Πρῶτος is the twenty-seventh album by the Norwegian electronic dance music producer Aleksander Vinter, his ninth using the alias "Savant". It was released on 8 August 2014. "Man of the Law" – 4:40 "Prototype" – 4:14 "Spaceship" – 3:33 "Rider In Red" - 2:07 "Fakers" - 3:22 "Rise Up" - 3:57 "Nebula" - 5:58 "Spaceheart" - 4:37 "Laser Sharks" - 4:03 "Cry for Love" - 3:40 "Samurai" - 3:38 "Quest" - 6:48 "Venom" - 5:09 "Super Sheriff" - 2:48 "Sword of Destiny" - 3:27 "Hit the Top" - 2:57 "Aquarius" - 5:10 "Beautiful World" - 3:28 "Protos - SAVANT". Savantofficial.com. Retrieved 2014-08-24
Races of StarCraft
Blizzard Entertainment's real-time strategy game series StarCraft revolves around interstellar affairs in a distant sector of the galaxy, with three species and multiple factions all vying for supremacy in the sector. The playable species of StarCraft include the Terrans, humans exiled from Earth who excel at adapting to any situation; each of these races has a single campaign in each StarCraft real-time strategy game. In addition to these three, various non-playable races have been part of the lore of the StarCraft series; the original game has sold over 10 million copies internationally, remains one of the most popular games in the world. One of the main factors responsible for StarCraft's positive reception is the attention paid to the three unique playable races, for each of which Blizzard developed different characteristics, graphics and styles of gameplay, while keeping them balanced in performance against each other. Previous to this, most real-time strategy games consisted of factions and races with the same basic "chess" play styles and units with only superficial differences.
The use of unique sides and asymmetrical warfare in StarCraft has been credited with popularizing the concept within the real-time strategy genre. Contemporary reviews of the game have praised the attention to the gameplay balance between the species, as well as the fictional stories built up around them. Across the course of the game's development, the races and graphics of StarCraft have changed drastically from Chris Metzen's original concept art. In particular, since their initial public debut at E3 1996, the Zerg have seen extensive changes to their visual design; this was due to Blizzard's attempt to steer the game away from the visual appearance, unveiled at the 1996 E3, that had earned the game a derisive label of "Warcraft in space". The Zerg were known as the "nightmarish invaders" becoming the "Zurg", renamed again to its current spelling to avoid any potential trademark conflicts with Pixar's Toy Story character of Emperor Zurg. In the early alpha versions built by Bob Fitch, the Zerg still showed their insect-inspired base, but their appearance was dominated by spikes and bright shades of blue and purple.
Early Protoss concept art showed a blue color scheme in their mechanical armor. Hewing to the familiar visual style of Warcraft II: Tides of Darkness, the build received much criticism from industry press, prompting a redesign of the game engine and an overhaul of the races' respective visual designs; this new version, unveiled in early 1997, still used the Warcraft II engine as its base, but with distinct changes. The Terrans and the Protoss were detailed to a much greater extent than at E3 1996, revealing many of the game's units in forms similar to those of the final product. Blizzard Entertainment began the careful task of balancing the game's three races. However, in February 1997, Bob Fitch declared that, despite these efforts, the game engine was incapable of delivering features requested by the developers: cloaking and many other special effects; the development team therefore embarked upon a two-month overhaul of the graphics engine. This new beta version was far closer to the release version, as the races took on their now-recognisable graphical styles: the brown insectoid design of the Zerg, the sleek yellow armour of the Protoss, the grey machinery of the Terrans.
Most of the unit designs were established at this point, their graphics only undergoing minor changes. Several game features were added at this stage in the development that never made it into the final release, such as ships banking as they turned, transport ships landing on the ground to pick up and drop off passengers, efficiency ranks, although Terran units would retain ranks as a purely aesthestic feature; the Terran Valkyrie-class missile frigate appeared in this build of the game, although it was removed before the final release, only to be reintroduced in the Brood War expansion. The Protoss are a sapient humanoid species in the StarCraft series, originating from Aiur, a planet on the fringe of the galaxy, they consist of four societies, the conservative Khalai Protoss, the exiled Nerazim, the abandoned Purifiers and the sadistic Tal'darim. The Protoss are depicted as a physically strong species with psionic abilities; the Protoss are the most technologically advanced race of the series and have been dedicated a full campaign in each installment to date.
