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Provost (education)

A provost is the senior academic administrator at many institutions of higher education in the United States and Canada and the equivalent of a deputy vice-chancellor at some institutions in the United Kingdom and Australia. Additionally, the heads of certain colleges in the UK and Ireland are called provosts; the specific duties and areas of responsibility for a provost vary from one institution to another, but include supervision and oversight of curricular and research affairs. The various deans of a university's schools, colleges, or faculties report to the provost, or jointly to them and the institution's chief executive officer, whether, called its president, chancellor, or rector; the heads of various interdisciplinary units and academic support functions, such as libraries, student services, the registrar and information technology. The provost, in turn, is responsible to the institution's chief executive officer and governing board or boards for oversight of all educational affairs and activities, including research and academic personnel.

In many but not all North American institutions, the provost or equivalent is the second-ranking officer in the administrative hierarchy. The provost may serve as acting chief executive officer during a vacancy in that office or when the incumbent is absent from campus for prolonged periods. In these institutions, the title of provost is sometimes combined with those of senior vice president, executive vice president, executive vice chancellor, or the like, to denote that officer's high standing. Provosts receive staff support or delegate line responsibility for certain administrative functions to one or more subordinates variously called assistant provost, associate provost, vice provost, or deputy provost; the deputy provost is the right-hand person of the provost who assumes the provost's responsibilities in the provost's absence. Provosts are chosen by a search committee made up of faculty members, are always drawn from the'tenured faculty' or'professional administrators' with academic credentials, either at the institution or from other institutions.

At some North American research universities and liberal arts colleges, other titles may be used in place of or in combination with provost, such as chief academic officer or vice president for academic affairs. At smaller independent liberal arts colleges, the chief academic officer may carry the title "dean of the college" or "dean of the faculty" in addition to or instead of provost. For example, at Trinity College in Hartford, the dean of the faculty is the vice president for academic affairs and is the second-highest administrator, directly beneath the president. State university systems in the United States are the state universities operated and funded by the state government.. In some state university systems, provost may be the title held by the head of a branch campus. For example, until the chancellors of the Newark and Camden campuses of Rutgers University in New Jersey were known as provosts. Sometimes the chief academic officer or chief medical officer of a university medical center holds the title of provost.

In some universities, the chief administrative officer of a large academic division may be a provost. In some colleges and universities, the title of provost may be separate from the function of chief academic officer. Provost is the style of the heads of University College London; the chairman of the governors of Eton College is called a provost. There are Provosts for the University of Reading Malaysia Campus; the title "provost" was used in England in medieval times for the head of colleges such as Oriel College and Eton College. In the context of local government, the title is older. At the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University, the title dates from the late 18th and early 19th centuries, respectively. At Penn, the administrative head of the university was titled provost until the 1930s, when the board of trustees created a separate office of president and re-designated the provost as chief academic officer and subordinate to the new position. At Columbia, the board of trustees established the office of provost in 1811, only to abolish it five years later.

The Trustees and the president of the university re-established the office of provost in 1912. Although the precise title of the office has changed over time, its responsibility as Columbia's chief academic officer has remained constant. Other North American universities and colleges created provosts as heads of academic affairs during and after World War II, when dramatic increases in undergraduate enrollments and the increased complexity of higher education administration led many chief executive officers to adopt a more corporate governing structure. By the 1960s, most of the other Ivy League institutions had provosts, as did other private r

Joana Hadjithomas

Joana Hadjithomas is a Lebanese film director and producer. She collaborates with Khalil Joreige. A Perfect Day is one of their most acclaimed films, earned them the Don Quixote Award and the FIPRESCI Prize at the Locarno International Film Festival, they received acclaim for Around the Pink House, Lebanon's official Best Foreign Language Film submission at the 72nd Academy Awards, but did not manage to receive a nomination. Joana Hadjithomas participated at the 9th Gwangju Biennale, she was selected to be on the jury for the Cinéfondation and short films sections of the 2015 Cannes Film Festival. The Agony of the Feet 333 Sycamore Faute d'identités al-Bayt al-zahr Khiyam Rounds Ramad al-Film al-mafqud A Perfect Day Open the Door please / Childhood Je veux voir The Lebanese Rocket Society Website of Joana Hadjithomas & Khalil Joreige Joana Hadjithomas on IMDb Noorderlicht / Archive / Joana Hadjithomas & Khalil Joreige

