Witherspoon Street School for Colored Children
The Witherspoon Street School for Colored Children educated the African-American children of Princeton, New Jersey from 1858 until the Princeton Public Schools were integrated in 1948. The school was located at the building still standing at 184 Witherspoon Street; as enrollment increased it moved, in 1909, to 35 Quarry Street, the building which bears the National Register of Historic Places designation. The Quarry Street building was expanded again in 1966, giving it its present appearance; the former school has since been turned into an apartment building. National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey
Nassau Presbyterian Church
The Nassau Presbyterian Church is a historic congregation located at 61 Nassau Street in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. It has been the home of many important figures in the history of Presbyterianism in the United States as a result of its proximity to Princeton University and the Princeton Theological Seminary; the church operates the Princeton Cemetery and is a contributing property to the Princeton Historic District. The current pastor is The Reverend Dr. David A. Davis; the Presbyterians of central New Jersey had two places of worship in either Lawrenceville or Kingston. In 1756 the College of New Jersey opened in Princeton and services were held in Nassau Hall. A few years funds were collected to build a church to serve the growing population of students and teachers; the newly constructed First Presbyterian Church of Princeton opened in 1766. John Witherspoon, the President of the College, began his 25 years tenure as pastor of First Church in 1768; as time progressed, divisions within the church occurred and the church spun off two local Presbyterian Churches.
After the building burned down in 1835 church notes indicate that African-American members were encouraged to leave the congregation leading to the founding of Witherspoon Street Presbyterian Church. That same decade the Second Presbyterian Church was chartered by those who sought a less formal worship style and desired different pastoral leadership. Efforts to merge the three congregations back into one were attempted at various times over the years including an effort led by Woodrow Wilson. In the early 1970s, First Church and St. Andrews were without installed pastors; the churches were concerned about one church absorbing the other. The decision was made to create a new church out of the two and Nassau Presbyterian Church was chartered in 1973; the initial congregation had 2,335 members with 1,759 and 576 coming from First and St. Andrew's, respectively; the former building of St. Andrews was sold in 1978 to a new church plant of the Assemblies of God, the Nassau Christian Center; the church is part of the national Presbyterian Church USA.
Grover Cleveland Reverend Jonathan Edwards John Witherspoon Charles Hodge A. A. Hodge James McCosh Joseph Ruggles Wilson Woodrow Wilson John Gresham Machen Charles R. Erdman, Sr. Nassau Presbyterian Church
Miller Chapel is the spiritual center of the Princeton Theological Seminary and has been in continuous use since its completion in 1834. It was built by renowned local architect and builder Charles Steadman in stuccoed brick with a simple Doric portico; as the chapel of the oldest Presbyterian Seminary in the United States, the building has been home to many of the most important Presbyterian theologians, including the great figures of the Princeton Theology. The narthex has plaques that honor Samuel Miller, after whom the chapel is named, Charles Hodge, Archibald Alexander Hodge, Caspar Wistar Hodge, Sr. and B. B. Warfield; the chapel faced Mercer Street to the east and behind Alexander Hall. It was designed in the Reformed tradition with one worship space, unifying the choir and clergy, with a central pulpit, emphasizing the proclamation of the Word of God. A twin building was planned so as to flank Alexander Hall with Greek Revival buildings in the same way Nassau Hall was flanked by the original Whig and Clio Halls.
An 1874 renovation added Victorian stained glass windows and an organ, moving away from the traditional Reformed aversion to instruments in worship. In 1933 a more substantial renovation by Delano & Aldrich moved the chapel so as to face the interior of the campus, serving as the cornerstone of two squares, bounded by Alexander and Hodge Halls to the north and Stuart and Brown Halls in the south; the renovation enlarged the building and removed the Victorian windows so as to restore a more simple appearance, consistent with the Seminary's Reformed heritage. Renovations took place in 1964 and 2000; the chapel is home to the Joe R. Engle Organ, given to the Seminary in 2000. In addition to daily services the chapel hosts a variety of concerts during the course of the year. Weddings in the chapel are limited to those where either the bride, groom, or parent of either, is a student, trustee, or employee of the seminary. Nassau Presbyterian Church, a nearby church designed by Charles Steadman, in a similar style Official website
Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, Princeton is the fourth-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine colonial colleges chartered before the American Revolution; the institution moved to Newark in 1747 to the current site nine years and renamed itself Princeton University in 1896. Princeton provides undergraduate and graduate instruction in the humanities, social sciences, natural sciences, engineering, it offers professional degrees through the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs, the School of Engineering and Applied Science, the School of Architecture and the Bendheim Center for Finance. The university has ties with the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton Theological Seminary and the Westminster Choir College of Rider University. Princeton has the largest endowment per student in the United States. From 2001 to 2018, Princeton University was ranked either first or second among national universities by U.
