Productores de Música de España

Productores de Música de España is the organisation responsible for the Spanish Albums Chart and other music charts. It is a trade association that represents more than 90 percent of the Spanish recorded music industry, it is the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry group for Spain. Promusicae was born in 1958 as a representative of the IFPI in Spain under the name of the Spanish Group of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, although not an association, since Spanish law during the Franco regime did not recognize the right of association until 1977. In 1978, it was registered as an association under the name Spanish Phonographic Association. In 1982, with the emergence and popularization of the music video, the AFE changed its name to Phonographic and Videographic Association of Spain. In 2004, AFYVE partners by General Assembly decided to change to its current name, Spanish Music Producers. Since 30 April 2003, Antonio Guisasola has been president of Promusicae.

The charts are calculated once every week on Sundays. They are based on retail music sales within Spain for the week from the preceding Saturday to the Friday prior to calculation; the new charts are uploaded to the Promusicae website on Sunday night Spanish continental time. As of January 2015, the Top 100 songs are based on both download and physical sales. Promusicae provides the following charts: Top 100 songs Top 100 albums chart Top 20 compilations chart Top 20 DVD Chart Airplay Chart Top 20 TV and Radio Chart Certifications have existed in Spain since the mid-1970s. During this period, both singles and albums had to sell 100,000 copies to qualify for a Gold disk, the only certification awarded at the time. By 1982, there was a Double Gold award for albums that sold 200,000 copies. Promusicae is in charge of certifying records in Spain, it certifies Gold and Platinum recordings based on the shipment of albums and the sales of digital downloads. Until 1 November 2005, the certification levels for albums in Spain were 50,000 for Gold and 100,000 for Platinum.

The current levels. In the table below are the certification levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae. In January 2008, due to a decline in Physical singles, Promusicae replaced the charts of the physical singles with two separate Top 20 charts, one for Digital downloads and the other for Original Tones; the change was reflected to the certifications as well, allowed each single title to receive two separate types of certification awards. The two certification formats were combined together in January 2009, again, the charts becoming a single chart. In the meantime, Promusicae raised the certification-levels to 20,000 for Gold and 40,000 for Platinum from the previous 10,000/20,000. Physical singlesNote that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae. Original Tones and Digital downloadsNote that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae.

Streaming Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under Promusicae. As a member of International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, one of Promusicae's main purposes is to lobby for tougher intellectual property laws to stop music copyright violations. Promusicae has monitored P2P networks gathering data about its users downloading music. In April 2005, Promusicae claimed that they were monitoring the Kazaa P2P network and they had sent "messages" containing warnings and legal threats to more than 10,000 users In early 2008, Promusicae started a judicial process against Telefónica, the biggest Spanish Internet service provider, demanding that personal data of Kazaa users they monitored should be handed over to Promusicae, so they can start suing them; the Promusicae v. Telefónica case continued until the European Court of Justice, which ruled that Telefónica did not have an obligation to hand user data over to Promusicae.

In June 2008, Promusicae sued developer of Manolito P2P, Blubster and Piolet. Promusicae claimed that Pablo Soto was engaging in unfair competition and demanded 13 million euros in damages. Promusicae is one of the founders of La Coalición de Creadores e Industrias de Contenidos, a group of companies whose mission is changing Spanish law to be able to prosecute file-sharing. International Federation of the Phonographic Industry List of number-one hits Promusicae - Official site Elportaldemusica - Official site

Tim Littles

Tim Littles was an American boxer in the super middleweight division. Known as "The Doctor of Styles", Littles had a successful amateur career. 1985 United States Amateur Light middleweight champion. 1989 Won Amateur World Championship over Torsten Schmitz from Germany in a 5-round World Championship bout in Casablanca, Morocco before turning Pro in November 13, 1989 Littles turned pro in 1989 and became a super middleweight contender during the early to mid 1990s. His name will forever be linked with his nemesis Frankie Liles, the WBA super middleweight champion for a stretch during the 1990s; the two fought 3 times as amateurs, starting a rivalry between the two men that would last the rest of their careers. Of the three times they fought as amateurs, Liles won every fight. Around the same time Liles turned pro and made their way up the rankings around the same pace, it seemed inevitable. Littles and Liles were both fringe contenders, on the verge of cracking the top ten when they met for the first time in the pro ranks.

Littles would win by a 12-round decision, avenging his losses as an amateur and securing his standing as a legit contender as a pro. Liles would rebound well after the loss, winning the WBA title from Steve Little and scoring wins over Merqui Sosa and Michael Nunn. Littles earned himself a title shot, but he was matched much tougher than Liles was when he received his title shot. Tim had two comeback fights, both KO wins, challenged his old rival one last time for Liles' piece of the title. Liles accepted the challenge and on June 8, 1996 a war was waged, which Liles won on a third-round TKO; this was the end of their rivalry and effectively ended Tim Littles' career. Apart from his win over Liles, Littles' best wins were over John Scully. All three of those bouts happened in succession in. Professional boxing record for Tim Littles from BoxRec

Les Patineurs (waltz)

Les Patineurs Valse or The Skaters' Waltz or Der Schlittschuhläufer-Walzer, Op. 183, is a waltz by Émile Waldteufel. It was composed in 1882, inspired by the Cercle des Patineurs or Rink of Skaters at the Bois de Boulogne in Paris; the introduction to the waltz can be likened to the poise of a skater, the rapid runs invoke scenes of a wintry atmosphere. Bells were added for good measure to complete the winter scenery, it was published by Hopwood & Crew and was dedicated to Ernest Coquelin, the younger brother of two celebrated actor brothers of the Comédie Française. The overall key is A major. Among the subsections the key alternates between the subdominant. Introduction Waltz 1 Waltz 2 Waltz 3 Waltz 4 Coda Les Patineurs Valse has featured in dozens of films, from the earliest talkies to the present, including The Hollywood Revue of 1929, My Favorite Wife, Chariots of Fire, A Simple Wish, My Beautiful Laundrette, Wife vs. Secretary, it was played at Rose's "coming-out" ball in London in the last episode of Season 4 of the TV show Downton Abbey, as well as in the episode "Secret Shopper" of the kids' TV show Fanboy & Chum Chum.

It was used in the original version of the children's television series Pingu in the third episode, "The New Arrival". It is on the compilation Andy Williams Christmas Show DVD in a scene from his 1967 Christmas show on television. A music-box version is used in the Japanese movie Himizu, the piece is hummed by Rabbit while he is skating in Winnie the Pooh and Tigger Too. In the 2019 Elton John biopic Rocketman, a young Reggie plays along on the piano as the waltz plays on the wireless, sparking the recognition of his musical talent; the music is played in every level of the NES game Antarctic Adventure. A small part of it is played in the TV series Daredevil. "The Skater's Waltz" is a music record in Nintendogs + Cats. This piece was remixed in Nintendo's 2005 video game Dance Dance Revolution Mario Mix, as a song called "Rendezvous on Ice" that plays when Mario is skating away from an avalanche down a mountain; this piece was shortened in Sega's 2009 Wii video game Sonic at the Olympic Winter Games.

"The Skater's Waltz" is used in the 1985 BBC children's television show Galloping Galaxies!"The Skater's Waltz" is used towards the end of Paul Hindemith's arrangement, for String Quartet, of Richard Wagner's "Overture to'The Flying Dutchman,' as played at sight by a bad spa orchestra at 7:00 in the morning by the village well," a dissonant spoof of the Wagner overture. Hindemith wrote this in 1925. Les Patineurs Valse MIDI at Classical Music Archives Les Patineurs: Scores at the International Music Score Library Project