Argalasti is a village and a former municipality in Magnesia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality South Pelion, of which it is the seat and a municipal unit; the municipal unit has an area of 74.820 km2. It is built on a fertile 40 km southeast of Volos, it is an important tourism center of the area with a rich cultural tradition. Argalasti is a stopping point for those headed for the nearby beaches of the Pagasetic Gulf or the Aegean Sea. An example of the architecture of the beginning of the 20th century is the church tower of Sts. Apostles; the municipal unit Argalasti is subdivided into the following communities: Argalasti Metochi Xinovrysi This Pelion town is known for its buildings of architectural interest. Embedded into the walls of several buildings in the village are find pieces of Ancient and Medieval buildings; the monastery of Saint Nicolas provides views of the town. Close to the town square, is the church of Saint Apostles Peter and Paul built in 1886, with a marble bell tower built in 1913
Trikeri is a town and a former community in Magnesia, Greece. Since the 2011 local government reform it is part of the municipality South Pelion, of which it is a municipal unit, it lies at the westernmost point of the hook-like Pelion Peninsula on the Pagasetic Gulf. It includes the offshore islands of Paleo Trikeri and Alatás; the municipal unit has a total population of 1,353 inhabitants and a land area of 26.817 square kilometres. Its largest settlements are the towns of Agia Kyriaki, both on the mainland. From 1947 the island of Trikeri was used as a concentration camp for female antifascist political prisoners during the Greek Civil War; the women and children were relatives of members of the EAM-ELAS, the resistance forces which had fought against fascist occupation during World War II. In September 1949 political activists from other camps were sent to Trikeri, increasing the number of people held there to 4,700
Skiathos is a small Greek island in the northwest Aegean Sea. Skiathos is the westernmost island in the Northern Sporades group, east of the Pelion peninsula in Magnesia on the mainland, west of the island of Skopelos; the island has a north to southwestern axis and is about 12 kilometres long and 6 kilometres wide on average. The coastline is indented with inlets and peninsulas; the southeast and southwest parts have gentler slopes and, where most settlements and facilities are located. The terrain is more rugged on the north coast, with the highest peak at 433 m on mount Karafiltzanaka; the main town is Skiathos, in the eastern part of the island. Other main settlements are Kalyvia, Troullos, Χanemos and Achladias; the Municipality of Skiathos includes the islets of Tsougria, Maragos, Arkos and Aspronisi. The municipality has an area of 49.898 km2. They are scattered a few kilometres off the southeast coastline and are visible from the town and the beaches; the island of Skopelos is visible from Skiathos with the more distant islands of Euboea and Skyros visible under clear weather conditions.
The main paved road runs all along the southeastern stretch of the island with several narrow dirt roads branching off towards the interior and the northern coast. Farmland exists around all the major settlements on the island. Despite its small size, Skiathos with its many beaches and wooded landscape is a popular tourist destination, it has over 60 sandy, beaches scattered around the 44 km coastline. Some of these are Troulos, Koukounaries, Megali Ammos and Mandraki. Much of the island is wooded with Aleppo Pine and a small Stone Pine forest at the Koukounaries location where there is a lagoon and a popular beach; the island's forests are concentrated on the southwest and northern parts, but the presence of pine trees is prevalent throughout the island. In Ancient times, the island played a minor role during the Persian Wars. In 480 BC, the fleet of the Persian King Xerxes was hit by a storm and was badly damaged on the rocks of the Skiathos coast. Following this the Greek fleet blockaded the adjacent seas to prevent the Persians from invading the mainland and supplying provisions to the army facing the 300 Spartans defending the pass at Thermopylae.
The Persian fleet was defeated there at Artemisium and destroyed at the Battle of Salamis a year later. Skiathos became part of the Delian League; the city was destroyed by Philip V of Macedon in 200 BC. In 1207 the Ghisi brothers captured the island and built the Bourtzi, a small Venetian-styled fortress similar to the Bourtzi in Nafplio, on an islet just out of Skiathos Town, to protect the capital from the pirates, but the Bourtzi was ineffective in protecting the population and in the mid-14th century the inhabitants moved the capital from the ancient site that lay where modern Skiathos Town is to Kastro, located on a high rock, overlooking a steep cliff above the sea at the northernmost part of the island. The island returned to Byzantine control in the 1270s, remained in Byzantine hands until after the Fall of Constantinople in 1453, when it passed to the Republic of Venice. Like the rest of the Northern Sporades, Skiathos was conquered by the Ottoman admiral Hayreddin Barbarossa in 1538.
