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Private member's bill

A private member's bill in a parliamentary system of government is a bill introduced into a legislature by a legislator, not acting on behalf of the executive branch. The designation "private member's bill" is used in most Westminster System jurisdictions, in which a "private member" is any member of parliament, not a member of the cabinet. Other labels may be used for the concept in other parliamentary systems. In presidential systems with a separation of the executive from the legislature, the concept does not arise since the executive cannot initiate legislation, bills are introduced by individual legislators. In the Westminster System, most bills are "government bills" introduced by the executive, with private members' bills the exception, they may be introduced by non-ministerial MPs from government-supporting parties, by members of opposition parties, or by independents or crossbenchers. The United Kingdom parliament has a long history of enacting private members' bills. In contrast, the Oireachtas of the Republic of Ireland passes private members' bills, with the overwhelming number of bills being passed being introduced by members of the cabinet.

A private member's bill is not to be confused with a private bill, a bill that only affects an individual citizen or group. In Australia, a draft bill is prepared by Parliamentary Counsel, acting under instructions from the private member. After community consultation, the member introduces the bill into the Parliament. Only 16 private members' bills or private senators' bills introduced into the Australian Parliament since 1901 have been passed into law. Of these, nine have been initiated by seven by members. A larger number have passed one house but not the other. An larger number did not pass the house in which they were introduced and thus lapsed. Among the most notable of the successful bills was the Commonwealth Electoral Bill 1924, which introduced compulsory voting for federal elections; this was introduced by Senator for Tasmania Herbert Payne of the Nationalist Party on 16 July 1924, passed by the Senate on 23 July, passed by the House of Representatives on 24 July – both times with little debate – and given Royal Assent on 31 July.

Despite much public debate since on the issue of compulsory voting, the legislation has never been repealed. Another notable private member's bill was the Euthanasia Laws Bill 1996, which deprived the Northern Territory, Australian Capital Territory and Norfolk Island legislatures of the power to make laws permitting euthanasia; this was introduced by Kevin Andrews, Member for Menzies, after the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly had passed such a law, the Rights of the Terminally Ill Act 1995. Although Andrews was a member of the Liberal Party and senators were allowed a conscience vote on the issue, each side of the debate was supported by members and senators from all political parties. A private member's bill, the Marriage Amendment Act 2017, legalised same-sex marriage throughout Australia on 9 December 2017, it was introduced by Senator for Western Australia. Notable was the private member's bill introduced by Alan Corbett in the New South Wales Legislative Council to amend the Crimes Act of 1900.

The first enacted bill in over 100 years to address the protection of children from abuse and excessive physical chastisement. It received wide support from New South Wales organisations related to child health and welfare and was backed by several prominent members of the medical profession in the paediatric field, notably Dr. John Yu, CEO of Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children, Sydney, its initial aims were to limit physical chastisement by banning the use of implements, ban the use of force above the shoulders, require that any physical force applied leave only trivial and short-lived signs such as redness. In Canada, a private member's bill is a bill introduced in the House of Commons by a member of parliament, not a cabinet minister. A private member's bill follows the same legislative process as a government bill, but the time allocated for its consideration is restricted. Private Members' Bills may be considered only during one of the daily Private Members' Hours. Under rules established in 1986, 20 items of private members' business are selected at random to receive priority in debate.

Six of these items must come to a vote in the House. Prior to the 1986 rules, private members' bills and motions could be "talked out", meaning that all the time allocated to private members' bills could be used up introducing or debating bills without them being voted on, as each bill must be voted on after the second hour of debate. Under the new rules few private member's bills become law, but passage is more li

Giorgos Kalafatis

Giorgos Kalafatis was a Greek football pioneer, coach and field athlete and the founder of Panathinaikos football club. Being a big athletic talent, he distinguished himself in field sports, but football was his big passion. He played for Ethnikos G. S. Athens and when his club Panellinios decided to discontinue its football team, Kalafatis together with 40 other athletes broke away and established in February 1908 the first team of Panathinaikos, named Podosfairikos Omilos Athinon at the time. Kalafatis appointed the Englishman John Cyril Campbell as coach for the new team, it was the first time. Apart from Giorgos Kalafatis, other establishing members of POA were: his brother Alexandros, the first president, Emmanouel Chrysis, Dimitris Doukakis, Periklis Mpoumpoulis, Mantzakos, Gaetas, Stavropoulos, Misakian, Reppas and Garoufalias. In 1919, he was a member of the Greek national team that participated in the Inter-Allied Games in Paris. In Paris, Kalafatis collected information about basketball and volleyball and after his return to Athens, started his efforts on creating new teams with Panathinaikos.