S. News & World Report, holding the top spot for 16 of those 18 years; as of October 2018, 65 Nobel laureates, 15 Fields Medalists and 13 Turing Award laureates have been affiliated with Princeton University as alumni, faculty members or researchers. In addition, Princeton has been associated with 21 National Medal of Science winners, 5 Abel Prize winners, 5 National Humanities Medal recipients, 209 Rhodes Scholars, 139 Gates Cambridge Scholars and 126 Marshall Scholars. Two U. S. Presidents, twelve U. S. Supreme Court Justices and numerous living billionaires and foreign heads of state are all counted among Princeton's alumni body. Princeton has graduated many prominent members of the U. S. Congress and the U. S. Cabinet, including eight Secretaries of State, three Secretaries of Defense and three of the past five Chairs of the Federal Reserve. New Light Presbyterians founded the College of New Jersey in 1746; the college was the religious capital of Scottish Presbyterian America. In 1754, trustees of the College of New Jersey suggested that, in recognition of Governor Jonathan Belcher's interest, Princeton should be named as Belcher College.
Belcher replied: "What a name that would be!" In 1756, the college moved to New Jersey. Its home in Princeton was Nassau Hall, named for the royal House of Orange-Nassau of William III of England. Following the untimely deaths of Princeton's first five presidents, John Witherspoon became president in 1768 and remained in that office until his death in 1794. During his presidency, Witherspoon shifted the college's focus from training ministers to preparing a new generation for secular leadership in the new American nation. To this end, he solicited investment in the college. Witherspoon's presidency constituted a long period of stability for the college, interrupted by the American Revolution and the Battle of Princeton, during which British soldiers occupied Nassau Hall. In 1812, the eighth president of the College of New Jersey, Ashbel Green, helped establish the Princeton Theological Seminary next door; the plan to extend the theological curriculum met with "enthusiastic approval on the part of the authorities at the College of New Jersey".
Today, Princeton University and Princeton Theological Seminary maintain separate institutions with ties that include services such as cross-registration and mutual library access. Before the construction of Stanhope Hall in 1803, Nassau Hall was the college's sole building; the cornerstone of the building was laid on September 17, 1754. During the summer of 1783, the Continental Congress met in Nassau Hall, making Princeton the country's capital for four months. Over the centuries and through two redesigns following major fires, Nassau Hall's role shifted from an all-purpose building, comprising office, dormitory and classroom space; the class of 1879 donated twin lion sculptures that flanked the entrance until 1911, when that same class replaced them with tigers. Nassau Hall's bell rang after the hall's construction; the bell was recast and melted again in the fire of 1855. James McCosh took office as the college's president in 1868 and lifted the institution out of a low period, brought about by the American Civil War.
During his two decades of service, he overhauled the curriculum, oversaw an expansion of inquiry into the sciences, supervised the addition of a number of buildings in the High Victorian Gothic style to the campus. McCosh Hall is named in his honor. In 1879, the first thesis for a Doctor of Philosophy Ph. D. was submitted by James F. Williamson, Class of 1877. In 1896, the college changed its name from the College of New Jersey to Princeton University to honor the town in which it resides. During this year, the college underwent large expansion and became a university. In 1900, the Graduate School was established. In 1902, Woodrow Wilson, graduate of the Class of 1879, was elected the 13th president of the university. Under Wilson, Princeton introduced the preceptorial system in 1905, a then-unique concept in the US that augmented the standard lecture method of teaching with a more personal form in which small groups of students, or precepts, could interact with a single instructor, or preceptor, in their field of interest.
