Duel Masters is a franchise based on a manga, anime and a trading card game. The original manga sold 4.5 million copies in Japan. There is a video game. Shobu Kirifuda is a young boy who likes to play a card game called Duel Masters, he and a few duelists are known to bring the monsters on the cards to life in their duels. Shobu engages in this card game. Shobu Kirifuda Voiced by: Yumiko Kobayashi, Kouki Uchiyama, he aspires to become a great duelist like Shori Kirifuda. Shobu keeps a positive attitude throughout the series, insisting on dueling for fun as opposed to winning. In the first season, Shobu takes on the challenge of defeating the temple champion, who he feels has become corrupt with power. Throughout this portion of the series, Shobu must defeat Hakuoh's underlings while he struggles to understand the true spirit of dueling. In his duel with Hakuoh, as Shobu faces off against the strongest of all Angel Commands, he is forced to make a crucial decision, he must either accept the help of his friends and "wind up like Ko" or give up on his friends and "end up like Hakuoh", who had become cold and heartless.
All in all Shobu is brave and has the guts never to give up, just like his favorite creatures. He uses a Fire Civilization deck which becomes a Dragon Deck and later evolves into a Dragon/Angel Command deck. After being defeated in a season he loses most of his deck but is guided to his father's deck by the spirits of Bolmeteus Samurai Dragon and Bolbalzak "Sword Flash" Dragon; this new deck is a Samurai deck. Soon after he combined elements from the 2 decks and created a Samurai Dragon/Angel Command deck; as of Duel Masters Cross his main cards are: Bolmeteus "Kensei" Dragon, Bolshack Yamato Dragon, Bolbalzak "Sword Flash" Dragon and Saint Bolshack, Spiritual Dragon. After losing Saint Bolshack, Valkiryas Musashi, Ultimate Battle Dragon and Sword Flash Galaxy, Super Champ became his trump cards as well, his trump card becomes Bolshack NEX. He defeated Zakira with Bolpheaus Heaven in the manga. Shobu appeared in the anime movie "Rockman. EXE: Program Between Light and Darkness."Hakuoh Voiced by: Junko Minagawa.
Hakuoh came from a prominent dueling family, specialized in Light civilization from a young age. At that time, he was a reflection of a young kid who loved the game above all else; this changed, when a mysterious duelist appeared and challenged Hakuoh to his first Kaijudo duel. Unaware of the dangers involved in a Kaijudo duel, Hakuoh became overconfident and was nearly killed as a result. Instead of being crushed by his opponent's attack however, Hakuoh was pushed out of the way by his mother, fatally wounded. Since Hakuoh has become a cold-hearted villain and Shobu's main rival. Hakuoh no longer sees any fun in dueling and decides that one's value as a human being is determined by their ability to win and will rest at nothing to "be the best"; as a result, Hakuoh becomes the leader of the White Soldiers. To protect his title, Hakuoh is protected by four Temple Guardians. In the series, he is challenged by Shobu Kirifuda; as he is consumed with power, Hakuoh not only desires to defeat Shobu, but to crush him and destroy his dreams of dueling.
"For when I defeat you, you shall never duel again!". He proclaims himself as "a shadowy reflection" of Shobu; as the dueling intensifies, Shobu realizes the danger in abandoning his friends, as he may wind up like the heartless Hakuoh. Hakuoh is defeated by Shobu and he befriends him for showing him the true nature of dueling. In Duel Masters Charge, Hakuoh allies himself with Zakira after being brainwashed into becoming his pawn, "White". In Duel Masters Zero, he becomes similar to his old self and appears to be working with Professor Machi. In Duel Masters Cross, he tries to stop Zakira by challenging him to a kaijudo duel, but was defeated. Afterwards, his "White" personality overtook him once again. However, after beating Mimi in a duel, he was able to return to his old self after seeing the damage he had caused. Hakuoh uses a Light Civilization deck. In Season one, it is a mono-civilization deck focusing on a combination of Urth, Purifying Elemental, Szubs Kin Twighlight Guardian, Dia Nork, Moonlight Guardian, with his intent on evolving Urth into Alcadeias, Lord of Spirits.
