click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Process philosophy

Process philosophyontology of becoming, processism, or philosophy of organism — identifies metaphysical reality with change. In opposition to the classical model of change as illusory or accidental, process philosophy regards change as the cornerstone of reality—the cornerstone of being thought of as becoming. Since the time of Plato and Aristotle, some philosophers have posited true reality as "timeless", based on permanent substances, while processes are denied or subordinated to timeless substances. If Socrates changes, becoming sick, Socrates is still the same, change only glides over his substance: change is accidental, whereas the substance is essential. Therefore, classic ontology denies any full reality to change, conceived as only accidental and not essential; this classical ontology is what made knowledge and a theory of knowledge possible, as it was thought that a science of something in becoming was an impossible feat to achieve. Philosophers who appeal to process rather than substance include Heraclitus, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Henri Bergson, Martin Heidegger, Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, Alfred North Whitehead, Thomas Nail, Alfred Korzybski, R. G. Collingwood, Alan Watts, Robert M. Pirsig, Roberto Mangabeira Unger, Charles Hartshorne, Arran Gare, Nicholas Rescher, Colin Wilson, Jacques Derrida, Tim Ingold, Bruno Latour, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Gilles Deleuze.

In physics, Ilya Prigogine distinguishes between the "physics of being" and the "physics of becoming". Process philosophy covers not just scientific intuitions and experiences, but can be used as a conceptual bridge to facilitate discussions among religion and science. Process philosophy is sometimes classified as closer to Continental philosophy than analytic philosophy, because it is only taught in Continental departments. However, other sources state that process philosophy should be placed somewhere in the middle between the poles of analytic versus Continental methods in contemporary philosophy. Heraclitus proclaimed; the quotation from Heraclitus appears in Plato's Cratylus twice. "All things are an interchange for fire, fire for all things, just like goods for gold and gold for goods." The following is an interpretation of Heraclitus's concepts into modern terms by Nicholas Rescher. ... reality is not one of processes. The fundamental "stuff" of the world is not material substance, but volatile flux, namely "fire", all things are versions thereof.

Process is fundamental: the river is not an object, but a continuing flow. Everything is a matter of process, of activity, of change." An early expression of this viewpoint is in Heraclitus's fragments. He posits ἡ ἔρις, as the underlying basis of all reality defined by change; the balance and opposition in strife were the foundations of change and stability in the flux of existence. In early twentieth century, the philosophy of mathematics was undertaken to develop mathematics as an airtight, axiomatic system in which every truth could be derived logically from a set of axioms. In the foundations of mathematics, this project is variously understood as logicism or as part of the formalist program of David Hilbert. Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell attempted to complete, or at least facilitate, this program with their seminal book Principia Mathematica, which purported to build a logically consistent set theory on which to found mathematics. After this, Whitehead extended his interest to natural science, which he held needed a deeper philosophical basis.

He intuited that natural science was struggling to overcome a traditional ontology of timeless material substances that does not suit natural phenomena. According to Whitehead, material is more properly understood as'process'. In 1929, he produced the most famous work of process philosophy and Reality, continuing the work begun by Hegel but describing a more complex and fluid dynamic ontology. Process thought describes truth as "movement" in and through substance, rather than substances as fixed concepts or "things". Since Whitehead, process thought is distinguished from Hegel in that it describes entities that arise or coalesce in becoming, rather than being dialectically determined from prior posited determinates; these entities are referred to as complexes of occasions of experience. It is distinguished in being not conflictual or oppositional in operation. Process may be integrative, destructive or both together, allowing for aspects of interdependence and confluence, addressing coherence in universal as well as particular developments, i.e. those aspects not befitting Hegel's system.

Additionally, instances of determinate occasions of experience, while always ephemeral, are nonetheless seen as important to define the type and continuity of those occasions of experience that flow from or relate to them. Alfred North Whitehead began teaching and writing on process and metaphysics when he joined Harvard University in 1924. In his book Science and the Modern World, Whitehead noted that the human intu

A/X-101

A/X-101 is a 1994 rail shooter/FMV video game for the Sega Mega-CD. In the future date of 2500, humanity has reached its zenith in space peace. However, after making contact with alien life for the first time, Earth is soon attacked and nearly conquered by a war-driven alien race called the Gurzons; the Earth's Defense Force discover the Gurzon's enemy resides on the distant alien planet Prism, who made contact with Earth as a warning against the oncoming Gurzon invasion. Further investigation leads to the discovery of a computer upgrade system located on Prism called the A/X-101, a weapon program that promises to liberate Earth from the Gurzon's grip. Earth Defense sends four of its best fighter pilots - Bob, Kelly and their Captain - to travel to Prism, retrieve the A/X-101 and use it against all of the Gurzon's planetary bases. Players assume; the player ship has only two weapons: Fusion Warheads. While Laser Cannon fire is unlimited, the laser's power weakens with continuous use and must be recharged for full strength blasts.