He was a player/manager for Greece in the 1920 Olympic Games in Antwerp. Kalafatis played football until the early 1920s. After he retired, he remained in Panathinaikos as an official, he was born in Exarcheia, a few hundred meters away from Apostolos Nikolaidis Stadium. The family of Kalafatis was from a village in the island of Cephalonia. While being an athlete, he graduated from the Health Department of the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, he pursued a career in the Hellenic Navy, taking part in the Balkan Wars and in World War I and reaching up to the rank of rear admiral. He died on 19 February 1964. Giorgos Kalafatis page at


Sapin-sapin is a layered glutinous rice and coconut dessert in Philippine cuisine. It is made from rice flour, coconut milk, water and coloring, it is sprinkled with latik or toasted desiccated coconut flakes sprinkled on top. Traditional recipe of sapin-sapin calls for different flavors mixed in each layer such as ube halaya in the purple layer, jackfruit in the yellow or orange layer, but the white layer has no flavoring; the commercial version tends to have no added flavoring to reduce the cost. Sapin means "layers" while sapin-sapin means "layered" in Ybanag dialect and the dessert is recognizable for its layers, each colored separately. Mix well, until it becomes smooth, the glutinous rice flour and sugar in a large mixing bowl, together with the condensed milk, coconut milk, vanilla extract. Divide the mixture into 3 parts. Add the mashed purple yam and ube extract on the first part along with the violet food coloring. Add jackfruit on the second part along with the yellow coloring and mix well.

For the third part, leave as it is. Kue Maja blanca

Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Maribor is an archdiocese located in the city of Maribor in Slovenia. March 5, 1962: Established as Diocese of Maribor from the Diocese of Lavant April 7, 2006: Promoted as Metropolitan Archdiocese of MariborIt was reported in January 2012 that the Archdiocese of Maribor was in deep financial difficulties and just before bankruptcy; the whole amount of debts, provoked by high-risk investments was 800 million euros. The Archbishop of Maribor, Franc Kramberger, the Archbishop of Ljubljana, Anton Stres, have resigned due to their involvement after the request by Pope Francis. Lavant Former Cathedral: Stolna cerkev sv. Jurija, Ptuj Minor Basilica: Bazilika Marije, matere usmiljenja, Maribor Bazilika Marije Zavetnice s plaščem, Ptujska Gora Archbishops of Maribor Rev. Fr. Alojzij Cvikl, S. J..

Ethelene Crockett

Dr. Ethelene Jones Crockett was an influential physician and activist from Detroit, she was Michigan's first African-American female board certified OB/GYN, the first woman to be president of the American Lung Association. In 1988, Crockett was inducted posthumously into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame. Ethelene Jones was born in 1914, she attended Jackson High School in Jackson and attended Jackson Junior College, where she graduated in 1934. She attended the University of Michigan, where she married George Crockett Jr.. In 1942, Crockett began medical school at Howard University, when she was 28 years old and mother to three children. No hospital in Detroit would accept her in a residency program because she was African American and a woman. Crockett completed her obstetrics/gynecology residency at Sydenham Hospital in New York, where she joined her husband, George Crockett, a member of the legal team defending 11 Communist Party leaders accused of teaching the overthrow of the Federal government, a violation of the Smith Act.

The trial became known as the Foley Square trial. After medical school, Dr. Crockett became Michigan's first black woman to be board-certified in obstetrics and gynecology, went on to practice medicine in Detroit for decades. In 1960, Crockett spent a month touring Europe and the Soviet Union with 16 other African-American doctors, on a study trip sponsored by the National Medical Association; the trip was led by Dr. Edward C. Mazique, the president of the NMA, with the purpose of assessing medical advances in other countries and exchanging best practices. Crockett directed the Detroit Maternal Infant Care Project from 1967-1970, she helped design the Detroit Model Neighborhood Comprehensive Health Center. In the 1970s, Crockett was Harper Hospital in Detroit. Crockett was active in a wide variety of organizations, she was an advocate for public daycare centers for working women as well as family planning, she lectured on these and other topics. In 1972 she led the fight to liberalize Michigan's abortion laws.

