Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is one of the 18 administrative regions of France, the far southeastern on the mainland. Its capital is Marseille; the region is coterminous with the former French province of Provence, with the addition of the following adjacent areas: the former papal territory of Avignon, known as Comtat Venaissin. Known by the acronym PACA, the region adopted the name Région Sud as a commercial name or nickname in December 2017. 5,007,977 people live in the region according to the 2015 census. It encompasses six departments in Southeastern France: Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Alpes-Maritimes, Bouches-du-Rhône, Hautes-Alpes and Vaucluse, it is bounded to the east by the France-Italy border, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea and by the Principality of Monaco, to the north by Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, to the west by Occitanie, with the Rhône river marking its westernmost border. The region logotype displays the coat of arms created in the 1990s and which combines the coats of arms of the old provinces making up Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur.
Economically, the region is the third most important in France, just behind Île-de-France and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes. Its GDP in 2012 was €142.4 billion while its per capita GDP was €28,861. According to a 2015 census, the population in the region was 5,007,977. Marseille is the second largest city in France after Paris, has the third largest metropolitan population, behind those of Paris and Lyon respectively. Nice is host to the second-largest population concentration in the region, with a city population of 344,875 and an urban population of 1,005,230, making it the fifth-most populous city in France; the absolute majority of the population speaks French and there are many minority languages. According to the 1999 Census, 4.39% spoke English and 2.63% spoke Italian with their relatives, friends or peers. Other minority languages were Spanish, Provençal and Corsican. According to a 2009 study, nearly 40% of all newborns in Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur in 2007 had at least one parent of an immigrant background Italian, Spanish and Maghrebi.
This is the second-highest rate after Île-de-France, where the figure was around 56%. Since the 1960s, the region has been a major immigration centre into France due to Mediterranean immigration from countries such as Portugal, Italy, Algeria and Morocco. Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur is divided into 6 departments; these are Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, Hautes-Alpes, Alpes-Maritimes, Bouches-du-Rhone and Vaucluse. The largest cities in the region are Marseille, Nice and Aix-en-Provence, each with a population exceeding 100,000 inhabitants at the 1999 census. Along with Marseille, Nice is the second most important city in the region with a city proper population of about 350,000 and an urban population exceeding 1 million. Marseille, with an urban area of 2 million inhabitants, is the largest and capital city of Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region, it is the second most populated city in France, just behind Paris and the city with the third largest metropolitan population in France, behind Paris and Lyon respectively.
Along with Nice and Marseille the region is made internationally popular with Cannes which, though not a large city, hosts the annual Cannes Film Festival which has popularized the region. Arles has become renowned as the city in which Vincent van Gogh lived and painted 300 paintings. Toulon is a large military harbour on the Mediterranean coast, with the French naval base placed there, it is the capital of the Var department in the region. Aix-en-Provence has long been a university town, to this day remains the most important educational centre in the region. Below is a list of the most populated cities in the region along with their population according to the most recent census. Aix-en-Provence – 142,743 Antibes – 76,994 Arles – 52,729 Aubagne – 46,423 Avignon – 90,194 Cannes – 73,603 Draguignan – 38,258 Fréjus – 52,389 Grasse – 51,580 Hyères – 56,275 La Seyne-sur-Mer – 64,903 Le Cannet – 40,940 Mandelieu-la-Napoule – 22,714 Marseille – 861,636 Martigues – 76,471 Mougins – 19,703 Nice – 343,875 Toulon – 167,729 Villeneuve-Loubet – 14,427 This region has a total area of 31,400 km2.
It has a wide variety of landscapes, from the Alps mountains to plains and coastal areas like Nice and Marseille, which form the majority of the land area. The region has a Mediterranean coastline on the south, on which the majority of its population lives, it borders Italy to the east, Monaco in the south-east, the French regions of Auvergne-Rhone-Alpes to the north and Occitanie to the west. The Rhône, Var and Arc rivers run through the region; the borders were unaffected by the 2016 French regional reforms. This region is famous for the Côte d'Azur, which spans the glamorous cities of Nice, Saint-Laurent-du-Var, Juan-les-Pin
Atlantis is a Disney media franchise, commencing in 2001 with the theatrical release of the traditionally animated action-adventure film Atlantis: The Lost Empire. Atlantis: The Lost Empire is a 2001 American traditionally animated action-adventure film created by Walt Disney Animation Studios—the first science fiction film in Disney's animated features canon and the 41st overall, it was written by Tab Murphy, directed by Gary Trousdale and Kirk Wise, produced by Don Hahn. Atlantis: Milo's Return, released in 2003, is Disney's twentieth animated direct-to-video sequel, it is a sequel to the 2001 animated film Atlantis: The Lost Empire. Walt Disney Pictures is developing a live-action adaptation of Atlantis: The Lost Empire, in development. Tom Holland is being considered for the role of Milo Thatch, while the studio is considering Guillermo del Toro as director. However, Guillermo del Toro refuted the rumours of his involvement through his Twitter account. Disney was developing a sequel entitled Shards of Chaos, but it was abandoned once The Lost Empire was less successful than anticipated.
