Amsterdam Nieuw-West is a borough comprising the most western neighborhoods of the city of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was created in 2010 after a merger of the former boroughs Osdorp, Geuzenveld-Slotermeer, in 2013, the borough had almost 142,000 inhabitants. Most of the neighborhoods of Amsterdam Nieuw-West were built after 1950 under an urban expansion plan. Centrally located within the borough is Sloterplas lake and the Sloterpark, Nieuw-West is a sprawling, high-density suburban residential area in the west of Amsterdam. It is situated on the territory of the municipality of Sloten, Amsterdam. The plans for the expansion of the city date back to 1935. The neighborhoods in Nieuw-West are designed on the basis of the garden city principles, most of these neighborhoods, known as the Westelijke Tuinsteden were built in the 1950s and 1960s. At the heart of the borough is Sloterplas, a lake, the lake was created as a result of sand extractions needed for the development of the garden city neighborhoods.
The oldest garden city neighborhoods are Slotermeer, Slotervaart, Overtoomse Veld, in the 1990s, a few additional neighborhoods were developed, Nieuw Sloten and De Aker. Since 2001, the borough has been subject to urban renewal projects. Under the Richting Parkstad 2015 plan, thousands of homes were demolished and replaced by new developments, with the renewal projects, the original garden city ideas have been partially abandoned. The city of Amsterdam subsequently decided to apply the same status to the northeast and southwest of Slotermeer, central Osdorp, since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. The district committee of Amsterdam Nieuw-West consists of 15 members, the committee was elected on March 19,2014.
Six national political parties and three parties are represented on the committee. In April 2014, the elected its executive committee. Executive committee chair is Achmed Baâdoud, the members are Ronald Mauer
Schellingwoude is a former village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It was located in the municipality of Amsterdam, on the border of the IJ. It is now a neighbourhood of the city of Amsterdam, Schellingwoude was a separate municipality between 1817 and 1857, when it was merged with Ransdorp. In order to stop the loss caused by the Zuiderzee. On this dike the village Schellingwoude was founded, sources of income were farming and fishing. During the 14th century trade was coming on and became important in the 16th century. But the competition with Amsterdam was enormous, so the shipping activities got less, in those days Schellingwoude was a village of distinction. For the surrounding villages the administration of justice took place in Schellingwoude, in 1622 the population of Schellingwoude was 1048, in 1809 this number was dropped till 684. The decline in the trade and shipping activities was the cause of this reduction. The activities that remained were farming and some industrial activity, in 1800 Schellingwoude had two mills.
An important lock, the Oranjesluizen, together with a pumping station, was ready in 1872. King Willem III laid the first stone on 29 April 1870, the Oranjesluizen and the Schellingwouder Bridge, built in 1957 over the Buiten-IJ, are two identification marks at the east side of the village. With the arrival of the Oranjesluizen, Schellingwoude got a boost, the lock created new jobs and new houses were built. The village had five pubs at that time. The villages at the Waterlandse Zeedijk were extremely stricken by the flood of 1916, in 1921 Amsterdam incorporated the villages Buiksloot and Ransdorp. Since the 14th century the village has a church, the Schellingwouder church was built on a terp behind the dyke. The current church is dated from 1866, the church chest from 1659 has survived. Important document were kept in that, the chest has a text engraved in memory of the people of Schellingwoude who stood up for their rights at that time
Boroughs of Amsterdam
The boroughs of Amsterdam are the eight principal subdivisions of the municipality of Amsterdam, Netherlands. Each borough is governed by an elected district committee. The first Amsterdam boroughs were created in 1981, with other boroughs created in years, the last area to be granted the status of borough was Amsterdam-Centrum. The existing system of eight boroughs, covering all parts of Amsterdam, is the result of a major reform in 2010. The current boroughs have populations of around 80,000 to 140,000, until 2014, the Amsterdam boroughs had the status of submunicipalities, a form of government which existed only in Amsterdam and Rotterdam. The borough of Westpoort, was governed by the municipal authorities. The submunicipalities were recognized under the Dutch Municipalities Act and enjoyed far-going autonomy, with the municipal authorities abiding to the submunicipalities decide. The submunicipalities were governed by an elected district council as well as a separate district executive board.
