The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, Act No 55 of 1949, was an apartheid law in South Africa that prohibited marriages between "Europeans" and "non-Europeans". It was among the first pieces of apartheid legislation to be passed following the National Party's rise to power in 1948. Subsequent legislation the Population Registration and Immorality Acts of 1950, facilitated its implementation by requiring all individuals living in South Africa to register as a member of one of four defined racial groups and prohibiting extramarital sexual relationships between people of different races. Mixed race relationships occurred in South Africa as far back as 1652, took place between Dutch colonizers and indigenous South African women. Mixed marriages did not become taboo until the rise of the National Party in 1948. However, in the years preceding the passing of this Act, mixed marriages accounted for just a small fraction of all marriages in South Africa, occurred evenly between the four defined racial groups.
Enforcement of the act was left to the police, who followed people to their homes to ensure they were not in violation and raided the homes of those believed to be in a mixed marriage. The act applied to all mixed marriages between South Africans, so marriages which took place in another country were not recognized within South Africa; the punishment for people found to be in a jail sentence. Anyone who knowingly officiated a marriage that violated the act was subject to a punishment: a fine was imposed not exceeding 50 pounds. Anyone, found to have lied to an officiant was subject to the legal punishment for perjury; some of the social consequences of entering into a mixed-race marriage included being ostracized from or ridiculed by one's family and community. One example is a white South African sex worker named Ethal, who indicated that she felt more accepted by her peers when she was a sex worker than when she married a black African man; the Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act of 1968 updated the original legislation to invalidate interracial marriages involving a South African citizen that were contracted in other countries.
The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act was repealed by the Immorality and Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act, 1985, passed during the presidency of P. W. Botha. Anti-miscegenation laws Apartheid legislation in South Africa Interracial marriage Mixed Marriages Act, South End Museum The Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act commences, SA History Texts on Wikisource: Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Act, 1949 Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act, 1968 Immorality and Prohibition of Mixed Marriages Amendment Act, 1985
Miroslav "Miro" Major is a New Zealand footballer and futsal player, playing for Metro F. C. in the Lotto Sport Italia NRFL Premier. He is a member of the New Zealand national futsal team, nicknamed the Futsal Whites. Born to Croatian parents, his father Mišo played professionally in Croatia. Major had a successful spell with Central United in 2004, before joining Mangere United during the same year, he made his first appearance in the ASB Premiership with YoungHeart Manawatu in the 2005-2006 NZFC season, before transferring to Auckland City late in 2006-07 NZFC season. Major made his debut for the New Zealand national futsal team in 2009. Central United Mangere United YoungHeart Manawatu Auckland City FC Auckland City FC Futsal Whites - New Zealand National Futsal Team NZ Football Metro F. C. Young Heart Manuatu Auckland City FC NZ football player profile "Futsal Whites bounce back with Vanuatu victory". Stuff.co.nz. NZPA. 10 August 2010. Retrieved 25 October 2011. Miro Major led the way
Pebbles, Volume 24 is a compilation album among the LP's in the Pebbles series. It is one of the 10 albums in the sub-series The Continent Lashes Back and is sub-titled Germany, featuring music, released by German bands; this album was kept in print for many years. The Lords are evidently the long-lived German band, founded in 1959; the Blizzards is not related to either of the two Dutch bands, Cuby & the Blizzards or Peter & the Blizzards. The Ones featured Edgar Froese, who founded the band Tangerine Dream. Side 1: Casey Jones & the Governors: "Don't Ha Ha" – Rel. 1965 The Red Devils: "Little by Little" – Rel. 1965 The Original Surfers: "She's My Baby" The Kingbeats: "Hear What I Say" The Shamrocks: "Nursery Rhyme" The Ones: "Love of Mine" – Rel. 1967 Drafi & His Magics: "I Don't Need that Kind of Loving" The Strings: "Please Don't Go"Side 2: The Faces: "Stay Away" The Lords: "Don't Mince Matter" The Rattles: "Las Vegas" The Crescendos: "Uncle Willy" The Blizzards: "Dr. Jeckyll" – Rel. 1967 The Dukes: "I'm an Unskilled Worker" The German Bonds: "We're Outta Sight" The Odd Persons: "I'm Cryin'"
