblings: Prince Friedrich Sigismund of Prussia, Prince Friedrich Karl of Prussia, Prince Friedrich Leopold of Prussia. Through her mother, Victoria was a niece of Empress Augusta Victoria, wife of Wilhelm II, German Emperor. On 17 May 1913, she married Prince Heinrich XXXIII Reuss of Köstritz, a member of one of the oldest reigning houses in Europe, he was a grandson of Charles Alexander, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach through his mother Princess Marie. Princess Victoria Margaret was led down the aisle on the arm of her uncle Emperor Wilhelm.
They had two children: Princess Marie Luise Reuss of Köstritz she married Erich Theisen on 7 June 1941 and they were divorced in 1946. They have one daughter, she remarried Dr. Alexander Bodey on 27 March 1954 and they were divorced on 13 January 1956. Viktoria Sibylle Theisen she married Wolfgang Schafer on 22 September 1969, they have three children: Anna Katharina Schafer Moritz Fabian Schafer Marie Caroline Schafer Prince Heinrich II Reuss of Köstritz The marriage was dissolved by divorce in 1922. Princess Victoria Margaret died the following year of complications of influenza, she was buried at Glienicke Palace. He married again to the widowed American Allene Tew Burchard in 1929
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld Duchess of Kent and Strathearn, was a German princess and the mother of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. As the widow of Charles, Prince of Leiningen, from 1814 she served as regent of the Principality during the minority of her son from her first marriage, until her second wedding in 1818 to Prince Edward, son of King George III of the United Kingdom. Victoria was born in Coburg on 17 August 1786 in the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation, she was the fourth daughter and seventh child of Franz Frederick Anton, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Countess Augusta of Reuss-Ebersdorf. One of her brothers was Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, another brother, Leopold future king of the Belgians, married, in 1816, Princess Charlotte of Wales, the only legitimate daughter of the future King George IV, heiress presumptive to the British throne. On 21 December 1803 at Coburg, a young Victoria married Charles, Prince of Leiningen, whose first wife, Henrietta of Reuss-Ebersdorf, had been her aunt.
The couple had two children, Prince Carl, born on 12 September 1804, Princess Feodora of Leiningen, born on 7 December 1807. Through her first marriage, she is a direct matrilineal ancestor to various members of royalty in Europe, including Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden, Felipe VI of Spain, Constantine II of Greece. After the death of her first spouse, she served as regent of the Principality of Leiningen during the minority of their son, Carl; the death in 1817 of Princess Charlotte of Wales, the wife of Victoria's brother Leopold, prompted a succession crisis. With Parliament offering them a financial incentive, three of Charlotte's uncles, sons of George III, were prepared to marry. One of them, Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn proposed to Victoria and she accepted; the couple were married on 29 May 1818 at Amorbach and on 11 July 1818 at Kew, a joint ceremony at which Edward's brother, the Duke of Clarence King William IV, married Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen. Shortly after their marriage, the Kents moved to Germany.
Soon after, Victoria became pregnant, the Duke and Duchess, determined to have their child born in England, raced back. Arriving at Dover on 23 April 1819, they moved into Kensington Palace, where Victoria gave birth to a daughter on 24 May 1819, Princess Alexandrina Victoria of Kent Queen Victoria. An efficient organiser, Sir John Conroy's planning ensured the Kents' speedy return to England in time for the birth of their first child; the Duke of Kent died of pneumonia in January 1820, six days before his father, King George III. His widow the Duchess had little cause to remain in the United Kingdom, since she did not speak the language and had a palace at home in Coburg where she could live cheaply on the revenues of her first husband. However, the British succession at this time was far from assured – of the three brothers older than Edward, the new king, George IV, the Duke of York were both estranged from their wives, who were in any case past childbearing age; the third brother, the Duke of Clarence, had yet to produce any surviving children with his wife.
