Howard Henry Lederer is an American professional poker player. He holds two World Poker Tour titles. Lederer has contributed to several books on poker strategy and has provided commentary for poker programming, he is known by poker fans and players as "The Professor" and is the older brother of professional poker player Annie Duke. Lederer is a founder and board member of Tiltware, the company that launched Full Tilt Poker in 2004. In 2011, the Full Tilt Poker website was shut down by the United States Department of Justice on charges of bank fraud and illegal gambling. In December 2012, Lederer settled a civil lawsuit with the Department of Justice relating to Full Tilt Poker. Lederer was born in 1964 in Concord, New Hampshire and was introduced to card games at a young age by his family; as a child, Lederer's father taught him to play chess. As a teenager, Lederer developed an interest in playing the game competitively. Lederer's sister, Annie Duke, is a professional poker player, his father, Richard Lederer, is linguist and a former educator at St. Paul's School.
His other sister, Katy Lederer, is an author. Though overweight, Lederer was able to lose weight as a result of gastric bypass surgery. In an interview in 2006, Lederer stated. Lederer moved to Las Vegas, Nevada, in 1993, where he lives with his wife and his son, Mattias. After graduating from high school, Lederer began playing chess in New York City before discovering and developing an interest in live poker games and becoming a member of the Mayfair Club. Though he attended Columbia University, Lederer decided to pursue a career in poker, it was during his time in New York City that Lederer began to mentor his sister, Annie Duke, playing poker in Billings, Montana at the time. Lederer was unsuccessful; the next year, he finished fifth in $10,000 no limit Hold'em. In 1993, Lederer moved to Las Vegas to focus on his poker career. Between 1993 and 1999, Lederer made eight final tables at WSOP events, before winning his first WSOP bracelet in 2000, in a $5,000 limit Omaha Hi/Lo tournament. Lederer won his second WSOP bracelet in 2001 in a $5,000 no limit Deuce to Seven tournament.
Some of Lederer's other notable live poker wins in the early 2000s include World Poker Tour titles in 2002 and 2003, in addition to two first-place finishes at WPT events in 2004. In 2008, Lederer won more than $1 million Australian dollars at the Aussie Millions High-Roller event. Two years he won $250,000 and placed second in the WSOP's Tournament of Champions; as of 2013, Lederer's total live tournament winnings exceeded $6,500,000. His 44 cashes at the WSOP account for $1,587,702 of those winnings. Lederer is known as "The Professor", a nickname given to him by poker player and commentator Jesse May. According to Lederer, the nickname came "out of nowhere". More this nickname has been attributed to Lederer's strategic approach to poker as well as his instructional style. In addition to live poker tournaments, Lederer has been involved in a number of other poker related activities; as of 2011, Lederer had appeared on NBC's Poker After Dark, a late-night poker program, fourteen times. He provided commentary for poker programming, including the Poker Superstars Invitational Tournament, Learn from the Pros, as well as other Fox Sports Network poker programs.
He has released instructional videos on poker, contributed to several books on poker strategy, including The Full Tilt Poker Strategy Guide, hosted several poker fantasy camps in the mid-2000s. Additionally, from June 2006 to May 2011, Lederer was a member of the Poker Players Alliance's board of directors. Lederer was a founding member and onetime president of Tiltware LLC, the company that handled marketing and software development for Full Tilt Poker. Tiltware LLC launched Full Tilt Poker in 2004. Lederer served on the company's board of directors along with co-founders Rafe Furst, Chris Ferguson, Ray Bitar. Full Tilt Poker hosted online poker games and was a former sponsor of poker programming on ESPN and Poker After Dark, both in the United States and abroad. Following a United States Department of Justice-led investigation, based on suspicion of money laundering and gambling violations, Full Tilt Poker's website was closed to players in the United States on April 15, 2011; the company's license was suspended on June 30, 2011 and Full Tilt Poker stopped accepting international play.
