The pronator teres is a muscle that, along with the pronator quadratus, serves to pronate the forearm. It has two attachments, to the medial humeral supracondylar ridge and the ulnar tuberosity, inserts near the middle of the radius; the pronator teres has two heads -- ulnar. The humeral head, the larger and more superficial, arises from the medial supracondylar ridge superior to the medial epicondyle of the humerus, from the common flexor tendon; the ulnar head is a thin fasciculus, which arises from the medial side of the coronoid process of the ulna, joins the preceding at an acute angle. The median nerve enters the forearm between the two heads of the muscle, is separated from the ulnar artery by the ulnar head; the muscle passes obliquely across the forearm, ends in a flat tendon, inserted into a rough impression at the middle of the lateral surface of the body of the radius, just distal to the insertion of the supinator. The lateral border of the muscle forms the medial boundary of the triangular hollow known as the cubital fossa, situated anterior to the elbow.
The pronator teres is innervated by the median nerve. To stimulate the pronator teres, a signal begins in the precentral gyrus in the brain and goes down through the internal capsule, it continues down the corticospinal tracts through the capsule and pons where it arrives at the medullar pyramids. Once at the pyramids, the corticospinal tracts decussate and the signal goes down the lateral corticospinal tract until it reaches the ventral horns of C5, C6, C7, C8, T1; the signal goes through the ventral rami and down the root ganglions of C5, C6, C7, C8, T1. Next, the signal goes down the median nerve branch of the brachial plexus and stimulates the pronator teres to contract causing the hand to pronate; the ulnar head is absent. Additional slips from the medial intermuscular septum, from the biceps brachii, from the brachialis occur. Pronator teres pronates the forearm. If the elbow is flexed to a right angle pronator teres will turn the hand so that the palm faces inferiorly, it is assisted in this action by pronator quadratus.
It weakly flexes the elbow, or assists in flexion at the elbow when there is strong resistance. Pronator teres syndrome is one cause of wrist pain, it is a type of neurogenic pain. Patients with the pronator teres syndrome have numbness in median nerve distribution with repetitive pronation/supination of the forearm, not flexion and extension of the elbow Early fatigue of the forearm muscles is seen with repetitive stressful motion pronation EMG may show only mildly reduced conduction velocities Despite their anatomic proximity, patients with pronator teres syndrome do not have a higher incidence of AIN syndrome Other sites of compression: Ligament of Struthers Lacertus fibrosis Proximal arch of the FDS Rare causes such as following tendon transfers for radial palsy Dissimilarity to CTS: Positive Tinel's sign in forearm rather than at wrist Negative Phalen's maneuver Dysesthesia of palmar triangle Pain on resistance to pronation Pain in forearm on resistance to isolated flexion of the PIP joint of long and ring fingersIn C5 tetraplegia or radial nerve palsy patients, pronator teres tendon can be rerouted, so called tendon transfer, to extensor carpi radialis brevis tendon to restore wrist extension.
The word pronator comes from the Latin pronus, which means “inclined forward or lying face downward”, has to do with the muscle's action being pronation of the forearm. The Latin term teres, which means "round or cylindrical shaped" or "long and round", refers to the shape of the muscle; the indirect English translation of pronator teres is therefore: cylindrical muscle that turns the forearm down. This article incorporates text in the public domain from page 446 of the 20th edition of Gray's Anatomy Illustration: upper-body/pronator-teres from The Department of Radiology at the University of Washington Pronator_teres at the Duke University Health System's Orthopedics program PTCentral http://www.wheelessonline.com/ortho/pronator_teres
The 2015 South American Youth Football Championship will be an international association football tournament held in Uruguay. The ten national teams involved in the tournament were required to register a squad of 23 players; each player had to have been born after January 1, 1995. Coach: Humberto Grondona Coach: Claudio Chacior Coach: Alexandre Gallo Coach: Hugo Tocalli Coach: Carlos Restrepo Coach: Sixto Vizuete Coach: Víctor Genes Coach: Víctor Rivera Coach: Fabián Coito Coach: Miguel Echenausi 1 Capped for Nicaragua. Official Squad list
The Sheraton Princess Kaiulani Hotel is a large resort hotel in Honolulu, Hawaii. The hotel is located on the site of ʻĀinahau, the royal estate of Princess Victoria Kaʻiulani, heir to the throne of the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi; the estate was demolished in the 1930s by the owners of the Moana Hotel, located across Kalakaua Avenue. Bungalows for the hotel were constructed on the site; the bungalows were demolished in 1953 and the Matson Line constructed the Princess Kaiulani Hotel, which opened on June 11, 1955. The 11-story building was the tallest in Hawaii at the time. In 1959, Matson sold their hotels to Sheraton Hotels. Sheraton added a second wing to the successful Princess Kaiulani Hotel in 1960, with 210 additional rooms; the hotel was sold to Kyo-Ya Company Limited in July 1963. Kyo-Ya added a third wing, the 29-story Ainahau Tower, in 1970. In the 1970s, they renamed the hotel the Sheraton Princess Kaiulani. Media related to Sheraton Princess Kaiulani at Wikimedia Commons Official website
Nikhil Dey is an Indian social activist. He works for the MKSS, Suchna Evum Rozgar Adhikar Abhiyan and NCPRI, he has been working for Right to Information, Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, Lokpal bill and Right to Food and other Human Rights organisations. After working with the Kheduth Mazdoor Chetna Sangathana in Madhya Pradesh, he joined Aruna Roy and Shankar Singh in 1987 to go to Devdungri, in Rajsamand District in Rajasthan where along with many others they helped form and establish the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan. Since 1990, he has been a full-time worker of the MKSS, a part of the organisations decision making collective. In this capacity he has been involved in struggles of the poor for justice, including grass root struggles for land and the payment of minimum wages, he has been a part of the organisations involvement in larger campaigns- most notably for the Peoples Right to Information, the Right to Work, the Right to Food, the protection of other human rights guaranteed under the Indian Constitution.
