1978 Cannes Film Festival
The 31st Cannes Film Festival was held from 16 to 30 May 1978. The Palme d'Or went to the L'albero degli zoccoli by Ermanno Olmi; this festival saw the introduction of a new non-competitive section,'Un Certain Regard', which replaces'Les Yeux Fertiles','L'Air du temps' and'Le Passé composé'. The festival opened with Moy laskovyy i nezhnyy zver, directed by Emil Loteanu and closed with Fedora, directed by Billy Wilder; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1978 feature film competition:Feature films Alan J. Pakula Jury President Franco Brusati François Chalais Michel Ciment Claude Goretta Andrei Konchalovsky Harry Saltzman Liv Ullmann Georges Wakhévitch The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected for the competition of Un Certain Regard: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: Fedora by Billy Wilder The Last Waltz by Martin Scorsese The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following feature films were screened for the 17th International Critics' Week: Alambrista! by Robert Young A Breach in the Wall by Jillali Ferhati Fragrance of Wild Flowers by Srdjan Karanovic Jubilee by Derek Jarman One and One by E. Josephson, S. Nykvist, I.
Thulin Roberte by Robert Zucca This Is the Night by Carlo di Carlo The Woman Across the Way by Hans Noever The following films were screened for the 1978 Directors' Fortnight: The following films and people received the 1978 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: L'albero degli zoccoli by Ermanno Olmi Grand Prix: Ciao maschio by Marco Ferreri The Shout by Jerzy Skolimowski Best Director: Nagisa Oshima for Ai no Bōrei Best Actress: Jill Clayburgh for An Unmarried Woman & Isabelle Huppert for Violette Nozière Best Actor: Jon Voight for Coming HomeGolden Camera Caméra d'Or: Alambrista! by Robert M. YoungShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: La Traversée de l'Atlantique à la rame by Jean-François Laguionie Jury Prize: A Doonesbury Special by John Hubley, Faith Hubley and Garry Trudeau & Oh My Darling by Børge Ring FIPRESCI FIPRESCI Prize: Man of Marble by Andrzej Wajda Fragrance of Wild Flowers by Srdjan Karanovic Commission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: Pretty Baby by Louis MalleEcumenical Jury Prize of the Ecumenical Jury: The Tree of Wooden Clogs by Ermanno Olmi INA: Opening of the 1978 Festival INA: Chronicle of the 1978 Cannes Festival 1978 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1978 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1978 at Internet Movie Database
1985 Cannes Film Festival
The 38th Cannes Film Festival was held from 8 to 20 May 1985. The Palme d'Or went to the; the festival opened with Witness, directed by Peter Weir and closed with The Emerald Forest, directed by John Boorman. The festival paid a tribute to American actor James Stewart and screened a restored version of his 1954 film The Glenn Miller Story, directed by Anthony Mann; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1985 feature film competition: Miloš Forman Jury President Claude Imbert Edwin Zbonek Francis Veber Jorge Amado Mauro Bolognini Michel Perez Mo Rothman Néstor Almendros Sarah Miles The following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1985 Camera d'Or: Bernard Jubard Bertrand Van Effenterre Joël Magny Jose Vieira Marques Lorenzo Codelli Peter Cowie The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected for the competition of Un Certain Regard: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: L'anniversaire de Georges by Patrick Traon Mariage by Slav Bakalov and Rumen Petkov Stop by Krzysztof Kiwerski Tusagi by Bondo Shoshitaishvili The following feature films were screened for the 24th International Critics' Week: The following films were screened for the 1985 Directors' Fortnight: The following films and people received the 1985 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: When Father Was Away on Business by Emir Kusturica Grand Prix: Birdy Best Director: André Téchiné for Rendez-vous Best Actress: Norma Aleandro for The Official Story & Cher for Mask Best Actor: William Hurt for Kiss of the Spider Woman Best Artistic Contribution: Paul Schrader for Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters Jury Prize: Colonel RedlGolden Camera Caméra d'Or: Oriana