Richard I of England
Richard I was King of England from 6 July 1189 until his death. He ruled as Duke of Normandy and Gascony, Lord of Cyprus, Count of Poitiers, Anjou and Nantes and he was the third of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was known as Richard Cœur de Lion or Richard the Lionheart because of his reputation as a military leader. He was known in Occitan as Oc e No, because of his reputation for terseness, by the age of 16, Richard had taken command of his own army, putting down rebellions in Poitou against his father. Richard spoke both French and Occitan and he was born in England, where he spent his childhood, before becoming king, however, he lived most of his adult life in the Duchy of Aquitaine, in the southwest of France. Following his accession, he spent very little time, perhaps as little as six months, most of his life as king was spent on Crusade, in captivity, or actively defending his lands in France. Rather than regarding his kingdom as a responsibility requiring his presence as ruler, nevertheless, he was seen as a pious hero by his subjects.
He remains one of the few kings of England remembered by his epithet, rather than regnal number, Richard was born on 8 September 1157, probably at Beaumont Palace, in Oxford, son of King Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine. He was a brother of Count William IX of Poitiers, Henry the Young King. As the third son of King Henry II, he was not expected to ascend the throne. He was a brother of Duke Geoffrey II of Brittany, Queen Eleanor of Castile, Queen Joan of Sicily, and Count John of Mortain. Richard was the younger maternal half-brother of Countess Marie of Champagne, the eldest son of Henry II and Eleanor, died in 1156, before Richards birth. Richard is often depicted as having been the son of his mother. His father was Angevin-Norman and great-grandson of William the Conqueror, contemporary historian Ralph of Diceto traced his familys lineage through Matilda of Scotland to the Anglo-Saxon kings of England and Alfred the Great, and from there linked them to Noah and Woden. According to Angevin legend, there was even infernal blood in the family, while his father visited his lands from Scotland to France, Richard probably spent his childhood in England.
His first recorded visit to the European continent was in May 1165 and his wet nurse was Hodierna of St Albans, whom he gave a generous pension after he became king. Little is known about Richards education, during his captivity, English prejudice against foreigners was used in a calculated way by his brother John to help destroy the authority of Richards chancellor, William Longchamp, who was a Norman. One of the charges laid against Longchamp, by Johns supporter Hugh
Robert the Bruce
Robert I, popularly known as Robert the Bruce, was King of Scots from 1306 until his death in 1329. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation and he fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotlands place as an independent country and is today revered in Scotland as a national hero. As Earl of Carrick, Robert the Bruce supported his familys claim to the Scottish throne, after submitting to Edward I in 1302 and returning to the kings peace, Robert inherited his familys claim to the Scottish throne upon his fathers death. In February 1306, Robert the Bruce killed Comyn following an argument, Bruce moved quickly to seize the throne and was crowned king of Scots on 25 March 1306. Bruce defeated his other Scots enemies, destroying their strongholds and devastating their lands, despite Bannockburn and the capture of the final English stronghold at Berwick in 1318, Edward II refused to renounce his claim to the overlordship of Scotland. In 1320, the Scottish nobility submitted the Declaration of Arbroath to Pope John XXII, declaring Robert as their rightful monarch and asserting Scotlands status as an independent kingdom.
In 1324, the Pope recognised Robert I as king of an independent Scotland, and in 1326, Robert I died in June 1329. His body is buried in Dunfermline Abbey, while his heart was interred in Melrose Abbey. Robert de Brus, 1st Lord of Annandale, the first of the Bruce, or de Brus, line arrived in Scotland with David I in 1124 and was given the lands of Annandale in Dumfries and Galloway. His mother was by all accounts a formidable woman who, legend would have it, from his mother, he inherited the Earldom of Carrick, and through his father, a royal lineage that would give him a claim to the Scottish throne. The Bruces held estates in Aberdeenshire, County Antrim, County Durham, Middlesex. Although Robert the Bruces date of birth is known, his place of birth is less certain, although it is most likely to have been Turnberry Castle in Ayrshire, very little is known of his youth. Annandale was thoroughly feudalised and the form of Northern Middle English that would develop into the Scots language was spoken throughout the region.
