John Wanamaker Department Store was one of the first department stores in the United States. Founded by John Wanamaker, it is known for its substantial effects on the development of the retail industry, such as being the first store to use price tags. At its zenith in the early 20th century, Wanamaker's had a store in New York City at Broadway and Ninth Street. Both employed large staffs. By the end of the 20th century, there were 16 Wanamaker's outlets, but after years of change the chain was bought by Albert Taubman, added to his previous purchase of Woodward & Lothrop, the Washington, D. C. department store. In 1994, Woodies, as it was known, filed for bankruptcy; the assets of Woodies were purchased by the May Company Department Stores and JCPenney. In 1995, Wanamakers transitioned to one of the May Company brands. In 2006, Macy's Center City became the occupant of the former Philadelphia Wanamaker's Department Store, now a National Historic Landmark. John Wanamaker was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, in 1838.
Due to a persistent cough, he was unable to join the U. S. Army to fight in the American Civil War, so instead started a career in business. In 1861, he and his brother-in-law Nathan Brown founded a men's clothing store in Philadelphia called Oak Hall. Wanamaker carried on the business alone after Brown's death in 1868. Eight years Wanamaker purchased the abandoned Pennsylvania Railroad station for use as a new, larger retail location; the concept was to renovate the terminal into a "Grand Depot" similar to London's Royal Exchange or Paris's Les Halles—two central markets, forerunners of the modern department store, that were well known in Europe at that time. The Wanamaker's Grand Depot opened in time to service the public visiting Philadelphia for the American Centennial Exposition of 1876, in fact resembled one of the many pavilions at that world's fair because of its fanciful new Moorish facade. In 1877 the interior of Wanamaker's was refurbished and expanded to include not only men's clothing, but women's clothing and dry goods as well.
This was Philadelphia's first modern-day department store, one of the earliest founded in America. A circular counter was placed at the center of the building, concentric circles radiated around it with 129 counters of goods; the store accepted mail orders, though it was not a large business until the early twentieth century. Wanamaker first thought of how he would run a store on new principles when, as a youth, a merchant refused his request to exchange a purchase. A practicing Christian, he chose not to advertise on Sundays. Before he opened his Grand Depot for retail business, he let evangelist Dwight L. Moody use its facilities as a meeting place, while Wanamaker provided 300 ushers from his store personnel, his retail advertisements—the first to be copyrighted beginning in 1874—were factual, promises made in them were kept. Wanamaker guaranteed the quality of his merchandise in print, allowed his customers to return purchases for a cash refund and offered the first restaurant to be located inside a department store.
Wanamaker invented the price tag. His employees were to be treated respectfully by management, John Wanamaker & Company offered its employees access to the John Wanamaker Commercial Institute, as well as free medical care, recreational facilities, profit sharing plans, pensions—long before these types of benefits were considered standard in corporate employment. Innovation and "firsts" marked Wanamaker's; the store was the first department store with electrical illumination, first store with a telephone, the first store to install pneumatic tubes to transport cash and documents. Wanamaker's commissioned a Philadelphia/New Jersey artist, George Washington Nicholson, to paint a large landscape mural, "The Old Homestead", finished in March 1892; the 7-by-14-foot mural was still owned by Wanamaker's in 1950, but has since passed into a private collection. In 1910, Wanamaker replaced his Grand Depot in stages, constructed a new, purpose-built structure on the same site in Center City Philadelphia.
The new store, built in the Florentine style with granite walls by Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham, had 12 floors, numerous galleries and two lower levels totaling nearly two million square feet; the palatial emporium featured the Wanamaker Organ, the former St. Louis World's Fair pipe organ, at the time one of the world's largest organs; the organ was installed in the store's marble-clad central atrium known as the Grand Court. Another item from the St. Louis Fair in the Grand Court is the large bronze eagle, which became the symbol of the store and a favorite meeting place for shoppers. All one had to say was "Meet You at The Eagle" and everyone knew where to go; the store was dedicated by President William Howard Taft on December 13, 1911. Despite its size, the organ was deemed insufficient to fill the Grand Court with its music. Wanamaker's responded by assembling its own staff of organ builders and expanding the organ several times over a period of years; the "Wanamaker Organ" is the largest operational pipe organ in the world, with some 28,000 pipes.