In 1906, the reservoir Lake Carnegie was created by Andrew Carnegie. A collection of historical photographs of the build
New Jersey Transit Corporation, branded as NJ Transit, is a state-owned public transportation system that serves the US state of New Jersey, along with portions of New York State and Pennsylvania. It operates bus, light rail, commuter rail services throughout the state, connecting to major commercial and employment centers both within the state and in the adjacent major cities of New York and Philadelphia. Covering a service area of 5,325 square miles, NJT is the largest statewide public transit system and the third-largest provider of bus and light rail transit by ridership in the United States. NJT acts as a purchasing agency for many private operators in the state supplying buses to serve routes not served by the transit agency. NJT was founded on July 17, 1979, an offspring of the New Jersey Department of Transportation, mandated by the state government to address many then-pressing transportation problems, it came into being with the passage of the Public Transportation Act of 1979 to "acquire and contract for transportation service in the public interest."
NJT acquired and managed a number of private bus services, one of the largest being those operated by the state's largest electric company, Public Service Electric and Gas Company. It acquired most of the state's bus services. In northern New Jersey, many of the bus routes are arranged in a web. In southern New Jersey, most routes are arranged in a "spoke-and-hub" fashion, with routes emanating from Trenton and Atlantic City. In addition to routes run by NJT, it subsidizes and provides buses for most of the state's private operators providing fixed route or commuter service, such as Coach USA, DeCamp and Academy. In 1983, NJT assumed operation of all commuter rail service in New Jersey from Conrail, formed in 1976 through the merging of a number of financially troubled railroads and operated commuter railroad service under contract from the NJDOT, it now operates every commuter rail line in the state except for Amtrak. Since inception, rail ridership has quadrupled. In the 1990s the rail system expanded, with new Midtown Direct service to New York City and new equipment.
On October 21, 2001, it opened a new station at Newark Liberty International Airport. On December 15, 2003, it opened the Secaucus Junction transfer station, connecting two major portions of the system, allowing passengers on trains to Hoboken Terminal to transfer to trains to Midtown Manhattan, saving an estimated 15 minutes over connecting with PATH trains at Hoboken. On October 31, 2005, NJT took over Clocker service from Amtrak. Four new trains cut back to Trenton. During Hurricane Sandy in October 2012, the rail operations center of NJ Transit was flooded by 8 feet of water and an emergency generator submerged. Floodwater damaged 257 rail cars; the Governor of New Jersey appoints a seven-member Board of Directors, four members from the general public and three State officials. The Governor has veto power on decisions made by the board. NJT's operations are divided into three classes: bus and light rail, operated by three legal businesses: NJ Transit Bus Operations, for buses and Newark Light Rail, subsidiary NJ Transit Mercer, Inc. for buses around Trenton, NJ Transit Rail Operations, Inc. for commuter rail.
NJT operates 871 bus routes using the Newark Light Rail with 20 light rail vehicles. The bus fleet includes buses purchased for other New Jersey operators above the 2,477. NJT operates three light rail lines: Hudson-Bergen Light Rail – a 24-stop 20.6 miles multi-branch line along the Gold Coast from Bayonne to North Bergen, with a major stop at Hoboken Terminal, all in Hudson County. The fleet consists of 52 Kinki Sharyo electric light rail vehicles owned by NJT and operated under contract by 21st Century Rail. Newark Light Rail – two segments serving Newark and the surrounding area; the Newark City Subway has 12 stops, is 4.3 miles long, connecting Newark Penn Station to North Newark and Bloomfield. The Broad Street Extension has five stops, is 1.0 mile long, connects Newark Penn Station to Newark Broad Street Station. The fleet consists of 21 Kinki Sharyo electric light rail vehicles owned and operated by the Central Division of NJT Bus Operations. River Line – a 21-stop 34 miles line from Trenton to Camden along the Delaware River along the Bordentown Secondary line owned by Conrail and CSX.