The Duchess of Kent decided that she would do better by gambling on her daughter's accession than by living in Coburg and, having inherited her second husband's debts, sought support from the British government. After the death of Edward and his father, the young Princess Victoria was still only third in line for the throne, Parliament was not inclined to support yet more impoverished royalty; the provision made for the Duchess of Kent was mean: she resided in a suite of rooms in the dilapidated Kensington Palace, along with several other impoverished members of the royal family, received little financial support from the Civil List, since Parliament had vivid memories of the late Duke's extravagance. In practice, a main source of support for her was her brother, Leopold; the latter had a huge income of fifty thousand pounds per annum for life, representing an annuity allotted to him by the British Parliament on his marriage to Princess Charlotte, which had made him seem to become in due course the consort of the monarch.
After Charlotte's death, Leopold's annuity was not revoked by Parliament. In 1831, with George IV dead and the new king, William IV, over 60 and still without legitimate issue, the young princess's status as heir presumptive and the Duchess's prospective place as regent led to major increases in British state income for the Kents. A contributing factor was Leopold's designation as King of the Belgians, upon which he surrendered his British income. Together in a hostile environment, John Conroy's relationship with the Duchess was close, with him serving as her comptroller and private secretary for the next nineteen years, as well as holding the unofficial roles of public relations officer, counsellor and political agent. While it is not clear which of the two was more responsible for devising the Kensington System, it was created to govern young Victoria's upbringing; the intention was for the Duchess to be appointed regent upon Victoria's ascension and for Conroy to be created Victoria's private secretary and given a peerage.
The Duchess and Conroy continued to be unpopular with the royal family and, in 1829, the Duke of Cumberland spread rumours that they were lovers in an attempt to discredit them. The Duke of Clarence referred to Conroy as "King John", while the Duchess of Clarence wrote to the Duchess of Kent to advise that she was isolating herself from the royal family and that she must not grant Conroy too much power; the Duchess of Kent was protective, raised Victoria la
Princess Alice of Battenberg
Princess Alice of Battenberg was the mother of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II. A great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, she grew up in the United Kingdom, the German Empire, the Mediterranean, she was congenitally deaf. After marrying Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark in 1903, she adopted the style of her husband, becoming Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark, she lived in Greece until the exile of most of the Greek royal family in 1917. On returning to Greece a few years her husband was blamed in part for the country's defeat in the Greco-Turkish War, the family was once again forced into exile until the restoration of the Greek monarchy in 1935. In 1930, she was committed to a sanatorium in Switzerland. After her recovery, she devoted most of her remaining years to charity work in Greece, she stayed in Athens during the Second World War, sheltering Jewish refugees, for which she is recognised as "Righteous Among the Nations" by Israel's Holocaust memorial institution, Yad Vashem.
After the war, she stayed in Greece and founded an Orthodox nursing order of nuns known as the Christian Sisterhood of Martha and Mary. After the fall of King Constantine II of Greece and the imposition of military rule in Greece in 1967, she was invited by her son and daughter-in-law to live at Buckingham Palace in London, where she died two years later, her remains were transferred from a vault in her birthplace, Windsor Castle, to a Russian Orthodox convent on the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem in 1988. Alice was born in the Tapestry Room at Windsor Castle in Berkshire in the presence of her great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, she was the eldest child of Prince Louis of Battenberg and his wife Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine. Her mother was the eldest daughter of Louis IV, Grand Duke of Hesse and Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, the Queen's second daughter, her father was the eldest son of Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine through his morganatic marriage to Countess Julia Hauke, created Princess of Battenberg in 1858 by Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse.