It is famed for the orchestra-like beauty of its tone as well as its incredible power. The organ still stands in place in the store today and free recitals are held twice every day except Sunday. Visitors are invited to tour the organ's console area and meet with staff after recitals. Once a year in June, "Wanamaker Organ Day" is held, a free recital which lasts most of the day. News of the Titanic's sinking was transmitted to Wanamaker's wireless station in New York City, given to anxious crowds waiting outside—yet
James Martin Barnes was a leading figure in the early years of professional golf in the United States. He is one of three native Britons to win three different major professional championships. Barnes was born on April 1886 in Lelant, Cornwall. Barnes was like many golfers of his era, worked as a caddie and a club-maker's apprentice while growing up, he turned professional in 1906, but never became an American citizen. He arrived in San Francisco, worked in Vancouver, British Columbia, Spokane and Tacoma, at The Broadmoor in Colorado Springs. From 1923–26, he was resident professional at the Temple Terrace Golf and Country Club in Temple Terrace, which hosted the 1925 Florida Open as well as the 1926 Florida Open with over one hundred contestants and a $5,000 cash prize. In 1925–26 his good friend and fellow golfer Fred McLeod wintered with him and they worked with James Kelly Thomson from North Berwick. Barnes was known as "Long Jim" for his height of 6 ft 4 in, he moved west to the Oakland, area where he resided for many years.
Barnes authored several books on golf technique, died at age 80 in East Orange, New Jersey. He won with four of them the modern professional majors. Many golfers and media covering the sport at the time, according to golf journalist Dan Jenkins, the Western Open and North and South Open titles he won at the time were declared majors. PGA Championship: 1916, 1919 U. S. Open: 1921 The Open Championship: 1925 Western Open: 1914, 1917, 1919 North and South Open: 1916, 1919Barnes' two PGA titles were the first in the event, his winning margin in the 1921 U. S. Open was nine strokes, a record, not broken until Tiger Woods won by 15 strokes in 2000. Barnes was one of the most prolific tournament winners of the first few seasons of the PGA Tour, founded in 1916, he won 21 times on the tour in total. He led the tournament winners list in four seasons: 1916 with three, 1917 with two, 1919 with five and 1921 with four. In 1940, Barnes was honored as one of the 12 golfers to be inducted in the PGA's inaugural Hall of Fame.
He was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1989. 1916 North and South Open, Connecticut Open, PGA Championship 1917 Western Open, Philadelphia Open Championship 1919 North and South Open, Shawnee Open, Western Open, PGA Championship, Southern Open 1920 Shawnee Open 1921 Deland Open, Florida Open, U. S. Open, Main Line Open 1922 California Open Championship 1923 Corpus Christi Open 1925 The Open Championship 1926 Mid-Winter Tournament 1930 Cape Cod Open 1937 Long Island OpenMajor championships are shown in bold; this includes the Western Open and North and South Open, two tournaments declared majors prior to the development of The Masters Tournament in 1935. Note: This list may be incomplete 1909 Northwest Open 1911 Northwest Open 1912 Northwest Open 1913 Northwest Open 1914 Western Open 1921 California State Open 1939 New Jersey State Open Note: The PGA Championship was match play until 1958 Note: Barnes never played in the Masters Tournament. NYF = Tournament not yet founded NT = No tournament CUT = missed the half-way cut DNQ = Did not qualify for match play portion R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play "T" indicates a tie for a place Most consecutive cuts made – 27 Longest streak of top-10s – 8 List of golfers with most PGA Tour wins List of men's major championships winning golfers World Golf Hall of Fame profile PGA Museum of Golf: Hall of Fame – member profiles Temple Terrace Golf and Country Club
Horton Smith was an American professional golfer, best known as the winner of the first and third Masters Tournaments. Born in Springfield, Smith turned professional in 1926 and won his first tournament, the Oklahoma City Open in 1928. In 1929 he won eight titles; this was an era of reorganization for professional golf. The PGA Tour was founded in 1934, Smith was one of the leading players of the early years of the tour, topping the money list in 1936, he accumulated 32 PGA Tour titles in total, the last of them in 1941, his two major championships came at the Masters, at the inaugural tournament in 1934 and again in 1936. Smith was a member of five Ryder Cup teams: 1929, 1931, 1933, 1935, 1937, his career Ryder Cup record was 3–0–1, his only blemish a halved singles match against Bill Cox in 1935 at Ridgewood Country Club in New Jersey. Smith was the only golfer to defeat Bobby Jones during the latter's Grand Slam year of 1930, at the stroke play Savannah Open in February, he played in every Masters through 1963, the year of his death.
