The English Patient
The English Patient is a 1992 novel by Michael Ondaatje. The book follows four dissimilar people brought together at an Italian villa during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The four main characters are, an unrecognisably burned man—the titular patient, presumed to be English, his Canadian Army nurse, a Sikh British Army sapper, the book won the Booker Prize and the Governor Generals Award. The novels historical backdrop is the North African/Italian Campaigns of World War II, the English patients only possession is a well-worn, and heavily annotated copy of Herodotuss The Histories that has survived the fiery parachute drop. Hearing the book constantly being read aloud to him brings about detailed recollections of his desert explorations, instead, he chooses to believe the assumption by others that he is an Englishman based on the sound of his voice. The patient is in fact László de Almásy, a Hungarian Count and desert explorer, Caravaggio, an Italian-Canadian in the British foreign intelligence service since the late 1930s, befriended Hanas father before the latter died in the war.
He learns that Hana is at the villa caring for a patient and he had remained in North Africa to spy when the German forces gain control and transfers to Italy. He is eventually caught and tortured, they cut off his thumbs. Caravaggio bears physical and psychological scars from his war experience for which he seeks vengeance. Two British soldiers yell at Hana to stop her playing a piano since the Germans often booby-trapped them. One of the soldiers, Kip, an Indian Sikh, a sapper, specializes in bomb. Kip decides to stay at the villa to attempt to clear it of unexploded ordnance and the English patient immediately become friends. Almásy was mesmerized by Katharines voice as she read Herodotus Histories out loud by the campfire and they soon began a very intense affair, but she cut it short, claiming that Geoffrey would go mad if he were to discover them. Geoffrey offers to return Almásy to Cairo on his plane since the expedition will break camp with the coming of war, Almásy is unaware that Katharine is aboard the plane as it flies low over him and crashes.
Katharine is injured internally and Almásy leaves her in the Cave of Swimmers, Caravaggio tells Almásy that British Intelligence knew about the affair. Almásy makes a trek to British-controlled El Taj for help. When he arrives, he is detained as a spy because of his name and he guides German spies across the desert to Cairo. Almásy retrieves Katharines body from the Cave and, while flying back and he parachutes from the plane and is found by the Bedouin
Philip Michael Ondaatje, CC FRSL, is a Sri Lankan-born Canadian poet, novelist and filmmaker. He is the recipient of literary awards such as the Governor Generals Award, the Giller Prize, the Booker Prize. Ondaatje is an Officer of the Order of Canada, recognizing him as one of Canadas most renowned living authors, along with others like Margaret Atwood. Ondaatjes literary career began with his poetry in 1967, publishing the books The Dainty Monsters, however, he is more recently recognized for his nationally and internationally successful novel The English Patient, which was adapted into a film in 1996. Ondaatje was born in Colombo, Sri Lanka, called Ceylon, in 1943, and is of Dutch and his parents separated when he was just an infant, subsequently living with relatives until 1954 when he joined his mother in England. While in England, Ondaatje pursued secondary education at Dulwich College, after relocating to Canada, Ondaatje studied at Bishops University in Lennoxville, Quebec for three years.