In 1977, shortly before her death, she was named president of the American Lung Association. She was the first woman to attain this position in the organization, by more than seven decades old. Crockett met with President Jimmy Carter at the White House on behalf of the American Lung Association in November 1978, she spoke about the need for funding to combat tuberculosis. Crockett, appearing with ventriloquist Shari Lewis and puppet Lamb Chop, presented Carter with a sheet of the association's Christmas Seals. In 1971, the Detroit Free Press named Crockett one of nine “Detroit’s Most Successful Women.” In 1972, Crockett received the “Woman of the Year” award from the Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Beta Omicron Zeta Chapter, Detroit, MI. Michigan Supreme Court Justice G. Mennen Williams was the keynote speaker. In 1978, the Detroit Medical Society named Crockett “Physician of the Year.”Crockett was the keynote speaker at the Jackson College commencement 1972 ceremony. After her death in 1978, the college established a yearly award in her honor, the Dr. Ethelene Jones Crockett Distinguished Alumni Award, which goes to alumni who display “positive personal involvement for the betterment of mankind with his/her community, nation or world.”

Recipients have included Dr. Jon Lake, in 2018, Laura Stanton, in 2017. In 1980, the first Detroit Public School Vocational-Technical Center was dedicated in Dr. Crockett's honor as a training center for health occupations; the Ethelene Jones Crockett Technical High School for Allied Health, Visual Communications and Cosmetology opened at 571 Mack Avenue in Detroit, MI. In August, 1992 the name was changed to the Crockett Technical High School; the school was renamed for Dr. Ben Carson. In 1988, Crockett was inducted into the Michigan Women's Hall of Fame. Crockett continues to be remembered as an influential figure in post-war Detroit, was featured in Herb Boyd's “Black Detroit,” a people's history of self-determination. Ethelene Crockett at Find a Grave Photograph of Ethelene Jones Crockett with sculptor Oliver LaGrone and Rosa Parks. Crockett High School

Split Habit

Split Habit was a power pop band founded in Lemont, Illinois in 1997. The original line-up consisted of Johnny Smoke and Chris Michaels; the band recorded a four-song demo and began playing small all ages and 21 and up venues around Illinois. Split Habit released an EP, Broken Strings, Broken Sticks and Broken Hearts, shortly thereafter incorporated into the band's first full-length CD Rockstar 101; the CD helped Split Habit land a booking contract with J. Francis Associates; the band began touring the midwest and received strong review for their unique approach to pop, but the booking relationship expired after three months. The band's popularity in Illinois and neighboring states continued to grow as Split Habit shared the stage with Stroke 9, Sum 41 and Showoff; the band release another four-song EP entitled E to the P and became a headlining act at the premier all ages venue in Chicago "Metro". Unable to land a recording contract, Split Habit, continued to tour the midwest releasing Biting My Lip, a five-song EP that garnered a great deal of attention locally and airplay on Q101.

During their promotion they played the first of five consecutive years on Warped Tour. Biting My Lip was the swan song for guitarist Johnny Smoke. Reliant on the harmonies produced between Brown and Smoke, the remaining members exhaustively searched for a replacement. Frankie Cacciato joined the band in late 2002. In early 2003, Split Habit headed to legendary Smart Studios with producer Sean O'Keefe to record Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is, their second full-length album; the album landed them a record contract with small Chicago label Double Zero Records. While the album benefited from Double Zero's promotion and radio push, the inability of the label to secure an agent for the band led to the band's release from the label. In 2004, Split Habit won the Ernie Ball Warped Tour Battle of the bands and headed to Los Angeles for a sold out showcase at LA's key club; the band had had recent successes licensing their music and were featured on Smallville, Laguna Beach and many other programs. In July 2006, Split Habit played their last show at Chicago's Warped Tour at the First Midwest Amphitheater in Tinley Park.

It was a sweet ending to ten years of touring and recording. In 2011, the band reunited to record "Dancefloor". Travis Brown- Bass and VOX Frankie Cacciato III - guitar and backing vocals Chris Michaels - drums Johnny Smoke - guitars and backing vocals Broken Strings, Broken Sticks and Broken Hearts - EP - 1997 Rockstar 101 - LP - 1998 E to the P - EP - 1999 Biting My Lip - EP - 2001 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is - LP - 2003 Put Your Money Where Your Mouth Is - LP, Japan - 2004 Limited Edition EP - EP - 2005