by Fina TorresShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: Mariage by Slav Bakalov and Rumen Petkov FIPRESCI Prizes When Father Was Away on Business by Emir Kusturica The Purple Rose of Cairo by Woody Allen Faces of Women by Desiré Ecaré Commission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: Insignificance by Nicolas RoegEcumenical Jury Prize of the Ecumenical Jury: The Official Story by Norma AleandroAward of the Youth Foreign Film: Dance with a Stranger by Mike Newell French Film: Tea in the Harem by Mehdi Charef INA: Opening of the 1985 Festival INA: List of winners of the 1985 festival 1985 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1985 Cannes Film Festival Awards for 1985 at Internet Movie Database
1977 Cannes Film Festival
The 30th Cannes Film Festival was held from 13 to 27 May 1977. The Palme d'Or went to the Padre Padrone by Vittorio Taviani. A new non-competitive section, "Le Passé composé", is held at this festival only and focuses on compilations; this section, along with sections "Les Yeux fertiles" and "L'Air du temps" of the previous two years, were integrated into Un Certain Regard in 1978. The festival opened with The Bishop's Bedroom, directed by Dino Risi and closed with Slap Shot, directed by George Roy Hill; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1977 feature film competition:Feature films Roberto Rossellini Jury President N'Sougan Agblemagnon Anatole Dauman Jacques Demy Carlos Fuentes Benoîte Groult Pauline Kael Marthe Keller Yuri Ozerov The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following feature films were screened for the 16th International Critics' Week: The following films were screened for the 1977 Directors' Fortnight: Short films The following films and people received the 1977 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: Padre Padrone by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani Best Actress: Shelley Duvall for 3 Women Monique Mercure for J.
A. Martin photographe Best Actor: Fernando Rey for Elisa, vida mía Best First Work: The Duellists by Ridley Scott Best Music: Norman Whitfield for Car WashShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: Küzdök by Marcell Jankovics Jury Prize: Di Cavalcanti by Glauber Rocha FIPRESCI FIPRESCI Prize: Padre Padrone by Paolo and Vittorio Taviani Kilenc hónap by Marta Meszaros Commission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: Car Wash by Michael SchultzEcumenical Jury Prize of the Ecumenical Jury: The Lacemaker by Claude Goretta J. A. Martin Photographer by Jean Beaudin INA: Opening of the 1977 festival INA: Assessment of the 1977 Cannes festival INA: Critics' reactions to the 1977 awards 1977 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1977 Cannes Film Festival:1977 at Internet Movie Database
1976 Cannes Film Festival
The 29th Cannes Film Festival was held from 13 to 28 May 1976. The Palme d'Or went to Taxi Driver by Martin Scorsese. In 1976, "L'Air du temps", a new section, non-competitive and focused on contemporary subjects, was introduced; this section, along with sections "Les Yeux fertiles" of the previous year and "Le Passé composé" of the next year, were integrated into Un Certain Regard in 1978. The festival opened with the documentary That's Entertainment, Part II, directed by Gene Kelly, closed with Family Plot, directed by Alfred Hitchcock; the following people were appointed as the Jury of the 1976 feature film competition:Feature films Tennessee Williams Jury President Jean Carzou Mario Cecchi Gori Costa Gavras András Kovács Lorenzo López Sancho Charlotte Rampling Georges Schehadé Mario Vargas Llosa The following feature films competed for the Palme d'Or: The following films were selected to be screened out of competition: The following short films competed for the Short Film Palme d'Or: The following feature films were screened for the 15th International Critics' Week: The following films were screened for the 1976 Directors' Fortnight: Short films The following films and people received the 1976 Official selection awards: Palme d'Or: Taxi Driver by Martin Scorsese Grand Prix: Cría cuervos by Carlos Saura Die Marquise von O... by Éric Rohmer Best Director: Ettore Scola for Brutti, sporchi e cattivi Best Actress: Dominique Sanda for L'eredità Ferramonti Mari Törőcsik for Déryné hol van?