This first deck relies on blockers, which leaves him vulnerable to Shobu's "Scralet Skyterror." In Duel Masters Cross, he is given a Light/Darkness Knight deck by Zakira. His main cards are Urth Purifying Elemental, Hanusa Radiance Elemental, Alcadies Lord of Spirits, Alphadios Lord of Spirits, King Alcadeias, Holy Gaia. Kyoshiro Kokujo A self-proclaimed "evil genius" and another of Shobu's main rivals throughout the series. Other characters make fun of all-black leather outfit, he uses a Darkness Civilization Deck, but on in the subsequent series, it becomes a Darkness/Water deck. He has earned the nickname "Black Death", because of his relentless tactics and masterful use of Darkness civilization. Kokujo claims to have become evil because others said he could
Hepburn romanization is a system for the romanization of Japanese that uses the Latin alphabet to write the Japanese language. It is used by most foreigners learning to spell Japanese in the Latin alphabet and by the Japanese for romanizing personal names, geographical locations, other information such as train tables, road signs, official communications with foreign countries. Based on English writing conventions, consonants correspond to the English pronunciation and vowels approximate the Italian pronunciation; the Hepburn style was developed in the late 19th century by an international commission, formed to develop a unified system of romanization. The commission's romanization scheme was popularized by the wide dissemination of a Japanese–English dictionary by commission member and American missionary James Curtis Hepburn, published in 1886; the "modified Hepburn system" known as the "standard system", was published in 1908 with revisions by Kanō Jigorō and the Society for the Propagation of Romanization.
Although Kunrei romanization is favored by the Japanese government today, Hepburn romanization is still in use and remains the worldwide standard. The Hepburn style is regarded as the best way to render Japanese pronunciation for Westerners. Since it is based on English and Italian pronunciations, people who speak English or Romance languages will be more accurate in pronouncing unfamiliar Japanese words romanized in the Hepburn style compared to Nihon-shiki romanization and Kunrei-shiki romanization. Hepburn is based on English phonology and has competed with the alternative Nihon-shiki romanization, developed in Japan as a replacement of the Japanese script. In 1930 a Special Romanization Study Commission was appointed to compare the two; the Commission decided in favor of a slightly-modified version of Nihon-shiki, proclaimed to be Japan's official romanization for all purposes by a September 21, 1937, cabinet ordinance. The ordinance was temporarily overturned by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers during the Occupation of Japan, but it was reissued with slight revisions in 1954.
In 1972 a revised version of Hepburn was codified as ANSI standard Z39.11-1972. It was proposed in 1989 as a draft for ISO 3602 but rejected in favor of the Kunrei-shiki romanization; the ANSI Z39.11-1972 standard was deprecated on October 6, 1994. As of 1978 the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, many other official organizations used Hepburn instead of Kunrei-shiki. In addition The Japan Times, the Japan Travel Bureau, many other private organizations used Hepburn instead of Kunrei-shiki; the National Diet Library used Kunrei-shiki. Although Hepburn is not a government standard, some government agencies mandate it. For example, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requires the use of Hepburn on passports, the Ministry of Land and Transport requires the use of Hepburn on transport signs, including road signs and railway station signs. In many other areas that it lacks de jure status, Hepburn remains the de facto standard. Signs and notices in city offices and police stations and at shrines and attractions use it.
English-language newspapers and media use the simplified form of Hepburn. Cities and prefectures use it in information for English-speaking residents and visitors, English-language publications by the Japanese Foreign Ministry use simplified Hepburn as well. Official tourism information put out by the government uses it, as do guidebooks, both local and foreign, on Japan. Many students of Japanese as a foreign language learn Hepburn. There are many variants of the Hepburn romanization; the two most common styles are as follows: The Traditional Hepburn, as defined in various editions of Hepburn's dictionary, with the third edition considered authoritative. It is characterized by the rendering of syllabic n as m before the consonants b, m and p: Shimbashi for 新橋. Modified Hepburn known as Revised Hepburn, in which the rendering of syllabic n as m before certain consonants is no longer used: Shinbashi for 新橋; the style was introduced in the third edition of Kenkyūsha's New Japanese-English Dictionary, was adopted by the Library of Congress as one of its ALA-LC romanizations, is the most common version of the system today.