In September 2011, along with two other members of the Full Tilt Poker board of directors, was named in an amended civil complaint filed by the Department of Justice, in which Full Tilt Poker was accused of defrauding poker players. The company's owners were accused of receiving around $443 million in player funds between 2007 and 2011. According to the Department of Justice, Lederer received $42 million in payments from Full Tilt Poker during that time period. In a statement issued by the Department of Justice, Full Tilt Poker was referred to as a Ponzi scheme, for paying out funds to Full Tilt Poker owners despite having insufficient funds to cover money owed to players. Full Tilt Poker denied the allegation. In 2012, a three-way settlement was reached between Full Tilt Poker, PokerStars and the Department of Justice. Full Tilt Poker agreed to forfeit their assets to the Department of Justice and, on the same day, PokerStars agreed to acquire those assets from the Department of Justice; as part of the agreement, PokerStars paid $547 million to the Department of Justice in addition to $184 million to poker players outside the United States who
McDonaldland was a fantasy world used in the marketing for McDonald's restaurants during the 1970s through the 1990s. McDonaldland was inhabited by other characters. In addition to being used in advertising, the characters were used as the basis for equipment in the "PlayPlaces" attached to some McDonald's; the McDonaldland commercials alongside the characters were dropped from McDonald's advertising in 2003, but Ronald McDonald is still seen in commercials and in Happy Meal toys. McDonaldland was created by Needham, Harper & Steers in 1970–71 at the request of McDonald's for its restaurants; the early commercials were featured a narrator. In 1976, Remco created a line of six-inch action figures to celebrate the characters. In 1973, Sid and Marty Krofft sued McDonald's by claiming that the entire McDonaldland premise plagiarized their television show; the Kroffts claimed that the character Mayor McCheese was a direct rip-off of their character "H. R. Pufnstuf". At trial, a jury found in favor of the Kroffts and McDonald's was ordered to pay $50,000.
The case was appealed by both parties to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The appeals court, in the 1977 decision of Sid & Marty Krofft Television Productions Inc. v. McDonald's Corp. reassessed damages in favor of the Kroffts to more than $1,000,000. As a result, McDonald's was ordered to stop producing many of the characters and to stop airing commercials featuring the characters. In the 1980s and 1990s, the McDonaldland commercials remained a popular marketing device; the characters that remained following the lawsuit were Ronald McDonald, Grimace and the French Fry Gobblins while Mayor McCheese, Officer Big Mac, Captain Crook and the Professor were used until 1985. Birdie the Early Bird would join the lineup soon after representing the restaurant's new breakfast line in the early 1980s; some of the characters' physical appearances were revised in commercials. From on the characters lived in reality and interacted with real-life people, but commercials still took place in "McDonaldland".
Soon after the Happy Meal Gang and the McNugget Buddies were prominent features in the commercials along with Ronald. Merchandise featuring the McDonaldland characters included a kid-friendly magazine titled "McDonaldland Fun Times", which published six issues a year. A direct-to-video animated film titled The Adventures of Ronald McDonald: McDonaldland Treasure Island was released in 1989, featuring much of the McDonaldland characters from the 1980s. Video games featuring the characters were released such as M. C. Kids and McDonald's Treasure Land Adventure. From 1998 until 2003, Rugrats creator Klasky Csupo and McDonald's released an animated direct-to-video series on VHS titled The Wacky Adventures of Ronald McDonald; the series depicted Ronald, Birdie, the Hamburglar and a few new characters like Ronald's pessimistic dog Sundae. These videos would begin in live-action in. Whenever the characters would enter down a tube or other means of travel, they would become animated. In all six episodes, Ronald goes on adventures with his friends and they learn new things along the way.
In the early 2000s, McDonald's experimented with the possibility of animating the characters to improve ratings. Various spots featuring the Hamburglar and other characters alongside celebrities were planned but were canceled. A conflict emerged between agencies regarding whether to continue using the characters or to follow through the desire of ad agency Leo Burnett by elevating the "I'm lovin' it" campaign and phasing out the characters, resulting in McDonald's choosing the latter option and retiring the McDonaldland characters. In recent years, the McDonaldland premise has been dropped out of advertising campaigns and Happy Meal toys. Despite this, the characters continued to appear in McDonald's PlayPlaces, decorative seats for children's birthday parties and bibs though only Ronald McDonald, Grimace and the Fry Kids appear in them, they appeared on some soft drink cups until 2008 and still appear as cookies in pouches titled "McDonaldland Cookies". Today, the characters appear on the windows of some McDonald's restaurants.