Fusion Warheads will wipe the screen clean of smaller enemies, though will only damage larger/stronger enemies and the ship can only stock five at a time. The player can replenish their bomb stock by way of accumulating higher scores. After the EDF Starfighters download the A/X-101, the ship's shield increases to 120% and their laser fire increases in strength; the ship has an energy shield which serves as a health bar. Players had no lives and only three continues after their ship is destroyed in combat. Mega reviewer Andy Dyer wrote that "it took me longer to write this 400-word review than it did to finish the game". A/X-101 at MobyGames A/X-101 at GameFAQs

Matthew Hopcraft

Matthew Scott Hopcraft is an Australian dentist, public health academic and television cook. Hopcraft attended Mooroopna Secondary College, he has the degrees of Bachelor of Dental Science, Master of Dental Science and Doctor of Philosophy from the University of Melbourne, Bachelor of Arts from Deakin University. Upon graduation, Hopcraft served as a Dental Officer in the Australian Army, worked in both public and private dental practices. Hopcraft was the Director and Examinations at the Australian Dental Council and is an Honorary Clinical Associate Professor at the Melbourne Dental School of The University of Melbourne, he was a member of the Council of the Victorian branch of the Australian Dental Association from 2005 to 2016, President in 2011 and a federal councillor for 2 years. He is co-director of Sugar-free Smiles, an organisation raising awareness of the health impacts of high sugar diets and advocating for the introduction of a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages, he has been cited by the media on matters related to dental health.

Hopcraft was selected in the Top 24 contestants in the 2015 reality television cooking program MasterChef Australia. He was eliminated on 16 July 2015, his post-MasterChef career saw. He is the CEO of the Australian Dental Association Victorian Branch. 2010 – IADR Geriatric Oral Research Award – Post-doctoral Category 2006 – WM & AV Eggleston Trust Excellence in Teaching Award 2005 – IADR Award in Preventive and Community Dentistry 2004 – Colonel MGT Kenny Award for exemplary service to the Royal Australian Army Dental Corps Hopcraft has been published since 2003. A list of his academic publications and presentations is available at The University of Melbourne website. Matthew Hopcraft at Facebook

Gippsland Falcons SC

Gippsland Falcons SC were an Australian soccer team based in Morwell, Australia. It was the sole rural Victorian entrant in the National Soccer League. Gippsland were known as Morwell Falcons and latterly known for a short time as Eastern Pride; the club was formed in 1961 by Italian migrants as the Italian Australian Social Club of Gippsland, played in the La Trobe soccer league. In 1964, the club changed its name to Morwell Falcons as a result of a sponsorship arrangement with the Ford Motor Company. Morwell joined the wider ranks of the Victorian leagues in 1974, rose up the divisions reaching the Victorian State League in 1982, winning the title in 1984; this allowed them to apply for the NSL's Southern Conference. In 1989 Morwell won its second Victorian championship, but this time failed to progress to the top flight after losing 5–2 on aggregate in a two legged tie against South Australian champion West Adelaide; the club joined the NSL's ranks in season 1992/93 as a replacement for Preston, but their stay was quite unsuccessful, making the finals only once in season 1994/95 after finishing fourth.

The club thereafter always found itself near the bottom of the table, late in season 2000/01 the club folded. While the club disbanded in 2001, Falcons 2000 were created as an offshoot club, compete in the Latrobe Valley Soccer League. Victorian Champions 1984, 1989 Victorian League Cup Winners 1984, 1989 Dockerty Cup winners 1994 Bobby McLachlan Frank Arok Jimmy Dunne Harry Bingham Stuart Munro Jeff Hopkins Philip Blunt

Drishtee

Drishtee is an India-based business that provides information technology goods and services to rural India through village kiosks that are run and managed by local entrepreneurs. These kiosks are developed using a partnership model; some of the services provided by Drishtee include computer education, English courses, rural BPO, government services, insurance, e-commerce, microfinance etc. Through its low cost, direct delivery network of over 2,400 kiosks, Drishtee has impacted the lives of over 1.5 Million people in rural India. One of Drishtee's primary objectives is to empower rural communities by supporting local entrepreneurship and thus helping to stem the distress migration of people from rural to urban parts of the country; the organisation was founded in 2000 and is led by its co-founder and managing director – Mr. Satyan Mishra. In its effort to bring critical services to rural India, home for more than 60% of the country's population, Drishtee has partnered with the following organisations: Acumen Fund Amaron Batteries ICICI Prudential International Finance Corporation Microsoft National Skill Development Corporation Scojo State Bank of IndiaDrishtee works in collaboration with several of its sister organisations that provide specialised services to rural India.