In Japan itself, there are some variants mandated for various uses: Railway Standard, which follows the Hyōjun-shiki Rōmaji. All Japan Rail and other major railways use it for station names. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Tourism Standard, how to spell Roman letters of road signs, which follows the modified Hepburn style, it is used for road signs. Ministry of Foreign Affairs Passport Standard, a permissive standard, which explicitly allows the use of "non-Hepburn romaji" in personal names, notably for passports. In particular, it renders the syllabic n as m before b, m and p, romanizes long o as oh, oo or ou. Details of the variants can be found below; the romanizations set out in the first and second versions of Hepburn's dictionary are of historical interest. Notable differences from the third and versions include: エ and ヱ were written as ye: Yedo ズ and ヅ were written as dzu: kudzu, tsudzuku キャ, キョ, キュ were written as kiya, kiy
New Fist of the North Star
New Fist of the North Star is a three-episode anime OVA series based on the Fist of the North Star franchise, directed by Takashi Watanabe and produced by OB Planning. The story was adapted from Jubaku no Machi, a 1996 Hokuto no Ken novel written by Buronson and Tetsuo Hara set sometime after the conclusion of the original manga. An English dubbed version of the OVA was produced by ADV Films in 2004; the OVA grossed ¥ 230 million with a 200 % return on investment. It earned exceeding domestic sales. In the 21st century, a nuclear war turned most of the Earth's surface into a desert wasteland, which resulted in the contamination of the Earth's water supply. A man named Sanga has built the fortified haven of the "Last Land", where he rules as its dictator by monopolizing the city's uncontaminated water supply; when he learns that the neighboring residents of Freedom Village are trying to dig up a well for their own, Sanga sends his underlings to sabotage their effort. Kenshiro, master of Hokuto Shinken, gets involved in the conflict between the two regions after saving Tobi, an informant hired by Freedom Village.
Kenshiro Voiced by: Takehito Koyasu. He gets involved in the conflict between Last Freedom Village after saving Tobi. Tobi Voiced by: Akimitsu Takase. Tobi was searching his brother Bista. On he incited a religious Jihad in the Lastland using his brotherly connection with Bista on he fell corrupted with power that led to his downfall. Bista, aka Doha Voiced by: Romi Park, his amnesia was healed by Sara through acupressure, was remained wounded throughout the OVA. Sara Voiced by: Yurika Hino, she uses a healing art. Her life was saved by Seiji in the past. Sanga Voiced by: Unshou Ishizuka, he was killed in spectacular fashion by Kenshiro towards the end of first episode. He was cruel and hard towards his own son Seiji, but revealed that he did that because he loved Seiji and wanted him to become stronger in this harsh wasteland. Seiji Voiced by: Gackt, he took over Lastland. It was revealed. Committed suicide by pressing a fatal point in his body after ridden with guilt over his past crime. Toki Voiced by: Hideyuki Tanaka The second of Kenshiro's eldest brothers, who intended to use Hokuto Shinken as a healing art.
Appears in a flashback during the first episode of the OVA. Ryu The orphaned son of Raoh, whom Kenshiro intends to train as his Hokuto Shinken successor. Appears in a flashback during the first episode. Kokuoh Kenshiro's deceased horse. Appears in a flashback during the first episode; the ADV Films' dub of the trilogy has garnered positive reviews from critics. Chris Wood of Toon Zone praised "Kenshiro is in fine form, though the story may not blow you away, it’s plenty adequate to support the action" Mike Toole of Anime Jump says that New Fist is "flashy and a little cheap, but rewarding." Chris Beveridge of AnimeOnDVD.com was "very pleased with" the first episode, but felt that the second episode could have been "much better written" and that the third episode was unnecessary and that the trilogy "could have been a lot tighter with a bit more streamlining of the script". Shin Hokuto no Ken at OB Planning New Fist of the North Star at ADV Films Archive index at the Wayback Machine New Fist of the North Star at Anime News Network's encyclopedia
Retrofuturism is a movement in the creative arts showing the influence of depictions of the future produced in an earlier era. If futurism is sometimes called a'science' bent on anticipating what will come, retrofuturism is the remembering of that anticipation." Characterized by a blend of old-fashioned "retro styles" with futuristic technology, retrofuturism explores the themes of tension between past and future, between the alienating and empowering effects of technology. Reflected in artistic creations and modified technologies that realize the imagined artifacts of its parallel reality, retrofuturism can be seen as "an animating perspective on the world". However, it has manifested in the worlds of fashion, design, literature and video games. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, an early use of the term appears in a Bloomingdales advertisement in a 1983 issue of The New York Times; the ad talks of jewellery, "silverized steel and sleek grey linked for a retro-futuristic look". In an example more related to retrofuturism as an exploration of past visions of the future, the term appears in the form of “retro-futurist” in a 1984 review of the film Brazil in The New Yorker.