However, in his final year he went on to the University of Toronto where he received a Bachelor of Arts in 1965, in 1967, he received a Master of Arts from Queens University, Ontario. While he was working on his degree at Bishops University, Ondaatjes met his future mentor, the poet D. G Jones. After his formal schooling, Ondaatje began teaching English at the University of Western Ontario in London, in 1971, reluctant to get his Ph. D, he left the position at Western and continued teaching English literature at Glendon College, York University. Ondaatjes work includes fiction, autobiography and film and he has published 13 books of poetry, and won the Governor Generals Award for The Collected Works of Billy the Kid and Theres a Trick With a Knife Im Learning to Do, Poems 1973–1978. Anils Ghost was the winner of the 2000 Giller Prize, the Prix Médicis, the Kiriyama Pacific Rim Book Prize, the English Patient won the Booker Prize, the Canada Australia Prize, and the Governor Generals Award. It was adapted as a picture, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
Coming Through Slaughter, is a set in New Orleans, Louisiana circa 1900, loosely based on the lives of jazz pioneer Buddy Bolden. It was the winner of the 1976 Books in Canada First Novel Award, running in the Family is a semi-fictional memoir of his Sri Lankan childhood. Ondaatjes novel Divisadero won the 2007 Governor Generals Award, in 2011 Ondaatje worked with Daniel Brooks to create a play based on this novel. The Collected Works of Billy the Kid, Coming Through Slaughter and Divisadero have been adapted for the stage and produced in theatrical productions across North America, in addition to The English Patient adaptation, Ondaatjes films include a documentary on fellow poet B. P. Nichol, Sons of Captain Poetry, and The Clinton Special, A Film About The Farm Show, on 11 July 1988, Ondaatje was made an Officer of the Order of Canada which was upgraded to grade of companion in 2016, the highest level of the order. In 2005, he was honoured with Sri Lanka Ratna by the former Sri Lankan President Chandrika Kumaratunga, Sri Lanka Ratna is the highest honour given by the Government of Sri Lanka for foreign nationals
Stanley Schachter was an American social psychologist, who is perhaps best known for his development of the two factor theory of emotion in 1962 along with Jerome E. Singer. In his theory he states that emotions have two ingredients, physiological arousal and a cognitive label, a persons experience of an emotion stems from the mental awareness of the bodys physical arousal. Schachter studied and published a number of works on the subjects of obesity, group dynamics, birth order. A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Schachter as the seventh most cited psychologist of the 20th century, Schachter was born in Flushing, New York, the son of Anna and Nathan Schachter. His parents were both Romanian Jews, his father from Vasilau a small village in Bukovina and his mother from Radauti, as a young man, Schachter initially studied Art history at Yale University. He obtained his Bachelors degree in 1942, and went on to pursue his Masters in Psychology, at Yale, after earning his Masters in 1944, Schachter joined the United States Armed Forces, where he served until 1946.
During his two years in the Armed Forces, Schachter obtained the rank of sergeant and he worked at the Biophysics Division of the Aero-Medical Laboratory of Wright Field in Riverside, studying the visual problems experienced by pilots in flight. Unfortunately, Lewin died in 1947, very shortly after Schachters arrival in Cambridge, a senior doctoral student, Leon Festinger, took over as Schachters supervisor, and the pair became very close lifelong friends. When Festinger moved to the University of Michigans Institute for Social Research in 1948 and this was where Schachter gained his Ph. D. The new doctor of psychologys impressive dissertation earned him a job in 1949 at the University of Minnesotas Laboratory for Research in Social Relations, during the first decade of his career in psychology, Schachter authored or co-authored five books, four of which are still highly influential. In addition to the books, during the 1950s, Schachter wrote articles on topics such as rumor transmission, group cohesion.
Such work gained Schachter several honors and awards during his time at the University of Minnesota, in 1952, Schachter was awarded a Fulbright Fellowship. That year, Schachter won the first of his several General Electric Foundation Awards, after 12 years at the University of Minnesota, Scachter joined the Columbia University faculty as professor of psychology in 1961, where he remained until the end of his career. Thanks to such studies as these, he was named Robert Johnston Niven Professor of Social Psychology in 1966, during the 1970s, Schachters research shifted focus yet again, this time to tobacco-smoking and nicotine. In 1983, Schachters extensive and ground-breaking research studies earned him a spot in the National Academy of Sciences, and a year later, he was given the Distinguished Scientist Award from the Society of Experimental Social Psychology. But, a man of infinite curiosity, Schachter did not stop performing research after obtaining such honors, in the mid-1980s and early 1990s, his research again shifted focus, this time to topics such as the stock market and speech issues.
At the age of 70, Schachter decided it was time to end his 31-year career at Columbia University, five years later, Schachter died on June 7,1997 at his home in East Hampton, New York. He is survived by his wife Sophia and Elijah, their only son and his papers are archived at the Bentley Historical Library of the University of Michigan
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology is a private research university in Cambridge, often cited as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. Researchers worked on computers and inertial guidance during World War II, post-war defense research contributed to the rapid expansion of the faculty and campus under James Killian. The current 168-acre campus opened in 1916 and extends over 1 mile along the bank of the Charles River basin. The Institute is traditionally known for its research and education in the sciences and engineering, and more recently in biology, linguistics. Air Force and 6 Fields Medalists have been affiliated with MIT, the school has a strong entrepreneurial culture, and the aggregated revenues of companies founded by MIT alumni would rank as the eleventh-largest economy in the world. In 1859, a proposal was submitted to the Massachusetts General Court to use newly filled lands in Back Bay, Boston for a Conservatory of Art and Science, but the proposal failed. A charter for the incorporation of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Rogers, a professor from the University of Virginia, wanted to establish an institution to address rapid scientific and technological advances.