The fleet consists of 20 Stadler GTW diesel light rail vehicles owned by NJT and operated under contract by Bombardier Transportation. NJT has 11 commuter rail lines: Atlantic City Line Bergen County Line Main Line Meadowlands Rail Line Montclair-Boonton Line Morris & Essex Lines, consisting of: Morristown Line Gladstone Branch North Jersey Coast Line Northeast Corridor Line Pascack Valley Line Raritan Valley Line Additional special event service is provided on the Meadowlands Rail Line. NJT operates over 100 diesel locomotives, of which 11 are supplied by Metro-North Railroad as part of an operating agreement for the Port Jervis Line, 61 electric locomotives, it has over 650 push-pull cars, of which 65 are supplied by Metro-North, 230 electric
Hun School of Princeton
The Hun School of Princeton is a private, secondary boarding school located in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. The school serves students from sixth through twelfth grades; the headmaster is Jonathan Brougham. The school has been accredited by the Middle States Association of Colleges and Schools Commission on Secondary Schools since 1963; the acceptance rate for the school has been reported as 35%. The school was founded in 1914 by a professor at Princeton University. Called the Princeton Math School, it changed its name to the Princeton Tutoring School. In 1925, the school acquired both its current name and the property on Edgerstoune Road that makes up its current location; as of the 2015-16 school year, the school had an enrollment of 617 students and 83.9 classroom teachers, for a student–teacher ratio of 7.4:1. The school's student body was 64.7% White, 15.4% Asian, 12.3% Black, 4.1% Hispanic, 0.7% Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander, 0.5% American Indian / Alaska Native and 2.4% two or more races.
95 students attend the Hun Middle School, which houses grades 6-8. The rest are in the Upper School. 70% of Hun's Upper School students are day students, the rest are boarders. Students come from 27 countries; the Hun School Raiders participate in the Mid-Atlantic Prep League, a sports league with participating institutions from university preparatory schools in the New Jersey, New York and Pennsylvania area. Schools competing in the league include Blair Academy in Blairstown, New Jersey, The Hill School in Pottstown, Lawrenceville School in Lawrenceville, New Jersey, Mercersburg Academy in Mercersburg and Peddie School in Hightstown, New Jersey; the Hun School competes against other local schools. Fall Sports: Coed: Cross-Country, Girls Field Hockey, Boys: Football and Girls Soccer, Girls Tennis, Water Polo Winter Sports: Boys and Girls Basketball and Girls Fencing, Ice hockey and Girls Swimming Spring Sports: Boys Baseball and Girls Crew, Golf and Girls Lacrosse, Girls Softball, Boys TennisSports offered by the Hun Middle School include: Fall Sports: Boys and Girls Cross-Country and Girls Soccer, Girls Field Hockey.
Winter Sports: Boys and Girls Basketball. Spring Sports: Boys and Girls Tennis, Boys Lacrosse, Boys Baseball, Girls Softball The Hun School facilities consist of multiple buildings across the small princeton neighborhood; the school completed a massive renovation including the construction of the Wilf Family Global Commons, a $9 million, 30,000 square foot dormitory and educational facility. The School is undergoing a $5.5 million renovation of the Alexander K. Buck'49 Building, which holds middle school classrooms, video production laboratories, gathering spaces. Russell Hall Poe Dormitory Carter Hall The Alexander K. Buck Student Activity Center - The setting of the Middle School, serving grades 6-8 The John Andrew Saks Auditorium The Chesebro Academic Center - Used as the Upper School The Ralph S. Mason House The Michael D. Dingman Center for Science and Technology The Perry K. Sellon Information Center The Roberta J. King Outdoor Education Center The Mary Miller Sharp Ceramic and Sculpture Studio The Finn M.
W. Caspersen Rowing Center at Mercer Lake The Heart of Hun Natale Field The Ventresca Family Video Production and TV Studio Athletic Center The Shipley Pavilion - The Gymnasium The Landis Family Fine Arts Building The Wilf Family Global Commons The Mall, Upper School newspaper The Edgerstounian, Upper School yearbook The Hun Review, a literary magazine showcasing the writing and artwork of Hun School students Hun Today, a magazine for alumni and friends of The Hun School Upper School clubs and organizations include: Amnesty International, Asian Language and Culture Club, Black Student Union, Ceramics Club, Chamber Music Players, Chess Club, Concert Choir, Diversity Club, Environmental/Outdoor Club, Environmental Sustainability Club, Extension Chords, French Club, Gaming Society, Gay-Straight Alliance, Gospel Choir, Hun Film Society, Hun TV, International Thespian Society, Janus Players, Jazz Band, Latin Club, Key Club, Knitting Club, Masala-Indian Culture Club, Math Competition Club, Model UN, Model Congress, Jewish Studies and Culture Club, Ski Club, Spanish Club, VoiceMale, Young Alumni Association.