Critic Pauline Kael writes, " presents a retro-futurist fantasy."Several websites have referenced a 1967 book published by Pelican Books called "Retro-Futurism" by T. R. Hinchliffe as the originator of the term, but this account is unverified. There exist no records of this author. Retrofuturism builds on ideas of futurism, but the latter term functions differently in several different contexts. In avant-garde artistic and design circles, futurism is a long-standing and well established term, but in its more popular form, futurism is "an early optimism that focused on the past and was rooted in the nineteenth century, an early-twentieth-century'golden age' that continued long into the 1960s' Space Age". Retrofuturism is first and foremost based on modern but changing notions of "the future"; as Guffey notes, retrofuturism is "a recent neologism", but it "builds on futurists' fevered visions of space colonies with flying cars, robotic servants, interstellar travel on display there. It took its current shape in the 1970s, a time when technology was changing.
From the advent of the personal computer to the birth of the first test tube baby, this period was characterized by intense and rapid technological change. But many in the general public began to question whether applied science would achieve its earlier promise—that life would improve through technological progress. In the wake of the Vietnam War, environmental depredations, the energy crisis, many commentators began to question the benefits of applied science, but they wondered, sometimes in awe, sometimes in confusion, at the scientific positivism evinced by earlier generations. Retrofuturism "seeped into academic and popular culture in the 1960s and 1970s", inflecting George Lucas's Star Wars and the paintings of pop artist Kenny Scharf alike". Surveying the optimistic futurism of the early twentieth century, the historians Joe Corn and Brian Horrigan remind us that retrofuturism is "a history of an idea, or a system of ideas—an ideology; the future, or course, does not exist except as an act of belief or imagination."
Retrofuturism incorporates two overlapping trends which may be summarized as the future as seen from the past and the past as seen from the future. The first trend, retrofuturism proper, is directly inspired by the imagined future which existed in the minds of writers and filmmakers in the pre-1960 period who attempted to predict the future, either in serious projections of existing technology or in science fiction novels and stories; such futuristic visions are refurbished and updated for the present, offer a nostalgic, counterfactual image of what the future might have been, but is not. The second trend is the inverse of the first: futuristic retro, it starts with the retro appeal of old styles of art, clothing and grafts modern or futuristic technologies onto it, creating a mélange of past and future elements. Steampunk, a term applying both to the retrojection of futuristic technology into an alternative Victorian age, the application of neo-Victorian styles to modern technology, is a successful version of this second trend.