The Rogers Plan reflected the German research university model, emphasizing an independent faculty engaged in research, as well as instruction oriented around seminars, two days after the charter was issued, the first battle of the Civil War broke out. After a long delay through the war years, MITs first classes were held in the Mercantile Building in Boston in 1865, in 1863 under the same act, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts founded the Massachusetts Agricultural College, which developed as the University of Massachusetts Amherst. In 1866, the proceeds from sales went toward new buildings in the Back Bay. MIT was informally called Boston Tech, the institute adopted the European polytechnic university model and emphasized laboratory instruction from an early date. Despite chronic financial problems, the institute saw growth in the last two decades of the 19th century under President Francis Amasa Walker. Programs in electrical, chemical and sanitary engineering were introduced, new buildings were built, the curriculum drifted to a vocational emphasis, with less focus on theoretical science.
The fledgling school still suffered from chronic financial shortages which diverted the attention of the MIT leadership, during these Boston Tech years, MIT faculty and alumni rebuffed Harvard University president Charles W. Eliots repeated attempts to merge MIT with Harvard Colleges Lawrence Scientific School. There would be at least six attempts to absorb MIT into Harvard, in its cramped Back Bay location, MIT could not afford to expand its overcrowded facilities, driving a desperate search for a new campus and funding. Eventually the MIT Corporation approved an agreement to merge with Harvard, over the vehement objections of MIT faculty, students. However, a 1917 decision by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court effectively put an end to the merger scheme, the neoclassical New Technology campus was designed by William W. Bosworth and had been funded largely by anonymous donations from a mysterious Mr. Smith, starting in 1912. In January 1920, the donor was revealed to be the industrialist George Eastman of Rochester, New York, who had invented methods of production and processing
Social psychology is the scientific study of how peoples thoughts and behaviors are influenced by the actual, imagined, or implied presence of others. In this definition, scientific refers to the method of investigation. The terms thoughts and behaviors include all psychological variables that are measurable in a human being, Social psychologists typically explain human behavior as a result of the interaction of mental states and immediate social situations. Social psychology is a discipline that had traditionally bridged the gap between psychology and sociology, during the years immediately following World War II there was frequent collaboration between psychologists and sociologists. However, the two disciplines have become increasingly specialized and isolated from other in recent years, with sociologists focusing on macro variables to a much greater extent. Nevertheless, sociological approaches to social psychology remain an important counterpart to psychological research in this area, in addition to the split between psychology and sociology, there has been a somewhat less pronounced difference in emphasis between American social psychologists and European social psychologists.
As a generalization, American researchers traditionally have focused more on the individual, the discipline had already developed a significant foundation. Following the 18th century, those in the field of social psychology were concerned with developing concrete explanations for different aspects of human nature. They desired to discover concrete cause and effect relationships that explained the social interactions in the world around them, in order to do so, they believed that the scientific method, an empirically based scientific measure, could be applied to human behavior. The first published study in this area was an experiment in 1898 by Norman Triplett, during the 1930s, many Gestalt psychologists, most notably Kurt Lewin, fled to the United States from Nazi Germany. Attitudes and small group phenomena were the most commonly studied topics in this era, during World War II, social psychologists studied persuasion and propaganda for the U. S. military. After the war, researchers interested in a variety of social problems, including gender issues.
Most notable and contentious of these were the Stanley Milgram shock experiments on obedience to authority, in the sixties, there was growing interest in new topics, such as cognitive dissonance, bystander intervention, and aggression. By the 1970s, social psychology in America had reached a crisis, there was heated debate over the ethics of laboratory experimentation, whether or not attitudes really predicted behavior, and how much science could be done in a cultural context. This was the time when a radical situationist approach challenged the relevance of self, throughout the 1980s and 1990s social psychology reached a more mature level. Two of the social psychology matured in were theories and methods. Careful ethical standards now regulate research and multicultural perspectives have emerged. Modern researchers are interested in many phenomena, but attribution, social cognition, Social psychologists have maintained their applied interests with contributions in health and legal psychology
Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy
Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy is the 1970 album from The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band that contains the hit song Mr. Bojangles. The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band is notable for having many charting albums, the album reached #66 on US charts. Three singles charted, Mr. Bojangles reached #9, House On Pooh Corner reached #53, the 1994 CD version has the title Uncle Charlie And His Dog on the spine. In actuality, this recording was done in November 1963, the error comes from a typo found on a CD reissue of the Dirt and Gold album. Jimmy Ibbotson and Jeff Hanna share the vocals and it features harmonica break by Jimmie Fadden. It was released as a single twice, because the title doesnt appear in the lyrics, fans were confused about what song to request on the radio or buy. Travelin Mood was written and first recorded by R&B artist James We Willie Waynes in 1955 and it is sung on this album by Jimmie Fadden. Chicken Reel is an instrumental track, Yukon Railroad is about two people falling in love well riding a train on the Yukon Railroad.
