Promotion to the 3. Liga

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Promotion to the 3. Liga
Founded 2008; 10 years ago (2008)
Country Germany
Confederation UEFA
Level on pyramid 4
Promotion to 3. Liga
Current champions Energie Cottbus
TSV 1860 Munich
KFC Uerdingen 05
(2017–18)
Most championships Borussia Dortmund II
Holstein Kiel
(2 promotions)
2017–18 Regionalliga

The promotion to the 3. Liga (German: Aufstieg zur 3. Liga) determines the teams that will be promoted each season from the Regionalliga, the fourth tier of German football, to the third-tier 3. Liga since its formation in 2008–09. The promotion format was changed starting with the 2012–13 season when the Regionalliga was expanded from three leagues (Nord, Süd, and West) to five (Bayern, Nord, Nordost, Südwest, and West).

Format[edit]

For the first four seasons (2008–09 until 2011–12), the champions of the Regionalliga Nord, West, and Süd were promoted directly to the 3. Liga.

After the Regionalliga reform, which took effect starting with the 2012–13 season, the number of leagues was expanded to five.[1] The five league champions and the runners-up of the Regionalliga with the whose region has the most clubs and members in the German Football Association (currently Südwest) now participate in an end-of-season play-off competition to determine the three teams which will be promoted. The three pairings are drawn from a pot, with the two teams from the same league being prohibited from being drawn together. The pairings are played over two legs, with each team playing one leg at home. The team that scores more goals on aggregate over the two legs is promoted. If the aggregate score is level, the away goals rule is applied, i.e. the team that scored more goals away from home over the two legs advances. If away goals are also equal, then thirty minutes of extra time is played. The away goals rule is again applied after extra time, i.e. if there are goals scored during extra time and the aggregate score is still level, the visiting team advances by virtue of more away goals scored. If no goals are scored during extra time, the tie is decided by penalty shoot-out.

From the 2018–19 season onwards, four teams will be promoted to the 3. Liga. The champions of the Regionalliga Südwest and Nordost will be promoted directly. A third team to be promoted will be drawn from the three champions of the Regionalliga Nord, West, and Bayern.[2] The remaining two champions will play a two-legged promotion play-off for the last promotion spot. In the following season, the three direct promotion spots will go to the champions of the Regionalliga Südwest and the champions of the two leagues that participated in the promotion play-off in the previous season, while the champions of the other two leagues participate in the play-off. This format was installed as a temporary solution until the DFB-Bundestag in 2019 can decide on a format that enables all Regionalliga champions to be promoted.[3]

Direct promotion (2008–09 to 2011–12)[edit]

2008–09[edit]

Regionalliga Champions
Nord Holstein Kiel
Süd 1. FC Heidenheim
West Borussia Dortmund II

2009–10[edit]

Regionalliga Champions
Nord SV Babelsberg
Süd VfR Aalen
West 1. FC Saarbrücken

2010–11[edit]

Regionalliga Champions
Nord Chemnitzer FC
Süd Darmstadt 98
West Preußen Münster

2011–12[edit]

Regionalliga Champions
Nord Hallescher FC
Süd Stuttgarter Kickers
West Borussia Dortmund II

Promotion play-offs (2012–13 to 2017–18)[edit]

2012–13[edit]

The draw for the 2012–13 promotion play-offs was held on 12 May 2013.[4] The first legs were played on 29 May, and the second legs were played on 2 and 4 June 2013.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
RB Leipzig (NO) 4–2 Sportfreunde Lotte (W) 2–0 2–2 (a.e.t.)
Holstein Kiel (N) 4–1 Hessen Kassel (S1) 2–0 2–1
SV Elversberg (S2) 4–3 1860 Munich II (B) 3–2 1–1

2013–14[edit]

The draw for the 2013–14 promotion play-offs was held on 26 April,[5] with another draw between the Regionalliga Südwest teams held on 13 May 2014.[6] The first legs were played on 28 May, and the second legs were played on 1 June 2014.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
TSG Neustrelitz (NO) 1–5 Mainz 05 II (S3) 0–2 1–3
Sonnenhof Großaspach (S1) 1–0 VfL Wolfsburg II (N) 0–0 1–0
Fortuna Köln (W) 2–2 (a) Bayern Munich II (B) 1–0 1–2

2014–15[edit]

The draw for the 2014–15 promotion play-offs was held on 12 April,[7] with another draw between the Regionalliga Südwest teams held on 2 May 2015.[8] The first legs were played on 27 May, and the second legs were played on 31 May 2015.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
1. FC Saarbrücken (S2) 1–1 (5–6 p) Würzburger Kickers (B) 0–1 1–0 (a.e.t.)
1. FC Magdeburg (NO) 4–1 Kickers Offenbach (S1) 1–0 3–1
Werder Bremen II (N) 2–0 Borussia Mönchengladbach II (W) 0–0 2–0 (a.e.t.)

2015–16[edit]

The draw for the 2015–16 promotion play-offs was held on 3 April,[9] with another draw between the Regionalliga Südwest teams held on 21 May 2016.[10] The first legs were played on 25 May, and the second legs were played on 29 May 2016.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
VfL Wolfsburg II (N) 1–2 Jahn Regensburg (B) 1–0 0–2
SV Elversberg (S2) 1–2 FSV Zwickau (NO) 1–1 0–1
Sportfreunde Lotte (W) 2–0 Waldhof Mannheim (S1) 0–0 2–0

2016–17[edit]

The draw for the 2016–17 promotion play-offs was held on 8 April,[11] with another draw between the Regionalliga Südwest teams held on 5 May 2017.[12] The first legs were played on 28 May, and the second legs were played on 31 May and 1 June 2017.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Viktoria Köln (W) 3–3 (a) Carl Zeiss Jena (NO) 2–3 1–0
SpVgg Unterhaching (B) 5–2 SV Elversberg (S1) 3–0 2–2
Waldhof Mannheim (S2) 0–0 (3–4 p) SV Meppen (N) 0–0 0–0 (a.e.t.)