Middle School clubs include: Arts Club and Pieces Club, Craft Club, Creative Drama Club, Frisbee Club, Hearts Club, Hun TV, Kickball Club, Scrabble Club. Students may participate in Peer Leadership, Honor Council, Student Council, Edgerstoune Society, Red Shield Society. Nicole Arendt, professional tennis player. Mitchell Block, documentary film maker whose film Poster Girl was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Documentary. Saud bin Faisal bin Abdul-Aziz, Saudi prince, Foreign Minister of Saudi Arabia. Khalid bin Faisal, Saudi prince, Governor of'Asir Province, now Governor of Mecca Province, Director General of the King Faisal Foundation. Richard Cytowic and author of The Man Who Tasted Shapes. Dick Foran, actor known as the "Singing Cowboy," starred in Fort Apache, The Petrified Forest, Black Legion. Steve Garrison, a major league pitcher for the New York Yankees. Richard Guadagno, a passenger aboard United Airlines Flight 93 thought to have helped in the overtaking of the plane on September 11, 2001.
Princeton Historic District (Princeton, New Jersey)
The Princeton Historic District is a 370-acre historic district located in Princeton, New Jersey, listed on the U. S. National Register of Historic Places in 1975, it stretches from Marquand Park in the west to the Eating Clubs in the East, from the Princeton Cemetery in the north to the Graduate College in the south. The district encompasses the core parts of the campuses of the Princeton Theological Seminary and Princeton University, it includes the business district centered on Nassau Street and many historic homes, both mansions in the western section and more humble dwellings in the Witherspoon/Jackson neighborhood. Notable churches within the district include Nassau Presbyterian Church, Trinity Episcopal, Nassau Christian Center, the Princeton University Chapel; the district is home to seven of Princeton's nine, New Jersey's fifty-eight, National Historic Landmarks, the largest concentration of such sites in the state. Princeton, the world-renowned University to which it is home, has played a significant role in 300 years of American history.
Not only does the town have a strong architectural heritage, it has made notable contributions to the world of politics, religion and literature. Princeton's first settlers came in the 1690s, with Quakers settling along the Stony Brook, the Kingston Mill being built along the Millstone River; the town itself grew up in the early 18th century along an old Indian trail which became Nassau Street. The College of New Jersey, which became Princeton University in 1896, was founded in 1746 and moved to Princeton ten years on the completion of Nassau Hall; the town sent two residents to sign the Declaration of Independence, Richard Stockton and John Witherspoon. A third former resident, Joseph Hewes, whose house, Maybury Hill, is a national historic landmark in Princeton that lies outside the historic district was a signer; the town was occupied by the British during the American Revolution, using Bainbridge House as their headquarters. After his famous crossing of the Delaware and victory at the Battle of Trenton, George Washington led the Continental Army to victory at the Battle of Princeton on January 3, 1777.
Nassau Hall itself served as the capital of the United States in the summer of 1783 and George Washington received the nation's thanks there. Princeton was home to four presidents, James Madison and Woodrow Wilson as students, the also as university president, Grover Cleveland in the years after he left the White House, John F. Kennedy during his freshman year, before his transfer to Harvard. Aaron Burr, Jr. was a student here before being Vice-President of the United States and is buried in the Princeton Cemetery at the feet of his more esteemed father, Aaron Burr, Sr. and theologian grandfather, Jonathan Edwards. Many architects from Benjamin Latrobe and Ralph Adams Cram to I. M. Pei and Frank Gehry have left their mark on the town; as home to the oldest Presbyterian Theological Seminary, Princeton has been host to many important theologians from Archibald Alexander and Samuel Miller to Charles Hodge and B. B. Warfield. Joseph Henry brought Princeton first to prominence as a center of science, a legacy that led Albert Einstein to make Princeton's Institute for Advanced Study his home after he fled Germany in 1933.
Princeton has been home to writers as varied as Thomas Mann, Upton Sinclair, F. Scott Fitzgerald, Toni Morrison. National Register of Historic Places listings in Mercer County, New Jersey List of National Historic Landmarks in New Jersey