Modern commercials nowadays depict Ronald McDonald alone in real-world situations with real children whether he visits a local McDonald's restaurant or to visit sick children at a Ronald McDonald House. Grimace however had a non-speaking appearance in an advertisement for Monsters vs. Aliens Happy Meal toys while the Hamburglar appeared in an adult-oriented commercial advertising the Big Mac. Ronald McDonald – The primary cultural icon and official mascot of McDonald's, he is a big red smile who wears a yellow jumpsuit and red shoes. While his suit has gone through various changes over the years, it has remained the same. Hamburglar – A pint-sized burglar, introduced in 1971 as one of the first antagonists of the commercials where attempts to steal burgers from Ronald, he was reintroduced in 1985 as one of the main protagonists. From 1971 to 1992, Hamburglar was performed by Frank Delfino, Jerry Maren in some commercials and Tommy Vicini from 1992 to 2003 while the character was voiced by Larry Storch from 1971 to 1986, Howard Morris
Richard Griffin, better known by his stage name Professor Griff, is an American rapper, spoken word artist and martial artist residing in Atlanta, He is a member of the hip hop group Public Enemy serving as the group's Minister of Information and head of the group Security of the First World. He was born in Long Island, New York. Before becoming famous and after serving in the U. S. Army he started, he is most known for his S1W security team dressed in military uniforms who toured with Public Enemy, providing security and doing choreographed military step drills on stage. Today he does lectures on politics and the music industry, has an internet radio show on World Star Hit Radio and teaches classes in the Kybalion and The 7 Hermetic Principles for Self-Mastery. Before the release of It Takes a Nation of Millions to Hold Us Back, Professor Griff, in his role as Minister of Information, gave interviews to UK magazines on behalf of Public Enemy, during which he made homophobic and anti-Semitic remarks.
In a 1988 issue of Melody Maker he stated "There's no place for gays. When God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, it was for that sort of behaviour" and "If the Palestinians took up arms, went into Israel and killed all the Jews, it'd be alright" However, there was little controversy until May 22, 1989, when Griffin was interviewed by the Washington Times. At the time, Public Enemy enjoyed unprecedented mainstream attention with the single "Fight the Power" from the soundtrack of Spike Lee's Do the Right Thing. During the interview with David Mills, Griffin made numerous statements such as "Jews are responsible for the majority of the wickedness in the world"; when the interview was published, a media firestorm emerged, the band found itself under intense scrutiny. In a series of press conferences, Griffin quit, or never left. Def Jam co-founder Rick Rubin had left the label by then. Before the dust settled, Cohen claims to have arranged for a Holocaust Museum to give the band a private tour. In an attempt to defuse the situation, Ridenhour first expressed an apology on his behalf, fired Griffin soon thereafter.
Griffin rejoined the group, provoking more protests, causing Ridenhour to disband the group. When Public Enemy reformed, due to increasing attention from the press and pressure from Def Jam hierarchy, Griffin was no longer with the band. Griffin publicly expressed remorse for his statements after a meeting with the National Holocaust Awareness Student Organization in 1990. In his 2009 book, titled Analytixz, Griff once again admitted the faults in his alleged 1989 statement: "To say the Jews are responsible for the majority of wickedness that went on around the globe, I would have to know about the majority of wickedness that went on around the globe, impossible... I'm not the best knower—God is. Not only knowing that, I would have to know, at the crux of all of the problems in the world and blame Jewish people, not correct." Griff said that not only were his words taken out of context, but that the recording was never released to the public for an unbiased listen. In a YouTube interview on August 2, 2018 Professor Griff recalled one of his many long conversations with record executive Lyor Cohen he said he used to have respectful debates about history "I told him about the history of him and his people about the Ashkenazi, the Ashke-Nazis and when I laid it on him he couldn't handle it and I'm like alright, common knowledge today everybody talking about it, you understand what I'm saying people are making books about it.