Tall oil

Tall oil called "liquid rosin" or tallol, is a viscous yellow-black odorous liquid obtained as a by-product of the Kraft process of wood pulp manufacture when pulping coniferous trees. The name originated as an anglicization of the Swedish "tallolja". Tall oil is the third largest chemical by-product in a Kraft mill after hemicellulose, it may contribute to 1.0 -- 1.5 % of the mill's revenue. In the Kraft Process, high alkalinity and temperature converts the esters and carboxylic acids in rosin into soluble sodium soaps of lignin and fatty acids; the spent cooking liquor is about 15 % dry content. The black liquor is concentrated in a multiple effect evaporator and after the first stage the black liquor is about 20–30%. At this stage it is called intermediate liquor; the soaps start to float in the storage tank for the weak or intermediate liquors and are skimmed off and collected. A good soap skimming operation reduces the soap content of the black liquor down to 0.2–0.4% w/w of the dry residue.

The collected soap is called rosinate. The raw rosin soap is allowed to settle or is centrifuged to release as much as possible of the entrained black liquor; the soap goes to the acidulator where it is heated and acidified with sulfuric acid to produce crude tall oil. The soap skimming and acidulator operation can be improved by addition of flocculants. A flocculant will give a cleaner soap with lower viscosity; this makes the acidulator run smoother as well. Most pines give a soap yield of 5 -- 25 kg/ton pulp. Scots pine grown in northern Scandinavia give a yield of more than 50 kg/ton. Globally about 2 mill ton/year of CTO are refined; the composition of crude tall oil varies a great deal, depending on the type of wood used. A common quality measure for tall oil is acid number. With pure pines it is possible to have acid numbers in the range 160–165, while mills using a mix of softwoods and hardwoods might give acid numbers in the range of 125–135. Crude tall oil contains rosins, which contains resin acids, fatty acids and fatty alcohols, unsaponifiable sterols, some sterols, other alkyl hydrocarbon derivates.

By fractional distillation tall oil rosin is obtained, with rosin content reduced to 10–35%. By further reduction of the rosin content to 1–10%, tall oil fatty acid can be obtained, cheap, consists of oleic acid, is a source of volatile fatty acids; the tall oil rosin finds use as a component of adhesives and inks, as an emulsifier. The pitch is used as a binder in cement, an adhesive, an emulsifier for asphalt. TOFA is a low-cost and vegetarian lifestyle-friendly alternative to tallow fatty acids for production of soaps and lubricants; when esterified with pentaerythritol, it is used as a compound of oil-based varnishes. When reacted with amines, polyamidoamines are produced which may be used as epoxy resin curing agents. Tall oil is used in oil drilling as a component of drilling fluids


Ombriano is a village which forms a suburban district of Crema, in the province of Cremona, in the region of Lombardy in Italy. It is located 1.95 kilometers west of Crema proper, along the road to Lodi. The locality is mentioned for the first time in 1092, it was an agricultural village located along the road to Lodi. In the Napoleonic age, Ombriano became a part of Crema, but recovered its autonomy with the establishment of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia in 1815. At the time of the Italian unification in 1861 the village had 1,544 inhabitants. In 1865 the Municipality of Porta Ombriano was merged with the Municipality of Ombriano. In 1928 the Municipality of Ombriano was definitively annexed to Crema; the parish church of Santa Maria Assunta dates back to 1779 and is in brick. Its interior is decorated by Angelo Bacchetta in 1890. In the altars are kept paintings which were located in other churches including Christ calms the dragons and Mary fed by the palm by Giovanni Battista Lucini, the series on the Life of Mary by Giovanni Giacomo Barbelli, a Miracle of St. Anthony from Padua by Tommaso Pombioli, a Presentation of Jesus at the Temple by Giambettino Cignaroli, a Martyrdom of St. John the Evangelist by Palma il Giovane, a Madonna with Child attributed to Callisto Piazza, a Madonna with Saint Gottardo and Santa Barbara by Vittoriano Urbino.

