Proto-Arabic is the name given to the hypothetical reconstructed ancestor of all the varieties of Arabic attested since the 9th century BC. There are two lines of evidence to reconstruct Proto-Arabic: Evidence of Arabic becomes more frequent in the 2nd century BC, with the documentation of Arabic names in the Nabataean script as well as evidence of an Arabic substratum in the Nabataean language; the Safaitic and Hismaic inscriptions were composed between the 1st century BC and the 4th century AD, in the basalt desert of the northwest Arabian Peninsula and the Southern Levant. They are crucial to the reconstruction of Proto-Arabic, since they show many features that are shared by epigraphic Old South Arabian and Classical Arabic; the common features set them apart from languages that are documented further south, such as Dadanitic and Taymanitic. Old Arabic in the Nabataean script is first attested in the Negev desert in the 1st century BC, but it becomes more frequent in the region after the decline of Safaitic and Hismaic.
From the 4th century AD, Old Arabic inscriptions are attested from Northern Syria to the Hejaz, in a script, intermediate between cursive Nabataean and the Kufic script of Islamic times. The urheimat of Proto-Arabic can thus be regarded as the frontier between northwest Arabia and the southern Levant. There are several features shared by Classical Arabic, the varieties of Modern Arabic and the Safaitic and Hismaic inscriptions that are unattested in any other Semitic language variety, including the Dadanitic and Taymanitic languages of the northern Hejaz, they are evidence of common descent from Proto-Arabic. The following features can be reconstructed with confidence for Proto-Arabic: negative particles m */mā/.
The Elmore County Public School System is a public school district serving Elmore County, Alabama. Its headquarters are in Wetumpka. A candidate for the Elmore County Board of Education quoted in an article in the Montgomery Advertiser argued that the county school system sufficiently meets the needs of the citizens of Millbrook and that the school system lacked "local financial support" but did well academically; the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools awarded accreditation to the district in 2008. The district's 15 schools have over 10,000 students. 9–12 Traditional Elmore County High School Holtville High School Stanhope Elmore High School Wetumpka High School 5–8 Eclectic Middle School Holtville Middle School Millbrook Middle School Wetumpka Middle School Formed by a merger of Wetumpka Intermediate School and Wetumpka Junior High School. K–6 Redland Elementary School The school was scheduled to open in the northern hemisphere fall of 2009. K–4 Eclectic Elementary School Holtville Elementary School Wetumpka Elementary School K—4 Airport Road Intermediate School The school was scheduled to open in the northern hemisphere fall of 2009.
K–2 Coosada Elementary School Official website
Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas is a public community college serving southwest Arkansas. Its main campus is located in the foothills of the Ouachita Mountains in Arkansas. Cossatot Vocational-Technical School was established in 1975 to serve as a location for basic vocational education in southwest Arkansas. In 1991, the institution was renamed to Cossatot Technical College through legislative actions. Ten years in 2001, Cossatot Technical College joined the University of Arkansas System, becoming Cossatot Community College of the University of Arkansas. Since the college has expanded to offer Technical Certificates in seven programs, Certificates of Proficiency in thirteen programs, five Associate's Degree programs. UA Cossatot is governed by a nine-member Board of Visitors. CCCUA maintains three campuses, the main campus in De Queen and two extension campuses in nearby Nashville and Ashdown; the De Queen campus serves as CCCUA's main campus and is divided into eleven separate buildings and areas.
These buildings contain 60,000 square feet, are air-conditioned, with the exception of the Trade and Industry shops and the warehouse. Modern equipment, as well as the latest in teaching and audiovisual technology, are available to students. An extension center in Nashville provides office and classroom space for a variety of credit and non-credit classes and special projects; this building has equipped computer labs. The Ashdown Extension is CCCUA's newest facility; this 53,640 sq ft. facility houses numerous programs for the Ashdown community. It has four large lecture classrooms, Internet/computer lab, a Computer Repair/CISCO lab, two interactive video classrooms, an Electrical Apprenticeship classroom, a Hydraulics/Pneumatics classroom. Completed in 2009, the Ashdown campus renovation has introduced a Culinary Arts kitchen as well as the Barbara Horn Civic Center. CCCUA offers both the Associate of Arts and Associate of Science degrees, which can be credited toward the first two years of a four-year degree program.
The degrees consists of certain required courses and certain electives in a specific focus area which will constitute the major. The Associate of Science degree is offered for mathematics, computer science, or agriculture, of which 8–9 hours must be in a specific field. CCCUA offers the Associate of Arts Teaching degree in the Middle School area, an Associate of General Studies degree the Associate of Applied Science degree in 11 disciplines, technical certificates in seven disciplines, Certificates of Proficiency in 16 disciplines. CCCUA students may take all courses required for the Associate of Arts and Associate of General Studies degrees, in their entirety, via the Internet. CCCUA offers adult education courses in five areas including the ability for students to work towards and obtain a General Equivalency Diploma, continuing education courses for the surrounding communities for both personal and work-related development. CCCUA offers some courses through various forms of distance education.