In the movie Space Station 76, mankind has reached the stars, but clothes, technology and above all social taboos are purposely reminiscent of the mid-1970s. In practice, the two trends cannot be distinguished, as they mutually contribute to similar visions. Retrofuturism of the first type is influenced by the scientific and social awareness of the present, modern retrofuturistic creations are never copies of their pre-1960 inspirations. In the same way, futuristic retro owes much of its flavor to early science fiction, in a quest for stylistic authenticity may continue to draw on writers and artists of the desired period. Both retrofuturistic trends in themselves refer to no specific time; when a time period is supplied for a story, it might be a counterfactual present with unique technology. Examples include the film Sky Captain and the World of
Minami Kamakura High School Girls Cycling Club
Minami Kamakura High School Girls Cycling Club is a Japanese manga series by Noriyuki Matsumoto, serialized in Mag Garden's shōnen manga magazine Monthly Comic Blade since August 2011. It has been collected in nine tankōbon volumes. A 13-episode anime television series adaptation by J. C. Staff and A. C. G. T aired between January 6 and May 15, 2017. Hiromi Maiharu Voiced by: Haruka Kudō, Reina Ueda A first year student from class B at Minami Kamakura Girls High School. Hiromi and her family were moved from Nagasaki to Kamakura, she is a cheerful but clumsy girl. At first, she can't ride a bicycle, but she learn many things about bicycle and began to interested with it. She began to love bicycle activities and realizes that her bicycle journey made her met so many friends. Tomoe Akitsuki Voiced by: Eriko Matsui, Yuki Hirose A first year student from class B at Minami Kamakura Girls High School, the same class as Hiromi. Tomoe is Hiromi's first friend when she first came to Kamakura, she gets along well with Hiromi at their first meet and help her to rides bicycle in the first day of school.
She the one who guide Hiromi and their teacher, Shiki-sensei, to cycling around the ways of Kamakura. After the Night Criterium event, She is appointed by all members as a Minami Kamakura High School cycling club's president, which she agrees, she is called Tomo-chan by Hiromi. Natsumi Higa Voiced by: Saori Hayashi, Natsumi Fujiwara A first year Student from class C at Minami Kamakura Girls High School. Natsumi is from Okinawa and moved to Kamakura, she is the first member of Minami Kamakura High School cycling club that seen riding a road bike though she is a beginner like her fellow club members. She is good at sports swimming, that makes seniors of school's swimming club convinces her to become their member, she is good at cooking. Fuyune Kamikura Voiced by: Saki Nakajima, Natsumi Takamori A first year student from class D at Minami Kamakura Girls High School. Fuyune is a granddaughter of Minami Kamakura High School's headmaster, became inspired from her cycling adventures, she has an older sister, still hospitalized and promised her to begin adventures with her own feet.
She still struggling in a climbing road. She is good at memorizing. Sandy McDougal Voiced by: Satsumi Matsuda, Emiko Takeuchi A first year student from Class E at Minami Kamakuta Girls High School. Sandy is an American from Colorado, she made a cameo appearance in Episode 1, appears again as Mr. Bear in episode 6, participated at cycling event -Night Criterium- inside a bear costumes, her actual appearance is in Episode 9, where she became friends with Hiromi and the other girls joining the cycling club afterwards. Her close winning at the cycling race event in a bear costume proves that she has a strongest physical capabilities among all cycling club members. Shiki Mori Voiced by: Hitomi Nabatame, Sayumi Watabe Shiki is a teacher at Minami Kamakura Girls High School and a long time cyclist rider, she became the advisor of high school's cycling club. She is a new teacher in the school. Shiki taught her students about many cycling aspects and techniques, helpful for the cycling club's developments.
Nagisa Mori Voiced by: Mariko Honda, Akari Kitō Nagisa is Shiki's younger sister and the owner of bread shop called Bakery Flat. She is a cyclist and knows some cycling aspects, as shown when she helps Natsumi to repair her bike's tire, her shop sometimes become a rest area for cyclists. Tsuru Kotobuki Voiced by: Azumi Asakura, Ai Kakuma Tsuru is a worker at Bakery Flat, she often helps Korone in her shop. Korone Hōōji Voiced by: Satomi Akesaka, Yurika Kubo Korone is the manager of bicycle shop called Cycle Flat, located next to Bakery Flat. People always mistaken her as a child due to her small and child-like appearance, but she is an adult and a cyclist that participated in an event at Taiwan. Ryūko Kamikura Voiced by: Miyuki Ichijou Ryuko is the headmaster of Minami Kamakura Girls High School. Long time ago, when she is a high school student, she was a member of Minami Kamakura School's cycling club. Yuika Akitsuki Voiced by: Yui Fukuo Yuika is Tomoe's younger sister, she design a uniform for Minami Kamakura High School Girl's cycling club.