Smith served in the U. S. Army Air Forces during World War II, served in the special services division coordinating athletics, was discharged as a captain. After the war, he became the club pro at Detroit Golf Club in Michigan in 1946, where he remained until his death, he was president of the PGA of America from 1952 to 1954, continued the exclusion of black professionals in PGA events. The "Caucasian only" clause in the PGA of America's constitution was not amended until November 1961; when he resigned as head professional of Oak Park Country Club in 1936, his elder brother Renshaw replaced him at the club in River Grove, Illinois. Smith died in 1963 at age 55 of Hodgkin's disease in Detroit, he had lost a lung to cancer six years earlier, is buried in his hometown of Springfield, Missouri. He was the first of the former Masters champions to pass away, followed by Craig Wood in 1968 and Jimmy Demaret in 1983. Smith was inducted into the Michigan Golf Hall of Fame in 1984. Smith was inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame in 1990.
In 1960, awarded the Ben Hogan Award by the golf writers for overcoming a physical handicap and continued active participation in golf. In 1962, he was voted the Bob Jones Award, the highest honor given by the United States Golf Association in recognition of distinguished sportsmanship in golf; the PGA of America annually grants the Horton Smith Award to a PGA professional who has made "outstanding and continuing contributions to PGA education." A municipal golf course in his hometown of Springfield, Missouri, is named for him. A golf tournament at the Detroit Golf Club is named for him, he is attributed with being the first professional golfer to study putting as a means to beat his opponents. In September 2013, Horton's green jacket, awarded in 1949 for his Masters wins in 1934 and 1936, sold at auction for over $682,000, it had been in the possession of his brother Ren's stepsons for decades. 1928 Oklahoma City Open, Catalina Island Open 1929 Berkeley Open Championship, Pensacola Open Invitational, Florida Open, La Gorce Open, Fort Myers Open and South Open, Oregon Open, Pasadena Open 1930 Central Florida Open, Savannah Open, Berkeley Open, Bay District Open 1931 St. Paul Open 1932 National Capital City Open 1933 Miami International Four-Ball 1934 Masters Tournament, Grand Slam Open, California Open 1935 Palm Springs Invitational, Miami Biltmore Open, Pasadena Open 1936 Masters Tournament, Victoria Open 1937 North and South Open, Inverness Invitational Four-Ball, Oklahoma Four-Ball 1941 Florida West Coast Open, St. Paul Open Major championships are shown in bold.
Source: this list is incomplete 1929 French PGA Championship 1940 Massachusetts Open 1948 Michigan PGA Championship 1954 Michigan Open NYF = tournament not yet founded NT = no tournament WD = withdrew CUT = missed the half-way cut R64, R32, R16, QF, SF = Round in which player lost in PGA Championship match play "T" indicates a tie for a place Most consecutive cuts made – 43 Longest streak of top-10s – 3 List of golfers with most PGA Tour wins Most PGA Tour wins in a year World Golf Hall of Fame profile PGA of America Hall of Fame About.com: Horton Smith Horton Smith at Find a Grave
Morey Stanley Mosk was an Associate Justice of the California Supreme Court for 37 years, holds the record for the longest-serving justice on that court. Before sitting on the Supreme Court, he served as Attorney General of California and as a trial court judge, among other governmental positions. Mosk was the last Justice of the California Supreme Court to have served in non-judicial elected office before his appointment to the bench; the Los Angeles County Courthouse is named after him. Mosk was born in Texas, his parents moved when he was three years old, he grew up in Rockford, Illinois. His parents and Minna, were Reform Jews who did not believe in strict religious observances. Since Rockford sits next to the Wisconsin border, Mosk's parents followed Wisconsin politics and were strong supporters of Progressive Wisconsin Senator Robert M. La Follette Sr. Mosk graduated from the University of Chicago in 1933 with a bachelor's degree in philosophy. Mosk's life was affected by the Great Depression.