Robert Samuel Fairman was an English footballer who played as a full back or wing half. He scored two goals in 38 appearances in the Football League playing across two spells for Birmingham. Fairman was born in Hampshire, he began his football career with Southampton, although he never played a first-team match, before joining Birmingham in 1907. He played at left half at the start of the 1908–09 season, but lost his place when the club signed Thomas Daykin, he moved to West Ham United a Southern League club, at the end of the season, he spent three years with West Ham, playing more than 100 games in all competitions, before returning to Birmingham in 1912. He played little first-team football after his return, retired from the game in 1917
Kari Øyre Slind is a Norwegian cross-country skier who represents Oppdal IL. She is the younger sister of the twin sisters Astrid Øyre Slind and Silje Øyre Slind, who are cross-country skiers. In 2008, she won gold in the 5 km in the Norwegian junior national championships, in the time 12.18.8. That same year she won bronze at the Spar Cup in the K17 class. In March 2010 she participated in the 2010 Norwegian junior ski championships, was fifth in the 15 km classic and 2nd in the 5 km freestyle. In addition she received gold in the 4 × 3,75 km relay together with Anne Kjersti Kalvå, Silje Dahl Benum and Valentine Aagaard on the South Trøndelag first team; that same year she made her debut as well in the sprint in Drammen. At 2010 Junior World Championships, she won bronze in the sprint and gold in the relay together with Heidi Weng, Tuva Toft Dahl and Ingvild Flugstad Østberg. In January 2011, she participated in the Junior World Championships in Estonia, this time won silver in the 5 km free technique and in the classic sprint.
Norway won gold in the 4 × 3.3 km relay where she went along with Ragnhild Haga, Martine Ek Hagen and Heidi Weng. In addition, she came in sixth place in the pursuit, she was part of Oppdal's relay team at the 2012 Norwegian nationals, where they came in fourth place in the 3 × 5 km relay. The following year, at Norway Cup skiing in 2013 in January, she got bronze in the 3 × 5 km relay, she was selected for the U23 World Ski Championships in 2013, where she won the bronze in the 15 km Skiathlon behind Ragnhild Haga and Debora Agreiter. In the 2015 Norwegian nationals she won the 3 × 5 km relay with the Oppdal team of all three Øyre Slinde sisters. In addition, she was fifth place in the free technique team sprint and sixth place in the 30 km classic; the 2015-16 season was Slind's first full season with the Norwegian national season on the world cup. She achieved her world cup personal bests by placing fifth in the Davos 15 km freestyle race on December 12, 2015 and fifth in the 10 km freestyle stage of Ski Tour Canada on March 11, 2015.
Staub is a premium French enameled cast iron cookware and bakeware manufacturer, headquartered in Turckheim, France. The first piece, a cocotte or coquelle, was designed by Francis Staub in 1974 in a dormant artillery factory. Pieces are manufactured with cast iron covered with double-glazed enamel; the enamel coating makes the cookware rustproof, easy to clean. Staub's cocottes have nubs on the interior of the lids, which enables condensation to collect and drip down to baste foods uniformly as they are cooking. In 2007 50% of the company's sales revenue was from abroad, the company realized €44 million in total sales. In April 2008, the company had 430 employees, at this time Francis Staub was president of the company. In 2008, Staub operated three production facilities in France, a joint venture in Japan and a marketing branch in the United States. Staub was acquired by Zwilling J. A. Henckels June 2008, however remains an independent brand; the cookware's aesthetic complements the decor of a number of restaurants, some restaurants cook and serve dishes directly to customers at their tables in Staub cookware.
Les vins d'Alsace - Jacques-Louis Delpal. Pp. 98–99. Official website Official website