Griffin embraces a radical form of Afrocentrism. "Muslim, Jew, Here's a little somethin' I thought you knew/There is only one God and God is one, the rich praises none." After his departure from Public Enemy, Griffin formed the Last Asiatic Disciples. Griffin's albums were of an Islamic and Afrocentric style, combined with spoken word lyrics, he was a member of the Nation of Islam, which his lyrics and record titles as a solo artist referenced. Another general theme in his lyrics is New World Order conspiracy. On August 27, 2017 Professor Griff married longtime friend, Sole'; the couple resumed their relationship after Sole' and Ginuwine divorced. Official website
The Seventh Doctor is an incarnation of the Doctor, the protagonist of the BBC science fiction television series Doctor Who. He is portrayed by Scottish actor Sylvester McCoy. Within the series' narrative, the Doctor is a centuries-old Time Lord alien from the planet Gallifrey who travels in time and space in his TARDIS with companions. At the end of life, the Doctor can regenerate his body. McCoy portrays the seventh such incarnation, a whimsical, thoughtful character who becomes more layered and manipulative, his first companion was Melanie Bush, a computer programmer who travelled with his previous incarnation, and, soon succeeded by troubled teenager and explosives expert Ace, who becomes his protégée. The Seventh Doctor first appeared on TV in 1987. After the programme was cancelled at the end of 1989, the Seventh Doctor's adventures continued in novels until the late 1990s; the Seventh Doctor made an appearance at the start of the 1996 movie before the character was replaced by the Eighth Doctor.
In his first season, the Seventh Doctor started out as a comical character, engaging in dundrearyisms, playing the spoons, making pratfalls, but started to develop a darker nature. The Seventh Doctor era is noted for the cancellation of Doctor, it is noted for the Virgin New Adventures, a range of original novels published from 1992 to 1997, taking the series beyond the television serials. The Seventh Doctor's final appearance on television was in the 1996 Doctor Who television movie, where he regenerated into the Eighth Doctor, played by Paul McGann. A sketch of him is seen in John Smith's A Journal of Impossible Things in the new series 2007 episode "Human Nature". Brief holographic clips of the Seventh Doctor appear in "The Next Doctor" and "The Eleventh Hour", as flashbacks in "The Name of the Doctor" and as a holographic representation in "Twice Upon a Time"; the Seventh Doctor appeared in the 50th anniversary special, "The Day of the Doctor" and can be seen standing beside all incarnations of the Doctor, at the time.
When the TARDIS was attacked by the Rani, the Sixth Doctor was forced to regenerate. After a brief period of post-regenerative confusion and amnesia, the Seventh Doctor thwarted the Rani's plans, rejoined his companion Mel for whimsical adventures in an odd tower block and a Welsh holiday camp in the 1950s. On the planet Svartos, Mel decided to leave the Doctor's company for that of intergalactic rogue Sabalom Glitz. At this time, the Doctor was joined by time-stranded teenager Ace. Although he did not mention it at the time, the Doctor soon recognised that an old enemy from a past adventure, the ancient entity known as Fenric, was responsible for the Time Storm which transported Ace from 1980s Perivale to Svartos in the distant future. Growing more secretive and driven from this point on, the Doctor took Ace under his wing and began teaching her about the universe, all the while keeping an eye out for Fenric's plot; the Doctor began taking a more scheming and proactive approach to defeating evil, using the Gallifreyan stellar manipulator named the Hand of Omega as part of an elaborate trap for the Daleks which resulted in the destruction of their home planet, Skaro.
Soon afterwards, the Doctor used a similar tactic and another Time Lord relic to destroy a Cyberman fleet. He engineered the fall of the oppressive government of a future human colony in a single night and encountered the Gods of Ragnarok at a circus on the planet Segonax, whom he had fought throughout time, he was reunited with his old friend, Brigadier Lethbridge-Stewart while battling the forces of an alternate dimension on Earth. The Seventh Doctor's manipulations were not reserved for his rivals. With the goal of helping Ace confront her past, he took her to a Victorian house in her home town of Perivale in 1883 which she had burned down in 1983; the Doctor confronted and defeated Fenric at a British naval base during World War II, revealing Fenric's part in Ace's history. The Doctor continued returning her to Perivale; the circumstances of her parting from the Doctor were not shown on television. Near the end of his incarnation, the Seventh Doctor was given the responsibility of transporting the remains of his former enemy the Master from Skaro to Gallifrey.