Protoss society is shown in the background of the series to have been tribal with a strong warrior culture, until a planet-wide civil war allowed a mystic, Khas, to access a natural psionic link shared by all Protoss. Khas' discovery and teachings, labelled the Khala, are used as a base for a new caste-based society; the Judicator caste forms the ruling body of the Khalai Protoss. The Templar caste constitutes the military, the Khalai caste includes all other Protoss; the player controls a Templar character in the Protoss campaigns of all the video games to date. Khalai Protoss society is depicted as collectivist, being stubbornly conservative while maintaining the warrior culture and honor values of the tribal system; the backstory presented in StarCraft's manual and in the novel Shadow Hunters shows the rise of a second society of Protoss known as the Nerazim. They are a siz
Protos of Nonnendamm
Protos of Nonnendamm was a German car manufacturing company founded in 1898 in Berlin by engineers Alfred Sternberg and Oscar Heymann. Sternberg manufactured a series of small motors, 2.5 hp single-cylinder air-cooled, others water-cooled of 3.5 hp. In 1905 he began producing Protos automobiles, developing the new'kompensmotor' or compensated motor, giving a smooth, fast ride. To dampen engine vibrations, Sternberg designed a motor with two cylinders and a third piston set at 180 degrees from the other two and having no other function than to act as a counterbalance to the two working pistons; this revolutionary design worked well and was much quieter than other twin engines in the country, providing up to 14 hp and remaining in production for several years. Protos' six-cylinder vehicle found many buyers, including Crown Prince Wilhelm II, his brother Prince Heinrich of Prussia who invented and patented the first windscreen wipers for cars in 1908. Crown Prince Wilhelm II's stable of cars consisted of Protos so that the firm could advertise in 1911 "The German Crown Prince, a sportsman and automobile expert, drives only Protos vehicles."
In 1906 the headquarters were moved from 39 Schöneberg Großgörschenstraße to Berlin-Reinickendorf. The Protos gain worldwide acclaim in 1908 when it was first to cross the finishing line in the 1908 New York to Paris Race organised by the newspapers Le Matin of Paris, The New York Times - six competitors covered some 13 000 miles, an additional 10 000 miles being over sea. In 1910, having run into financial difficulties, the company was bought by the Siemens-Schuckert-Werken and Ernst Valentin, moved to Nonnendamm, whence the name Protos Automobilwerk Nonnendamm GmbH. In 1911 the company name was changed to Protos Automobil GmbH. Protos developed electric vehicles, some of which were produced by Bergmann Elektrizitätswerken in Berlin-Wilhelmsruh. In 1926 the company was sold to AEG, Protos merged with NAG, a subsidiary of AEG); the company NAG-Protos AG was dissolved a year in 1927, the company in its 22-year existence having produced over 25 000 vehicles. Around 1908 on the Nonnendamm in Berlin Protos built electric trucks for municipal use.
The Protos vehicle was driven by motors located on the rear wheels. In addition to the normal steering wheel were two additional steering wheels located on left and right which could be operated by the driver while walking beside the vehicle; this utility E-LKW was supplied by Protos as a normal truck of four-ton payload and as an omnibus. The chassis were built by the motors by Siemens & Halske. In 1911 commercial electric vehicles were introduced. In addition to automobiles and vans and coach models were produced from 1913 with 2.5t capacity and up to 30hp. During the First World War many trucks came with a 3t payload. In addition a model was built with 4.5 t payload. After the War trucks were no longer produced and those, stockpiled were still available until the 1920s. Production was limited to passenger vans. Protos was a car manufacturer with a high reputation for reliability, due in part to its car participating in the 1908 New York to Paris Race. Gallery of Protos vehicles The 1908 Race Siemens-Halske
The pope known as the supreme pontiff, is the Bishop of Rome and ex officio leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. Since 1929, the pope has been head of state of Vatican City, a city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy; the current pope is Francis, elected on 13 March 2013, succeeding Benedict XVI. While his office is called the papacy, the episcopal see and ecclesiastical jurisdiction is called the Holy See, it is the Holy See, the sovereign entity of international law headquartered in the distinctively independent Vatican City State, established by the Lateran Treaty in 1929 between Italy and the Holy See to ensure its temporal and spiritual independence. The primacy of the Bishop of Rome is derived from his role as the apostolic successor to Saint Peter, to whom primacy was conferred by Jesus, giving him the Keys of Heaven and the powers of "binding and loosing", naming him as the "rock" upon which the church would be built; the apostolic see of Rome was founded by Saint Peter and Saint Paul in 1st century, according to Catholic tradition.
