Palgrave Macmillan is an international academic and trade publishing company. Its programme includes textbooks, monographs and reference works in print and online. Palgrave Macmillan was created in 2000 when St. Martin's Press Scholarly and Reference in the USA united with Macmillan Press in the UK to combine their worldwide academic publishing operations; the company was known as Palgrave until 2002, but has since been known as Palgrave Macmillan. It is a subsidiary of Springer Nature; until 2015, it was part of the Macmillan Group and therefore owned by the German publishing company Holtzbrinck Publishing Group. As part of Macmillan, it was headquartered at the Macmillan campus in Kings Cross London with other Macmillan companies including Pan Macmillan, Nature Publishing Group and Macmillan Education, having moved from Basingstoke, England, United Kingdom in 2014, it maintains offices in London, New York, Melbourne, Hong Kong and Johannesburg. Palgrave is named after the Palgrave family. Classical historian Sir Francis Palgrave, who founded the Public Record Office, his four sons were all tied with Macmillan Publishers in the 19th century: Francis Turner Palgrave acted as assistant private secretary to future Prime Minister Gladstone, before creating his Palgrave's Golden Treasury in the English Language in 1861, published by Macmillan and became a standard work for a century.
Inglis Palgrave was the editor of The Palgrave Dictionary of Political Economy, first published by Macmillan in 1894, 1896 and 1899 and the inspiration for The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics published in 1987. He was a editor of The Economist. Reginald Palgrave was Clerk of the House of Commons and wrote A History of the House of Commons, which Macmillan published in 1869. William Gifford Palgrave was an Arabic scholar, he wrote a two-volume work describing his travels and adventures for Macmillan called Narrative of a Year’s Journey through Central and Eastern Arabia, the most read book on the region until the account by T. E. Lawrence was published. Palgrave Macmillan publishes The Statesman's Yearbook, an annual reference work which gives a political and social overview of every country of the world. In 2008, Palgrave Macmillan published The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition, edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume. In 2009 Palgrave Macmillan made over 4,500 scholarly ebooks available to libraries.
Palgrave Macmillan represents the sales and distribution interests of W. H. Freeman, Worth Publishers, Sinauer Associates, University Science Books outside the USA, Canada and the Far East. Palgrave Macmillan distributed I. B. Tauris in the U. S. and Canada. S. In Australia Palgrave represents both the Macmillan Group, including Palgrave Macmillan and Nature Publishing Group, a variety of other academic publishers, including Acumen Publishing, Atlas & Co, Bedford-St. Martin's, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press, Continuum International Publishing Group, David Fulton, Gerald Duckworth and Company, W. H. Freeman, Haymarket Books, Henry Holt, I. B. Tauris, Learning Matters, Lynne Reiner Publishers, Macquarie Library, New Internationalist, The New Press, Ocean Press, Perseus Books Group, Pluto Press, Routledge/Taylor and Francis, Saqi Books, Scion Publishers, Seven Stories Press, Sinauer Associates, Tilde University Press, University Science Books, Zed Books. Launched in 2012, Palgrave Pivot is an imprint of Palgrave Macmillan, aimed at publishing shorter, "rigorously peer-reviewed" monographs, focused on new important research across the Humanities and Social Sciences.
Notable authors include: Jonathan Bate, is a British academic, critic, broadcaster and scholar of Shakespeare and Ecocriticism, editor of The RSC Shakespeare: The Collected Works Darioush Bayandor, a former Iranian diplomat and retired United Nations regional coordinator for humanitarian aid. Bayandor wrote a revisionist analysis of the 1953 Iranian coup d'état: Iran and The CIA: The Fall of Mosaddeq Revisited. John R. Bradley and middle-east expert, author of After the Arab Spring: How Islamists Hijacked The Middle East Revolts and Inside Egypt: The Land of Pharaohs on the Brink of a Revolution Juan Cole, is Richard P. Mitchell Collegiate Professor of History at the University of Michigan, author of Engaging the Muslim World Larry Elliot and Dan Atkinson, economics editors at The Guardian and The Mail on Sunday, authors of Going South: Why Britain will have a Third World Economy by 2014. Andrew Gamble, Professor of Politics at Cambridge University and author of The Spectre at the Feast Fawaz Gerges, professor of Middle Eastern Politics and International Relations at the London School of Economics and Political Science, where he is chair of the Middle Eastern Center.