The Stations of the Cross are the work of Fra Luigi Cerioli. The Villa Benvenuti Clavelli is an elegant baroque building, made in exposed brick, it was built by the family of the Counts Clavelli and has belonged since 1818 to the branch known today as "di Ombriano", one of the most illustrious families of the Province of Cremona. Villa Rossi is a grand palace of neo-Gothic style, rebuilt in the nineteenth century by Count Vincenzo Toffetti, which since has belonged to the Rossi Martini family, Senator Mario Crespi who during the Second World War moved there to edit and print the Corriere della Sera

1997–98 Barnsley F.C. season

During the 1997–98 English football season, Barnsley competed in the Premier League. 1997–98 was the first top-flight season in Barnsley's 102-year history, despite some courageous performances, their stay among the elite lasted just one season. They suffered from horrendous defeats and the leakiest defensive record in the division, conceding 82 goals, their start to the season was OK, losing two and winning two of their first four games at Crystal Palace and against Bolton Wanderers. However, they were in the bottom three for the remainder of the season after the 1-4 defeat at Wimbledon, though they did enjoy some success in the FA Cup, knocking out Manchester United in the fifth round before bowing out to eventual runners-up Newcastle United in the quarter-final, their relegation was confirmed a few weeks and manager Danny Wilson moved to South Yorkshire rivals Sheffield Wednesday. 35-year-old striker John Hendrie was appointed player-manager following Wilson's departure. Results summary Results by round Barnsley's score comes first Squad at end of seasonNote: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules.

Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality. Transfers in: £5,750,000 Transfers out: £150,000 Total spending: £5,600,000

Arlington, Nebraska

Arlington is a village in Washington County, United States. The population was 1,243 at the 2010 census. Arlington is named after Virginia. Arlington was called Bell Creek and under the latter name was platted in 1869 when the Sioux City and Pacific Railroad was extended to that point. Due to similarity in name with another place in Nebraska, Bell Creek was renamed Arlington, after the city of Arlington, Virginia, in 1882. Arlington was home to the Marshall Nurseries, an internationally acclaimed nursery credited with inventing the fraxinus pennsylvanica tree species, one of the most common green ash trees planted in the United States of America. Recent history includes the accidental damage to the north wall of the post office. Arlington is located at 41°27′15″N 96°21′26″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.60 square miles, all of it land. Arlington was once home to Molly Ringwald's great-great grandmother; as of the census of 2010, there were 1,243 people, 495 households, 344 families living in the village.

The population density was 2,071.7 inhabitants per square mile. There were 524 housing units at an average density of 873.3 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.9% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.7% from other races, 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population. There were 495 households of which 38.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.2% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.8% had a male householder with no wife present, 30.5% were non-families. 27.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.7% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.51 and the average family size was 3.06. The median age in the village was 38.3 years. 28.2% of residents were under the age of 18. The gender makeup of the village was 51.3 % female. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,197 people, 475 households, 342 families living in the village.

The population density was 2,104.3 people per square mile. There were 492 housing units at an average density of 864.9 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 98.75% White, 0.08% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 0.17% from other races, 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.09% of the population. There were 475 households out of which 36.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.8% were married couples living together, 7.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 27.8% were non-families. 25.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.01. In the village, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 6.9% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 23.1% from 45 to 64, 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.5 males. As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $45,365, the median income for a family was $51,250. Males had a median income of $35,083 versus $24,615 for females; the per capita income for the village was $19,453. About 3.3% of families and 3.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.5% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over. Arlington Public Schools website Local newspaper website