CCCUA has partnered with other community colleges, as well as with public and private universities in Arkansas, to offer bachelor's and master's degrees whereby students can complete most or all of their courses on the CCCUA campus facilities. CCCUA is accredited by the Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools, its programs have been approved by the Arkansas Department of Higher Education. Several of its individual programs have been approved by national accrediting organizations as well. Official website
Mark Semyonovich Donskoy was a Soviet film director and screenwriter. Mark Donskoy was born in Odessa in a Jewish family. During the Civil War, he served in the Red Army, was captured by the whites for ten months. Demobilized, he studied psychiatry at the Crimean medical school. In 1925 he graduated from the legal department of the Faculty of Social Sciences of the Crimean University named after M. V. Frunze in Simferopol. At the same time he worked in investigative bodies, in the Supreme Court of the Ukrainian SSR, in the bar association, he released a collection of short stories about his life called “Prisoners”. Donskoy began his career in film in 1926, he worked in the script department as an assistant director in Moscow as an editing assistant in Leningrad. In 1935 he became the first Soviet dubbing director, he dubbed the American film “The Invisible Man”. In 1938-1941, in 1945-1955 he was the director of the Soyuzdetfilm film studio. In 1942-1945 and in 1955-1957 - director of the Kiev film studio.
Since 1957, director and art director of the Maxim Gorky film studio. His wife was the screenwriter Irina Borisovna Donskaya; the Childhood of Maxim Gorky Gorky 2: My Apprenticeship Gorky 3: My Universities How the Steel Was Tempered Rainbow The Unvanquished Alitet Leaves for the Hills Mother At Great Cost/The Horse That Cried Foma Gordeyev A Mother's Heart Stalin Prizes: 2nd class – for The Childhood of Maxim Gorky and People 1st class – for Rainbow 1st class – for Village Teacher USSR State Prize – for Heart Mother People's Artist of USSR Hero of Socialist Labour Two Orders of Lenin Order of the October Revolution Order of the Red Banner of Labour Highest Award of the American Film Critics Association 1944 – for Rainbow Award of Daily News – for best foreign film shown in the U. S. in 1944 Grand Prize at the Venice Film Festival 1946 – for The Unvanquished Special prize of the Italian journalists Venice IFF 1948 – for My Universities Award for Best Director Film Festival in Paris 1949 – for The Country Teacher First Prize in Stockholm International Film Festival 1949 – for My Universities Prize R. Unningtona Edinburgh International Film Festival in 1955 – for The Childhood of Maxim Gorky, The People and My Universities Prize for best director at the Locarno International Film Festival 1960 – for Foma Gordeev Special Diploma in Karlovy Vary International Film Festival 1970 – for Rainbow Mark Donskoy on IMDb
La Rumeur is a French-language rap group from Élancourt. Founded in 1995, the group is composed of four rappers, Ekoué, Hamé, Philippe, two DJs, Kool M and Soul G. Considering themselves an "underground" or subversive group, La Rumeur has refused to adapt their lyrics for radio, they select the media outlets with which they communicate, shunning the popular press and radio. Concerts and word of mouth are their main means of promotion. La Rumeur and the group Anfalsh are close, having written and performed several songs together, they have worked with politically involved hip hop crews such as Assassin, Less' du Neuf, hardcore rappers Sheryo and Casey. La Rumeur has involved itself in political activism in the suburbs of France, calling for attention to be paid to the often-ignored Paris massacre of 1961, as well as to police abuse, including "accidental" killings of young French people; the band is critical of reformist NGOs such as SOS Racisme, expressed political views through the magazines that came with their records, which are now in the form of webzines.
Hamé wrote: "... through organizations such as SOS Racisme, created by the PS to contribute to the destruction of the Marche des beurs radicalism. Justice for those assassinated by the police is overshadowed by massive slogans such as "Hands off my pal!" and "Long live miscegenation!", etc.... La Rumeur is closer to NGOs such as the MIB. In May 2008, La Rumeur performed in Minneapolis as guests of Ursus Minor at the Triple Rock Social Club during the Minnesota Sur Seine festival. Despite two court orders in their favor, they have been targeted relentlessly in a lawsuit by Nicolas Sarkozy, the French Minister of the Interior, related to an article written by Hamé, they won this legal battle after a succession of trials and 8 years of long process. Ekoué Hamé Mourad Philippe Kool M Soul G 2002: L'Ombre sur la Mesure 2004: Regain de Tension 2007: Du Cœur à l'Outrage 2007: 1997-2007 Les Inédits 2012: Tout brûle déjà 1997: Volet 1: Le Poison d'Avril 1998: Volet 2: Le Franc-Tireur 1999: L'Entre Volets 1999: Volet 3: Le Bavar & Le Paria 2002: Je Connais tes Cauchemars / Le Prédateur Isolé 2003: Nous Sommes les Premiers... 2004: Pourquoi On Resterait Calme?
Attje Harma Kuiken is a Dutch politician and former civil servant serving as a member of the House of Representatives for the Labour Party since 30 November 2006 with a brief interruption in 2010. Attje Harma Kuiken was born on 27 October 1977 in Groningen, she grew up from the age of ten in Ferwert. She did the vwo program at the Dockinga College, a high school in Dokkum, from 1990 to 1996. Kuiken studied public administration at the NHL University of Applied Sciences in Leeuwarden from 1996 to 1999 and organization science at the Tilburg University from 2000 to 2006. During her second studies, she lived in Breda. Kuiken has been a member of the Labour Party since 2002, she founded a local chapter of the Young Socialists, the youth organisation of the Labour Party, in Breda. She was a member of the House of Representatives from 30 November 2006 until 19 January 2010, she went on maternity leave and was temporarily replaced by Saskia Laaper. Kuiken has been a member of the House of Representatives again since 11 May 2010.
After fellow Labour member Martijn van Dam was appointed State Secretary for Economic Affairs in November 2015, Kuiken was elected vice parliamentary group leader. After the resignation of Diederik Samsom as parliamentary leader on 12 December 2016, Kuiken succeeded him. Attje Kuiken at the House of Representatives website Attje Kuiken at the Labour Party website