The papacy is one of the most enduring institutions in the world and has had a prominent part in world history. In ancient times the popes helped spread Christianity, intervened to find resolutions in various doctrinal disputes. In the Middle Ages, they played a role of secular importance in Western Europe acting as arbitrators between Christian monarchs. In addition to the expansion of the Christian faith and doctrine, the popes are involved in ecumenism and interfaith dialogue, charitable work, the defense of human rights. In some periods of history, the papacy, which had no temporal powers, accrued wide secular powers rivaling those of temporal rulers. However, in recent centuries the temporal authority of the papacy has declined and the office is now exclusively focused on religious matters. By contrast, papal claims of spiritual authority have been firmly expressed over time, culminating in 1870 with the proclamation of the dogma of papal infallibility for rare occasions when the pope speaks ex cathedra—literally "from the chair"—to issue a formal definition of faith or morals.
Still, the Pope is considered one of the world's most powerful people because of his extensive diplomatic and spiritual influence on 1.3 billion Catholics and beyond, as well as the official representative of the Catholic Church being the largest non-government provider of education and health care in the world, with a vast international network of charities. The word pope derives from Greek πάππας meaning "father". In the early centuries of Christianity, this title was applied in the east, to all bishops and other senior clergy, became reserved in the west to the Bishop of Rome, a reservation made official only in the 11th century; the earliest record of the use of this title was in regard to the by deceased Patriarch of Alexandria, Pope Heraclas of Alexandria. The earliest recorded use of the title "pope" in English dates to the mid-10th century, when it was used in reference to the 7th century Roman Pope Vitalian in an Old English translation of Bede's Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum.
The Catholic Church teaches that the pastoral office, the office of shepherding the Church, held by the apostles, as a group or "college" with Saint Peter as their head, is now held by their successors, the bishops, with the bishop of Rome as their head. Thus, is derived another title by which the pope is known, that of "Supreme Pontiff"; the Catholic Church teaches that Jesus appointed Peter as leader of the Church, the Catholic Church's dogmatic constitution Lumen gentium makes a clear distinction between apostles and bishops, presenting the latter as the successors of the former, with the pope as successor of Peter, in that he is head of the bishops as Peter was head of the apostles. Some historians argue against the notion that Peter was the first bishop of Rome, noting that the episcopal see in Rome can be traced back no earlier than the 3rd century; the writings of the Church Father Irenaeus who wrote around AD 180 reflect a belief that Peter "founded and organized" the Church at Rome.
Moreover, Irenaeus was not the first to write of Peter's presence in the early Roman Church. Clement of Rome wrote in a letter to the Corinthians, c. 96, about the persecution of Christians in Rome as the "struggles in our time" and presented to the Corinthians its heroes, "first, the greatest and most just columns", the "good apostles" Peter and Paul. St. Ignatius of Antioch wrote shortly after Clement and in his letter from the city of Smyrna to the Romans he said he would not command them as Peter and Paul did. Given this and other evidence, such as Emperor Constantine's erection of the "Old St. Peter's Basilica" on the location of St. Peter's tomb, as held and given to him by Rome's Christian community, many scholars agree that Peter was martyred in Rome under Nero, although some scholars argue that he may have been martyred in Palestine. First-century Christian communities would have had a group of presbyter-bishops functioning as leaders of their local churches. Episcopacies were established in metropolitan areas.