Because his father's business in Rockford was floundering, his parents and brother relocated to Los Angeles, Mosk followed them after graduating from college, as they could not afford to support him in further studies in Chicago. At the time, it was possible to use the last year of a bachelor's degree as the first year of a three-year law degree program, so while living with his parents, Mosk was able to obtain a law degree in two years, he earned a LL. B was admitted to the bar that same year. Thanks to the Depression, no major Los Angeles firms were hiring. Mosk opened his solo practice, shared an office with four other solos, each maintaining separate practices. During those difficult years, Mosk was a general practitioner. While practicing law, Mosk assisted the Democratic politician Culbert Olson with campaigning, in 1939 was given the job of executive secretary to Olson, the first Democrat elected Governor of California in the 20th-century. During Olson's last days in office, after his defeat for re-election by Republican Earl Warren, he appointed Mosk a Los Angeles County Superior Court judge at the age of 31, the youngest in the state.
Mosk prevailed. In March 1945, Mosk left the Superior Court to volunteer for service in the U. S. Army during World War II as a private, but spent most of the war in a transportation unit in New Orleans and never went abroad. After honorable discharge in September 1945, he returned to California and resumed his judicial career. On October 18, 1945, actress Ava Gardner married bandleader Artie Shaw at Mosk's house. In 1947, as a Superior Court judge, he declared the enforcement of racial restrictive covenants unconstitutional before the Supreme Court of the United States did so in Shelley v. Kraemer, he presided over many reported cases. In 1958, he was elected Attorney General of California by the largest margin of any contested election in the country that year, was the first person of Jewish descent to serve as a statewide executive branch officer in California. In 1962, he was re-elected by a large margin, he served as the California National Committeeman to the Democratic National Committee and was an early supporter of John F. Kennedy for President.
He remained close to the Kennedy family. As attorney general for nearly six years, he issued two thousand written opinions, handled a series of landmark cases, on January 8, 1962, appeared before the U. S. Supreme Court in Arizona v. California. Mosk established the Attorney General's Civil Rights Division and fought to force the Professional Golfers' Association of America to amend its bylaws denying access to minority golfers, he established Consumer Rights, Constitutional Rights, Antitrust divisions. As California's chief law enforcement officer, he sponsored legislation creating the California Commission on Peace Officers' Standards and Training. Mosk commissioned a study of the resurgence of right-wing extremism in California, which famously characterized the secretive John Birch Society as a "cadre" of "wealthy businessmen, retired military officers and little old ladies in tennis shoes." While an early favorite to be elected to the United States Senate after the death of incumbent Clair Engle, Mosk was appointed to the California Supreme Court in September 1964 by Governor Edmund G. "Pat" Brown to succeed the elevated Roger J. Traynor.
Mosk was retained by the electorate in 1964, to three full twelve-year terms from 1974. Although Mosk was a self-described liberal, he displayed an independent streak that sometimes surprised his admirers and critics alike. For example, in Bakke v. Regents of the University of California, Mosk ruled that the minority admissions program at the University of California, Davis violated the equal protection clause of the U. S. Constitution; this decision was affirmed by the U. S. Supreme Court in Regents of the University of California v. Bakke, 438 U. S. 265, unlike Mosk's opinion, held that race could be factored in admissions to promote ethnic diversity. The U. S. Supreme Court agreed with Mosk in rejecting racial quotas, he voted to uphold the constitutionality of a parental consent for abortion law—a law struck down by a majority of the court. Although opposed to the death penalty, Mosk voted to uphold death penalty convictions on a number of occasions, he believed he was obligated to enforce laws properly enacted by the people of the state of California though he did not approve of such la
Frisco is a city in Collin and Denton counties in Texas. It is part of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, is 25 miles from both Dallas Love Field and Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport; the city population was 116,989 at the 2010 census. As of April 1, 2019, the city had an estimated population of 186,087. Frisco was the fastest-growing city in the United States in 2017, the fastest-growing city in the nation from 2000 to 2009. In the late 1990s, the northern Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex suburban development tide hit the northern border of Plano and spilled into Frisco, sparking explosive growth into the 2000s. Like many of the cities in the northern suburbs of Dallas, Frisco serves as a bedroom community for many professionals who work in the Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex. Since 2003, Frisco has received the designation "Tree City USA" by the National Arbor Day Foundation; when the Dallas area was being settled by American pioneers, many of the settlers traveled by wagon trains along the Shawnee Trail.