He is the author of Obama and the Middle-East: The End of America's Moment? Michael Huemer, professor of philosophy at University of Colorado, Boulder. Books include The Problem of Political Authority, a defense of philosophical libertarianism and anarchism. Marco Katz Montiel, composes music and teaches literature at MacEwan University and Identity in Twentieth-Century Literature from Our America - Noteworthy Protagonists, Palgrave Macmillan, ISBN 978-1-137-43332-9, Fawzia Koofi, Afghan MP, the first female candidate in 2014 Afghanistan Presidential elections, author of The Favored Daughter, John Logsdon, Professor Emeritus of Political Science and International Affairs at George Washington University, author
Yes Minister is a political satire British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn. Split over three seven-episode series, it was first transmitted on BBC2 from 1980 to 1984. A sequel, Prime Minister, lasted 17 episodes and ran from 1986 to 1988. All but one of the episodes lasted half an hour, all ended with a variation of the title of the series spoken as the answer to a question posed by Minister Jim Hacker. Several episodes were adapted for BBC Radio. Set principally in the private office of a British Cabinet minister in the fictional Department of Administrative Affairs in Whitehall, Yes Minister follows the ministerial career of Jim Hacker, played by Paul Eddington, his various struggles to formulate and enact policy or effect departmental changes are opposed by the British Civil Service, in particular his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, played by Sir Nigel Hawthorne. His Principal Private Secretary Bernard Woolley, played by Derek Fowlds, is caught between the two; the sequel, Prime Minister, continued with the same cast and followed Jim Hacker after his unexpected elevation to Number 10 upon the resignation of the previous Prime Minister.
The series in 2004 was voted sixth in the Britain's Best Sitcom poll. It was the favourite television programme of the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Margaret Thatcher; the series opens in the wake of a general election in which the incumbent government has been defeated by the opposition party, to which Jim Hacker MP belongs. His party affiliation is never stated, his party emblem is neither Conservative nor Labour; the Prime Minister offers Hacker the position of Minister of Administrative Affairs, which he accepts. Hacker goes to his department and meets his Permanent Secretary, Sir Humphrey Appleby, his Principal Private Secretary, Bernard Woolley. While Appleby is outwardly deferential towards the new minister, he is prepared to defend the status quo at all costs. Woolley is sympathetic towards Hacker but as Appleby reminds him, Woolley's civil service superiors, including Appleby, will have much to say about the course of his future career, while ministers do not stay long in one department and have no say in civil service staffing recommendations.
Many of the episodes revolve around proposals backed by Hacker but frustrated by Appleby, who uses a range of clever stratagems to defeat ministerial proposals while seeming to support them. Other episodes revolve around proposals promoted by Appleby but rejected by Hacker, which Appleby attempts by all means necessary to persuade Hacker to accept, they do join forces in order to achieve a common goal, such as preventing the closure of their department or dealing with a diplomatic incident. As the series revolves around the inner workings of central government, most of the scenes take place in private locations, such as offices and exclusive members' clubs. Lynn said that "there was not a single scene set in the House of Commons because government does not take place in the House of Commons; some politics and much theatre takes place there. Government happens in private; as in all public performances, the real work is done behind closed doors. The public and the House are shown what the government wishes them to see."
However, the episode "The Compassionate Society" does feature an audio recording of Yesterday in Parliament in which Hacker speaks in the House of Commons, other episodes include scenes in the Foreign Secretary's House of Commons office and a Committee room. At the time of the making of the series, television cameras were not allowed in the House of Commons and had only been introduced into the House of Lords, so it was not unusual to a British audience to have no scenes from there; the Right Honourable Jim Hacker MP elevated to the House of Lords as Lord Hacker of Islington, was the editor of a newspaper called Reform before going into politics. He spent a good deal of time in Parliament on the Opposition benches before his party won a general election. In Yes Minister, he is the Minister for Administrative Affairs and a cabinet minister, in Yes, Prime Minister he becomes the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Hacker received his degree from the London School of Economics, for which he is derided by the Oxford-educated Sir Humphrey.