The White Pass & Yukon Railroad goes from Skagway, Alaska to Carcross, however it used to go to Whitehorse, Yukon. The railroad was built during the Klondike gold rush, in the late 1890s, the song talks about imagening all the gold on the train about 100 years ago. On Clinch Mountain Backstep John plays banjo, Les plays mandolin, Jimmie plays one string washtub bass, the is credited to Ruby Rakes. Ruby Rakes Eubanks is the sister of Ralph and Carter Stanley. She was assigned the rights to many of their songs for financial reasons. Rave On is the Buddy Holly song and Jeff share the lead vocal. Billy in the Low Ground is a tune played by Les Thompson on mandolin. It is a song that fades in and out. Jesse James is a 1963 recording of Uncle Charlie, who was a relative of Bill McEuens wife and it is a folk song that dates back to at least to 1924. Uncle Charlie stops mid-song saying Thats about all I can think of, the Uncle Charlie Interview is from the same 1963 recording
Ian Lancaster Fleming was an English author and naval intelligence officer who is best known for his James Bond series of spy novels. Fleming came from a family connected to the merchant bank Robert Fleming & Co. Educated at Eton, Sandhurst and, the universities of Munich and Geneva and his wartime service and his career as a journalist provided much of the background and depth of the James Bond novels. Fleming wrote his first Bond novel, Casino Royale, in 1952 and it was a success, with three print runs being commissioned to cope with the demand. Eleven Bond novels and two short-story collections followed between 1953 and 1966, the novels revolved around James Bond, an officer in the Secret Intelligence Service, commonly known as MI6. Bond was known by his number,007, and was a commander in the Royal Naval Reserve. The Bond stories rank among the series of fictional books of all time. Fleming wrote the childrens story Chitty-Chitty-Bang-Bang and two works of non-fiction, in 2008, The Times ranked Fleming 14th on its list of The 50 greatest British writers since 1945.
Fleming was married to Ann Charteris, who was divorced from the second Viscount Rothermere owing to her affair with the author and Charteris had a son, Caspar. Fleming was a smoker and drinker for most of his life. Two of his James Bond books were published posthumously, other writers have since produced Bond novels, Flemings creation has appeared in film twenty-six times, portrayed by seven actors. Ian Fleming was born on 28 May 1908, at 27 Green Street in the wealthy London district of Mayfair and his mother was Evelyn St Croix Rose, and his father was Valentine Fleming, the Member of Parliament for Henley from 1910. As an infant he lived, with his family, at Braziers Park in Oxfordshire. Fleming was the grandson of the Scottish financier Robert Fleming, who founded the Scottish American Investment Trust, in 1914, with the start of the First World War, Valentine joined C Squadron, Queens Own Oxfordshire Hussars, and rose to the rank of major. He was killed by German shelling on the Western Front on 20 May 1917, because the family owned an estate at Arnisdale, Valentines death was commemorated on the Glenelg War Memorial.
Flemings elder brother Peter became a writer and married actress Celia Johnson. Fleming had two brothers and Richard, and a younger maternal half-sister born out of wedlock, cellist Amaryllis Fleming. Amaryllis was conceived during an affair between John and Evelyn that started in 1923, some six years after the death of Valentine
An Euler diagram is a diagrammatic means of representing sets and their relationships. Typically they involve overlapping shapes, and may be scaled, such that the area of the shape is proportional to the number of elements it contains and they are particularly useful for explaining complex hierarchies and overlapping definitions. They are often confused with the Venn diagrams, unlike Venn diagrams which show all possible relations between different sets, the Euler diagram shows only relevant relationships. The first use of Eulerian circles is commonly attributed to Swiss mathematician Leonhard Euler, in the United States, both Venn and Euler diagrams were incorporated as part of instruction in set theory as part of the new math movement of the 1960s. Since then, they have adopted by other curriculum fields such as reading as well as organizations. Euler diagrams consist of simple closed shapes in a two dimensional plane that depict a set or category. How or if these shapes overlap demonstrates the relationships between the sets, there are only 3 possible relationships between any 2 sets, completely inclusive, partially inclusive, and exclusive.