In 1704 monks from Athos built the Evangelistria Monastery, which played a part on the Greek War of Independence as a hide-out for Greek rebels. The first flag of Greece was created and hoisted in the Evangelistria Monastery in Skiathos in 1807, where several prominent military leaders had gathered for consultation concerning an uprising, they were sworn to this flag by the local bishop. After the War of Independence and demise of piracy in the Aegean, Kastro became less important. In 1830s, the island's capital was moved to the original site --. Today, the ruins of Kastro are a tourist attraction. During the 19th century Skiathos became an important shipbuilding centre in the Aegean due to the abundance of pine forests on the island; the pine woods of the island were almost obliterated. This was brought to a halt though, due to the emergence of steamboats. A small shipwright remains north of Skiathos Town. There is a regular boat service to the island and the rest of the Sporades islands with departures from Volos and Agios Konstantinos.
The boats are operated by Hellenic Seaways using its high-speed Flying Cat vessels as well as conventional ferries. Skiathos International Airport is at the northeast of the island next to a lagoon and a lowland isthmus separating the island from the peninsula of Lazareta; as of summer 2011, Skiathos airport is served by Olympic Air flights from both Athens and Thessaloniki, while foreign airlines provide charter flights from a range of airports in European countries such as the United Kingdom, Austria, the Netherlands, Italy and Scandinavian countries. During the winter 2013/14, work began to expand the airport, with a runway extension and increased hard standing for parked aircraft; the modern major road runs along the southern coast. Narrower roads, some paved and some dirt, reach the northwest coastline. There is regular, during tourist season frequent bus transit from the main town to the Koukounaries beach in the southwest. There are three bus routes on the island; the core route is from the main town to Koukounaries beach
Greece the Hellenic Republic, self-identified and known as Hellas, is a country located in Southern and Southeast Europe, with a population of 11 million as of 2016. Athens is largest city, followed by Thessaloniki. Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe and Africa. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkan Peninsula, it shares land borders with Albania to the northwest, North Macedonia and Bulgaria to the north, Turkey to the northeast; the Aegean Sea lies to the east of the mainland, the Ionian Sea to the west, the Cretan Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the south. Greece has the longest coastline on the Mediterranean Basin and the 11th longest coastline in the world at 13,676 km in length, featuring a large number of islands, of which 227 are inhabited. Eighty percent of Greece is mountainous, with Mount Olympus being the highest peak at 2,918 metres; the country consists of nine geographic regions: Macedonia, Central Greece, the Peloponnese, Epirus, the Aegean Islands, Thrace and the Ionian Islands.
Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, Western literature, political science, major scientific and mathematical principles, Western drama and notably the Olympic Games. From the eighth century BC, the Greeks were organised into various independent city-states, known as poleis, which spanned the entire Mediterranean region and the Black Sea. Philip of Macedon united most of the Greek mainland in the fourth century BC, with his son Alexander the Great conquering much of the ancient world, from the eastern Mediterranean to India. Greece was annexed by Rome in the second century BC, becoming an integral part of the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, in which Greek language and culture were dominant. Rooted in the first century A. D. the Greek Orthodox Church helped shape modern Greek identity and transmitted Greek traditions to the wider Orthodox World. Falling under Ottoman dominion in the mid-15th century, the modern nation state of Greece emerged in 1830 following a war of independence.
Greece's rich historical legacy is reflected by its 18 UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The sovereign state of Greece is a unitary parliamentary republic and developed country with an advanced high-income economy, a high quality of life, a high standard of living. A founding member of the United Nations, Greece was the tenth member to join the European Communities and has been part of the Eurozone since 2001, it is a member of numerous other international institutions, including the Council of Europe, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie. Greece's unique cultural heritage, large tourism industry, prominent shipping sector and geostrategic importance classify it as a middle power, it is the largest economy in the Balkans. The names for the nation of Greece and the Greek people differ from the names used in other languages and cultures.
The Greek name of the country is Hellas or Ellada, its official name is the Hellenic Republic. In English, the country is called Greece, which comes from Latin Graecia and means'the land of the Greeks'; the earliest evidence of the presence of human ancestors in the southern Balkans, dated to 270,000 BC, is to be found in the Petralona cave, in the Greek province of Macedonia. All three stages of the stone age are represented for example in the Franchthi Cave. Neolithic settlements in Greece, dating from the 7th millennium BC, are the oldest in Europe by several centuries, as Greece lies on the route via which farming spread from the Near East to Europe. Greece is home to the first advanced civilizations in Europe and is considered the birthplace of Western civilisation, beginning with the Cycladic civilization on the islands of the Aegean Sea at around 3200 BC, the Minoan civilization in Crete, the Mycenaean civilization on the mainland; these civilizations possessed writing, the Minoans writing in an undeciphered script known as Linear A, the Mycenaeans in Linear B, an early form of Greek.