Her three younger siblings, Louise and Louis became Queen of Sweden, Marquess of Milford Haven, Earl Mountbatten of Burma, respectively. She was christened Victoria Alice Elizabeth Julia Marie in Darmstadt on 25 April 1885, she had six godparents: her three surviving grandparents, Grand Duke Louis IV of Hesse, Prince Alexander of Hesse and by Rhine, Julia, Princess of Battenberg. Alice spent her childhood between Darmstadt, London and Malta, her mother noticed that she was slow in learning to talk, became concerned by her indistinct pronunciation. She was diagnosed with congenital deafness after her grandmother, Princess Battenberg, identified the problem and took her to see an ear specialist. With encouragement from her mother, Alice speak in English and German. Educated she studied French, after her engagement, she learned Greek, her early years were spent in the company of her royal relatives, she was a bridesmaid at the marriage of the Duke of York and Mary of Teck in 1893. A few weeks before her sixteenth birthday she attended the funeral of Queen Victoria in St George's Chapel, Windsor Castle, shortly afterward she was confirmed in the Anglican faith.
Princess Alice met Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark, the fourth son of King George I of Greece and Olga Constantinovna of Russia, while in London for King Edward VII's coronation in 1902. They married in a civil ceremony on 6 October 1903 at Darmstadt; the following day, there were two religious marriage ceremonies. She adopted the style of her husband, becoming "Princess Andrew"; the bride and groom were related to the ruling houses of the United Kingdom, Russia and Greece, their wedding was one of the great gatherings of the descendants of Queen Victoria and Christian IX of Denmark held before World War I. Prince and Princess Andrew had five children, all of whom had children of their own. After their wedding, Prince Andrew continued his career in the military and Princess Andrew became involved in charity work. In 1908, she visited Russia for the wedding of Grand Duchess Marie of Russia and Prince William of Sweden. While there, she talked with her aunt, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna, formulating plans for the foundation of a religious order of nurses.
Princess Andrew attended the laying of the foundation stone for her aunt's new church. In the year, the Grand Duchess began giving away all her possessions in preparation for a more spiritual life. On their return to Greece and Princess Andrew found the political situation worsening, as the Athens government had refused to support the Cretan parliament, which had called for the union of Crete with the Greek mainland. A group of dissatisfied officers formed a Greek nationalist Military League that led to Prince Andrew's resignation from the army and the rise to power of Eleftherios Venizelos. With the advent of the Balkan Wars, Prince Andrew was reinstated in the army and Princess Andrew acted as a nurse, assisting at operations and setting up field hospitals, work for which King George V awarded her the Royal Re
Victoria is a feminine first name. It is used as a family name. Victoria is the Latin word for'victory' or'conquer' and is used as the feminine form corresponding to the name Victor. In Roman mythology, Victoria was the name of the goddess of victory, corresponding to the Greek goddess Nike. Princess Victoria, several people Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland Victoria, Princess Royal, daughter of Queen Victoria and Empress of Germany Victoria, mother of Gallic Emperor Victorinus Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Empress of India Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, granddaughter of Queen Victoria and Queen consort of Spain Viktorija, Serbian singer Viktoria, Filipina singer Victoria, stage name of Lisa Marie Varon, professional wrestler Victoria Song, or monomymously Victoria, a Chinese singer and actress Victoria Azarenka, Belarusian tennis player Viktoria Baškite, Estonian chess player Victoria Beckham, member of the Spice Girls, fashion designer, wife of football player David Beckham Victoria Carbó, Argentine field hockey player Victoria Climbié, notable child murder case in the U.