His early character is that of a gung-ho, but naïve, bringing sweeping changes to his department. Before long, Hacker begins to notice that Civil Service tactics are preventing his planned changes being put into practice; as he learns, he becomes more cynical, using some of the Civil Service ruses himself. While Sir Humphrey held all the aces, Hacker now and again plays a trump card of his own. Throughout Yes Minister, Hacker, at his worst, is portrayed as a publicity-seeking bungler, incapable of making a firm decision, he is prone to embarrassing blunders, is a frequent target of criticism from the press and stern lectures from the Chief Whip. However, he is shown to be politically savvy, he becomes more aware of Sir Humphrey's real agenda. In Yes, Prime Minister, Hacker becomes more statesmanlike, he dreams up his "Grand Design" and hones his diplomatic skills. Nearly all of these efforts land him in trouble. In a Radio Times interview to promote Yes, Prime Minister, Pa
Australian Public Service
The Australian Public Service is the federal civil service of the Commonwealth of Australia responsible for the public administration, public policy, public services of the departments and executive and statutory agencies of the Government of Australia. The Australian Public Service was established at the Federation of Australia in 1901 as the Commonwealth Public Service and modeled on the Westminster system and United Kingdom's Civil Service; the establishment and operation of the Australian Public Service is governed by the Public Service Act 1999 of the Parliament of Australia as an "apolitical public service, efficient and effective in serving the Government, the Parliament and the Australian public". The conduct of Australian public servants is governed by a Code of Conduct and guided by the APS Values set by the Australian Public Service Commission; as such, the employees and officers of the Australian Public Service are obliged to serve the government of the day with integrity and provide "frank and fearless advice" on questions of public policy, from national security to fiscal policy to social security, across machinery of government arrangements.
Indeed, the Australian Public Service plays a major part in Australian life by providing "cradle to grave" services with a degree of shared responsibility with the State and Territory governments. The Australian Public Service as an entity does not include the broader Commonwealth public sector including the Australian Defence Force, Commonwealth companies such as NBN Co Limited or the Australian Rail Track Corporation, or Commonwealth corporate entities such as the Australian National University or the Australian Broadcasting Corporation; the Australian Public Service does not include the civil services of the State and Territory governments. Public servants are responsible to the Parliament of Australia via their respective portfolio Minister; the Australian Public Service Commission is responsible for promoting the values of the public service, evaluating performance and compliance, facilitating the development of people and institutional capabilities. The Secretary of the Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet is the most senior public servant and plays a leadership role as the chair of the intergovernmental Secretaries Board made up of all Commonwealth departmental secretaries.
The Australian National Audit Office, the Department of Finance, the Department of the Treasury, the Attorney-General's Department have whole-of-government oversight and management responsibilities. As at June 2015, the Australian Public Service comprises some 152,430 officers alongside a further 90,000 people employed in the broader Commonwealth public sector. Accordingly, the Australian Public Service is one of the largest employers in Australia; the public service was established at Federation. The departments established on 1 January 1901 were Attorney-General’s, External Affairs, Home Affairs and Customs, Postmaster-General's, The Treasury; the first public service appointments were made under section 67 of the Constitution of Australia, this arrangement remained in place until the commencement of the Commonwealth Public Service Act 1902, which came into force on 1 January 1903. At the commencement of the Commonwealth Public Service Act, there were 11,374 officials employed under the Act.
A new legislative framework was introduced in 1923 in the form of the Commonwealth Public Service Act 1922. A section in both the 1902 Act and the 1922 Act stated that every female officer was deemed to have retired from the Commonwealth service upon her marriage. In November 1966 Australia became the last democratic country to lift the legislated “marriage bar”, which had prevented married women from holding permanent positions in the public service for over 60 years. In November 1996, Peter Reith issued a discussion paper, Towards a best practice Australian Public Service; the paper, among other things, recommended key elements which might need to be incorporated into a new streamlined and principles-based Public Service Act. After several years spent developing a new Act, the Public Service Act 1999 came into effect on 5 December 1999; the new Act introduced a Code of Conduct into the Act for the first time. Public servants who breach the code of conduct can be demoted, reprimanded or fired.