This proved to be a huge mistake. He was taken to a hospital, where surgeons removed the bullets but mistook the Doctor's double heartbeat for fibrillation, he is thus the only Doctor to have died at the hand of one of his own companions. Due to the anaesthesia, the Doctor did not regenerate after death, unlike all previous occasions. In Time and the Rani, the Seventh Doctor gives his age soon after his regeneration as "exactly" 953 years, indicating that some two centuries of subjective time has passed since his fourth incarnation was revealed to be 756 in The Ribos Operation, half a century since Revelation of the Daleks in which the Sixth Doctor stated he was 900 years old; the revival of the ser
Jacob "Jake" Anderson, better known by his stage name Prof, is an American rapper and songwriter based in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He released his first full-length album, Project Gampo, in 2007 and has since released three additional albums and three EPs. In 2012, City Pages named Prof on their list of Minnesota's 20 best rappers. A co-owner of Stophouse Music Group, Prof signed to Rhymesayers Entertainment in late 2013. Jacob "Jake" Anderson was born in Minneapolis and grew up in the city's Powderhorn neighborhood, his mother, had a rocky relationship with his father whom she would divorce and move away from, taking Anderson's three older sisters with her. In his teenage years, he developed a "comedic, dirty-mouthed rap persona" he named Gampo after a childhood friend. Anderson graduated from Minneapolis South High School in 2002. In 2010, Prof was part of Rhymesayers' Welcome to Minnesota tour. During the mid-2000s, Prof performed at the Dinkytowner bar, giving "drunk show" with partner and hype man Rahzwell – which meant beginning their set only after Rahzwell had vomited from every shot and beer that the duo received from the members of the audience.
It was at one such show that Prof would meet Mike Campbell. Prof and Campbell, along with Dillon Parker became co-owners of the Stophouse Music Group, a record label that owns and manages their eponymous Stophouse Studios in northeast Minneapolis; the staff of City Pages named Prof as Minnesota's 19th-best rapper in 2012, citing his musical dexterity, "his impressive singing voice", his ability to engage and make audiences laugh. Conversely and critic Dwight Hobbes of the Twin Cities Daily Planet asserted that Prof's 2011 album, King Gampo, was "asinine, narcissistic self-indulgence run riot, without a shred of redeeming artistry" and "rap at its worst". Prof has been noted as one of the few Minneapolis rap acts who are capable of selling out the city's famed First Avenue Mainroom, the only to do so in recent years without the backing of Minnesota Public Radio station 89.3 The Current. In May 2013, when Busta Rhymes failed to show up at the Soundset Music Festival in Shakopee, Prof substituted for him with only an hour's notice.
On December 3, 2013, Prof signed to Rhymesayers Entertainment. The announcement video featured the label's co-founder and coincided with the release of a single called "The Reply"; the Star Tribune reported on the occasion that Prof would release another album in 2014. In a May 2015, Prof announced his debut record on Rhymesayers, entitled Liability. In the same interview, he revealed he had signed with William Morris Endeavor for his future touring ventures. Prof released. Liability was released October 16, 2015, peaked at 141 on the Billboard 200 chart November 7, 2015. On February 20, 2018 Prof announced he would be releasing a new album, titled Pookie Baby, on April 13, 2018. All albums up to 2013 were released by Stophouse Music Group. Liability and Pookie Baby were released by Rhymesayers Entertainment. Project Gampo Recession Music with St. Paul Slim King Gampo Liability Pookie Baby Kaiser Von Powderhorn Kaiser Von Powderhorn 2 Kaiser Von Powderhorn 3 Prof at Rhymesayers Entertainment Prof at Stophouse Music Group
Raffaele Cutolo is an Italian crime boss and the charismatic leader of the Nuova Camorra Organizzata, an organisation he built to renew the Camorra. Cutolo has a variety of nicknames including "'o Vangelo", "'o Principe", "'o Professore" and "'o Monaco". Apart from 18 months on the run, Cutolo has lived inside maximum-security jails or psychiatric prisons since 1963, he is serving multiple life sentences for murder. Cutolo was born in Ottaviano, a municipality in the hinterland of Naples, in a family without ties in the Camorra, his fatherless youth was spent in a close-knit Catholic environment. His father was an agricultural labourer who for years tilled a field as a sharecropper as a means to support his family. While still a child, the landowner told Cutolo's father that the following year the field would be used for a different purpose and that his services were no longer required. In desperation, his father turned to the local Camorra boss; the boss promised to settle everything. A short time the landowner changed his mind and the contract was renewed.
