Pro Evolution Soccer 2014 is an association football video game developed and published by Konami for Microsoft Windows, Nintendo 3DS, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, Xbox 360 in 2013. The European cover art for the game was the first in the series not to feature a football player since Pro Evolution Soccer 3 was released in 2003. PES 2014 was succeeded by Pro Evolution Soccer 2015. Pro Evolution Soccer 2014 was developed with six key elements meant to define the physics and the features of the game. PES 2014 centers everything on the ball: how it moves, how players use it. Physics of the ball, stature of the player and height of the pass are taken into account to recreate the most realistic football experience on a home system. Players are an important part of the game with Motion Animation Stability System, increasing the realism of physical contacts between players and decisions taken on the pitch by the AI to have more open games; the audience has an influence on the performance of the team.
On the pitch, the performance of an individual player, good or bad, will have an effect on the team, giving them a moral boost if he has a moment of individual brilliance. Introduced in PES 2013, the Player ID system recreated faithfully the movements and skills of about 50 star players. In PES 2014, that number is increased and will apply to complete squads to replicate a team's playing style. With the new Combination Plan, users are able set up a variety of different tactics in key areas of the pitch using three or more players; these players can make different runs to exploit holes in the defense or midfield, using the flanks, curved runs, or overlapping play to make themselves available. Once again, the UEFA Champions League, UEFA Europa League and UEFA Super Cup competitions are licensed in the game, the First Playable UEFA Europa League without entering Master League, Become a Legend, and/or League. For the first time, the game features an exclusive license for the AFC Champions League, the Argentine Primera División, Chilean Primera División, Arabic commentary as well, by Rhaouf Khelif of beIN Sports Argentinean commentary, by Mariano Closs and Fernando Niembro, Chilean commentary by Fernando Solabarrieta and Patricio Yáñez of Fox Sports Latinoamérica.
Jon Champion and Jim Beglin provide as English commentary. Jon Kabira, Tsuyoshi Kitazawa and Hiroshi Nanami provide as Japanese commentary. New for this year, players can now change coach a national side. Players are able to create 3rd and 4th kits; some third and fourth kits are official. The PS2 version has the same characteristics of the other versions. UEFA Europa League appears as a single-mode. Rain does not feature in PES 2014 due to the engine upgrade, as well as the Stadium Editor and La Liga stadiums because of licensing restrictions. Pro Evolution Soccer 2014 was announced by Konami on March 10, 2013; the game was released on September 19 in Europe, September 20 in United Kingdom, on November 14 in Japan. The playable demo became available on September 11 for download, it was the last video game for the PlayStation 2 released in Europe. It is the last retailed PlayStation Portable game released in Europe and the Asian mainland. In March 2014, a downloadable content pack added the World Challenge mode to PES 2014.
The World Challenge is a tournament similar to the FIFA World Cup, with national football teams taking part to compete for the trophy. The World Challenge DLC provided official World Cup kits to licensed teams that would take part in the 2014 FIFA World Cup; the mode allowed some national teams which were unplayable in normal modes to compete, although these teams are unlicensed, with made-up player names and incorrect strips. PES 2014 uses the Fox Engine, a cross-platform game engine built by Kojima Productions, believed to be designed for the next generation of video games; the engine's development began after the completion of Metal Gear Solid 4: Guns of the Patriots and it was revealed by Konami on June 3, 2011. The engine was to make it possible for Kojima Productions to develop multiplatform games with a shortened development time and has been described as the first step for the developer to move away from development for a single platform; the new engine makes use of Havok "for a comprehensive simulation of each on-field player.