This trail became the Preston Trail, Preston Road. With all of this activity, the community of Lebanon was founded along this trail, was granted a U. S. post office in 1860. In 1902, a line of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway was being built through the area, periodic watering stops were needed along the route for the steam locomotives; the current settlement of Lebanon was on the Preston Ridge and was therefore too high in elevation, so the watering stop was placed about four miles to the west on lower ground. A community grew around this train stop; some residents of Lebanon moved their houses to the new community on logs. The new town was named Emerson, but the U. S. Postal Service rejected the name as being too similar to another town in Texas. In 1904, the town's residents chose "Frisco City" in honor of the St. Louis–San Francisco Railway; this name was shortened to Frisco. In 1978, the first season of the hit show Dallas was filmed at Frisco's Cloyce Box Ranch, where the house on site was used as the Ewing family home.
This house burned down during renovations in 1987, the steel skeleton of the house still stands on today's Brinkmann Ranch, now the largest family owned estate in Frisco. The distinctive Frisco coat of arms is based on the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway's logo. Frisco is in western Collin County and eastern Denton County at 33°08′29″N 96°48′47″W. Frisco is part of the humid subtropical region, it gets 39 inches of rain per year. On average, there are 230 sunny days per year in the city; the July high is around 96 degrees. The January low is 33 degrees; the comfort index, based on humidity during the hot months, is a 25 out of 100, where higher is more comfortable. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 62.4 square miles, of which 61.8 square miles is land and 0.58 square miles, or 0.92%, is water. Dallas North Tollway Sam Rayburn Tollway SH 289 US 380 FM 423 As of the 2010 census, there were 116,989 people living in Frisco, up from the previous census in 2000, with 33,714 people.
The racial makeup was 75.0% White, 8.1% Black or African American, 0.5% American Indian or Alaska Native, 10.0% Asian, 3.3% from other races, 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.1% of the population. In 2000, there were 12,065 households, 9,652 families residing in the city; the population density was 482.4 people per square mile. There were 13,683 housing units at an average density of 195.8 per square mile. By 2010, there were 42,306 housing units, 39,901 households, 31,226 families. 62 % were on 38 % in Denton County. 67% of households were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.7% were non-families. 17.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.93 and the average family size was 3.35. 51.7% of households had children under the age of 18 living with them. The age distribution is 33.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 13.9% from 25 to 34, 22.5% from 35 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, 5.4% who were 65 years of age or older.