A bad student and inattentive, at 12 Cutolo was roaming the streets with a gang of teenagers, committing petty burglaries and harassing shopkeepers. As soon as he could drive he bought a car, both for prestige and because it allowed him greater mobility in his raids. At the age of 21, on February 24, 1963, he committed his first homicide, he killed a man. In the ensuing fight, Cutolo shot him to death, he was sentenced to life imprisonment, reduced to 24 years after appeal. He was sent to Poggioreale prison in Naples. Entering the prison world on a murder conviction made Cutolo a “tough guy”. In prison Cutolo learned the rules of the criminal world: he became a man of honour, paid respect to more powerful inmates, started gathering personal prestige because of his striking personality, he never lost sight of his ambition and his desire to become one of the biggest bosses of the Neapolitan underworld. Cutolo had established himself as a ringleader, when Antonio Spavone, known as "'o Malommo", was transferred to Poggioreale prison.
He challenged Spavone to a knife fight in the courtyard. The challenged boss limited himself to a reply: "Today's young men want to die young by whatever means." Spavone was released from prison shortly after this event. From his prison cell, Cutolo ordered the murder of Spavone. A hitman Cutolo's friend, shot Spavone in the face from short range with a shotgun. Spavone survived the ambush, but the shotgun blast left considerable damage to his facial structure, which required plastic surgery. Spavone resigned from his visible role as a Camorra boss. Cutolo was soon able to gather under him a small group of prisoners, the nucleus of which would become the leadership of the NCO, they were Antonino Cuomo known as "'o Maranghiello", Pasquale Barra known as "'o Nimale", Giuseppe Puca known as "'o Giappone", Pasquale D'Amico known as "'o Cartunaro" and Vincenzo Casillo known as "'o Nirone". After being released, they would set up criminal activities on the outside which would be directly controlled by Cutolo from within the penitentiary system.
From within Naples' Poggioreale prison Cutolo built a new organisation: the Nuova Camorra Organizzata. He began by befriending young inmates unfamiliar with jail, giving them a sense of identity and worth, so much so that when they were released they would send Cutolo ‘flowers’, which enabled him to increase his network, he helped poorer prisoners by buying food for them from the jail store, or arranging for food to be sent in from outside. In such ways Cutolo created many ‘debts’ or ‘rain cheques’ which he would cash at the opportune moment; as his following grew, he began to exercise a monopoly of violence within a number of prisons, thus increasing his power. By the early seventies, Cutolo had become so powerful that he was able to decide which of his followers would be moved to which jails, use a prison governor's telephone to make calls anywhere in the world, even slap the prison governor on one occasion for daring to search his cell. Another key bond Cutolo created was regular payments to the families of NCO members sent to prison, thereby guaranteeing the allegiance of both prisoners and their families.
What is unusual about Cutolo is that he has a kind of ideology, another factor that appealed to rootless and badly educated youths. He founded the NCO in his home town Ottaviano on October 24, 1970, the day of Cutolo's patron saint, San Raffaele. In such a way Cutolo created the most powerful organization to exist in the Neapolitan hinterland. Using his personal appeal and magic charisma, he was able to achieve this single-handedly. Cutolo had strong ties with the Calabrian'Ndrangheta. According to some pentiti, Cutolo's career started with his affiliation with the'Ndrangheta, supported by important bosses such as Piromalli, Paolo De Stefano, Mammoliti. Cutolo based his organisation of the NCO on the model of the'Ndrangheta, its internal codes and rituals; the NCO strongholds were the towns to the east of Naples, such as Ottaviano, Cutolo appealed to a Campanian rather than Neapolitan sense of identity as a result of his poor peasant background. For instance, Cutolo is once reported as having said: "The day when the people of Campania understand that it is better to eat a slice of bread as a free man than to ea
Neil Ellwood Peart, is a Canadian author and retired musician, best known as the drummer and primary lyricist for the rock band Rush. Peart has received numerous awards for his musical performances, including an induction into the Modern Drummer Hall of Fame in 1983, making him the youngest person so honoured, his drumming has been known for its technical proficiency, his live performances for their exacting nature and stamina. Peart grew up in Ontario. During adolescence, he floated between regional bands in pursuit of a career as a full-time drummer. After a discouraging stint in England to concentrate on his music, Peart returned home, where he joined a local Toronto band, Rush, in the summer of 1974. Early in his career, Peart's performance style was rooted in hard rock, he drew most of his inspiration from drummers such as Keith Moon and John Bonham, players who were at the forefront of the British hard rock scene. As time passed, he began to emulate big band musicians Gene Krupa and Buddy Rich.
