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Prokletije

Prokletije known as the Albanian Alps and the Accursed Mountains, is a mountain range on the western Balkan peninsula, extending from northern Albania to Kosovo and eastern Montenegro. Its peak in Albania, Maja Jezercë at 2,694 m, is the highest point, the second highest peak in Albania and the highest in the Dinaric Alps. Both the highest peak in Montenegro, Zla Kolata at 2,534 m and the second-highest in Kosovo, Đeravica at 2,656 m, are here; the highest peak in Albania, however, is Mount Korab, part of the Korab range, at 2,764 m high and in the east of the country on the border with North Macedonia. One of the most southernmost glacial masses in Europe, after Snezhnika glacier in Pirin massif in Bulgaria, was discovered, in the Albanian part of the range, in 2009; the regional economy is based on agriculture, emigrant remittances and tourism. Ptolemy mentioned Mons Bertiscus, connected to Prokletije. Bertiscus lives on artificially in the form bertiscae in the scientific names for endemic species that have their locus classicus in the mountains, such as Valeriana bertiscae, Crepis bertiscae and Iris bertiscae.

Serbo-Croatian Prokletije and Albanian Bjeshkët e Nemuna both mean "the accursed" because they are perceived as insurmountable and wild. In Albanian, another name for the mountain range since the 20th century is Alpet Shqiptare, meaning "Albanian Alps"; the Prokletije mountains, the southernmost part of the Dinaric Alps, stretch more than 40 miles from Skadar Lake along the Montenegrin–Albanian border in the southwest to Kosovo in the northeast. These points are at 42°45' and 42°15' N in the Mediterranean zone of the western Balkan Peninsula; the southern boundary of the Prokletije is found at its tributary Valbona. In a broader sense the Prokletije include the mountain ranges to Mitrovica with the Hajla and Mokna massifs; some authors, see the river Lim as the northern boundary of the Prokletije in geological terms. From Skadar lake, the mountains stretch northeast along the Cijevna river area curve to the east in the direction of Đeravica summit above Metohija basin in Kosovo. From here, the Prokletije turn northwards over the Bogićevića massif and Čakor pass, continue with another row of mountains.

The Prokletije finish in the area of upper Ibar river valley near the city of Kosovska Mitrovica, just after the Suva Planina massif that encircles Metohija basin from the north and northwest. The Prokletije are ethnographically and sociologically diverse due to many tribes living in the region as sheep herders. Names of various Albanian tribes refer to their geographical locations within the range; the Prokletije are a subrange of the 1,000-kilometre long Dinaric Alps. The Prokletije are a typical high mountain range with a pronounced steep topography and glacial features. Maximum relief differences of 1,800 metres are found in the Valbona and Ropojani and Cijevna Valley. Overhanging walls and ridges forming pointed peaks are typical of the western and central Prokletije; the eastern mountains are less rugged with lower relief. The valleys show characteristic effects of Pleistocene glaciation. Most of the area was modified by glacial activity with karstic areas in the western parts; the range was formed by the folding resulting from the collision of the Eurasian plates.

Nowhere in the Balkans have glaciers left so much evidence of erosion. After the Alps, these mountains are the most glaciated in Europe south of the Scandinavian ice sheet, they have steep limestone slopes with abundant karst features. The Prokletije is a large, pathless range, it is one of the rare mountain ranges in Europe. In some areas, the Prokletije run parallel with the Šar Mountains in North Macedonia and Kosovo; this tectonic crash produced the unusual zig-zag shape of Prokletije range, their curving from the dominant Dinaric northwestern – southeastern direction toward the northeastern one. In the western and central parts of the range the composition of the mountains is of uniform with Mesozoic limestones and dolomites of the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages. In the eastern Prokletije in addition to the limestone and dolomite series, there are rocks from the late Palaeozoic and Triassic periods, medium-Triassic volcanic rocks and Jurassic metamorphic rocks; the Kalktafel of Prokletije is cut with valleys in a variety of rock blocks of the mountains north of Përroi i Thatë, the Biga e Gimajive south of it, the Jezerca block between Shala and Valbona valley, the massif of the Maja e Hekurave, the plateau of the Maja e Kolats north of Valbona and Shkëlzen northeast of Valbona.