K. Victoria Coren, English writer and professional poker player Victoria Crawford, WWE professional wrestler and model Victoria Dunlap, American basketball player Victoria Edwards, New Zealand artist and art educator Victoria Fuller, American model and actress Victoria Haralabidou Greek actress Victoria Hislop, English writer Victoria Jackson, American comedian and actress Victoria Justice, American actress, singer and spokesmodel Viktoria Komova, Russian artistic gymnast and two-time Olympic silver medalist Victoria Loke, Singaporean actress Victoria B. Mars, Chairman of Mars, Incorporated. Victoria Marshman, candidate on America's Next Top Model, Cycle 9 Victoria Mavridou, Greek weightlifter Victoria Monét, American singer Victoria Palacios, Mexican race walker Victoria Paris, American pornographic actress Victoria Principal, American actress Victoria Rowell, American actress and dancer Victoria Ruffo, Mexican actress Victoria Silvstedt, Swedish model and actress Victoria Song, Chinese idol based in South Korea and part of the K-Pop girl group f Victoria Soto, first grade teacher at Sandy Hook Elementary Tori Spelling, American actress Victoria Stafford, Canadian murder victim Victoria Toensing, American jurist and terrorism official Victoria Wood, English singer and comedian Victoria Yeates, English actress Little Boots, British musician and singer, given name Victoria Hesketh Pixie Lott, British singer, given name Victoria Louise Lott Adia Victoria, American singer and songwriter Ana Victoria, American born Mexican singer-songwriter and record producer Brian Victoria and author on Buddhism Eduardo Victoria, Mexican actor Eladio Victoria, Dominican politician Guadalupe Victoria, first president of Mexico Gustavo Victoria, Colombian football player Heidi Victoria, Australian politician Manuel Victoria, Mexican governor of Alta California in 1831 Tomás Luis de Victoria, Spanish composer Victoria Newman Abbott, a character on the America soap opera The Young and the Restless Victoria Lord Banks, a character on the American soap opera One Life to Live Victoria, the malicious vampire in the Twilight series, the antagonist of New Moon and Eclipse Victoria Anne Sugden, a character on the British soap opera Emmerdale.
Victoria Argent, a werewolf hunter and mother of the main female character Allison Argent in MTV's television show Teen Wolf. Victoria "Vicki" Donovan, a human high school girl, turned into a vampire by Damon Salvatore in the first season of The CW network's hit television series The Vampire Diaries. Victoria, a coach in The Railway Series: Thomas and Victoria Tori Victoria Saint Victoria, several Christian saints with this name Victoire, French equivalent Viktoria Viktoriya
Victoria Kamāmalu Kaʻahumanu IV was Kuhina Nui of Hawaii and its crown princess. Named Wikolia Kamehamalu Keawenui Kaʻahumanu-a-Kekūanaōʻa and named Kalehelani Kiheahealani, she was referred to as Victoria Kamāmalu or Kaʻahumanu IV, when addressing her as the Kuhina Nui. Born at the Honolulu Fort, on November 1, 1838, she was the only daughter of Elizabeth Kīnaʻu, Kaʻahumanu II and her third husband Mataio Kekūanāoʻa. Through her mother she was granddaughter of founder of the kingdom, her two brothers would become kings of Hawaii as Kamehameha IV and Kamehameha V. She was named after her maternal aunt Queen Kamāmalu, the consort of Kamehameha II, who died in London from the measles; the Christian name Victoria was after Queen Victoria and signified the close friendship of the British monarchs and the Hawaiian monarchs. Having given away her previous four sons, Kaʻahumanu II refused to give her only remaining daughter in hānai to John Adams Kuakini who wanted to take her to raise on the Big Island.
She defied customs of the time and nursed her daughter. Her mother died not long after her birth, she would become the highest female chief in Hawaii at the time. Her kahu were his wife Sarai, they followed Victoria to school due to her age at the time. She was educated at Chiefs' Children's School along with all brothers. Along with his other classmates, he was chosen by Kamehameha III to be eligible for the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaii, she was expected from birth to one day succeed to the position of Kuhina Nui if not the office of monarch, so she was educated by the Cooke with full attention to what political scheme she would play in the near future. In the school, they were permitted to visit with relatives from time to time; when the students fell ill, their kahu and families went to the school and stayed for a while to attend to the patient. Victoria's kahu, John Papa ʻĪʻī was appointed kahu for all the students at the Chief's Children's School and visited in that capacity, though his political services were in such demand by the court that he was absent.