In 2010 a comprehensive reform agenda was introduced as outlined in Ahead of the Game: Blueprint for Reform of Australian Government Administration. The reforms were aimed at strengthening strategic direction, citizen engagement and staff capability across the APS. Geoff Gallop describes the spectrum of activities undertaken by staff in the APS as fitting into four work functions: service delivery; the APS Values are set out in section 10 of the Public Service Act 1999. The Values are intended to embody the principles of good public administration; the APS Values were most revised in 2013, with the aim to comprise a smaller set of core values that are meaningful and effective in driving change. The values are stated in section 10 of the Public Service Act 1999 as follows: Impartial: The APS is apolitical and provides the Government with advice, frank, honest and based on the best available evidence. Committed to service: The APS is professional, objective and efficient, works collaboratively to achieve the best results for the Australian community and the Government.
Accountable: The APS is open and accountable to the Australian community under the law and within the framework of Ministerial responsibility. Respectful: The APS respects all people, including their rights and t
Civil Service (United Kingdom)
Her Majesty's Home Civil Service known as Her Majesty's Civil Service or the Home Civil Service, is the permanent bureaucracy or secretariat of Crown employees that supports Her Majesty's Government, composed of a cabinet of ministers chosen by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, as well as two of the three devolved administrations: the Scottish Government and the Welsh Government, but not the Northern Ireland Executive. As in other states that employ the Westminster political system, Her Majesty's Home Civil Service forms an inseparable part of the British government; the executive decisions of government ministers are implemented by HM Civil Service. Civil servants are employees of the Crown and not of the British parliament. Civil servants have some traditional and statutory responsibilities which to some extent protect them from being used for the political advantage of the party in power. Senior civil servants may be called to account to Parliament.
In general use, the term civil servant in the United Kingdom does not include all public sector employees. As such, the civil service does not include government ministers, members of the British Armed Forces, the police, officers of local government authorities or quangos of the Houses of Parliament, employees of the National Health Service, or staff of the Royal Household; as at the end of March 2018 there were 430,075 civil servants in the Home Civil Service, this is up 2.5% on the previous year. There are two other administratively separate civil services in the United Kingdom. One is for Northern Ireland; the heads of these services are members of the Permanent Secretaries Management Group. The Offices of State grew in England, the United Kingdom; as in other countries, they were little more than secretariats for their leaders, who held positions at court. They were chosen by the king on the advice of a patron, replaced when their patron lost influence. In the 18th century, in response to the growth of the British Empire and economic changes, institutions such as the Office of Works and the Navy Board grew large.
Each had its own system and staff were appointed by purchase or patronage. By the 19th century, it became clear that these arrangements were not working. In 1806, the East India Company, a private company that ruled only in India, established a college, the East India Company College, near London; the purpose of this college was to train administrators. The civil service, based on examination similar to the Chinese system, was advocated by a number of Englishmen over the next several decades. William Ewart Gladstone a junior minister, in 1850 sought a more efficient system based on expertise rather than favouritism; the East India Company provided a model for Stafford Northcote, the private Secretary to Gladstone, who with Charles Trevelyan drafted the key report in 1854. A permanent and politically neutral civil service, in which appointments were made on merit, was introduced on the recommendations of the Northcote–Trevelyan Report of 1854, which recommended a clear division between staff responsible for routine work, those engaged in policy formulation and implementation in an "administrative" class.
The report was not implemented, but it came at a time when the bureaucratic chaos in the Crimean War demonstrated that the military was as backward as the civil service. A Civil Service Commission was set up in 1855 to end patronage. Prime Minister Gladstone took the decisive step in 1870 with his Order in Council to implement the Northcote-Trevelyan proposals; this system was broadly endorsed by Commissions chaired by Playfair, MacDonnell and Priestley. The Northcote–Trevelyan model remained stable for a hundred years; this was a tribute to its success in removing corruption, delivering public services, responding to political change. Patrick Diamond argues: The Northcote-Trevelyan model was characterised by a hierarchical mode of Weberian bureaucracy; this bequeathed a set of theories and practices to subsequent generations of administrators in the central state. The Irish Civil Service was separate from the British civil service; the Irish Office in Whitehall liaised with Dublin Castle. Some British departments' area of operation extended to Ireland, while in other fields the Dublin department was separate from the Whitehall equivalent.
Following the Second World War, demands for change again grew. There was a concern that technical and scientific expertise was mushrooming, to a point at which the "good all-rounder" culture of the administrative civil servant wit