He was called in famous Amir khan TV show Satyamev Jayate for clarifying more about RTI along with Shankar Sing, Somia Kidambvi, Aruna Roy The Right To No Secrets Profile https://skollworldforum.org/contributor/nikhil-dey/
F1 or Formula One is the highest class of auto racing sanctioned by the FIA. F1, F01, F. I, F.1 or F-1 may refer to: F1, a computer Function key F1, an Office Assistant in Microsoft Office F1 Magazine, a Syrian monthly computer magazine published in Arabic Google F1, Google's SQL database management system Oppo F1, a smartphone by Oppo Electronics F1 grenade, several types of hand grenade F 1 Hässlö, a former Swedish Air Force wing F1 SMG, an Australian submachine gun Dassault Mirage F1, a French combat aircraft FCM F1, a 1940 French super-heavy tank Fokker F. I, a German fighter triplane HMS F1, an F-class submarine of the Royal Navy, launched in 1915 HMS Kelly, a 1938 British Royal Navy K-class destroyer Kampfgeschwader 76, from its historic Geschwaderkennung code with the Luftwaffe in World War II Mitsubishi F-1, a fighter/attack aircraft of the Japan Air Self-Defense Force North American FJ-1 Fury, known as the F-1 from 1962 onward Sopwith Camel F.1, a 1916 British World War I single-seat fighter biplane USS F-1, an F-class submarine of the United States Navy Felixstowe F.1, a Seaplane Experimental Station-designed flying boat Fokker F.
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Ivan Ivanovich Fesin was a Soviet General-major, twice awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union in 1943. After the war he engaged in academic work, teaching at military academies and editing parts of the Great Soviet Encyclopedia. Fesin was born on 24 June 1904 to a family of Russian farmers. After completing parish school in 1915 he went on to attend an additional two years of school in the Rostov oblast before starting to work in farming in 1917. In 1923 he began working at a mine in Luhansk, where he remained until entering the army in September 1926. Having entered the military in 1926, he was a regular infantryman in the North Caucasian Military District until 1927. After graduating from the Vladikavkaz Infantry School in 1930 he became a platoon commander and a battalion commander. In 1934 he headed an NKVD regiment training program in Grozny, from 1937 to 1940 he commanded an NKVD battalion, he briefly worked as a teacher before commanding a different NKVD battalion at a military school from May to July 1941.
Fesin arrived at the war front in July 1941 as he was the head of the intelligence department for the 259th Rifle Division. Promoted to commander of the 939th Rifle Regiment in August, he led the unit in the defense of the North-Western Front. After recovering he remained away from the front for some time, attending the Military Academy of General Staff until graduating in May 1942. Upon returning in August he was in command of the 13th Motor-rifle Brigade. Under his command the unit participated in the expulsion of axis troops from the Kharkhiv and Voronezh areas. Despite sustaining a leg wound on 17 January 1943 he remained in the rank-and-file, but an arm wound on 14 February 1943 forced him to be hospitalized until April. Earlier in March, he had been awarded his first gold star. In June 1943 Fesin was given command of the 236th Rifle Division. After the successful river crossing he was awarded the title Hero of the Soviet Union again on 1 November. However, he did not remain in command of the division for long, leaving the front in June 1944 due to health problems.
From August 1944 to April 1948, Fesin headed the Moscow Infantry School. Upon graduating from the Military Academy of General Staff in 1949 he became a senior teacher in tactics, going on to become a Candidate of Military Sciences in 1953 before retiring from the military in 1965; as a civilian he lived in Moscow, where worked for the housing department and the OSVOD before his death on 23 December 1991. He was buried in the Troyekurovskoye Cemetery. Twice Hero of the Soviet Union Two Order of Lenin Two Order of the Red Banner Order of Suvorov 2nd class Order of the Patriotic War 1st class Two Order of the Red Star campaign and jubilee medals