Some of these organisations are: Drishtee Skill Development Center Quiver Infoservices Cyber InfoDev Drishtee Foundation Ashoka Foundation Fellowship Award, 2004 – Awarded to founder, Mr. Satyan Mishra Red Herring 100 Asia Award, 2006 Deloitte FAST 50, 2006 – Winner Tech Pioneer, 2007 – Award given by World Economic Forum Invitation to the Clinton Global Initiative, 2007 Drishtee Quiver Cyber InfoDev Centre For Education & Entrepreneurship Programme Drishtee Haat Drishtee Foundation Xcede

New York Life Insurance Company

New York Life Insurance Company is the third-largest life insurance company in the United States, the largest mutual life insurance company in the United States and is ranked #69 on the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue. NYLIC has about $570 billion in total assets under management, more than $25 billion in surplus and AVR. In 2007, NYLIC achieved the best possible ratings by the four independent rating companies. Other New York Life affiliates provide an array of securities products and services, as well as institutional and retail mutual funds. New York Life Insurance Company first opened in Manhattan's Financial District as Nautilus Mutual Life in 1841, 10 years after the first life insurance charter was granted in the United States. Chartered in 1841, the company sold fire and marine insurance; the company's first president, James De Peyster Ogden, was appointed in 1845. Nautilus renamed itself New York Life Insurance Company in 1845 to concentrate on its life insurance business.

In its early years the company, along with other insurance companies of the day including Aetna and US Life, insured the lives of slaves for their owners. By 1847 these accounted for one‑third of New York Life's policies; the board of trustees voted to end the sale of insurance policies on slaves in 1848. The company sold policies to soldiers and civilians involved in combat during the American Civil War and paid claims under a flag of truce during that time. In the late 1800s, the company began employing female agents. New York Life continued to grow throughout its first 100 years as the national population and the market for life insurance increased. New York Life's growth was in part fueled by its introduction of a system by which the company used agents to find new business. In 1892, company President John A. McCall introduced the branch office system: offices that served as liaisons between New York and field agents. In 1894, the company became the first US-based insurance provider to offer life insurance to women at the same cost as men.

Anthony was one of the company's first female policyholders. In 1896, New York Life became the first company to insure people with disabilities or in hazardous occupations; the New York Life Building at 51 Madison Avenue in Manhattan, designed by American architect Cass Gilbert, opened in December 1928. The company moved into the 34-story skyscraper in 1929; that year, New York Life's assets survived the stock market crash. Following World War II, New York Life further diversified. In 1957, New York Life hired one of Cirilo McSween. In the 1970s, New York Life began selling mutual funds. In the late 1990s and early 2000s, as other mutual life insurance companies became publicly traded corporations, New York Life remained a mutual company. New York Life entered the Mexican market in 1999. New York Life, along with other insurance companies, relaxed the claims process for missing persons in the wake of the September 11 attacks. Fearful of the stability of the market during the two years prior to the financial crisis of 2007–2008, New York Life moved its cash into other investments such as treasury bonds.

In the ensuing financial crisis, New York Life Insurance Company rejected assistance from the U. S. Treasury Department. Following the 2013 acquisition of Dexia Asset Management renamed Candriam Investors Group, New York Life Investments became one of the largest asset managers worldwide, with access to markets in Europe and Australia, in addition to the United States; as of 2016, New York Life Insurance Company was the country's third-largest life insurance company. A mutual insurance company, New York Life is owned by its policyholders and has no outside shareholders; as a mutual, New York Life distributes a portion of its earnings to eligible policyholders as annual dividends. As of 2016, the company has paid a dividend every year since 1854. Through Seguros Monterrey New York Life, the company offers insurance in Mexico. New York Life's core product is whole life insurance, a type of life insurance offering lifelong protection that builds cash value over time. New York Life sells term life insurance, universal life insurance, variable universal life insurance, long-term care insurance and annuities.

The company operates New York Life Direct, selling direct-to-consumer policies, is the exclusive life insurance partner of the AARP. New York Life's global asset management business serves both retail clients. New York Life Investments ranks No. 26 by total worldwide institutional assets under management, according to Pensions & Investments' Largest Money Managers Survey 2017. The group manages money through independent investment boutiques; these boutiques include: Ausbil, an Australian investment boutique specializing in equities Candriam Investors Group, which focuses on high yield, absolute return, emerging debt, sustainable investments and asset allocation strategies Credit Value Partners, which specializes in opportunistic, distressed debt and high-yield corporate credit GoldPoint Partners, a private equity firm IndexIQ, which specializes in exchange-traded funds and alternative investment strategies MacKay Shields, an asset management firm that focuses on income generation and offers capital growth through mutual and hedge funds Madison Capital Funding, which provides financing to private equity firms Private Advisors, an asset