Antioch may have developed such a structure before Rome. In Rome, there were many who claimed to be the rightful bishop, though again Irenaeus stressed the validity of one line of bishops from the time of St. Peter up to his contemporary Pope Victor I and listed them; some writers claim that the emergence of a single bishop in Rome did not occur until the middle of the 2nd century. In their view, Linus and Clement were prominent presbyter-bishops
Michael "Mikis" Theodorakis is a Greek songwriter and composer who has written over 1000 songs. He scored for the films Zorba the Greek, Z, Serpico, he composed the "Mauthausen Trilogy" known as "The Ballad of Mauthausen", described as the "most beautiful musical work written about the Holocaust" and his best work. He is viewed as Greece's best-known living composer, he was awarded the Lenin Peace Prize. Politically, he is associated with the left because of his long-standing ties to the Communist Party of Greece, he was an MP for the KKE from 1981-90. In 1989 he ran as an independent candidate within the centre-right New Democracy party, in order for the country to emerge from the political crisis, created due to the numerous scandals of the government of Andreas Papandreou, helped establish a large coalition between conservatives and leftists. In 1990 he was elected to the parliament, became a government minister under Constantine Mitsotakis, fought against drugs and terrorism and for culture and better relations between Greece and Turkey.
He continued to speak out in favor of left-liberal causes, Greek–Turkish–Cypriot relations, against the War in Iraq. He has opposed oppressive regimes and was a key voice against the 1967–74 Greek junta, which imprisoned him. Mikis Theodorakis was born on the Greek island of Chios and spent his childhood years in different provincial Greek cities such as Mytilene, Patras and Tripoli, his father, a lawyer and a civil servant, was from the small village of Kato Galatas on Crete and his mother, Aspasia Poulakis, was from an ethnically Greek family in Çeşme, in what is today Turkey. He was influenced by Byzantine liturgy, his fascination with music began in early childhood. He took his first music lessons in Patras and Pyrgos, where he was a childhood friend of George Pavlopoulos, in Tripoli, Peloponnese, he gave his first concert at the age of seventeen, he went to Athens in 1943, became a member of a Reserve Unit of ELAS, led a troop in the fight against the British and the Greek right in the Dekemvriana.
During the Greek Civil War he was arrested, sent into exile on the island of Icaria and deported to the island of Makronisos, where he was tortured and twice buried alive. During the periods when he was not obliged to hide, not exiled or jailed, he studied from 1943 to 1950 at the Athens Conservatoire under Filoktitis Economidis. In 1950, he finished his studies and took his last two exams "with flying colours", he went to Crete, where he became the "head of the Chania Music School" and founded his first orchestra. At this time he ended. In 1954 he travelled with his young wife Myrto Altinoglou to Paris where he entered the Conservatory and studied musical analysis under Olivier Messiaen and conducting under Eugene Bigot, his time in Paris, 1954–1959, was his second period of musical writing. His symphonic works: a Piano concerto, his first suite, his first symphony, his scores for the ballet: Greek Carnival, Le Feu aux Poudres, Les Amants de Teruel, received international acclaim. In 1957, he won the Gold Medal in the Moscow Music Festival.
In 1959, after the successful performances of Theodorakis's ballet Antigone at Covent Garden in London, the French composer Darius Milhaud proposed him for the American Copley Music Prize - an award of the "William and Noma Copley Foundation", which changed its name to "Cassandra Foundation" - as the "Best European Composer of the Year". His first international scores for the film Ill Met by Moonlight and Luna de Miel, directors: Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger, were very successful: The Honeymoon title song became part of the repertoire of The Beatles. Chamber Music: Four String Quartets. In 1960, Theodorakis returned to Greece and his roots in genuine Greek music: With his song cycle Epitaphios he started the third period of his composing and contributed to a cultural revolution in his country, his most significant and influential works are based on Greek and world poetry – Epiphania, Little Kyklades, Axion Esti, Mauthausen and Romancero Gitano – he attempted to give back to Greek music a dignity which in his perception it had lost.
He developed his concept of "metasymphonic music". He founded the Little Orchestra of Athens and the Musical Society of Piraeus, gave many, many concerts all around Greece and abroad... and he became involved in the politics of his home country. After the assassination of Gregoris Lambrakis in May 1
Ribera del Duero
Ribera del Duero is a Spanish Denominación de Origen located in the country's northern plateau and is one of eleven'quality wine' regions within the autonomous community of Castile and León. It is one of several recognised wine-producing regions to be found along the course of the Duero river; the region is characterised by a flat, rocky terrain and is centred on the town of Aranda de Duero, although the most famous vineyards surround Peñafiel and Roa de Duero to the west, where the regional regulatory council or Consejo Regulador for the denominación is based. Ribera del Duero was named Wine Region of the Year 2012 by the prestigious Wine Enthusiast Magazine. Wine has been produced in the region for thousands of years, but viticulture as we know it arrived in the Ribera del Duero region with Benedictine monks from Cluny in the Burgundy region of France in the twelfth century. Ribera del Duero wine making goes back over 2,000 years as evidenced by the 66-meter mosaic of Bacchus, the god of wine, unearthed recently at Baños de Valdearados.