The central municipal authorities retained some power, especially in the areas of public order, public transport, in 2013, the Dutch parliament adopted a revision of the Municipalities Act abolishing submunicipalities as a form of government. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the Amsterdam district councils have ceased to exist, under a municipal ordinance, they were replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. As the new district committees depend on powers being delegated by the municipal council. Since 2010, the eight Amsterdam boroughs are, Amsterdam-Centrum Amsterdam-Noord Amsterdam Nieuw-West Amsterdam-Oost Amsterdam-West Amsterdam Westpoort Amsterdam-Zuid Amsterdam Zuidoost
Amsterdam-Noord is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough is situated north of the IJ lake, the body of water separates it from central Amsterdam. On the northwest and northern side the borough borders the municipalities of Zaanstad, Landsmeer, there are 5 passenger ferries for pedestrians and bicycles. There are bus connections with the centre and other parts of Amsterdam and with Purmerend, because the area is physically separated from the rest of the Amsterdam conurbation it is not served by trams. The area will be served by metro when the under construction North-South line opens, Official website Official website for tourists/visitors
Haarlemmerbuurt is a neighbourhood in Amsterdam, in the Dutch province of North Holland, and is part of the borough Centrum. The central artery of the area is formed by the streets Haarlemmerdijk and Haarlemmerstraat, the neighbourhood is bordered to the south by Brouwersgracht, to the west by Singelgracht, on the north by the railway embankment and on the east by Singel. Haarlemmerplein, with the Haarlemmerpoort or Willemspoort city gate, is a located at the western end of the neighbourhood. On the north there used to be a timber storage area. With the construction of the line between Singelgracht and Central Station through the Haarlemmer Houttuinen in 1878 this became the northern boundary. This caused the square to lose its cohesion, since a new block on the north facade was finished in 2012, the square is once again complete. The West-Indisch Huis is located at Haarlemmerstraat 75, and is the headquarters of the Dutch West India Company. The Posthoornkerk, a church by architect Pierre Cuypers, is located further down the street at numbers 124-126, Haarlemmerstraat and Haarlemmerdijk are known for the great quality and diversity of their shops and restaurants, and were voted best shopping street of The Netherlands in 2011.
There are a couple of coffeeshops located on Haarlemmerstraat
Holysloot is a village in the Dutch province of North Holland. It is a part of the municipality of Amsterdam, and lies about 9 km northeast of the city centre, the name Holysloot probably derives from an expression for a low-lying area at a ditch. Holysloot is a part of the deelgemeente Amsterdam-Noord, the village has about 160 inhabitants. Holysloot was a municipality between 1 May 1817 and 1 January 1818, when it was merged with Ransdorp
North Holland is a province in the northwest of the Netherlands. It is situated on the North Sea, north of South Holland and Utrecht, in 2015, it had a population of 2,762,163 and a total area of 2,670 km2. From the 9th to the 16th century, the area was a part of the County of Holland. During this period West Friesland was incorporated, in the 17th and 18th century, the area was part of the province of Holland. At that time, the distinction between the Noorderkwartier and the Zuiderkwartier became common, in 1840, the province of Holland was split into the two provinces of North Holland and South Holland. In 1855, the Haarlemmermeer was drained and turned into land, the capital and seat of the provincial government is Haarlem, and Amsterdam, the Netherlands capital city, is the provinces largest city. The Kings Commissioner of North Holland is Johan Remkes, there are 51 municipalities and three water boards in the province. For most of its history, the province of North Holland was an integral part of Holland.