This is referred to as containment, overlap or neither or, especially in mathematics, it may be referred to as subset, curves whose interior zones do not intersect represent disjoint sets. Two curves whose interior zones intersect represent sets that have common elements, a curve that is contained completely within the interior zone of another represents a subset of it. Venn diagrams are a more form of Euler diagrams. A Venn diagram must contain all 2n logically possible zones of overlap between its n curves, representing all combinations of inclusion/exclusion of its constituent sets. Regions not part of the set are indicated by coloring them black, in contrast to Euler diagrams, when the number of sets grows beyond 3 a Venn diagram becomes visually complex, especially compared to the corresponding Euler diagram. The difference between Euler and Venn diagrams can be seen in the following example, the Venn diagram, which uses the same categories of Animal and Four Legs, does not encapsulate these relationships.
Traditionally the emptiness of a set in Venn diagrams is depicted by shading in the region, Euler diagrams represent emptiness either by shading or by the absence of a region. Often a set of conditions are imposed, these are topological or geometric constraints imposed on the structure of the diagram. For example, connectedness of zones might be enforced, or concurrency of curves or multiple points might be banned, in the adjacent diagram, examples of small Venn diagrams are transformed into Euler diagrams by sequences of transformations, some of the intermediate diagrams have concurrency of curves. However, this sort of transformation of a Venn diagram with shading into an Euler diagram without shading is not always possible. There are examples of Euler diagrams with 9 sets that are not drawable using simple closed curves without the creation of unwanted zones since they would have to have non-planar dual graphs
Jeremy Bentham was an English philosopher and social reformer. He is regarded as the founder of modern utilitarianism, Bentham defined as the fundamental axiom of his philosophy the principle that it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong. He became a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law, and he advocated individual and economic freedom, the separation of church and state, freedom of expression, equal rights for women, the right to divorce, and the decriminalising of homosexual acts. He called for the abolition of slavery, the abolition of the penalty. He has known in recent years as an early advocate of animal rights. Though strongly in favour of the extension of legal rights, he opposed the idea of natural law and natural rights. On his death in 1832, Bentham left instructions for his body to be first dissected, and to be preserved as an auto-icon. This was done, and the auto-icon is now on display at University College London.
Because of his arguments in favour of the availability of education. However, he played only a direct part in its foundation. Bentham was born in Houndsditch, London, to a family that supported the Tory party. He was reportedly a child prodigy, he was found as a sitting at his fathers desk reading a multi-volume history of England. He had one surviving sibling, Samuel Bentham, with whom he was close. He attended Westminster School and, in 1760, at age 12, was sent by his father to The Queens College, Oxford and he trained as a lawyer and, though he never practised, was called to the bar in 1769. He became deeply frustrated with the complexity of the English legal code, among his many proposals for legal and social reform was a design for a prison building he called the Panopticon. Although the prison was never built, the concept had an important influence on generations of thinkers. Twentieth-century French philosopher Michel Foucault argued that the Panopticon was paradigmatic of several 19th-century disciplinary institutions, Bentham became convinced that his plans for the Panopticon had been thwarted by the King and an aristocratic elite acting in their own interests.
More successful was his cooperation with Patrick Colquhoun in tackling the corruption in the Pool of London and this resulted in the Thames Police Bill of 1798, which was passed in 1800
Consanguinity is the property of being from the same kinship as another person. In that aspect, consanguinity is the quality of being descended from the same ancestor as another person, the laws of many jurisdictions set out degrees of consanguinity in relation to prohibited sexual relations and marriage parties. Rules of Consanguinity are used to determine heirs of an estate according to statutes that govern intestate succession, the Knot System is a numerical notation that defines consanguinity. Issues of consanguinity arise in several aspects of the law, Laws prohibiting incest govern the degree of kinship within which marriage or sexual intercourse is permitted. These are almost universally prohibited within the degree of consanguinity. Some jurisdictions forbid marriage between first cousins, while others do not, marriage with aunts and uncles is legal in several countries. Consanguinity is relevant to inheritance, particularly with regard to intestate succession, in general, the law favors inheritance by persons closely related to the deceased.
