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Propyl group

In organic chemistry, propyl is a three-carbon alkyl substituent with chemical formula –CH2CH2CH3 for the linear form. This substituent form is obtained by removing one hydrogen atom attached to the terminal carbon of propane. A propyl substituent is represented in organic chemistry with the symbol Pr. An isomeric form of propyl is obtained by moving the point of attachment from a terminal carbon atom to the central carbon atom, named 1-methylethyl or isopropyl. To maintain four substituents on each carbon atom, one hydrogen atom has to be moved from the middle carbon atom to the carbon atom which served as attachment point in the n-propyl variant, written as –CH2. Linear propyl is sometimes termed normal and hence written with a prefix n-, as the absence of the prefix n- does not indicate which attachment point is chosen, i.e. absence of prefix does not automatically exclude the possibility of it being the branched version. In addition, there is a third, form called cyclopropyl, or c-propyl.

It is not isomeric with the other two forms, having the chemical formula -C3H5. N-Propyl acetate is an ester which has the n-propyl group attached to the oxygen atom of the acetate group. Isopropyl alcohol

Manfred Steinbach

Manfred Steinbach is a German former sprinter, long jumper, professor of sport medicine and government official. He failed to reach the final. In 1960 he finished in fourth place in the long jump. Shortly before the Olympics, in July 1960 he jumped 8.14 m, 1 cm above the 1935 record by Jesse Owens, but this jump was discounted because of lacking wind measurement. He set another recognized world record in August 1958, by running the 4×100 m relay in 39.5 seconds together with Martin Lauer, Heinz Fütterer and Manfred Germar. Steinbach was born and raised in East Germany, but in April 1958 fled to West Germany, following his parents who did so in 1953. After that his coach was imprisoned. In 1959 Steinbach graduated from a medical school in Göttingen. Two years he became a professor of sports medicine in Mainz. In 1967 he ended his sports career and worked at the Summer Universiade in Tokyo as the German team doctor. From 1973 to 1993 he served on the board of the German Athletics Federation, between 1965 and 1970 headed the Institute of Sports Medicine of the University of Mainz.

In 1970 he moved to Wiesbaden, where until 1977 he served as Assistant Secretary at the Ministry of Social Affairs. From 1977 to 6 October 1993 he was head of the pharmacy and drugs department at the Ministry of Health, he had to resign after a scandal, in which ministry officials concealed hundreds of HIV cases resulted from transfusion of contaminated blood. Between 1999 and 2008 he was president of the Deutscher Heilbäderverband and subsequently its honorary president, he continued to be a professor of sports medicine and first aid at the University of Darmstadt

Mahmood Ahmadu

Mahmood Ahmadu, is a Nigerian entrepreneur. He is Founder and Executive chairman of OIS known as Online Integrated Solutions Ltd. Mahmood was born in Nigeria, he obtained his MBA from Nasarawa State University. His further education came in the form of managements, IT and communication industry courses, where he utilized these skills to start small businesses that traded products and services. In the early 1980s, Mahmood got an inheritance from his father, which he used to invest in his first company known as A2A International Limited; the company made him known amongst the earlier pioneer in the field of trading in GSM in Northern Nigeria. He further leveraged his business over the next several years and expanded his venture both locally and internationally, he has raised awareness on the importance of education and has enhanced the quality of education through scholarship programs. Mahmood holds the National Honor of the Officer of the Order of the Niger

Pay-per-call advertising

Pay-per-call is an advertising model in which the rate paid by the advertiser is determined by the number of telephone calls made by viewers of an ad. Pay Per Call providers charge per impression or per conversion, it is similar to online pay per click advertising, but induces the viewer to make a telephone call instead of viewing an external website. Both enterprises looking to reach certain locations, or local/regional businesses can benefit from Pay Per Call campaigns, because it allows customers to talk with the seller before buying a product or service. Vendors of pay-per-call advertising attribute the growth of the model to the popularity of smartphones and claim that it reduces the costs of on-line click fraud. Pay-per-call advertising is not to be confused with premium-rate telephone numbers. Pay-per-call is the inverse of a premium telephone number, in that the advertiser who receives the call, not the caller, is charged for the service. Since it is cost per lead advertising, the rates are higher than for toll-free telephone number service.

In general, the advertiser is only billed for calls. The duration of interactions and the probability of fraud through calls is reduced are factors that might increase Pay Per Call pricing, but increases its effectiveness. Merchants define their relevant key terms, choose desired categories and a geographic area for the ad to appear. From there, they create their ad, containing their company name, address, a short description and a trackable toll-free telephone number of the PPCall provider, which redirects to the advertiser's actual phone number; this type of advertisement is popular with Yellow Pages companies. Call-tracking software allows pay-per-call advertising providers to account for results, it is used to track, record and account for every call. Calls can be automatically forwarded to the advertiser or sent to a call center where potential prospects are qualified before being passed along to advertisers. Average call durations are between 4 minutes. Pay-per-call providers have higher rates than online pay-per-click providers, citing higher consumer intent to purchase and a higher conversion rate.