The Mycenaeans absorbed the Minoans, but collapsed violently around 1200 BC, during a time of regional upheaval known as the Bronze Age collapse. This ushered from which written records are absent. Though the unearthed Linear B texts are too fragmentary for the reconstruction of the political landscape and can't support the existence of a larger state contemporary Hittite and Egyptian records suggest the presence of a single state under a "Great King" based in mainland Greece; the end of the Dark Ages is traditionally dated to the year of the first Olympic Games. The Iliad and the Odyssey, the foundational texts of Western literature, are believed to have been composed by Homer in the 7th or 8th centuries BC. With the end of the Dark Ages, there emerged various kingdoms and city-states across the Greek peninsula, which spread to the shores of the Black Sea, So
Agios Georgios Nileias
Agios Georgios Nileias is a village and a community in the municipal unit of Milies, Greece. It is situated at about 700 m elevation, its population in 2001 was 142 for the village, 963 for the community. Agios Georgios Nileias is 1.5 km east of Agios Vlasios, 3 km northwest of Pinakates, 6 km northwest of Milies and 13 km east of Volos. Agios Georgios Nileias has a municipal museum with works of the sculptor Nikolaos Pavlopoulos; the community Agios Georgios Nileias consists of the following villages: Agios Georgios Agia Triada Ano Gatzea Dyo Revmata Kato Gatzea According to tradition, the village was founded by shepherds who found an icon in a bush. Its inhabitants lived in the village in the summer and in the winter they moved to villages at lower elevations, such as Agia Triada, Ano Gatzea and Kato Gatzea; the village revolted during the Greek War of Independence of 1821, but the revolt was suppressed by the Ottoman Pasha Dramali and the village was burnt. Agios Georgios joined the rest of Greece in 1881.
The village became a part of the municipality of Nileia, dissolved in 1914. Agios Georgios Nileias was an independent community from 1914 until 1998, when it became part of the municipality Milies. Yiannis Poulakas painter Nikolaos Pavlopoulos sculptor and writer List of settlements in the Magnesia regional unit Kostas Liapis, O megalos Ai-Giorgis tou Piliou, published by the old Commune of Agios Georgios Nileias, Volos 1994, 515 pages ISBN 960-7175-68-9Notes Agios Georgios Nileias on GTP Travel Pages
Magnesia (regional unit)
Magnesia, deriving from the tribe name Magnetes, is one of the regional units of Greece. It is part of the region of Thessaly, its capital is the city of Volos. About 70% of the population of Magnesia live in the Greater Volos area, the second-largest city in Thessaly and the third busiest commercial port in Greece. According to the most recent census, the population stands at 190,010; the regional unit hosts 2,000,000 tourists annually. Magnesia is represented in the Greek Parliament by six seats, its main agricultural products are wheat, tomatoes, olives and honey. A prominent geographic feature of Magnesia is a bay of the Aegean Sea; the Pelion mountain range closes off the Gulf on the east and south side, leaving only a narrow channel near Trikeri. The highest peak of the wooded Pelion is Xeforti. On the south edge of Magnesia peninsula Tisaio mountain is found. Mt. Maurovouni is the northeasternmost mountain of the regional unit and extends to the neighboring regional unit of Larissa; the southwest border of Magnesia is formed with its highest peak Gerakovouni.
The interior of Magnesia has two plains. The plains southwest of the Pagasetic Gulf arecalled Almyros plains, while the plains northwest of the Gulf are called the Volos-Velestino plain; the hydrological network of Magnesia is not rich and is characterized by the absence of big rivers. The waters coming from Pelion shape the rivers Anavros and Xirias. In the North section of Magnesia, Lake Karla was found. Lake Karla was drained in 1962. On the bight of Sourpi, next to Amaliapolis a coastal wetland is located, with various species of migratory birds; this wetland together with the forest of Kouri – an infrequent lowland of Oak tree forest close to Almyros – is included in the list of the protected regions of the European Network Natura 2000. The average temperature is 17 degrees Celsius and the average rainfall about 540 millimetres per year. Heat waves and intense cold periods are rare. During the summer the temperature rises up to about 37 to 38 °C in August; the climate varies in different parts of the prefecture.
