The Program and System Information Protocol is the MPEG and defined program-specific information defined by General Instrument for the DigiCipher 2 system and extended for the ATSC digital television system for carrying metadata about each channel in the broadcast MPEG transport stream of a television station and for publishing information about television programs so that viewers can select what to watch by title and description. Its FM radio equivalent is Radio Data System. PSIP defines virtual channels and content ratings, as well as electronic program guides with titles and descriptions to be decoded and displayed by the ATSC tuner. PSIP can send: the exact time referenced to UTC and GPS time. A maximum of seven characters can be used in a short name. PSIP is defined in ATSC standard A/65, the most recent revision of, A/65:2013, published in 2013. A/69 is a recommended practice for implementing PSIP in a television station. PSIP supersedes the A/55 and A/56 protocol methods of delivering program guide information.
TV Guide On Screen is a different, proprietary system provided by datacasting on a single station, while PSIP is required, at least in the United States, to be sent by every digital television station. PSIP information may be passed through the airchain using proprietary protocols or through use of the Programming Metadata Communication Protocol metadata scheme. PMCP, defined in the Advanced Television Systems Committee's A/76B, provides ATSC broadcasters with a standardized means to exchange system information among systems that create and manage these data elements; these systems can be outside Program listing services, program management systems and broadcast automation systems, which all contribute a portion of the PSIP data to a PSIP Generator. At the heart of PMCP is an XML Schema, which provide a standardized structure into which PSI and PSIP-related data may be exchanged. PMCP does not dictate systems' internal database structures. PMCP was first published as A/76 in November 2004, enjoys adoption from a variety of broadcast equipment and system vendors.
Two revisions with the standard have been made. ATSC A/76a extended PMCP to include metadata necessary for proper signaling of ACAP data broadcast elements, A/76B, was released in 2007, fixed some errors and made the schema usable with the related SMPTE S2021 schema. System Time Table Current time, transmitted at least once per second, with an accuracy of new time values within 1 second or better. Master Guide Table Data pointers to other PSIP tables. Terrestrial Virtual Channel Table Defines each virtual channel and enables EITs to be associated with the channel. Cable Virtual Channel Table Assigns numbers to each virtual channel and enables EITs to be associated with the channel. Rating Region Table Content ratings for each country covered by the station, save the U. S. as that region is loaded into television sets already. Event Information Table Titles and program guide data. Extended Text Table Channel Extended Text Table Detailed descriptions of channels. Event Extended Text Table Detailed descriptions of aired events.
Directed Channel Change Table The DCC function lets broadcasters tell a digital television receiver where to change, based upon the viewer's settings. This is most to be a ZIP or other postal code, which can select demographically-based programming to show, such as television commercials or weather bulletins taken from an accompanying datacasting channel. Implementation of the DCC feature is optional, depends on development of receiver and decoder technology. For example, a digital video recorder could record commercial broadcast at other times for replay, so that many more different commercials could be shown in different parts of a large metro area than can be transmitted at once. Directed Channel Change Selection Code Table Provides for the ability to update states and program genres used in DCCTs. Electronic program guide "Table Sections ". EtherGuide Systems. Archived from the original on 30 December 2016
A Master of Military Art and Science is a type of master's degree and professional degree awarded by the United States Army Command and General Staff College. Military art and science is an interdisciplinary field of study, it encompasses many academic disciplines insofar as they relate to war and the employment of military forces. It may include other professional fields of practice such as medicine and the law insofar as they interact with the military or are applied to military matters; the United States Air Force awards a similar master's degree and professional degree, a Master of Military Operational Art and Science degree, through the Air Command and Staff College. The Air Force MMOAS is offered both in-residence and through an online masters program. Military art and science provides intellectual and theoretical depth to the military profession and its practitioners. Thus, a large proportion of research in the field of military art and science is done to address practical problems faced by practitioners.
Purely academic research, however, is an integral part of the field and is essential to ensure its continued intellectual vitality. The results of scholarship and research in the field may be of interest and may be helpful to political leaders and policymakers, military officers, as well as to scholars and the interested public. Military art deals with the human dimensions of war and military operations. Military art is subject to qualitative rather than quantitative investigation, although it does not exclude the use of quantitative methods when appropriate, it includes such areas as psychology, leadership and collective behavior, culture and problem-solving. History provides the depth for the study of military art. Military art includes such military subjects as strategy, operational art, tactics. Research in Military art requires a degree of expertise in the use of logic and critical thinking. Military science deals with the technical dimensions of war and military operations. Military art is subject to quantitative rather than qualitative investigation, although qualitative methodologies are used when appropriate.