The median age was 33.9 years. According to a 2010 American Community Survey estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $100,868, the median income for a family was $109,086; the per capita income for the city was $38,048. About 2.2% of families and 5.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.5% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. The median price for a new home in Frisco is $500,000, with many homes costing millions. Frisco has become one of the most sought after upscale suburbs in North Texas; as of 2014, Texas is the 2nd fastest growing city in U. S. at 6.5% annually. In May 2017, the US Census Bureau reported that Frisco City, Texas was the second fastest-growing city in the United States, it had a 6.2% growth rate between 2015 and 2016. April 1, 2010: 116,989 July 1, 2013: 136,791 June 1, 2014: 140,220 May 1, 2015: 147,580 July 1, 2016: 157,090 January 1, 2017: 159,920 February 1, 2017: 161,170 August 1, 2017: 168,140 February 1, 2018: 173,489 March 1, 2018: 173,884 December 1, 2018: 182,598 April 1, 2019: 186,087 2020: 185,610 2030: 302,339 Like many Dallas suburbs, Frisco is accumulating many retail properties, including Stonebriar Centre, a 165-store regional mall, IKEA, a furniture store with an ar
In the sport of golf, the distinction between amateurs and professionals is rigorously maintained. An amateur who breaches the rules of amateur status may lose their amateur status. A golfer who has lost their amateur status may not play in amateur competitions until amateur status has been reinstated, it is difficult for a professional to regain their amateur status. A player must apply to the governing body of the sport to have amateur status reinstated; the distinction between amateur and professional golfers had much to do with social class. In 18th and 19th century Britain, golf was played for pleasure; the early professionals were working class men who made a living from the game in a variety of ways: caddying, greenkeeping and playing challenge matches. When golf arrived in America at the end of the 19th century, it was an elite sport there, too. Early American golf clubs imported their professionals from Britain, it was not possible to make a living from playing tournament golf until some way into the 20th century.
In the developed world, the class distinction is now entirely irrelevant. Golf is affordable at public courses to a large portion of the population, most golf professionals are from middle-class backgrounds, which are the same sort of backgrounds as the members of the clubs where they work or the people they teach the game, educated to university level. Leading tournament golfers are wealthy. S. usage of the term. However, in some developing countries, there is still a class distinction. Golf is restricted to a much smaller and more elite section of society than is the case in countries like the United States and the United Kingdom. Professional golfers from these countries are quite from poor backgrounds and start their careers as caddies, for example, Ángel Cabrera of Argentina, Zhang Lian-wei, the first significant tournament professional from the People's Republic of China. In various countries, Professional Golfers' Associations serve either or both of these categories of professionals. There are separate LPGAs for women.
Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the R&A, the maximum an amateur can win is £500. Under the rules of golf and amateur status of the USGA the maximum an amateur can win is $750. If an amateur accepts a prize of greater than this they forfeit their amateur status, are therefore by definition a professional golfer. Professional golfers are divided into two main groups, with a limited amount of overlap between them: The great majority of professional golfers make their living from teaching the game, running golf clubs and courses, dealing in golf equipment. In golf pro refers to individuals involved in the service of other golfers; the senior professional golfer at a golf club is referred to as the club professional, but at a large golf club or resort with several courses his job title is to be director of golf. If they have assistants who are registered professional golfers, they are known as assistant professionals. A golfer who concentrates wholly or nearly so on giving golf lessons is a teaching professional, golf instructor or golf coach.
Most of these people will enter a few tournaments against their peers each year, they may qualify to play in important tournaments with the other group of professional golfers mentioned below. Many club and teaching professionals working in the golf industry start as caddies, or a general interest in the game, finding employment at golf courses and moving on to certifications in their chosen profession; these programs include independent institutions and universities, those that lead to a Class A golf professional certification. Note that the USGA defines "instruction" as teaching the physical aspects of golf. Instruction in the psychological aspects of the game is explicitly excluded from this definition. A much smaller but higher profile group of professional golfers earn a living from playing in golf tournaments, or aspire to do so, their income comes from prize money, sometimes endorsements. These individuals are referred to as tour professionals, or pro golfers. In the United States, the PGA of America has 31 distinct member classifications for professionals.
Many of the classifications have corresponding apprenticeship positions. Lists of golfers - lists of professional golfers PGA Tour PGA of America
Lewis Rodman Wanamaker was a department store magnate. He owned stores in Philadelphia, New York City, Paris, France, he was a patron of the arts, of education, of golf and athletics, of Native American scholarship, was an investor in early aviation. He served as a Presidential Elector for Pennsylvania in 1916, he was born on February 1863 in Philadelphia to John Wanamaker and Mary Erringer Brown. He entered Princeton University in 1881, graduating in 1886. In college, he sang in the choir, was a member and business manager of the Princeton Glee Club, he was a member of the first eating club at Princeton University. He was a member of the 1885 Tiger football team that won the national championship when a dramatic last-minute punt return bested the Yale Bulldogs. In 1886, he joined his father's business, married Fernanda Henry of Philadelphia, he went to Paris as resident manager in 1889, lived abroad for more than ten years. When his father purchased the former Alexander Turney Stewart business in New York in 1896, he helped revolutionize the department store with top quality items and is credited in particular with fueling an American demand for French luxury goods.