From the 9th century to the 16th century, Holland was a county ruled by the counts of Holland, during this period an area known as West Friesland was conquered and integrated into Holland. For centuries afterwards Holland would be officially called Holland and West Friesland, the people of West Friesland had a strong sense of identity as a region within Holland. From the 16th century to 1795, Holland was the wealthiest and most important province in the United Provinces in the Dutch Republic, as the richest and most powerful province, Holland dominated the union. During this period a distinction was made between the North Quarter and the South Quarter, areas that roughly correspond to the two modern provinces. The province of North Holland as it is today has its origins in the period of French rule from 1795 to 1813 and this was a time of bewildering changes to the Dutch system of provinces. In 1795 the old order was swept away and the Batavian Republic was established, in the Constitution enacted on 23 April 1798, the old borders were radically changed.
The republic was reorganised into eight departments with roughly equal populations, Holland was split up into five departments named Texel, Delf, Schelde en Maas, and Rijn. The first three of these lay within the borders of the old Holland, the two were made up of parts of different provinces. In 1801 the old borders were restored when the department of Holland was created and this reorganisation had been short-lived, but it gave birth to the concept of breaking up Holland and making it a less powerful province. This time the two departments were called Amstelland and Maasland and this did not last long
Lastage is a neighbourhood in the Centrum district of Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. It is located between the Geldersekade and Oudeschans canals, just east of old medieval city, the neighbourhood is known as Nieuwmarktbuurt. The area is protected as a heritage site, in the 16th century, the marshy land east of the city developed into an industrial and port area of Amsterdam. Halfway through the 16th century, five ropewalks, some ships mast factories, due to the location of the area outside the city wall, taxes were much lower and spatial planning regulations were much less strict. The adjacent bend in the IJ inlet called Waal was shallow, during the Guelderian Wars, the area came under threat several times by the troops of Charles of Guelders. When the nearby towns of Weesp and Muiden came under Charles occupation in the spring of 1508, in December 1512, it was burnt down again, this time at the hands of the Guelders troops. The name Lastage derives from the various ships ballast-related activities that took place here, near the Schreierstoren on the quay along the IJ, a crane was built to lift cargo and anchors.
A ditch was dug between Montelbaansgracht and Geldersekade around 1530, and was named Rechtboomssloot after Cornelis P. Boom, the old stream that ran through the Lastage was named Kromboomssloot. In 1550 there were already 550 houses outside the city walls, in 1564, the residents, backed by the vogt, urged the city government once more to expand the city. Due to the activities in the area posing a fire hazard. When the Dutch Revolt broke out in 1566, and the Duke of Alba instituted the Council of Troubles, several of the landowners in the area fled the city and they would return again in 1578 with new insights and trade contacts in the Baltic Sea area. When a ban on building activities was declared in 1579, the city wanted to expropriate the land in Lastage. On the other hand, the land value made it unacceptable for the city council to consider buying the land instead. In the following years a number of landowners agreed to a value determined by a committee. Two owners, namely the rope maker Claes Burchmansz and Robrecht Cools and were taken to court.
The proceedings were taken all the way up to the highest body and Cools were eventually forced to agree and cooperate, and hastily a defensive rampart was erected, known today as Oudeschans. Around 1586, the city started drawing up plans to determine how the streets, the local landowners were compelled to demolish the existing buildings, such as fences, drying sheds and tar houses, and to raise the land with sand. The city would provide the sand and the stones needed for pavements and embankments, for this amelioration, the landowners would have to pay a yet to be determined sum in tax
The Kadijken, known as Kadijkseiland or Kadijkenbuurt, is a neighbourhood to the north of Artis zoo in the centre of Amsterdam. The name Kadijken is the form of Kadijk and refers to the two main streets that traverse the neighbourhood, Hoogte Kadijk and Laagte Kadijk. The neighbourhood is cut into two halves, a western part and a smaller western part, by a former complex of sluice gates that forms a canal between the Nieuwe Vaart and Entrepotdok canals. This canal isolates the western part of the neighbourhood from the rest of the city, connecting the two main streets, Hoogte en Laagte Kadijk, is a small street appropriately named Tussen Kadijken. The small street Buiten Kadijken runs from Hoogte Kadijk to Nieuwe Vaart canal, at the corner of Hoogte Kadijk and Buiten Kadijken is a pillar topped with a sculpture of a falcon with a crown on its head. This is a replica of a sculpture that stood here for many years as a trademark of the beer brewery De Gekroonde Valk. The western edge of the neighbourhood is formed by Kadijkenplein square with the Zeemanshuis, from the square, a cast-iron bridge leads across Nieuwe Herengracht canal.