Her father Kekūanāoʻa raised her. He was the royal governor of Oahu. In Honolulu her father built her a Greek-revival mansion, the largest house in the town of Honolulu, or anywhere in Hawaii, at the time, her father was in debt to the foreigners. He made it his royal palace and call it Hale Aliʻi and this was the first ʻIolani Palace, she was two months younger than the future queen Liliʻuokalani. At her birth, the High Chiefess Laura Kōnia went to Kina`u with her adoptive daughter Liliʻu. Kinau would nurse Liliʻu while handing her own daughter to a nurse. According to Liliʻuokalani, both girls would share everything from a young age and when Victoria visit her aunt Kekāuluohi, Liliʻuokalani would be invited too. Victoria was destined from a young age to become a sovereign like her siblings, but it would be Liliʻuokalani who would become the first Queen of Hawaii due to Victoria's own death. Bernice Pauahi Bishop another classmate at the Royal School was hānai to Kekūanāoʻa. Betrothed to her brother Lot, Pauahi married American businessman Charles Reed Bishop against the wish of her biological parents Pākī and Kōnia and Kamāmalu's father, on May 4, 1850.
A year in August 1851, the twelve year-old Kamāmalu helped reconciled Pauahi with her parents and Kekūanāoʻa. It was intended that she would succeed her mother Kīnaʻu in the position of Kuhina Nui, but her mother died while she was still a minor, her aunt Kekāuluohi became a place-holder for her niece using the name Kaʻahumanu III, but she died when her niece was seven, so her uncle Kamehameha III appointed John Kalaipaihala Young II known as Keoni Ana, the son of John Young as Kuhina Nui. Princess Kamāmalu was appointed as Heiress Presumptive to the title of Kuhina-Nui in 1850, successor to Keoni Ana. Since 1845, by legislative act, the office of Kuhina Nui had been joined with that of the Minister of Interior. Given her young age, it would have been clear to the King, Privy Council, Legislative Council that Victoria was not suited to be Minister of Interior. Therefore, on January 6, 1855, an act was passed to repeal the earlier legislation. In 1854, her uncle died and her brother succeeded as King of Hawaii.
According to Robert Crichton Wyllie, the Minister of Foreign Affairs and a trusted friend of the royal family, opponents of the new king were planning to overthrow him and place his sister Princess Victoria on the throne instead. However, the conspiracy never culminated into anything, she became Kuhina Nui in 1855 due to her brother, Kamehameha IV's, ascension to the throne and the death of her uncle. It is probable, she presided over the King's Privy Council. In 1862, Victoria and her brother Lot were added to the line of succession in an amendment to the 1852 Constitution of the Kingdom of Hawaii. Lot and his heirs, follow by Princess Victoria and her heirs, would succeed in the case their brother died without any legitimate heirs; the change was made shortly before the death of Prince Albert Kamehameha, the only son of Kamehameha IV, on August 23, 1862. She constitutionally assumed the power of state for a day when her brother Kamehameha IV died leaving no designated heirs in 1864. Section II Article 47 of the 1852 Constitution of the Hawaiian Kingdom provided that the Kuhina Nui, in absence of a monarch, would fill the vacant office.
Whenever the throne shall become vacant by reason of the King¹s death, or otherwise, during the minority of any heir to the throne, the K
MV Princess Victoria
MV Princess Victoria was one of the earliest roll-on/roll-off ferries. Built in 1947, she operated from Stranraer to Larne. During a severe European windstorm on 31 January 1953, she sank in the North Channel with the loss of 133 lives; this was the deadliest maritime disaster in United Kingdom waters since World War II. Princess Victoria was built in 1947 by Brothers, Dumbarton, she was the first purpose-built ferry of her kind to operate in British coastal waters and the fourth ship to bear the name, her 1939 predecessor having been sunk during World War II in the Humber Estuary by a German mine. Although innovative in her loading methods, the vessel looked externally similar to her namesake, she could hold 1,500 passengers plus cargo and had sleeping accommodation for 54. Princess Victoria was employed by London, Midland & Scottish Railway and by its successor British Railways, on the crossing from Stranraer in Scotland to Larne in Northern Ireland. Captained by the 55-year-old James Ferguson, the vessel left Stranraer's railway loading pier at 07:45 AM with 44 tons of cargo, 128 passengers and 51 crew.