Each player’s intricate movements are represented according to the individual player’s mass and physique, each uniform reacts realistically according to the players’ moves and speed." Unlike versions released on Windows and seventh generation home consoles, the PlayStation 2 version is not developed with the Fox Engine. Just like World Soccer: Winning Eleven 2010 after 4 years; this version includes two new modes: Japan Challenge, where the Japanese National Football Team competes to win the FIFA World Cup in Brazil, the licensed J. League; the game was released on 22 May 2014 in Japan only. On August 11, 2015, Konami announced that the game servers for the game would be shut down on the following November 17 due to the company focusing on newer games; the game received good reviews from most major sources. IGN gave the game a score of 8.4 out of 10 praising its high quality graphics, its passing being "crisp and zippy when it’s played on the floor, while lofted balls can be driven or floated to great effect" and its improved ball control for allowing "dribbling to be much tighter than before" while pointing out some
Brooklyn Friends School is a school at 375 Pearl Street in Downtown Brooklyn, New York City. Brooklyn Friends School is an independent, college preparatory Quaker school serving a culturally diverse educational community of 835 students, from two years of age through 12th grade. Founded in 1867 by the Religious Society of Friends as a coeducational Quaker school, Brooklyn Friends School is one of the oldest continuously operating independent schools in New York City. From an initial student body of 17, the school now enrolls 835 students from Preschool through 12th grade, with a faculty and staff of 240. While the percentage of Quaker families and staff is small, the school's Quaker values have remained central to its mission. Starting as a grade school, BFS added a kindergarten in 1902, a high school division in 1907, a Preschool and Family Center in 1985 and 1992 respectively; the most recent addition, the BFS Preschool, has gained prominence as one of the city's premier early learning centers.
The Academy Award-winning 1981 documentary Close Harmony chronicled how a children's choir of 4th- and 5th-graders from the school joined with elderly retirees from a Brooklyn Jewish seniors' center to give a joint concert. Brooklyn Friends is a Preschool through 12th grade independent Quaker school located in the thriving Downtown Brooklyn neighborhood. Brooklyn Friends School is split into four academic levels: Preschool, Lower School, Middle School, Upper School. Lower School The Lower School curriculum includes classes in language arts, social studies, Spanish, music, visual arts, physical education, health. Middle School The middle school curriculum includes classes in the humanities, science, visual arts, performing arts, physical education, health/life skills and study skills and information technology. Upper School The Brooklyn Friends Upper School curriculum provides every student with a strong and broad foundation in the arts, humanities and ethics. Ninth and tenth grade students have a special program crafted for each class.
In a coordinated approach, groups of ninth grade students take courses in English and visual or performing arts together. The approach is similar for tenth graders. In the ninth and tenth grades, particular attention is paid to community building, developing strong communication skills, promoting a healthy lifestyle, good study habits, effective time management. Under the guidance of a faculty advisor and Upper School Head, students work out a program of study that meets their needs and abilities. Initial placement in math and foreign language varies according to the level of accomplishment each student exhibits. Flexibility in course offerings permits those with particular ability in these areas to move forward at a pace that makes the best educational sense for them; as students progress, they are presented with choices so that they may fashion a individualized program in their junior and senior years. Brooklyn Friends School offers the International Baccalaureate Diploma Program for students in the 11th and 12th grades.
This internationally recognized program allows students to explore specific subjects with breadth and depth in six major areas. The curriculum encourages critical thinking through the study of traditional college preparatory curricula while at the same time offers an international perspective. In addition, IB students are required to participate in creative activities and community service, as well as completing an individual research project and an inquiry course that delves into the nature of knowledge; the graduation requirements for the Upper School are: All students in grades 3-12 take overnight trips as part of the Outdoor Education Program and the foreign language curriculum. Leadership opportunities for Middle and Upper Schoolers include the Model United Nations, student judiciary, El Club Latino, the Social Action Committee, the Building Committee. Students take a hands-on approach in addressing social issues, participating in age-appropriate projects: Preschoolers might bake food for senior citizens.
All Upper School students are required to perform 100 hours of community service — 20 hours in the school, 80 out in the community. The Middle School Student Council represents the Middle School in governing matters; the Upper School Student Senate, consisting of elected representatives from each grade, makes recommendations to the administration and conducts monthly "town meetings," organizes dances and other social events. Work on the Student Senate helps students focus on their strengths and leadership abilities, improve their public speaking skills, work collaboratively with others. Composed of a President, Vice President, Secretary and the president and senator of each grade, the Senate coordinates student clubs and activities that meet weekly. Upper School students annually participate in the Quaker Youth Leadership Conference, a nationwide conference affording students and faculty an opportunity to discuss leadership issues, school missions, community issues both schoolwide and worldwide.
