The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 8 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized. The leap years that were observed between the implementation of the Julian calendar in 45 BC and AD 8 were erratic: see the Julian calendar article for details. A calendar obtained by extension earlier in time than its invention or implementation is called the "proleptic" version of the calendar; the proleptic Gregorian calendar is used to specify dates before the introduction of the Gregorian calendar in 1582. Because the Julian calendar was used before that time, one must explicitly state that a given quoted date is based on the proleptic Gregorian calendar if, the case; the Julian calendar itself was introduced by Julius Caesar, as such is older than the introduction of the Anno Domini era, counting years since the birth of Christ as calculated by Dionysus Exiguus in the 6th century, used in medieval European annals since about the 8th century, notably by Bede.
The proleptic Julian calendar uses Anno Domini throughout, including for dates of Late Antiquity when the Julian calendar was in use but Anno Domini wasn't, for times predating the introduction of the Julian calendar. Years are given cardinal numbers. Thus, the year 1 BC of the proleptic Julian calendar is a leap year; this is to be distinguished from the astronomical year numbering, introduced in 1740 by French astronomer Jacques Cassini, which considers each New Year an integer on a time axis, with year 0 corresponding to 1 BC, "year −1" corresponding to 2 BC, so that in this system, Julian leap years have a number divisible by four. The determination of leap years in the proleptic Julian calendar is distinct from the question of which years were considered leap years during the Roman era, due to the leap year error: Between 45 BC and AD 8, the leap day was somewhat unsystematic, thus there is no simple way to find an equivalent in the proleptic Julian calendar of a date quoted using either the Roman pre-Julian calendar or the Julian calendar before AD 8.
The year 46 BC itself is a special case: because of the historical introduction of the Julian calendar in that year, it was allotted 445 days. Before the Roman Republican calendar used a system of intercalary months rather than leap days. Julian date Proleptic Gregorian calendar
The Couzinet 33 Biarritz was a French long-range monoplane built by René Couzinet in the early 1930s. The Couzinet 33 was made of wood, with a thick cantilever wing with thickness of 60 cm at the wing roots; the wing main-spar was continuous from wing-tip to wing-tip. The aircraft was covered with birch plywood, with the fuselage thinning to the rear, forming the characteristic tail of René Couzinets signature aircraft; the biarritz made its first flight in November 1931, clocking up 27 hours flying before departing on a flight from Paris to Nouméa. From 6 March 1932 to 5 April 1932 Emile Munch, Max Dévé and Charles Verneilh flew the Biarritz from France to New Caledonia, the first time a direct flight had succeeded. On arrival at Nouméa the aircraft was destroyed. After the wreckage of the Biarritz was shipped back to France, a second aircraft was built using salvageable parts of the first; this aircraft set off on a non-stop flight from Paris to Algiers on 30 October 1933, flown by Charles Verneilh, but crashed in fog at Blaisy-Bas in the Côte-d'Or.
Data from Aviafrance: Couzinet 33'Biarritz', Aviafrance: Couzinet 33'Biarritz' n ° 2 General characteristics Crew: 4 Length: 11.73 m Wingspan: 16.16 m Height: 2.75 m Wing area: 34.4 m2 Empty weight: 1,600 kg Biarritz No.2: 1,722 kg Gross weight: 3,500 kg Biarritz No.2: 3,090 kg Powerplant: 3 × de Havilland Gipsy III 4-cyl inverted air-cooled in-line piston engines, 89 kW each Biarritz No.2: 3x de Havilland Gipsy Major 4-cyl inverted air-cooled in-line piston engines 140 hp eachPropellers: 2-bladed fixed-pitch metal prop[ellersPerformance Maximum speed: 260 km/h Biarritz No.2: 280 km/h Cruise speed: 220 km/h Range: 4,500 km Biarritz No.2: 4,900 km Service ceiling: 5,500 m The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. Orbis Publishing
Belle Linsky was a businesswoman and philanthropist, a Swingline Inc. executive with her husband, Swingline's president Jack Linsky. In 1982, she donated much of her art collection, valued at $90 million, to the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Belle Linsky came to the United States as a child. With her husband she owned 19 percent of the stock of the Swingline corporation, based in New York City at the time, which they sold to American Brands Inc. in 1970 for $210 million. She was treasurer of Swingline at the time of the sale and Jack Linsky was inventor and chairman, she lived in Palm Beach and New York, where much of her art collection was housed. She died in New York on Monday, September 28, 1987. In 1965, the Linskys endowed for $1 million a pavilion that has bears their names at the Beth Israel Medical Center in Manhattan, she and her husband, Jack Linsky, started collecting art during The Great Depression. After Mr. Linsky died in 1980, much of the art collection went into The Jack and Belle Linsky Foundation.