2017–18[edit]

The draw for the 2017–18 promotion play-offs was held on 7 April,[13] with another draw between the Regionalliga Südwest teams held on 27 April 2018.[14] The first legs were played on 24 May, and the second legs were played on 27 May 2018.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
1. FC Saarbrücken 4–5 1860 Munich 2–3 2–2
Weiche Flensburg 2–3 Energie Cottbus 2–3 0–0
KFC Uerdingen 3–0 Waldhof Mannheim 1–0 2–0[note 1]

Transitional seasons (2018–19 and 2019–20)[edit]

2018–19[edit]

The Regionalliga Nordost and Südwest were automatically allocated a direct promotion spot. The third league to receive a direct promotion spot was drawn between the Regionalliga Nord, West, and Bayern on 27 April 2018. The remaining two leagues received a promotion play-off spot.[14]

Directly promoted
Regionalliga Champions
Nordost
Südwest
West

The pairing order for the 2018–19 promotion play-offs was determined by a draw held on 27 April 2018.[14]

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Regionalliga Nord Regionalliga Bayern TBD TBD

2019–20[edit]

The Regionalliga Südwest was automatically allocated a direct promotion spot. The remaining two leagues to receive a direct promotion spot will be the promotion play-off participants of the previous season, determined by a draw on 27 April 2018. The Regionalliga Nordost was automatically allocated a promotion play-off spot, to be joined by the league drawn to be directly promoted the previous season, determined by a draw on 27 April 2018.[14]

Directly promoted
Regionalliga Champions
Bayern
Nord
Südwest

The pairing order for the 2019–20 promotion play-offs will be determined by a draw held at a later date.

Team 1 Agg. Team 2 1st leg 2nd leg
Regionalliga Nordost [†] Regionalliga West TBD TBD
  1. Order of legs to be decided by a draw.

Statistics[edit]

Since the introduction of the 3. Liga in the 2008–09 season, Borussia Dortmund II (2009 and 2012) and Holstein Kiel (2009 and 2013) have both been promoted twice from the Regionalliga.

VfL Wolfsburg II (2014 and 2016), SV Elversberg (2016 and 2017), and Waldhof Mannheim (2016 and 2017) have all failed twice in the promotion play-offs.

Since the introduction of the promotion play-offs, the second leg has gone into extra time four times. Two of the occasions saw a winner after the extra period, while two matches were decided by a penalty shoot-out after no additional goals were scored. On the other hand, the away goals rule has decided the winner of a tie on two occasions.

Play-off winners (since 2012–13)
Regionalliga Number of
promotions
Nordost 4
Bayern 3
Nord 3
Südwest runners-up/third 2
West 2
Südwest champions 1

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The match was stopped in the 82nd minute, with KFC Uerdingen leading 1–2, due to pyrotechnics from the Waldhof Mannheim fans, and the match was abandoned soon thereafter. The sports court of the DFB awarded a 0–2 win to KFC Uerdingen.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "DFB weitet die Spielklassenreform aus" [DFB is expanding the league reform]. kicker.de (in German). kicker-sportmagazin. 22 October 2010. Retrieved 28 October 2010. 
  2. ^ "Lauth lost Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga aus" [Lauth draws promotion matches to the 3. Liga]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  3. ^ "Änderung der Aufstiegsregelung in der Regionalliga beschlossen" [Change of promotion format in the Regionalliga decided upon]. dfb.de. Deutscher Fußball-Bund. 8 December 2017. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  4. ^ "Aufstiegsrelegation: RB Leipzig trifft auf den West-Meister" [Promotion play-offs: RB Leipzig meets the West champions]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 12 May 2013. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele: West-Meister trifft auf die Bayern" [Promotion play-offs: West champions meet Bayern]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  6. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele: Großaspach trifft auf den Nordmeister" [Promotion play-offs: Großaspach meets the Nord champions]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 13 May 2014. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  7. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele: Nord-Meister trifft auf West-Vertreter" [Promotion play-offs: Nord champions meet West representatives]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 12 April 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  8. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga: Glock heute Losfee" [Promotion play-offs to 3. Liga: Glock today draws]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 2 May 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  9. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga ausgelost" [Promotion play-offs to 3. Liga drawn]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 3 April 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  10. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele: Elversberg gegen Zwickau, Lotte trifft auf Mannheim" [Promotion play-offs: Elversberg vs. Zwickau, Lotte meets Mannheim]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 21 May 2016. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  11. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga: West vs. Nordost" [Promotion play-offs to 3. Liga: West vs. Nordost]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 8 April 2017. Retrieved 8 April 2017. 
  12. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele: Mannheim vs. Meppen und Haching vs. Elversberg" [Promotion play-offs: Mannheim vs. Meppen and Haching vs. Elversberg]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 8 October 2017. 
  13. ^ "Aufstiegsspiele zur 3. Liga: Nord vs. Nordost" [Promotion play-offs to 3. Liga: Nord vs. Nordost]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 7 April 2018. Retrieved 7 April 2018. 
  14. ^ a b c d "Auslosung der Aufstiegsspiele: Saarbrücken gegen Bayern-Meister" [Draw of the promotion play-offs: Saarbrücken against Bayern champions]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 27 April 2018. Retrieved 27 April 2018. 
  15. ^ "Sportgericht wertet abgebrochenes Spiel mit 2:0 für KFC Uerdingen" [Sports court awards abandoned match 2–0 for KFC Uerdingen]. DFB.de (in German). German Football Association. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 

External links[edit]