In winter there is significant snowfall in the mountains and freezing temperatures. The regional unit Magnesia is subdivided into 5 municipalities; these are: Almyros Rigas Feraios South Pelion Volos Zagora-Mouresi Magnesia was created as a prefecture. In addition to the territory of the present regional unit of Magnesia, the Magnesia Prefecture included the Northern Sporades group of islands; as a part of the 2011 Kallikratis government reform, the prefecture was split into the Magnesia and Sporades regional units. At the same time, the municipalities were reorganised, according to the table below. Province of Volos – Volos Province of Almyros – Almyros Province of Skopelos and Sporades – SkopelosNote: Provinces no longer hold any legal status in Greece. According to Hesiod's "Eoiae" or "Catalogue of Women" on the origin of the Greeks, Pandora together with Zeus had one son Graecus, while Zeus had two more with Thyia, another of Deukalion's daughter: Magnes and Macedon. Magnes and Makednos together with Hellen's three sons Dorus and Aeolus, comprised the set of progenitors of the ancient tribes that formed the Greek/Hellenic nation.
Magnes ruled the area and people under his name. Magnesia is homeland of the mythical heroes Jason and his son Achilles; the Magnetes contributed to the Greek colonization, with their main colonies being established before the 7th century BC, under the names of Magnesia beside Sipylus in Lydia and Magnesia on the Maeander in Ionia. The word magnet comes from the Greek "magnítis líthos", which means "magnesian stone"; the names for the elements magnesium and manganese are derived from this region, which in addition to the magnetic magnetite, produces certain ores of magnesium and manganese that were known to alchemists. Written accounts and remains from the 5th century CE document the appearance of Christianity in Magnesia; the minutes of the 3rd Ecumenical Conference are co-signed by the Bishop of Dimitriada Cleonikos. Five basilicas have been revealed in Nea Anhialos, showing that the area was undergoing a spiritual growth in that era. Magnesias has churches and chapels, many of which are architectural masterpieces in the style, called "Pelioritica".
In the area of Pelion are the monasteries of Saint Gerasimos in Makrinitsa, The Holy Archangels in Agios Georgios Nilias, Osios Lavredios in Agios Lavrendis, Saint John the Baptist in Siki and Saint Spiridon in Promiri. The most famous is the Flamouriou Monastery, built in the 16th century by Osios Simeon, the so-called "barefoot and loin-clothed", located near Veneto. In the Almiros area and on the mountain of Othris two other monasteries were built, one inhabited by monks in Ano Panagia Xenia and the other by nuns in Kato Panagia Xenia; this monastery holds historical monuments of the area from the 12th century, with of frescoes, treasuries and a library. In Kato Panagia Xenia monastery, an icon of the Virgin Mary, venerated by the people of the area, is kept. All the monasteries are of archeological, histori
Pinakates is a mountain village in the Magnesia regional unit, Greece. It is part of the municipal unit of Milies. Pinakates is on the southwestern slopes of the Pelion mountain range, it is 3 km west of Milies, 3 km east of Agios Georgios Nileias, 3 km north of Kala Nera and 15 km east of Volos. The village of Pinakates is first mentioned in the Modern Geography of Greece by Daniil Filippidis and Grigoriou Konstantas. At that time, the village comprised about 100 houses, but it was built much earlier. In 1828, the village had 1,000 inhabitants. In 1860, the village counted 800 residents. Pinakates joined the rest of Greece when Thessaly was liberated in 1881. In the early 20th century, a school with 56 students was opened. One of the main benefactors of this school was a business man from Pinakates, Ioannis G. Sarafopoulos; the main industry in Pinakates became the production of oil. The culture of olives boosted the village's economy. Money from Greeks living in Egypt contributed to the development of the village.
Pinakates is considered to be one of the best preserved of the 24 villages in Pilion and therefore became a category 1-protected landmark. The village was so well preserved because until it was only accessible via one road which ends in the center of the village. All other roads could only be used by mule; the isolated position on the mountain side kept the village well preserved, but almost caused its downfall. During the last decade of the previous century only five families lived in Pinakates during wintertime, it counts about 150 people, although on the voting registers some 350 names are listed. However, a lot of them have moved to neighbouring villages. Due to the limited number of children in the village it no longer has a school. List of settlements in the Magnesia regional unit Pinakates on GTP Travel Pages