Behind the bridge are the Scharrebiersluis sluice gates, both the bridge and the sluice gates were constructed in 1906. The neighbourhood has about 3,000 inhabitants, there about 1,700 residences, primarily in the western part of the neighbourhood. Of those, 70% is rented, and the remaining 30% is privately owned, the eastern part of the neighbourhood is less residential, this area is dominated by offices and workshops. The many former warehouses and shipyards in the Kadijken are a reminder of the neighbourhoods past as an area of town dominated by shipping, Werfmuseum t Kromhout and Koning William, both on Hoogte Kadijk, are still in use as shipyards. The eastern hall of Werfmuseum t Kromhout is now a museum, the neighbourhood has a large number of rijksmonumenten, including the warehouses on Entrepotdok, the Sibbelwoningen on Hoogte Kadijk and a series of 17th- and 18th-century houses. In this area, a dike, the Nieuwe Zeedijk, had been constructed beyond the original Sint Antoniesdijk dike. A kadijk is the outer, lower dike within a set of two dikes to keep a river, from flooding.
During the city expansion, the Nieuwe Zeedijk was raised and the part was called Hoogte Kadijk. The Kadijken rapidly developed into an area dominated by shipyards, the south side was originally used for recreation, but from the early part of the 18th century this part of the neighbourhood was filled with warehouses and other buildings for storage of goods. In 1827 the Rapenburgergracht, as the canal along the edge of the neighbourhood was called, was taken over by the Dutch national government. The government established the Algemeen Rijksentrepot there, which allowed goods in transit to be stored and transferred from one ship to another without the need to pay excise duties
Amsterdam-Zuid is a borough of Amsterdam, Netherlands. The borough was formed in 2010 as a merger of the former boroughs Oud-Zuid, the borough has almost 138,000 inhabitants. With 8,500 homes per square kilometer, it is one of the most densely populated boroughs of Amsterdam and it has the highest income per household of all boroughs in Amsterdam. Amsterdam-Zuid is the borough of Amsterdam situated to the south and southwest of the Singelgracht canal, the Singelgracht canal had been Amsterdams city border since the 17th century, when the Amsterdam canal belt was constructed. The taking down of the surrounding the Singelgracht, the outer canal. South of the wall, the first neighborhoods to develop were the Oude Pijp neighborhood, the neighborhood surrounding the Rijksmuseum. This area is now known as Oud Zuid. In 1917, the area was further developed southwards on the basis of Plan Zuid, berlages plan included wide streets lined with four-story apartment blocks for the middle class. The plan included public art to be installed in the new residential areas, between 1920 and 1940, the Plan Zuid neighborhoods of Nieuwe Pijp, Rivierenbuurt and Apollobuurt were constructed, with many buildings designed in Amsterdam School style.
This area is known as Nieuw Zuid. Another neighborhood built in the 1920s is the Hoofddorppleinbuurt, west of the Schinkel river and this neighborhood is part of Plan West, another urban expansion plan by Berlage which was designed for the western area of the city on the territory of the former municipality of Sloten. In the 1950s and 1960s, the Buitenveldert neighborhood and the smaller Prinses Irenebuurt became the last major developments in the southern part of the city. In 1961, the Amsterdam RAI Exhibition and Convention Centre opened, the A10 motorway, which runs through the southern borough, was constructed in 1962. In 1978, the first section of the Weesp–Leiden railway and the Amsterdam Zuid railway station opened along the part of the A10 motorway. In the 1990s and 2000s, the surrounding the railway station became the rapidly developing business district of Zuidas. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller. The district committees are elected every four years, on the day as the citys central municipal council.
Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee, the district committees jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council