Hiroko Azuma Voiced by: Ikumi Hayama A second year student at Minami Kamakura Girls High School. Hiroko is a member of the school's swim team. Miffed at Natsumi, a promising swimmer, choosing to join the newly created bicycle club over the swim team, she nonetheless respects the girls, although is not above harassing them periodically. Sabaya-san, Alpaca-san, Tootsie-san Cyclists and customers of Bakery Flat. An anime television series adaptation by J. C. Staff and A. C. G. T aired from January 6, 2017 to May 15, 2017; the opening theme is "Jitensha ni Hana wa Mau", performed by the idol unit AŌP. Crunchyroll streamed the anime; the anime will be released across four three episode BD/DVD volumes. A 13th episode had been delayed and was broadcast at a date. Offic
Freezing is a Japanese manga written by Dall-Young Lim and illustrated by Kwang-Hyun Kim. The series revolves around the invasion of Earth by an interdimensional force called the Nova, a special military group of genetically engineered young women called Pandoras. Pandoras fight alongside their male partners known as Limiters; the story centers around Kazuya Aoi, a Limiter whose late sister was a Pandora, Satellizer el Bridget, a Pandora with a cold personality, known as the "Untouchable Queen" due to her intense aphephobia. Both are enrolled at West Genetics Academy, a training school for Pandoras and Limiters. Freezing began serialization in Kill Time Communication's seinen manga magazine Comic Valkyrie in its March 2007 issue; the first collected volume was released on October 17, 2010, with a total of 28 volumes made as of August 27, 2015 under its Valkyrie Comics imprint. An English translation by Seven Seas Entertainment is currently available. On August 12, 2010, an anime adaptation produced by A.
C. G. T was announced, airing twelve episodes in Japan between January and April 2011 on AT-X and on other channels; the anime is licensed in North America by Funimation Entertainment, who released the series in August 2012. A second anime season titled Freezing Vibration premiered on October 4, 2013. There are three spin-off series based on the world of Freezing being published; the first spin-off, called Freezing: First Chronicle, was serialized in Comic Valkyrie from the November 2011 issue to the March 2012 issue. The second spinoff, called Freezing: Zero, began serialization in the May 2012 issue of Comic Valkyrie. A third spinoff, called Freezing Pair Love Stories, began serialization in the April 2013 issue of Comic Valkyrie. In 2065, Earth is in the middle of a war with extra-dimensional aliens called Nova; the military develops and trains Pandoras, girls who are able to use special genetic tissue called Stigmata to manifest superhuman fighting skills and weapons. Supporting the Pandoras are male partners called Limiters, who use special "freezing" powers to limit their opponent's mobility.
One of these limiters is Kazuya Aoi. While attending West Genetics Academy in Japan, Kazuya meets Satellizer el Bridget, a powerful Pandora, nicknamed the Untouchable Queen, for her ruthless personality and her intense aphephobia. Despite warnings from his schoolmates to keep away from Satellizer, Kazuya befriends her, asks to be her Limiter. After helping her through several fights against school rivals of varying ranks and classes, Satellizer agrees to partner with him, although she soon encounters a rival in romance named Rana Linchen, who thinks Kazuya is her soulmate, their rivalry is put aside when the Novas attack their school using Pandoras under their control to access the school's underground lab. Satellizer and Kazuya join a handful of West Genetics students to a research lab in Alaska, where they are to help with the Evolution Pandora project; the E-Pandora project allows ordinary girls to become Pandoras. When one of the E-Pandoras goes berserk, the others question whether the drugs in the experiment are safe, but are forced to comply with the director and the corporation's wishes.
Upon discovering that they are to be used until they are expendable, the E-Pandora Amelia Evans leads a rebellion which escalates into a full-on Nova Clash. Kazuya learns more about his family's connections to the Nova. Kazuya's grandfather Gengo Aoi launches a similar project, which puts Satellizer and Rana into a special team with girls called Valkyries. However, during the demonstration exercise with custom-designed dummy Nova, the Pandoras experience illusions, the dummy Novas become a legion of hundreds of Nova that decimate Genetics. Gengo counters this by unleashing the Legendary Pandoras; the Chevalier attempt to assassinate Gengo using a group of convicts called the Busters, but the mission falls apart when some of the Legendary Pandoras turn into deadly Novas due to the anti-freezing of the busters, but they are defeated by the power of Kazuya's special freezing, Arcadia 01, Daughter of Cassandra conceived from Kazuha's father which awakens from stasis in response to her brother's awakened power.