Best Actor: José Luis Gómez for Pascual DuarteShort films Short Film Palme d'Or: Metamorphosis by Barry Greenwald Jury Prize: Agulana by Gérald Frydman & Nightlife by Robin Lehman FIPRESCI FIPRESCI Prize: Kings of the Road by Wim Wenders Der starke Ferdinand by Alexander KlugeCommission Supérieure Technique Technical Grand Prize: Michel Fano for The Claw and the Tooth INA: Opening of the 1976 festival INA: The wonders of the music hall at Cannes 1976 Cannes Film Festival Official website Retrospective 1976 Cannes Film Festival:1976 at Internet Movie Database
The Locarno Film Festival is an annual film festival held every August in Locarno, Switzerland. Founded in 1946, it is one of the longest-running film festivals, is known for being a prestigious platform for art house films; the festival screens films in various competitive and non-competitive sections, including feature-length narrative and documentary, avant-garde, retrospective programs. The Piazza Grande section is held in one of the world’s largest open-air screening venues, seating 8,000 spectators; the top prize of the Festival is the Golden Leopard, awarded to the best film in the International Competition. Other awards include the Leopard of Honour for career achievement, the Prix du Public UBS, the public choice award; the Festival del film Locarno kicked off on 23 August 1946, at the Grand Hotel of Locarno with the screening of the movie "'O sole mio " by Giacomo Gentilomo. The first edition was organized in less than three months with a line-up of fifteen movies American and Italian, among, Rome, Open City directed by Roberto Rossellini, And Then There Were None directed by René Clair, Double Indemnity by Billy Wilder and The Song of Bernadette by Henry King.
The Festival del film Locarno presented movies and short movies by many international directors such as Claude Chabrol, Stanley Kubrick, Paul Verhoeven, Miloš Forman, Marco Bellocchio, Glauber Rocha, Raul Ruiz, Alain Tanner, Mike Leigh, Béla Tarr, Chen Kaige, Edward Yang, Alexandr Sokurov, Atom Egoyan, Jim Jarmusch, Ang Lee, Gregg Araki, Christoph Schaub, Catherine Breillat, Abbas Kiarostami, Gus Van Sant, Pedro Costa, Fatih Akin, Claire Denis and Kim Ki-Duk. Pardo d'oro. Grand Prize of the festival, awarded by the city and region of Locarno, for the best film in the concorso internazionale, shared between the director and the producer. Special Jury Prize. Prize, awarded by cities of Ascona and Losone, for the second best film in the concorso internazionale, shared between the director and the producer. Leopard for Best Direction. Prize, awarded by the city and region of Locarno, for the best directed film in the concorso internazionale. Leopard for Best Actress. Leopard for Best Actor. Swatch First Feature Awards.
Prize awarded by a jury of international critics to the first works presented in the sections concorso internazionale, concorso Cineasti del presente, Fuori concorso, Signs of Life and Piazza Grande. Pardo d'oro Cineasti del presente. Prize awarded to the best film of this competition, dedicated to first or second features. Ciné+ Special Jury Prize – Cineasti del presente; the French television channel Ciné+ Club offers the broadcast rights to the winning film and guarantees the broadcast on their channel. Pardo per il miglior regista emergente: Prize for the best new director. Pardo per la migliore opera prima. Prize, awarded from 2006 to 2009 to the best first work screened in the competition concorso internazionale or concorso Cineasti del presente. Pardino d'oro for the Best International Short Film – SRG SSR Prize. Prize awarded to the best short film in the international short film competition Pardi di domani. Pardino d'oro for the Best Swiss Short Film – Swiss Life Prize. Prize awarded to the best short film in the national short film competition Pardi di domani.