In 1994, Peart became a pupil of jazz instructor Freddie Gruber. It was during this time that Peart decided to revamp his playing style by incorporating jazz and swing components. Gruber was responsible for introducing him to the products of Drum Workshop, the company whose products Peart endorses. Peart had been Rush's primary lyricist, he has published several memoirs about his travels, his lyrics for Rush have addressed universal themes and diverse subjects including science fiction and philosophy, as well as secular and libertarian themes. He has written seven nonfiction books that are travel-based, though they delve into his life and these themes and subjects as well. Peart lives in Santa Monica, with his wife and daughter, Olivia, he has a home in the Laurentian Mountains of Quebec and spends time in Toronto for recording purposes. On December 7, 2015, Peart announced his retirement from music in an interview with Drumhead Magazine, though bandmate Geddy Lee insisted Peart was quoted out of context, suggested Peart was "simply taking a break".
However, in January 2018, bandmate Alex Lifeson confirmed that Rush was retiring due to Peart's health issues. Peart was born on September 12, 1952 to Glen and Betty Peart and lived his early years on his family's farm in Hagersville, on the outskirts of Hamilton; the first child of four, his brother Danny and sisters Judy and Nancy were born after the family moved to St. Catharines when Peart was two years old. At this time his father became parts manager for Dalziel Equipment, an International Harvester farm machinery dealer. In 1956 the family moved to the Port Dalhousie area of the town. Peart attended Gracefield School and Lakeport Secondary School, describes his childhood as happy and says he experienced a warm family life. By early adolescence he became interested in music and acquired a transistor radio, which he would use to tune into pop music stations broadcasting from Toronto, Welland and Buffalo, New York, his first exposure to musical training came in the form of piano lessons, which he said in his instructional video A Work in Progress did not have much impact on him.
He had a penchant for drumming on various objects around the house with a pair of chopsticks, so for his thirteenth birthday his parents bought him a pair of drum sticks, a practice drum and some lessons, with the promise that if he stuck with it for a year they would buy him a kit. His parents bought him a drum kit for his fourteenth birthday and he began taking lessons from Don George at the Peninsula Conservatory of Music, his stage debut took place that year at the school's Christmas pageant in St. Johns Anglican Church Hall in Port Dalhousie, his next appearance was at Lakeport High School with The Eternal Triangle. This performance contained an original number titled "LSD Forever". At this show he performed his first solo. Peart got a job in Lakeside Park, in Port Dalhousie on the shores of Lake Ontario, which inspired a song of the same name on the Rush album Caress of Steel, he worked on the Bubble Game and Ball Toss, but his tendency to take it easy when business was slack resulted in his termination.
By his late teens, Peart had played in local bands such as Mumblin' Sumpthin', the Majority, JR Flood. These bands practiced in basement recreation rooms and garages and played church halls, high schools and roller rinks in towns across Southern Ontario such as Mitchell and Elmira, they played in the northern Ontario city of Timmins. Tuesday nights were filled with jam sessions at the Niagara Theatre Centre. At eighteen years of age, after struggling to achieve success as a drummer in Canada, Peart travelled to London, hoping to further his career as a professional musician. Despite playing in several bands and picking up occasional session work, he was forced to support himself by selling jewelry at a shop called The Great Frog on Carnaby Street. While in London, he came across the writings of Objectivist Ayn Rand. Rand's writings became a significant early philosophical influence on Peart, as he found many of her writings on individualism and Objectivism inspiring. References to Rand's philosophy can be found in his early lyrics, most notably "Anthem" from 1975's Fly by Night and "2112" from 1976's 2112.
After eighteen months of dead-end musical gigs, disillusioned by his lack of progress in the music business, Peart placed his aspiration of becoming a professional musician on hold and returned to Canada. Upon returning to St. Catharines, he worked for his father selling tractor parts at Dalziel Equipment. After returning to Canad