It includes such areas as the technological military applications and equipment made possible by the physical sciences, various engineering disciplines, industrial management, electronic simulations, communications technologies, transportation technologies. Mathematics is an important tool in the practice of associated disciplines. Specific military applications include gunnery and ballistics, materials science technology for soldier protection, transportation technologies, communications technologies. Research in military science requires a degree of expertise in the use of logic and critical thinking; the interdisciplinary field of military art and science may be pictured as a "big umbrella" which encompasses other academic disciplines and fields of professional practice. At the core of military art and science, lie strategy, operational art, tactics; these are inherently military fields of practice. Https://usacac.army.mil/organizations/cace/cgsc/mmas http://www.cgsc.edu/ https://www.airuniversity.af.edu/ACSC/ Air University, Air Command Staff College
Colin Linwood Buchan was a Scottish professional football outside left who played in the Scottish League for Queen's Park. Buchan was born in Bradford, Yorkshire, to Scottish parents James Buchan of Hawick and Mary Jane Buchan of Peebles, Scottish Borders, his father was a woolsorter. On 25 August 1914, just over three weeks after Britain's entry into the First World War, Buchan enlisted in the Royal Field Artillery, he became a Battery Quartermaster Sergeant and was wounded late in the war, but recovered and returned to football. Buchan played in England and Northern Ireland, signed to play for Linfield F. C. in 1920. He returned to his hometown and played for the Peebles Rovers F. C. in 1923. In 1933, when Billy McCandless returned to manage Dundee, he recalled of Buchan, "The last year I was with Linfield I had as a colleague one of the most gentlemanly footballers who kicked a ball in Ireland, Colin Buchan, who came from Dundee."He died in 1947 and is buried at Peebles St Andrews Cemetery. Colin Buchan at Find a Grave
The Buckle Up in Your Truck 225 presented by Click It or Ticket is a 225-mile-long annual race NASCAR Gander RV & Outdoors Truck Series race held at Kentucky Speedway in Sparta, Kentucky. Kentucky received a second date beginning in 2011 as part of NASCAR's latest round of schedule realignment. For that race, see Kentucky 201. In the inaugural UNOH 225, held on July 7, 2011, Johnny Sauter won the pole position, but Kyle Busch won the race during a green-white-checkered finish. Busch started in the last position after missing the drivers meeting held earlier that day. 2011: This race was extended due to a NASCAR Overtime finish. 2015: The race was shortened due to damage to the catchfence from Ben Kennedy's wreck. 2017: Race started Thursday but ended shortly after midnight Friday due to a rain delay
The Magomayev Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall, located in Baku, is the main concert hall in Azerbaijan built in 1912. The Azerbaijan State Philharmonic Hall was constructed throughout 1910–1912 at the request of the city elite and designed by the Armenian architect Gabriel Ter-Mikelov in the Italian Renaissance and German Rococo styles, its design was inspired by the architectural style of buildings within the Monte-Carlo Casino l'Opéra de Monte-Carlo. The society was organized as a club for the wealthy of Baku, who attended it for banquets and entertainment. During the Russian Civil War it served as a place for public rallies. In 1936, the club was reorganized into a residence for the Philharmonic society aimed at promoting Azerbaijani classical and folk music. On 11 August 1937 after the building underwent renovation it was named after composer Muslim Magomayev. In 1995, the hall was closed down for the more than 8 years for another renovation; however no restoration works were performed for the most part of that period, much to the discontent of many residents of Baku.
Azerbaijan's Minister of Culture explained such delay by the fact that underground waters had damaged the base of the building over time. There were reports that the money provided for the renovation by the government or donated by various prominent musicians was misappropriated by the bureaucrats and officials who were in charge of funding the project, it was not until November 2002 that the restoration works resumed due to President Heydar Aliyev's special decree. The opening of the renovated building took place on 27 January 2004; the opening ceremony of the newly-renovated building was held on January 27, 2004. Several famous people attended the ceremony like President Ilham Aliyev, former minister of culture Polad Bulbuloglu, outstanding cellist Mstislav Rostropovich, professor Ferhad Badalbayli; the main building consists of the Summer Hall and the Winter Hall joined by a single stage. The society affiliates 7 performing groups, namely: The Azerbaijan State Symphony Orchestra The Azerbaijan State Choir Capella The Azerbaijan State Chamber Orchestra The Azerbaijan State Piano Trio The Azerbaijan State String Quartet The Azerbaijan State Folk Song and Dance Ensemble The Azerbaijan State Orchestra of Folk Instruments List of concert halls Official website The Ali and Nino Walking Tour: Philharmonic Hall by Betty Blair and Fuad Akhundov.