Providers report that captured call-data is more detailed and actionable than click-related data. PPCall extends beyond online advertising, it is available to businesses that do not have a website, because it routes prospective customers to a telephone number. This allows business from all sizes to deliver targeted Pay Per Call campaigns that bring them qualified leads from online and offline sources. PPCall has been boosted by click-to-call features on smartphones, which permit a user to call a number by tapping a link, without having to dial the number manually. Apple's Mac OS X Yosemite allows the same functionality on a desktop computer. Affiliate marketing networks have introduced PPCall in the UK

Bold Lad

Bold Lad was an American Champion Thoroughbred racehorse. Bold Lad bred and raced by Gladys Phipps and her brother Ogden L. Mills under their Wheatley Stable banner, his sire was eight-time leading sire in North America Bold Ruler, his dam was the racing mare Misty Morn. He was trained by Bill Winfrey. Beatrice Mills Forbes, Lady Granard, the sister of Gladys Mills Phipps and Ogden L. Mills, bred the British mare Barn Pride to Bold Ruler, producing another colt named Bold Lad. Bold Lad raced in England and Ireland, where he, won Champion Two-Year-Old Colt honors. At age two, Bold Lad won every important race for his age group, he set a new Saratoga track record of 1:15 3/5 in winning the 6½-furlong Hopeful Stakes and equalled the Aqueduct track record time of 1:16 in his win in the 6½-furlong Futurity Stakes. Bold Lad's performances made him a unanimous selection as the 1964 American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt. At the end of 1964, Thomas Trotter, handicapper for The Jockey Club, assigned Bold Lad high weight for 1965 of 130 pounds in the Experimental Free Handicap.

The exceptional weight was higher than the amount assigned to Secretariat, allotted 129 pounds in 1972. Bold Lad was the winterbook favorite for the first leg of the 1965 U. S. Triple Crown series, the Kentucky Derby. In early February, Bold Lad suffered a popped splint in his right foreleg while at Hialeah Park Race Track, he did not return to racing until April 5, when he scored a win over older horses in a six-furlong sprint at Aqueduct Racetrack. He ran third in the 1⅛-mile Wood Memorial Stakes and won the Derby Trial Stakes. Sent off in the 1¼-mile Kentucky Derby as the betting favorite, Bold Lad was in contention at the top of the stretch, but tired badly and finished 10th in the field of 11 horses behind winner Lucky Debonair. Bold Lad was diagnosed as suffering from a slight case of anemia and did not run in the Preakness Stakes or Belmont Stakes. Injured again on June 20, 1965, while working out at Aqueduct Racetrack, he underwent surgery and did not race again that year, he was brought back in his four-year-old season by trainer Eddie Neloy, who took over the Wheatley Stable when Bill Winfrey retired.

Bold Lad returned to racing on April 1966, with a win at Garden State Park. On May 6, at Aqueduct Racetrack, he won the Alerted Purse and on May 18 won the Roseben Handicap by three lengths. Still at Aqueduct, on May 30, 1966, Bold Lad won the prestigious Metropolitan Handicap by ​2 1⁄2 lengths while running the mile in 1:34 1/5 under 132 pounds. Unbeaten after four starts that season, he was entered in the Suburban Handicap, he was assigned 135 pounds, the highest weight for that race since Grey Lag in 1923. On an hot day, he finished sixth to winner Buffle, which carried 110 pounds. Jockey Braulio Baeza said. Precautionary X-rays were taken and on August 2, 1966, it was announced that Bold Lad was to be retired to stud. Despite his shortened 1966 campaign, at the end of the year, Bold Lad was runner-up to Bold Bidder in the voting by the Thoroughbred Racing Association for 1966 American Champion Older Male Horse honors. While Bold Lad sired a number of good offspring as a stallion in Kentucky and Japan, none matched his success on the track.

Successor, a full brother to Bold Lad bred by Wheatley Stable and foaled in 1964 won American Champion Two-Year-Old Colt honors. Bold Lad's pedigree and partial racing stats

Breitenbush River

The Breitenbush River is a tributary of the North Santiam River in western Oregon in the United States. It drains a forested area of the Cascade Range east of Salem, it descends from several short forks in the Mount Jefferson Wilderness in the high Cascades of eastern Marion County. The South Fork Breitenbush River begins at creeks flowing from Bays Lake and Russell Lake within Jefferson Park at elevation 6,000 feet and flows west-northwest, joining with other forks; the North Fork Breitenbush River begins at Breitenbush Lake and joins with another fork which passes by Pyramid Lake. It flows west-northwest and connects with a half dozen other forks and creeks turns west-southwest abeam Bald Butte. Several more creeks and Mink Creek and Rapidam Creek join before another fork; the North and South forks flow west. The combined stream flows west-southwest through the Willamette National Forest, it joins the North Santiam at Detroit. The lower 2 miles of the river cut what is now an arm of Detroit Lake, formed by the Detroit Dam on the North Santiam.

During the winter draw down of the reservoir, the original bed of the river is visible in its natural course. Breitenbush Hot Springs List of rivers of Oregon Media related to Breitenbush River at Wikimedia Commons USGS statistics report USGS gage readings