Principal of the University of St Andrews

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Principal of University of St Andrews
Incumbent
Professor Sally Mapstone

since September 2016; 13 months ago (September 2016)
Member of General Council, University Court, Senatus Academicus
Appointer Appointed by the University Court
Constituting instrument Universities (Scotland) Act 1858
First holder Sir David Brewster
Website www.st-andrews.ac.uk/about/governance/key-officials/principal/

The Principal of the University of St Andrews is the chief executive and chief academic of the University. The Principal is responsible for the overall running of the university, presiding over the main academic body of the university, known as the Senatus Academicus (Academic Senate), the Senate has the responsibility for superintending and regulating teaching in the University, including the regulations for the conferring of degrees, and the Senate also administers the property and revenues of the University (subject to the authority of the University Court.) The Principal is appointed by the University Court. The current office of Principal dates to 1858 with the passage of the Universities (Scotland) Act 1858.

The Principal is, by convention, appointed as Vice-Chancellor of the University of St Andrews by the Chancellor, and can confer degrees in the absence of the Chancellor.

As of April 2017, the Principal was Professor Sally Mapstone, who had previously served as Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University of Oxford.

History[edit]

Until the mid 1700s the University comprised three colleges and the Provosts of St Salvator's College and Principals of St Leonard's College and St Mary's College were responsible for the oversight of their own institutions. In 1747 the Colleges of St Leonard's and St Salvator's were combined into the United College, with the University now led by two principals, the modern office of Principal dates from 1858, with the passage of the University (Scotland) Act 1858.[1] From 1858 until 1889 the senior of the two Principals (of the United College or St Mary's) undertook the responsibilities of Principal of the University, when in 1889 the Principal of the United College was made Principal of the University, the University of St Andrews Act 1952 created the Principal as a separate office, to be appointed by the Monarch of the United Kingdom.[2][3]

The power to appoint the Principal is vested in the University Court by Schedule 2 of the Universities (Scotland) Act 1966. The Education (Scotland) Act 1981 transferred the power to the Court, with the previous power to appoint the Principal being vested in the Monarch of the United Kingdom,[4][5] the Principal is also a member of the University Court, as required by Ordinance 121 of the University.[3]:83

In 2009, Professor Louise Richardson was the first women appointed as Principal,[6] with her successor, Professor Sally Mapstone being the second women appointed to the office.[7] Professor Mapstone had previously served as Pro-Vice-Chancellor (Education) at the University of Oxford.[8]

Vice-Chancellor[edit]

The Principal is, by convention, appointed as Vice-Chancellor of the University of St Andrews by the Chancellor, and can confer degrees in the absence of the Chancellor, the position of Vice-Chancellor does not confer any other powers or responsibility on the Principal.[9][1]

List of Principals and Vice-Chancellors[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b UK Parliament. Universities (Scotland) Act 1858 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
  2. ^ "History of the Principal's Office". University of St Andrews. Archived from the original on 12 March 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b "The Acts, Ordinances and Resolutions Affecting the University Of St Andrews" (PDF). www.st-andrews.ac.uk. University of St Andrews. February 2017. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  4. ^ UK Parliament. Universities (Scotland) Act 1966 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
  5. ^ UK Parliament. Education (Scotland) Act 1981 as amended (see also enacted form), from legislation.gov.uk.
  6. ^ Bonner, Raymond (7 March 2009). "In Scotland, New Leadership Crumbles Old Barrier". New York Times. Retrieved 8 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "New Principal of St Andrews". University of St Andrews Press Office. St Andrews, UK. 22 February 2015. Retrieved 22 February 2016. 
  8. ^ "Blueprint (Staff magazine for the University of Oxford)" (PDF) (PDF). University of Oxford. January 2011. p. 4. Retrieved 30 April 2017. 
  9. ^ "University of St Andrews: The Principal and Vice-Chancellor". University of St Andrews.