Pardino d'argento SSR SRG for the international competition. Prize awarded to a film in the international competition Pardi di domani. Pardino d'argento Swiss Life for the national competition. Prize awarded to a film in the national competition Pardi di domani. Locarno short film nominee for the European Film Awards – Pianifica Prize; the prize, offered by the studio Pianifica, goes to a short film made by a European director, presented in one of the two competitions. The award includes an automatic nomination in the short film category of the European Film Awards. Prize for Best Swiss Newcomer; the prize provides equipment offered by Cinegrell, Visuals SA, Freestudios SA, Taurus Studio e Avant-première SA/Film Demnächst AG. Premio Medien Patent Verwaltung AG; the winning film will be subtitled in three central European languages. This subtitling can be inserted on video or DVD format. For some 20 years now, the Pardo d'onore has provided an opportunity to commend illustrious film directors, who embody the idea of cinema which the festival has supported so passionately since its inception: the best of auteur films and audacious, with a strong vision and a personal style, endlessly reinventing itself.
Locarno is proud to number amongst recipients of the Pardo d‘onore such master filmmakers as Jacques Rivette, Manoel de Oliveira, Samuel Fuller, Bernardo Bertolucci, Jean-Luc Godard, Daniel Schmid, Ken Loach, Ermanno Olmi, Terry Gilliam, Abbas Kiarostami, Wim Wenders, Aleksandr Sokurov, Hou Hsiao-Hsien, Amos Gitai, William Friedkin, Alain Tanner, Jia Zhangke, Werner Herzog, Agnès Varda, Michael Cimino and Marco Bellocchio, winners of the Vela d'argento in 1965, Alejandro Jodorowsky in 2016. Every year the Exellence Award, sponsored by Moët et Chandon, celebrates one or more internationally acclaimed actors or actresses, through their work and talent, have enriched the cinema with their unique contribution. Since 2004, the Locarno Festival has been honoured to thus pay tribute to Oleg Menshikov, Susan Sarandon, John Malkovich, Willem Dafoe, Carmen Maura, Michel Piccoli, Toni Servillo, Chiara Mastroianni, Isabelle Huppert, Charlotte Rampling, Gael García Bernal, Victoria Abril and Sir Christopher Lee, Juliette Binoche, Giancarlo Giannini and Edward Norton.
In 2016 the
Mohsen Makhmalbaf is an Iranian film director, film editor, producer. He has made more than 20 feature films, won some 50 awards and been a juror in more than 15 major film festivals, his award-winning films include Kandahar. Makhmalbaf's films have been presented at international film festivals in the past ten years; the director belongs to the new wave movement of Iranian cinema. Time selected Makhmalbaf's 2001 film Kandahar as one of the top 100 films of all time. In 2006, he was a member of the Jury at the Venice Film Festival. Makhmalbaf left Iran in 2005 shortly after the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, sixth President of Iran, has lived in Paris since the events of the 2009 Iranian presidential election. Makhmalbaf was born in Tehran on May 29, 1957. At the age of 15, he became involved in a militant group fighting against the rule of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, the Shah of Iran, at the age of 17 he was imprisoned for stabbing a policeman and sentenced to death. After serving five years of his sentence, he was released in the wake of the Iranian Revolution.
He left Iran in 2005. Makhmalbaf is a major figure in Iranian cinema, his films have explored the relationship between the individual and a larger social and political environment. As a result, his work serves as an extended commentary on the historical progression of the Iranian state and its people. Makhmalbaf has worked in several genres, from realist films to fantasy and surrealism and large frescoes of everyday life, with a predilection for the themes of childhood and cinema. In 1981, he wrote the screenplay for Towjeeh, directed by Manuchehr Haghaniparast. In 1982, he wrote the screenplay for Marg Deegari, directed by Mohammad-Reza Honarmand, he made his first film, Tobeh Nosuh, in 1983, Boycott, a film set in pre-revolutionary Iran, in 1985. The latter tells the story of Valeh, a young man sentenced to death for Communist tendencies, is believed to be based on Makhmalbaf's own experiences. Makhmalbaf portrays human despair and resilience in The Cyclist, a movie about Nasim, a poor Afghan refugee in Iran in desperate need of money for his ailing wife.