Brooklyn Friends has an athletics program including Upper School divisions. The program consists of over athletic clubs. BFS team sports include cross country, volleyball, indoor track, swimming, outdo
Ray Kidder was an American physicist and nuclear weapons designer. He is best known for his outspoken views on nuclear weapons policy issues, including nuclear testing, stockpile management, arms control. Kidder was a weapons physicist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory for 35 years, retired in 1990. During his tenure, as well as after his retirement, he became involved in a number of controversial policy issues. In 1960, Kidder worked with John Nuckolls and Stirling Colgate at Livermore to develop computer simulations for producing nuclear fusion in laser-compressed deuterium-tritium capsules; the results of this work led to Livermore's laser fusion program in 1962, which Kidder was appointed the head of. This program used weapons-derived calculations in an attempt to make usable nuclear fusion sources. In 1979, Kidder was a witness for the defense in the United States v; the Progressive case, in which the U. S. Department of Energy sought to suppress the publication of a magazine article alleged to reveal the "secret of the hydrogen bomb".
Kidder favored uncensored publication of the material, compiled from unclassified sources, claimed that Nobel Prize-winning physicist Hans Bethe had been misinformed when Bethe swore an affidavit in favor of censorship. Bethe and Kidder engaged in a classified correspondence debating the issue; the correspondence was declassified in 2001. In 1997, Kidder argued against the Department of Energy's Stockpile Stewardship and Management Program, calling it "misguided in a number of ways", including introducing unnecessary changes in warhead materials, the cost of large-scale computational and experimental resources, its effects on arms control efforts, he criticized the building of the National Ignition Facility, saying it was not essential for stockpile stewardship. In 1998, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency asked Kidder to perform an independent technical review of some issues in warhead remanufacture, but Kidder was denied access to the classified material required for the study, despite holding the appropriate security clearance.
A controversy ensued, involving U. S. Congressional Representative Ellen Tauscher and Secretary of Energy Bill Richardson. In 1999, Kidder co-authored an op-ed article in the Washington Post, favoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty pending before the United States Senate. In 2000, Kidder wrote to the Justice Ministry of Israel regarding the Mordechai Vanunu case, saying that he did not believe that Vanunu possessed any technical nuclear information that had not been made public. Kidder resided in California. Ray E. Kidder. "Problems with stockpile stewardship". Nature. 386. Bibcode:1997Natur.386..645K. Doi:10.1038/386645a0. Archived from the original on 23 September 2004. Ray Kidder, Lynn Sykes and Frank von Hippel. "False Fears About a Test Ban". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Stockpile Stewardship and Free Speech at the Labs Reports by Ray Kidder at fas.org
Lying called recumbency or prostration, or decubitus in medicine, is a type of human position in which the body is more or less horizontal and supported along its length by the surface underneath. Lying is the most common position while being immobilized, while sleeping, or while being struck by injury or disease; when lying, the body may assume a great variety of positions. The following are the basic recognized ones. Supine: lying on the back on the ground with the face up. Prone: lying on the chest with the face down. See "Prostration". Lying on either side, with the body straight or bent/curled forward or backward; the fetal position is lying or sitting curled, with limbs close to the torso and the head close to the knees. The recovery position, one of a series of variations on a lateral recumbent or three-quarters prone position of the body, into which an unconscious but breathing casualty can be placed as part of first aid treatment; when medical professionals use this term to describe the position of a patient, they first state the part of the body on which the patient is resting followed by the word decubitus.
For example, the right lateral decubitus position would mean that the patient is lying on his or her right side. Left lateral decubitus position would mean that the patient is lying on her left side. Another example is angina decubitus'chest pain while lying down'. In radiology, this term implies that the patient is lying down with the X-ray being taken parallel to the horizon. Bedrest as a medical treatment refers to staying in bed day and night as a treatment for an illness or medical condition when prescribed or chosen rather than resulting from severe prostration or imminent death. Though most patients in hospitals spend most of their time in the hospital beds, bedrest more refers to an extended period of recumbence at home. Bedridden Nap Stuempfle, K. and D. Drury. "The Physiological Consequences of Bed Rest". Journal of Exercise Physiology 10:32–41
Postal district numbers for the addressing and sorting of mail were used in the suburban area of Melbourne, Australia from February 1928 until their 1967 replacement by the Australia-wide postcodes. They were based on the London codes with a letter denoting the direction from the main city post office and a number appended to correlate with the relative distance. An earlier system from around 1923 with twelve districts or 54 which had failed due to neglect was replaced. Most postal districts were named from the post office from which delivery of mail was effected although a small number of districts contained no post offices. 99 districts were created and suburbs which were developed after 1928 were not allocated postal district numbers, the structure being retained unchanged until 1967. The street directory issued in connection with the system allocated a postal district name and number to all streets in the metropolitan area; the table below shows the district numbers used, the date being 1928 if a post office was open or earlier.