Azerbaijan International Magazine. #12.2. Summer 2004
Renewable thermal energy is the technology of gathering thermal energy from a renewable energy source for immediate use or for storage in a thermal battery for use. The most popular form of renewable thermal energy is the sun and the solar energy is harvested by solar collectors to heat water, buildings and various processes. Another example of Renewable Thermal is a Geothermal or ground source Heat Pump system, where thermal stored in the ground from the summer is extracted from the ground to heat a building in another season; this example system is "renewable" because the source of excess heat energy is a reliably recurring process that occurs each summer season. Solar energy has been in use for centuries for heating dwellings and to produce hot water before low cost natural gas was discovered, it gained attention during and after the oil embargo of 1973 as engineers investigated ways to produce thermal energy from a renewable source instead of fossil fuels. The history of utilizing the ground as a heat source is more recent and has gained prominence in recent years in rural areas where natural gas heating may not be available.
The outer crust of the Earth is a Thermal Battery that maintains a median temperature, the same as the average air temperature at that location. This "average ground temperature" is a combination in balance of solar gain from the sun, thermal gain from the core of the earth, heat loss due to conduction and radiation; the graphic at the right shows a map of the "average ground temperature" at locations within the United States. Solar energy is considered to be the most popular form of renewable thermal energy in the world. Solar thermal energy is collected by either liquid or air solar collectors. Liquid solar collectors are used to heat water for domestic hot water, process applications and for swimming pools. Millions of solar water systems are being used world wide. Air solar collectors are used to heat buildings and for processes such as crop drying. Air collectors are building integrated on south facing walls to maximize the low winter sun angles when buildings in cold climates require heating.
A ground heat exchanger is an area of the earth, used as an annual cycle thermal battery. These thermal batteries are un-encapsulated areas of the earth into which pipes have been placed in order to transfer thermal energy. Energy is added to the GHEX by running a higher temperature fluid through the pipes and thus raising the temperature of the local earth. Energy can be taken from the GHEX by running a lower temperature fluid through those same pipes. GHEX thermal batteries are implemented in two forms; the picture above depicts what is known as a "horizontal" GHEX where trenching is used to place an amount of pipe in a closed loop in the ground. GHEX's are formed by drilling boreholes into the ground, either vertically or horizontally, the pipes are inserted in the form of a closed-loop with a "u-bend" fitting on the far end of the loop; these drilled GHEX thermal batteries are sometimes called "borehole thermal energy storage systems". Heat energy can be removed from a GHEX Thermal Battery at any point in time.
However, they are most used as an "Annual-Cycle Thermal Battery" where energy is extracted from a building during the summer season to cool a building and added to the GHEX, that same energy is extracted from the GHEX in the winter season to heat the building. This annual cycle of energy addition and subtraction is predictable based on energy modeling of the building served. A Thermal Battery used in this mode is a Renewable Energy source as the energy extracted in the winter will be restored to the GHEX the next summer in a continually repeating cycle; this Annual-Cycle Thermal Battery is a solar powered thermal storage because it is the heat from the sun in the summer, removed from a building and stored in the ground for use in the next winter season for heating. The state of New York took a big step in September 2015 when it created a new office titled Director of Renewable Thermal; the NY Director of Renewable Thermal will oversee a team to help companies develop and implement renewable, low-carbon cooling and heating systems.
NY State considers this initiative a critical component of NYSERDA’s strategy to enable net-zero energy buildings, which produce the same amount of energy as they consume. It will further advance New York’s progress toward creating self-sustaining energy markets for clean, renewable technologies. Renewable Thermal has been a core resource in many states Renewable Portfolio Standards; the report says: "State Renewable Portfolio Standard programs have focused on electricity generation. However, some states have started incorporating renewable thermal power for heat generation into their RPS as a way to support the development and market growth of solar thermal, biomass thermal and other renewable thermal technologies." Further: "Renewable thermal energy has many of the same benefits as other renewable technologies, including improved air quality, economic development and job creation, the promotion of regional energy security." In a recent article, Bill Nowak, the Executive Director of the NY-GEO industry trade group, stated: "According to the adopted New York State energy plan, on-site combustion is responsible for 35 percent of fossil fuel greenhouse gas emissions in New York State.
In-state electricity generation is responsible for only 18 percent. We support cleaning up electricity generation in New York, but stress that renewable thermal is the next wave in resisting climate change." Thermal energy storage Seasonal thermal energy storage system Solar