Nasim agrees to ride a bicycle in a small circle for one week straight in return for the money he needs to pay his wife's medical bills. Time of Love is Makhmalbaf's ninth feature film and the first film of what he calls his "third period", it is a romantic trilogy. Makhmalbaf directed Gabbeh in 1996; the film follows the nomadic Ghashghai people, whose bold carpets tell stories. The main thread features a young woman who loves a mysterious stranger but is forbidden to marry him; the film is romantic and non-realistic, with events seeming to leap around in time and space, much like a dream. Makhmalbaf took time off from directing in 1996 to form the Makhmalbaf Film House, a school for young filmmakers, it became a private production house for the increasing number of filmmakers in his family. In 1997, his 17-year-old daughter Samira directed The Apple, using him as a editor. Makhmalbaf's wife, Marziyeh Meshkini, worked as assistant director to her daughter and took up directing herself. Kandahar is a fictional odyssey inspired by a true story set in Afghanistan before the September 11 attacks, as the Taliban's laws strip women of civil rights and hope and a Western-cultured Afghan woman returns to prevent her sister's suicide during the last eclipse of the 20th century.
Honorary Degree of Doctor of Literature from St Andrews University, Scotland, 2011 Honorary Degree of Doctor of Cinema from Nanterre University, France, 2010 "Freedom to Create Prize" for his human rights activity and promoting social justice through his art, Art Action, England, 2009 “Federico Fellini Honor" from UNESCO in Paris, 2001 A Moment of Innocence: Among Top Ten Films of the Decade – Awarded by International Festival Directors and Critics 1999. Mohsen Makhmalbaf: Selected as the best filmmaker after the revolution by readers of cinema publications, 1988. Films banned in Iran The Nights of Zayande-rood, banned since 1990 Time of Love, banned since 1991 Once Upon a Time, banned from 1992 until 1993 A Moment of Innocence, banned from 1996 until 1997 The Silence, banned from 1998 until 2000 The Gardener, banned since 2012Film appearances Marriage of the Blessed, directed by himself Close-Up, directed by Abbas Kiarostami Hello Cinema, directed by himself A Moment of Innocence, directed by himself Tales of an Island, directed by himself and Dariush Mehrjui Persian cinema Hamid Dabashi, Close Up: Iranian Cinema, Past and Future..
Verso, 2001. Hamid Dabashi, Like Light from the Heart of Darkness. Sakuhinsha, Japan, 2004. Hamid Dabashi, Masters & Masterpieces of Iranian Cinema:. Mage Publishers, 2007. ISBN 0-934211-85-X. Hamid Dabashi, Makhmalbaf at Large: The Making of a Rebel Filmmaker. I. B. Tauris, 2007; the Peddler: Compiled by Ebrahim Nabavi, 1989. Salam Cinema: Compiled by Amir Khosravi, 1996. Gabbeh: Photography by: Mohammad Ahmadi, 1996. Silence: Photography by: Maysam Makhmalbaf, 1998. Mohsen Makhmalbaf: Compiled by: Alberto Barbara, 1996. Makhmalbaf’s Broken Mirrors: Compiled by: Lyrid Dijeon, 2000. Introducing of Mohsen
Karlovy Vary International Film Festival
The Karlovy Vary International Film Festival is a film festival held annually in July in Karlovy Vary, Czech Republic. The Karlovy Vary Festival is one of the oldest in the world and has become Central and Eastern Europe’s leading film event; the pre-war dream of many enthusiastic filmmakers materialized in 1946 when a non-competition festival of films from seven countries took place in Mariánské Lázně and Karlovy Vary. Above all it was intended to screen the results of the nationalized Czechoslovak film industry. After the first two years the festival moved permanently to Karlovy Vary; the Karlovy Vary IFF first held an international film competition in 1948. Since 1951, an international jury has evaluated the films; the Karlovy Vary competition found a place among other developing festivals and by 1956 FIAPF had classified Karlovy Vary as a category A festival. Given the creation of the Moscow Film Festival and the political decision to organize only one "A" festival for all socialist countries, Karlovy Vary was forced to alternate year by year with Moscow IFF between 1959 and 1993.