An asterisk identifies a name as a postal district. List of Melbourne suburbs
Noctilien is the night bus service in Paris and its agglomeration. It is managed by the Île-de-France Mobilités, the Île-de-France regional public transit authority, operated by RATP and Transilien SNCF, it replaced the previous Noctambus service on the night of 20/21 September 2005, providing for a larger number of lines than before and claiming to be better adapted to night-time transport needs. In place of the previous hub-and-spoke scheme where all buses terminated at and departed from the heart of Paris: Châtelet, Noctilien's new service includes buses operating between banlieues as well as outbound lines running from Paris' four main railway stations: Gare de l'Est, Gare de Lyon, Gare Montparnasse and Gare Saint-Lazare. In addition, these four stations are connected to each other by a regular night bus service. All in all, Noctilien operates 47 bus lines from the last bus of the night until the first bus of the morning over the whole of Paris and the Île-de-France region, it is made up of: 2 "circular" lines running between Paris' major train stations: N01 & N02.
Like Transilien, the name "Noctilien" is formed by analogy with "Francilien" — the French demonym for residents of Île-de-France. N01 - Inner circle line from and to Gare de l'Est via Gare de Lyon → Gare Montparnasse → Gare Saint-Lazare N02 - Outer circle line from and to Gare Montparnasse via Gare de Lyon → Gare de l'Est → Gare Saint-Lazare N11 - Pont de Neuilly ↔ Château de Vincennes N12 - Pont de Sèvres ↔ Romainville - Carnot N13 - Mairie d'Issy ↔ Bobigny - Pablo Picasso N14 - Mairie de Saint-Ouen ↔ La Croix de Berny N15 - Asnières − Gennevilliers - Gabriel Péri ↔ Villejuif - Louis Aragon N16 - Pont de Levallois ↔ Mairie de Montreuil N21 - Châtelet ↔ Longjumeau - Hôpital N22 - Châtelet ↔ Juvisy - Marché N23 - Châtelet ↔ Chelles-Gournay N24 - Châtelet ↔ Sartrouville N31 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Paris Orly Airport N32 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Boissy-Saint-Léger N33 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Villiers-sur-Marne N34 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Torcy N35 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Villiers-sur-Marne N41 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Villeparisis – Mitry-le-Neuf N42 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Aulnay-sous-Bois - Garonor N43 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Gare de Sarcelles-Saint-Brice N44 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Garges-Sarcelles N45 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Montfermeil - Hôpital N51 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Gare d'Enghien N52 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Gare de Cormeilles-en-Parisis N53 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Nanterre - Université N61 - Gare Montparnasse ↔ Clamart - Georges Pompidou N62 - Gare Montparnasse ↔ Robinson N63 - Gare Montparnasse ↔ Massy-Palaiseau N66 - Gare Montparnasse ↔ Vélizy-Villacoublay - Robert Wagner N71 - Rungis International Market ↔ Val de Fontenay N122 - Châtelet ↔ Saint-Rémy-lès-Chevreuse N130 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Marne-la-Vallée - Chessy N131 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Brétigny N132 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Melun N133 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Juvisy N134 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Combs-la-Ville - Quincy N135 - Villeneuve-Saint-Georges ↔ Corbeil-Essonnes N140 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport N141 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Gare de Meaux N142 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Tournan N143 - Gare de l'Est ↔ Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport N144 - Gare de Lyon ↔ Corbeil-Essonnes N145 - Gare Montparnasse ↔ Gare de La Verrière N150 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Cergy Le Haut N151 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Gare de Mantes-la-Jolie N152 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Cergy Le Haut N153 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Saint Germain-en-Laye N154 - Gare Saint-Lazare ↔ Montigny – Beauchamp Each bus line number starts with for Noctilien followed by a two or three digit number: 2 digits starting with "N0" for the two "circular" routes 2 digits starting with "N1" for the "transversal" routes 2 digits starting with "N2" for buses running from Châtelet 2 digits starting with "N3" for buses running from Gare de Lyon 2 digits starting with "N4" for buses running from Gare de l'Est 2 digits starting with "N5" for buses running from Gare Saint-Lazare 2 digits starting with "N6" for buses running from Gare Montparnasse 3 digits starting with "N1" for the long distance buses running to the outer suburbs.
This article draws on the French Wikipedia page "Noctilien", downloaded 18 February 2006. Official website