Before Chevalier launches another attack, Gengo moves on with his main plan, which involves sending Kazuya to Elca, the world from which the Novas come from to learn the truth about them. During his time there, he discovers that there might be a direct link between the two worlds with relation to Novas and Limiters. There appear to be several alternate versions of people he knows on Elca. Written by Korean manhwa author Dall-Young Lim and illustrated by Kwang-Hyun Kim, Freezing began serialization in Kill Time Communications' male-oriented Japanese manga magazine Comic Valkyrie in its March 2007 issue; the first collected bound volume was released in October 26, 2007, with a total of thirty volumes sold in Japan as of August 26, 2016 under its Valkryie Comics imprint. Freezing is split into two parts: Part 1 which ran from Volume 1 to Volume 14, spanning 96 chapters. Outside Japan, Freezing is published in South Korea by Haksan Culture Company and serialized in Booking. An English translation of Freezing is being published in 2-in-1 omnibus editions, starting with Volumes 1-2
Human Crossing titled Human Scramble, is a Japanese manga written by Masao Yajima and illustrated by Kenshi Hirokane. The manga is about a series of their lessons in life. Human Crossing received the 1985 Shogakukan Manga Award for seinen/general's manga. Shogakukan published Human Crossing in 27 tankōbon between October 1, 1981 and March 1, 1991; the series was republished into 19 bunkoban between November 17, 1994 and June 15, 1996. The series was adapted into a 13-episode anime in 2003 by OB Planning. Directed by Akira Kumeichi and Kazunari Kumi, it was broadcast on TV Tokyo between April 5, 2003 and June 28, 2003, it was licensed by Geneon in 2004. Each episode is a separate story of little relevance to each other; the anime is released in France by Kaze, in Taiwan by Muse Communication. The anime uses two pieces of theme song. "REVENGE ~Asu e no Chigai~" by Nana Katase is the opening theme, while "Believing" by Aki Asahina is the ending theme. Geneon released a set of four DVDs for Human Crossing.
They released the first DVD, Human Crossing - The 25th Hour on February 8, 2005, the second DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 2: The Cicadas of Winter on April 26, 2005, the third DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 3: Message in White on June 28, 2005, the fourth and final DVD, Human Crossing, Vol. 4: Instructor's Rain on August 30, 2005. On March 13, 2007, Geneon released Human Crossing: Complete Brick Pack, which contains all four DVDs of the anime. Maiden Japan has now licensed the anime series. Avex trax released a soundtrack CD on Human Crossing anime's ending theme called, Human Scramble - Believing, on June 4, 2003; the CD uses Marsga Randcliffe and Debra Shane lyrics. It was sung by Aki Asahina. On July 16, 2003, Hiboom released a soundtrack CD for Human Scramble, containing the opening and ending themes of the anime. On January 7, 2005, Universal Music released a CD for Human Scramble, sung by Shinji Tanimura. On March 11, 2009, Universal Music created a SHM-CD version of Shinji Tanimura's 10-part album, which includes "Ningen Kosaten - Human Scramble".
Anime News Network's Theron Martin criticizes “The 25th Hour” episode, "which comes off as preachy and forced" but he commends the “Direction" episode for its "poignancy and emotional appeal" at the end. Anime News Network's Carlo Santos criticizes the second DVD of Human Crossing because of its animation, labeling it "stiff" and "choppy". Mania.com's Jennifer Rocks comments on the "stand-alone" nature of each episode more saying that it might be more rewarding if the anime is "viewed as a cultural study, rather than as pure entertainment". DVD Talk's Don Houston commends the anime on its "background detail" and writes that many of the episodes have a "universal appeal". Official Kaze Human Scramble website Human Crossing at Anime News Network's encyclopedia Human Crossing at Anime News Network's encyclopedia