The social and political changes that took place after the Velvet Revolution in November 1989 pushed concerns about organizing the Karlovy Vary IFF to the background. The program for 1990 was saved by the release of a collection of Czechoslovak films, locked up for years in a storage vault, and the appearance of a number of international guests such as Miloš Forman, Lindsay Anderson, Annette Bening and Robert De Niro helped as well. Future festivals were in doubt. Financial problems and a lack of interest on the part of the government and viewers ended the festival's long tradition in 1992. In 1994 the 29th Karlovy Vary IFF inaugurated an new tradition. After nearly forty years of alternating with the Moscow IFF, the festival began once again to take place every year; the Karlovy Vary Film Festival Foundation was set up in 1993 co-created by the Ministry of Culture, The City of Karlovy Vary, the Grand Hotel Pupp. Actor Jiří Bartoška was invited to be the festival's president, Eva Zaoralová became program director in 1995.
Since 1998 the organization of the festival has been carried out by Film Servis Festival Karlovy Vary, a joint stock company. The core of the program is the feature film competition; the documentary competition is an important festival event. The extensive informative program features both distribution pre-premiers and films awarded at other festivals, but it includes discoveries of artistic creations by independent directors, productions coming out of little known film industries, an overview of Czech film output during the past year. For the tenth straight year the festival will present Variety Critics' Choice: new and interesting films of European production selected by critics working at this prestigious magazine. Seminars focusing on European film are another important part of the festival. Thousands of visitors and the great variety of films testify to the effectiveness of the program team with program director Eva Zaoralová at its head. Due to their valiant efforts many films will be purchased at the festival for wider distribution or, thanks to receiving a festival award, will attract the attention of major producers and the media.
The festival program has the following sections: Official Selection - Competition – films never before shown in competition at any other international festival. East of the West - Competition – films from the former socialist bloc. Documentary Films - Competition – a competition divided into two parts: documentaries less than and longer than 30 minutes. Horizons and Another View – a selection of the most remarkable contemporary films. Imagina - films with an unconventional approach to narration and style and radical visions of film language. Out of the Past - classic, cult and unfairly overlooked films, screened in their original and restored versions. Future Frames: Ten New Filmmakers To Follow - ten directors, an upcoming generation of young European filmmakers, present their student films; the project is organized in cooperation with European Film Promotion. Midnight Screenings - a selection of the latest horror and action films, works that look at their genres in new humorous, ways. Czech Films – a representative selection of current Czech films.
Tributes, special focuses and retrospectives Since 1948, the Grand Prize has been the Crystal Globe – although its form has changed. As of the 35th Karlovy Vary IFF 2000 the Crystal Globe has taken on a new look: now the figure of a woman stands raising a crystal ball; the Feature Film Competition is divided into the following main awards: Grand Prix – Crystal Globe for best feature film Special Jury Prize Best Director Award Best Actress Award Best Actor AwardThe Documentary Competition is divided into the following main awards: Best Documentary Film in the category for film lasting 30 minutes or less Best Documentary Film in the category for film lasting above 30 minutes in lengthEach year, the festival presents the Crystal Globe for Outstanding Contribution to World Cinema. 1946: Nikolay Cherkasov, Rita Hayworth 1956: Dev Anand 1990: Miloš Forman, Robert De Niro, Annette Bening, Vojtěch Jasný, Maximilian Schell, Shirley Temple 1992: Coen brothers, Jason Connery, Aki Kaurismäki, Ken Loach, Agnieszka Holland 1994: Leonardo DiCaprio, Max von Sydow, Philippe Noiret 1995: Peter O'Toole, Fridrik Thór Fridriksson, Mia Farrow, Mika Kaur