The valleys were formed by Ice Age glaciers, which created steep walls and hollows up to 1,000 metres deep. The south wall of the Maja Harapit is 800 metres high, making it the highest rock face on the Balkan Peninsula. Although some scientific research gives the Prokletije the status of a separate mountain chain, in most other ways this chain is still considered the highest of all Dinaric areas, connected with the Dinaric mountain chain in terms of geology and ethnography; the Prokletije itself are made up of many large sections or mountain massifs/groups, all of which are connected to one another. These massifs include the Popluks group with a

Robert Boscawen

Robert "Bob" Thomas Boscawen was a British Conservative politician. He was the last member of the House of Commons to hold a Military Cross for action during the Second World War. Robert Boscawen was the fourth son of Evelyn Hugh John Boscawen, eighth Viscount Falmouth, of Tregothnan, by his wife Mary A member of a old Cornish family, his ancestors included Prime Minister Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey, Admiral Edward Boscawen, victor over the French at the Battle of Lagos. Boscawen was educated at West Downs School and Eton College. Too young for military service at the outbreak of the Second World War, Boscawen went to Trinity College, where he read mechanical science and took the special army engineering course. In 1941, he joined the Royal Engineers. However, on 4 September 1942, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the 1st Battalion of the Coldstream Guards, his service number was 243507; the battalion formed part of the 5th Guards Armoured Brigade, part of Major General Allan Adair's Guards Armoured Division, Boscawen was sent to the cavalry wing of Sandhurst to train as a tank commander.

In September 1944, after having fought in the Battle of Normandy, his battalion were among the first tanks to enter Brussels and he was awarded the Military Cross in the battle to relieve Arnhem. In April 1945, during the last month of the war, he was seriously wounded and sustained disfiguring burns when a shell pierced his tank, he was evacuated to Archibald McIndoe's pioneering "Guinea Pig Club" plastic surgery unit at Queen Victoria Hospital in East Grinstead, spending much of the next three years in hospital. He is the author of Armoured Guardsmen, a book which follows the Coldstreamers through France and Holland, in 1944/45. Boscawen served during 1947 and 1948 in Hamburg, West Germany, with the British Red Cross civilian relief teams organised by his mother, Lady Falmouth, a vice-chairman of the Conservative Party. From 1948, he spent two years with Shell Petroleum as a management trainee before joining the family-owned Cornish china clay business, Goonveen, at Rostowrack, he became a Lloyd's underwriter in 1952.

Boscawen's party political career began in 1948. Boscawen contested Falmouth and Camborne in elections in both 1964 and 1966, achieving a swing to the Conservatives but not enough to win, was subsequently deselected because of his support for the right-wing Monday Club: local party activists thought his membership of the Club would harm his ability to appeal to a traditionally radical-leaning seat. For thirteen years, from 1970 until 1983, he was the member for Wells and as the result of boundary changes, his constituency became Somerton and Frome, which he held for a further nine years, from 1983 to 1992. In Parliament, Boscawen was noted for his right-wing views, he supported the restoration of capital punishment and drastic cuts in the welfare state and student grants but opposed abortion. He became a leading supporter of Ian Smith after Rhodesia's Unilateral Declaration of Independence, he voted against the imposition of sanctions in defiance of the Party Whip. He was initially opposed to Britain's entry into the European Common Market but tentatively supported it, warning opponents against using war memories to make decisions affecting future generations.

Boscawen was interested in the National Health Service and sat on its London Executive Council from 1954 to 1965. He was on the backbenchers' Health Services Committee and vice-chairman from 1974 to 1979, he was scathing about attempts to raise MPs' pay in 1976 at a time of financial hardship for many, saying it "brought ignominy" on the whole House. Boscawen served as an assistant whip from 1979, as a Lord Commissioner of the Treasury from 1981, Vice Chamberlain of Her Majesty's Household 1983-86 and Comptroller of the Royal Household until 1988, he became a member of the Privy Council in 1992, in the same year that he retired from the House of Commons. Boscawen married Mary Codrington in 1949 and they had two daughters and one son, who followed him into the Coldstream Guards, they lived at Ivythorm Manor in Somerset. Boscawen was a yachtsman, he rowed in the University trial eights. He was a member of the Royal Yacht Squadron and sailed in international races, including the Fastnet. Boscawen died on the Isle of Wight on 28 December 2013.

Boscawen, Robert. Armoured Guardsmen: A War Diary, June 1944-April 1945. Barnsley, England: Pen & Sword, 2001. Times Guide to the House of Commons 1987 Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert Boscawen

Stourport-on-Severn railway station

Stourport-on-Severn railway station was the main station in Stourport-on-Severn, England. The station named'Stourport', opened on 1 February 1862 as part of the Severn Valley Railway, it had a passing loop from opening. It was renamed Stourport-on-Severn in October 1934 to avoid confusion with the nearby town of Stourbridge; the station closed when passenger services between Hartlebury and Bewdley were withdrawn on 5 January 1970. Although the line to Hartlebury remained open to coal traffic to the former Stourport Power Station until 1980s-1990s when it was closed after closure of the power station; the site is now occupied by housing development although there is a footpath on the former line to Hartlebury and towards the former Stourport Power Station. The trackbed towards Bewdley is now hemmed in by modern development and no longer traceable other than near Bewdley end. Mitchell, Vic. Kidderminster to Shrewsbury. Middleton Press. Figs. 4-8. ISBN 9781906008109. OCLC 154801530. "Bewdley to Hartlebury Junction Disused Railway".

Shropshire Railways, YouTube video