Captain Ferguson had served as master on various ferries on the same route for 17 years. A gale warning was in force but he made the decision to put to sea. Loch Ryan is a sheltered inlet and the immediate force of the wind and sea was not apparent, but it was noted that spray was breaking over the stern doors. A "guillotine door" had been fitted, because of a identified problem with spray and waves hitting the stern doors, but it was used, because it took too long to raise and lower; this would have provided extra protection for the sliding stern doors. On this occasion it was not lowered. Shortly after clearing the mouth of Loch Ryan, the ship turned west towards Larne and exposed her stern to the worst of the high seas. Huge waves damaged the low stern doors; the crew struggled to close the doors again but they proved to be too badly damaged and water continued to flood in from the waves. The scuppers did not seem to be allowing the water to drain away; the ship took a list to starboard and at this point Captain Ferguson decided to retreat to the safety of Loch Ryan by going astern and using the bow rudder.
This proved to be impossible, because the extreme conditions prevented the deckhands from releasing the securing pin on the bow rudder, the Captain made a decision to try to reach Northern Ireland by adopting a course which would keep the stern of the craft sheltered from the worst of the elements. At 09:46 AM, two hours after leaving Stranraer a message was transmitted in Morse code by radio operator David Broadfoot to the Portpatrick Radio Station: "Hove-to off mouth of Loch Ryan. Vessel not under command. Urgent assistance of tugs required". With a list to starboard exacerbated by shifting cargo, water continued to enter the ship. At 10:32 AM an SOS transmission was made, the order to abandon was given at 14:00; the first warship in the area was HMS Launceston Castle, commanded by Lt. Cdr J M Cowling, a frigate, en route to Derry. Searches were carried out but Launceston Castle was forced to leave when her condensers were contaminated by salt. Upon the upgrade of the assistance message to an SOS, the Portpatrick Lifeboat the Jeannie Spiers was dispatched, as was the destroyer HMS Contest.
Contest, commanded by Lt Commander HP Fleming, left Rothesay at 1109hrs but, although she came close to her position at 1330hrs, poor visibility prevented the crew from seeing the sinking ship. The destroyer had been trying to maintain a speed of 31 knots to reach the listing ferry but, after sustaining damage from the seas, Lt Cdr Fleming was forced to reduce speed to 16 knots; the Princess Victoria was still reporting her position as 5 miles north west of Corsewall Point but her engines were still turning and at the speed of 5 knots were drawing the vessel closer to Northern Ireland and away from her reported position. At 1308 hrs, the ship broadcast; the final morse code message at 1358hrs reported the ship "on her beam end" 5 miles east of the Copeland Islands. The court of inquiry found that assistance to the Princess Victoria had been hampered by other distress operations under way in the extreme weather conditions of the day. An RAF Hastings aircraft had been assisting rescues off Lewis and Barra and as a result did not reach the location of the doomed ferry until 1531hrs, dropping supplies and guiding HMS Contest to the scene.
The inquiry noted how different the outcome might have been if the aircraft had been available earlier. Confusion over the location of the Princess Victoria had contributed to the rescue vessel's difficulty in locating her and it was not until the crew had sighted the coast of Northern Ireland at 1335hrs and transmitted a new position fix, that the rescue attempt was able to home in. In addition to the naval, RAF and lifeboats searching, four small merchant vessels, sheltering in Belfast Lough put to sea to assist, after hearing the transmission which placed the Princess Victoria close to their anchorage: the cattle ship Lairdsmoor, the trawler Eastcotes, the coastal oil tanker Pass of Drumochter and the coastal cargo ship Orchy. Despite arriving before the lifeboats, the merchant ships were unable to rescue the survivors in lifeboats, as the fierce waves were in danger of dashing the smaller boats against the sides of the larger ships. All they could do was to provide shelter from the worst of the seas until the Donaghadee lifeboat, the Sir Samuel Kelly and was able to bring survivors on board.
This lifeboat has been preserved an