The Denominación de Origen of Ribera del Duero was founded on July 21, 1982, by an organization of wine producers and growers who were determined to promote the quality of their wines and enforce regulatory standards. Reports that it was set to be upgraded to Denominación de Origen Calificada status in 2008 proved to be unfounded and, as at 2011, it remains a DO and has no plans to change. Ribero del Duero wines are enjoying greater popularity, thanks to the considerable interest shown in the area by experienced growers from other regions; the Ribera del Duero is located on the extensive, elevated northern plateau of the Iberian Peninsula. It occupies the southern plains of the province of Burgos, extends west into Valladolid and includes parts of Segovia and Soria provinces to the south and east, respectively; as its name suggests, the region follows the course of the Duero river for 115 km upstream from Valladolid and is around 35 km at its widest. The region is located around the younger stretches of the river, which passes through the nearby Toro and Rueda regions before traversing the famous Portuguese growing areas of Douro and Porto, where it drains into the Atlantic Ocean.
Geologically, tertiary sediments, consisting of lenticular layers of silty or clayey sand, alternate with layers of limestone and chalky concretions. The Duero valley, formed during the Miocene period, has a flat, rocky undulating terrain, ranging from 911 m down to 750 m above sea level; the national highway N122 follows the river valley. The Ribera del Duero has moderate to low rainfall and is exposed to quite extreme climatic conditions. There are marked variations in temperature within each season; the climate is Mediterranean, with more than 2,400 hours of annual sunlight. Vineyards occupy around 120 km² of the region, most of which are situated in the province of Burgos, with around 5 km² in Valladolid and 6 km² in Soria. Wines produced in the Ribera del Duero DO derive exclusively from red grapes; the Albillo grape is the only white variety grown, white wines being destined for local consumption. The vast majority of production is dedicated to Tinto Fino, the dominant red varietal in the northern half of the Spanish peninsula.
Tinto Fino is but not always complemented with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, although the famous Tinto Pesquera, grown by Alejandro Fernández in Pesquera de Duero, is a 100% Tempranillo varietal wine. The introduction of Pesquera's 100% Tinto Fino wine was, at the time, somewhat controversial, as the considered benchmark Vega Sicilia wines traditionally blended Tinto Fino with such Bordeaux varietals as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon and Malbec. There are other similarities between Ribera del Duero. Whereas the wines are quite distinctive as a result of significant differences in terroir, both regions produce wines selected for long aging with complex vinification procedures, producing intense long-lived wines emanating from limestone soils. Wines are classified as much for their longevity as their grape quality, Ribera del Duero produces some well-aging wines; the aging requirements for Ribera del Duero are the same used in Rioja. Wines labelled. "Reserva" wines must be aged at least three years with at least 12 months in oak.
The "Gran Reserva" labelled wines must spend 5 years aging prior to two being in oak. The town of Pesquera is noted for its wines and the area around La Horra is respected by locals for its consistent quality. Viña Sastre is one of the region's more respected wine producers and the world-renowned Vega Sicilia the most famous. Vega Sicilia's more eminent customers include Prince Charles of the British royal family, while Alex Ferguson's favourite wine is Pesquera. Other notable bodegas include, Dominio de Pingus, Bodegas Arzuaga Navarro, Bodegas Alion, Hacienda Monasterio, all of which lie along The Golden Mile, Spain. Spanish wine Cuisine of the province of Valladolid Official Ribera del Duero "Denominación de Orígen" website
The Protos is an Electric Multiple Unit built by the German company Fahrzeugtechnik Dessau. The train is built with 2 coaches; the train has a low floor, so that there is no or little step between the platform height and the trains. The height is 810 mm; the prototype unit left the factory in September 2006 and was displayed at InnoTrans 2006. The only user of these units is Connexxion on the Valleilijn between Amersfoort and Ede-Wageningen in the Netherlands. Media related to PROTOS at Wikimedia Commons