The film was meant to provide a springboard for an animated television series entitled Team Atlantis, which would have presented the further adventures of its characters. The series would feature episodes with different legends incorporated, such as Puck, the Loch Ness Monster and the Terracotta Warriors. One of the episodes of Team Atlantis, never animated entitled "The Last" featured an appearance by Demona from Greg Wiseman's previous Disney series Gargoyles and served as a pseudo-crossover between them. However, because of the film's under-performance at the box office the series was not produced either. On May 20, 2003, Disney ended up releasing a direct-to-video sequel film called Atlantis: Milo's Return, consisting of three episodes planned for the aborted series, with some additional animation done to link the stories more closely. Atlantis The Lost Empire: Search for the Journal is a first-person shooter game, developed by Zombie Studios and published by Buena Vista Games, a subsidiary of Disney Interactive.
It was released on May 1, 2001 for the Microsoft Windows platform and was a first-person shooter game, the first of two games based on the film developed by Zombie Studios and released for UPC labels from Kellogg's products for promotion. Atlantis The Lost Empire: Trial by Fire was the second game developed by Zombie Studios and published by Disney Interactive, was released May 18, 2001 for the Microsoft Windows platform; the game was based on the plotline of the film. Atlantis: The Lost Empire is an action game developed by Eurocom for the PlayStation console, released July 12, 2001; the player controls Milo, Molière, Vinny as they traverse Atlantis, unlocking its secrets. Some features in the game unlock others by finding items hidden throughout the game. GameRankings and Metacritic gave it a score of 73.83% and 73 out of 100. Atlantis: The Lost Empire was released by THQ for the Game Boy Advance and Game Boy Color, it is a platform game in which the player controls Milo and three other characters from the film across 14 levels on a quest to discover Atlantis.
The game was met with average to mixed reviews upon release. GameRankings and Metacritic gave it 64.50% for the Game Boy Color version. Disneyland planned to revive its Submarine Voyage ride with an Atlantis theme with elements from the movie and the ride was promoted with a meet-and-greet by the movie's characters; these plans were canceled and the attraction was re-opened in 2007 as the Finding Nemo Submarine Voyage, its theme based on the 2003 Disney·Pixar animated film Finding Nemo. The soundtrack to Atlantis: The Lost Empire was released on May 22, 2001, it consists of James Newton Howard's score and includes "Where the Dream Takes You", written by Howard and Diane Warren and performed by Mýa. It was available in a limited edition of 20,000 numbered copies with a unique 3D album cover insert depicting the Leviathan from the film. A rare promotional edition was intended only for Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences voters, but was bootlegged and distributed with fan-created artwork.
The Atlantean language is a constructed language created by Marc Okrand for Disney's film Atlantis: The Lost Empire. The language was intended by the script-writers to be a possible "mother language", Okrand crafted it to include a vast Indo-European word stock with its own grammar, at times described as agglutinative, inspired by Sumarian and North American languages. To create this, Dr. Okrand took common characteristics of all world languages and applied them to the Proto-Indo-European language, his main source of words for the language is Proto-Indo-European, but Okrand uses ancient Chinese, Biblical Hebrew and Greek languages, along with a variety of other ancient languages or ancient language reconstruction
The Enciclopedia universal ilustrada europeo-americana is a Spanish encyclopedia. It comprises 72 volumes published from 1908 to 1930 plus a ten-volume appendix published 1930–33. Between 1935 and 2003, 33 supplemental volumes were published plus an index, another A–Z appendix, an atlas, for a total of 118 volumes; each of the volumes vary in length. It is the longest printed encyclopedia with 105,000 pages and 165,200,000 words as of 1986. Encyclopaedias: Their History Throughout The Ages regards the Espasa as one of the greatest encyclopedias, along with the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition and the Enciclopedia Italiana. "This work is remarkable for its detail: maps and plans of remote and obscure places. The authors of the work, as an example of its scope, mentioned in the preface that all botanical genera known at the time were covered in the work. Common words are translated into English, German and other languages; the aim of the publishers was to produce an encyclopedia reference book in Spanish that covered scientific and technological knowledge as well as history, geography and the literature of Spain and Latin America.
According to calculations made by its publishers, the encyclopaedia has more than 165,000 pages and 200 million words. The 82-volume version is estimated to have over 1,000,000 articles. Only minor revisions have been made to the original volumes, such as the rewrite of a part of the 1910 "bicicleta" article which had enumerated a "pistol or revolver" as one of the things to be taken on a bicycle tour. In 2003 a repackaged version was published in 90 volumes, consisting of the original 82 volumes plus a new 8-volume Complemento Enciclopédico 1934–2002 providing up-to-date information in alphabetical order; the old supplements will no longer be republished. EUI, Filosofia. Collison, Encyclopaedias: Their History Throughout The Ages, London: Hafner Enciclopedia Espasa, archived from the original on 22 February 2006. Scans of a few pages from the beginning of the Enciclopedia Espasa In the Internet Archive: Volumes XXXI XLII XLIII XLIV XLV XLVI XLIX LX