Some jurisdictions bar citizens from service on a jury on the basis of consanguinity with persons involved in the case, in many countries, laws prohibiting nepotism bar employment of, or certain kinds of contracts with, the near relations of public officers or employees. Under Roman civil law, which early canon law of the Catholic Church followed, in the ninth century the church raised the number of prohibited degrees to seven and changed the method by which they were calculated. Eventually the nobility became too interrelated to marry as the pool of non-related prospective spouses became smaller and they had to either defy the churchs position or look elsewhere for eligible marriage candidates. In 1215 the Fourth Lateran Council made what they believed was a change to canon law reducing the number of prohibited degrees of consanguinity from seven back to four. The method of calculating prohibited degrees was changed also, instead of the former practice of counting up to the common ancestor down to the proposed spouse, the new law computed consanguinity by counting back to the common ancestor.
After 1215 the general rule was that while fourth cousins could marry without dispensation, in fourteenth century England, for example, papal dispensations for annulments due to consanguinity were relatively few. The connotations of degree of consanguinity varies by context, most cultures define a degree of consanguinity within which sexual interrelationships are regarded as incestuous. The rule is strict on the mothers side, where the limit is about four generations back. This rule does not apply to Muslims or other ethnic groups, islamThe category includes those one is forbidden to marry due to relationship of blood as well as some who are forbidden due to marital relations. And do not marry women whom your fathers married except what has already passed and it was indeed obscene, hateful and an evil way. And those already married except those whom your right hand possesses, and allowed for you are all besides these if you seek them with your property seeking chastity not fornication
Nitty Gritty Dirt Band
Nitty Gritty Dirt Band is an American folk-rock band that was formed in 1966 in Long Beach, California. The band has had many changes, including a period from 1976 to 1981 when it was known as the Dirt Band. Original members include singer and guitarist Jeff Hanna and drummer Jimmie Fadden, multi-instrumentalist John McEuen was a member from 1966 to 1986 and returned during 2001. Keyboardist Bob Carpenter joined in 1977, the bands successes include a hit single with their cover version of Mr. Bojangles by Jerry Jeff Walker and a gold album, Will the Circle be Unbroken featuring Earl Scruggs, Roy Acuff, and Doc Watson. A follow-up album Will the Circle Be Unbroken, Volume Two was certified gold, according to the bands website, trying to figure out how not to have to work for a living and Kunkel joined jam sessions at McCabes Guitar Shop in Long Beach. They met several multi-instrumentalists, guitarist/washtub bassist Ralph Barr, guitarist-clarinetist Les Thompson and jug player Jimmie Fadden, around this time, Steve Martin jammed with Nitty Gritty Dirt Band, playing as he still does, the banjo.
Their first paying performance was at the Golden Bear in Huntington Beach, Browne was in the band for only a few months before he left to concentrate on a solo career as a singer-songwriter. He was replaced by John McEuen on banjo, mandolin, McEuens older brother, was the groups manager, and he helped the band get signed with Liberty Records, which released the groups debut album, The Nitty Gritty Dirt Band during 1967. A second album, was released during the year and was successful than their first. Kunkel wanted the band to go electric, and include original material. Bruce left the group to form WordSalad and Of The People and he was replaced by guitarist-fiddler Chris Darrow. By 1968, the band adopted electrical instruments anyway, and added drums, the first electric album, Rare Junk, was a commercial failure, as was their next, Alive. The band played Carnegie Hall as an act for Bill Cosby. The group was inactive for a 6-month period after Paint Your Wagon, with William McEuen as producer and a renegotiated contract that gave the band more artistic freedom, the band recorded and released Uncle Charlie & His Dog Teddy, issued in 1970.
Their version of Mr. Bojangles became the groups first hit, peaking at #9 on Billboards all genre Hot 100 chart, the next album, All The Good Times, released during early 1972, had a similar style. Nitty Gritty Dirt Band next sought to solidify its reputation as a band when band member John McEuen asked Earl Scruggs if he would record with the group. Earls yes was followed the week when John asked Doc Watson the same question. The track I Saw the Light with Acuff singing, was a success, veteran fiddler Vassar Clements was introduced to a wider audience by the album and it gave him a new career