In 1911 he bought the Philadelphia Evening Telegraph. Wanamaker was content to live in his father's shadow and did not seek the limelight except for some official ceremonial positions he held in the City of New York toward the end of his life. Before John Wanamaker died in 1922 he turned all his holdings of the two stores over to Rodman. John Wanamaker had been the sole owner of the business, with his death in 1922, complete control and management passed from father to son. No other retail merchandising business on so large a scale in the world was in the hands of a single man. Rodman Wanamaker suffered from kidney disease in the last decade of his life and the toxins from this condition took their toll on his health. Rodman Wanamaker had a son, Captain John Wanamaker, two daughters; the son had a number of personal problems that made his choice as successor to the father problematic. After his death control of the stores passed to a board of trustees charged with serving the interests of the surviving Rodman Wanamaker family.
He died on Atlantic City, New Jersey. He was interred in the Wanamaker family tomb in the churchyard of the Church of St. James the Less in Philadelphia; the Wanamaker Organ in Wanamaker's department store at 13th and Market Streets in Philadelphia, was enlarged by Rodman Wanamaker in 1924. It is presently the world's largest functioning pipe organ. Wanamaker sponsored elaborate recitals in the Grand Court of the Philadelphia store featuring Leopold Stokowski and the Philadelphia Orchestra; as many as 15,000 people attended these admission-free events, at which all display counters and fixtures were removed by an army of workers so that seating could be put in place. Under Wanamaker's guidance famous organists were brought to play the Wanamaker Organs in Philadelphia and New York, including Marcel Dupré, Louis Vierne, Marco Enrico Bossi and Nadia Boulanger. Wanamaker sponsored a Concert Bureau to book European organists on trans-American concert tours. In 1926 Wanamaker commissioned a 17-ton bell from founders Johnston.
It was placed atop the Wanamaker Men's Store at Broad Street and Penn Square in the Lincoln-Liberty Building. Named the "Founder's Bell" in honor of Rodman's father John, founder of the store, it was the largest tuned bell in the world when it was cast. Toward the end of his life, Wanamaker gathered a huge collection of stringed instruments, known as The Cappella, that featured violas and violins from such masters as Guarnerius and Stradivarius, they were heard at the Wanamaker Phladelphia store and at the White House on December 15, 1927. The orchestra concerts ended with Wanamaker's death in 1928, the stringed instruments were sold at that time. Rodman Wanamaker was a pioneer in sponsoring record-breaking aviation projects and in particular and an important early backer of transatlantic flight development. In 1913 he commissioned Glen Curtiss and his aircraft company to further develop his experimental flying boat designs into a scaled-up version capable of trans-Atlantic crossing in response to the 1913 challenge prize offered by the London newspaper The Daily Mail.
The resulting America flying boat designed under John Cyril Porte's supervision did not cross the Atlantic because of the outbreak of World War I, but was sufficiently promising that the Royal Navy purchased the two prototypes and ordered an additional fifty aircraft of the model for anti-submarine patrolling and air-sea rescue tasks, roles flying boats of today still perform. Concurrently, the design with some improvements from both British and Americans matured during the war spurring the explosive post-war growth of the flying boat era of International Commercial Aviation, giving Wanamaker at least some claim to being a founding father of an new industry, the modern world with its characteristically shortened international travel times. Through the American Trans-Oceanic Company he funded efforts to increase aircraft range throughout the next decade so that Wanamaker's entry, the Fokker trimotor America, belatedly flown by Commander Richard E. Byrd transited across the Atlantic only a few days after Lindbergh's historic solo crossing on May 21–22, 1927 that won the cash prize in the contest.
In both cases and arguably the world benefited from the sponsorship of Wanamaker. Rodman Wanamaker was a patron of many i