In 1982, Mrs. Linsky decided to give some to The Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, as well as a dozen other American museums; the collection includes more than 1000 objects. The bulk of, housed in the 3,980 square-foot Jack and Belle Linsky Galleries at the museum. At one point the Linskys had the one of the largest Fabergé egg collections in America
Peter Vindahl Jensen is a Danish footballer who plays as a goalkeeper for Danish Superliga club FC Nordsjælland. Vindahl Jensen started his career at HUI, joined Lyngby BK before he at the age of 17, joined FC Nordsjælland in January 2015; some months after his arrival, he began training with the first team. He sat on the bench for the first team 11 times in his first season at the club, without making any appearances. Vindahl Jensen became a permanent part of the first team squad in January 2016, he didn't make any appearances in the following two seasons as well despite sitting on the bench for 19 league games in total, until the 2018/19 season, where he got his official debut. It happened on 26 September 2018 in a Danish Cup game against HB Køge, where he kept a clean sheet in a 4-0 victory. In the first league game of newly appointed manager Flemming Pedersen on 30 March 2019, Vindahl Jensen made his Danish Superliga debut against FC Midtjylland, which ended 0-0. On 10 January 2019, Vindahl Jensen signed a new contract extension keeping him in Nordsjælland until 2022.
In May 2018, Vindahl Jensen was training with the Denmark national team because they needed more goalkeeper to the training sessions. Peter Vindahl Jensen at Soccerway Peter Vindahl Jensen at DBU Peter Vindahl Jensen at FCN
The 2020 United States presidential election in North Carolina is scheduled to take place on Tuesday, November 3, 2020, as part of the 2020 United States elections in which all 50 states plus the District of Columbia will participate. North Carolina voters will choose electors to represent them in the Electoral College via a popular vote; the state of North Carolina has 15 electoral votes in the Electoral College. Charlotte will host the 2020 Republican National Convention; as of February 2020, Donald Trump and Bill Weld are among the declared Republican candidates, while over 20 candidates entered the Democratic primary. Despite speculation that he might seek the Democratic nomination, Roy Cooper, the Governor of North Carolina, declined to run. Presidential preference primaries are scheduled for March 3, 2020, for each of the political parties with state ballot access. † Candidate withdrew. The North Carolina Republican Party submitted to the state only the name of incumbent President Donald Trump to be listed on the primary ballot.
The campaign of Bill Weld "has written to the asking to be added to the ballot, arguing that his candidacy meets the legal test because he’s received widespread news coverage, raised more than $1.2 million, has qualified for the primary ballot in six other states," according to the News and Observer. Joe Walsh petitioned the state board of elections. On Dec. 20, 2019, the state board unanimously voted to include both Walsh on the ballot. Donald Trump vs. Joe BidenDonald Trump vs. Bernie Sanders 2020 United States presidential election 2020 Democratic Party presidential primaries 2020 Republican Party presidential primaries 2020 Libertarian Party presidential primaries 2020 Green Party presidential primaries 2020 United States elections General footnotes Partisan clients
A church pennant is a pennant flown to indicate that a religious service is in progress. It is flown on establishments; the French Navy maintained a church pennant but it fell into disuse in 1905. The Church Pennant as used by the Royal Navy, other navies of the Commonwealth, the Royal Netherlands Navy; the broad pennant combination of the English Flag at the hoist and the Dutch National Flag in the fly originates from the Anglo-Dutch wars of the late 17th century, when it was used on Sundays to indicate that a service was in progress and a ceasefire existed between the warring nations. The United States Navy maintains several church pennants, of which the appropriate one is flown above the ensign wherever the ensign is displayed, at the gaff when under way, or at the flagstaff when not under way, when religious services are held aboard ship by a Navy chaplain; the only authorized church pennant was for Christian chaplains, regardless of specific denomination. In 1975, the Secretary of Navy approved a similar Jewish worship pennant.