Robert the Bruce would most probably have become trilingual at an early age and he would have been schooled to speak and possibly write in the Anglo-Norman language of his Scots-Norman peers and his fathers family. He would have both the Gaelic language of his Carrick birthplace and his mothers family, and the early Scots language. As the heir to an estate and a pious layman, Robert would have been given working knowledge of Latin. This would have afforded Robert and his brothers access to education in the law, scripture, saints Lives, philosophy and chivalric instruction. That Robert took personal pleasure in such learning and leisure is suggested in a number of ways, as king, Robert certainly commissioned verse to commemorate Bannockburn and his subjects military deeds
David, Earl of Huntingdon
David of Scotland was a Scottish prince and 8th Earl of Huntingdon. He was, until 1198, heir to the Scottish throne and he was the youngest surviving son of Henry of Scotland, 3rd Earl of Huntingdon and Ada de Warenne, a daughter of William de Warenne, 2nd Earl of Surrey, and Elizabeth of Vermandois. His paternal grandfather was David I of Scotland, Huntingdon was granted to him after his elder brother William I of Scotland ascended the throne. Davids son John succeeded him to the earldom, in 1190 his brother gave him superiority over Dundee and its port. The same year he endowed Lindores Abbey in Fife and a dedicated to St Mary in Dundee. He therefore declared that his claim to the throne had priority over Davids descendants, however, no explanation or firm evidence for the supposed renunciation could be provided. On 26 August 1190 David married Matilda of Chester, daughter of Hugh de Kevelioc and he was almost thirty years Matildas senior. The marriage was recorded by Benedict of Peterborough and Matilda had seven children, Margaret of Huntingdon, married Alan, Lord of Galloway, by whom she had two daughters, including Dervorguilla of Galloway.
Robert of Huntingdon Ada of Huntingdon, married Sir Henry de Hastings, by whom she had one son, Henry de Hastings, John of Scotland, Earl of Huntingdon, married Elen ferch Llywelyn. He succeeded his uncle Ranulf as Earl of Chester in 1232, the two most notable claimants to the throne, Robert Bruce, 5th Lord of Annandale and John of Scotland were his descendants through Davids daughters Isobel and Margaret, respectively. David is a possible inspiration figure for the Robin Hood legend because the plays at the same time as David lived in the 1190s. Another similarity is the Earl of Huntingdon question, because a historian names Robin Hood as a possible Earl of that area. Also both had taken part in the Third Crusade and by 1194 David had taken part at the siege of Nottingham Castle where the High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire and his son Robert who died young was a possible inspiration for Robin Hood. Sir Walter Scotts 1825 novel The Talisman features Earl David in his capacity as a prince of Scotland as a crusader on the Third Crusade, for the majority of the novel, Earl David operates under an alias, Sir Kenneth of the Couchant Leopard.
Earl Davids adventures are highly fictionalized for this novel, the television series Robin of Sherwood features Earl David of Huntingdon. Earl David was played by Michael Craig, Earl David features briefly in the 2013 Robin Hood novel The Arrow of Sherwood by Lauren Johnson. He is depicted at the siege of Nottingham Castle in support of King Richard in 1194
The codified and compiled text was originally called the Libro de las Leyes. It was not until the 14th century that it was given its present name, the Partidas had great significance in Latin America as well, where it was followed for centuries, up to the 19th century. However other time periods have been proposed,1254 to 1261,1256 to 1263, in any event, the majority of historians believe that it was not completed until 1265. The commission is thought to have made up of, Master Jacobo, a legal scholar, Juan Alfonso, a civil law notary from León, a certain Master Roldán. During the 18th century it was believed that the Partidas was exclusively written by Alfonso X. This position was championed by Jesuit historian and writer, Andrés Marcos Burriel, nevertheless, a significant debate has arisen concerning the authorship of works associated with Alfonso X. Other texts of the same period normally attributed to Alfonso X such as el Setenario, Fuero Real, despite scholarly efforts to determine the scope and purpose of each of the texts, no consensus has been reached.
The attribution debate was sparked by Alfonso García-Gallos 1951–52 article. The questions raised in the article were expanded in other, yet, García-Gallo has contended that, the prologue notwithstanding, the Siete Partidas was rarely put into practice until over a century after it was written. Resistance to the Partidas, especially among the Castilian nobility, led the Cortes to enact the Ordinances of Zamora in 1274, all other matters were governed by local laws or fueros. It was not until the “late enactment” by Alfonso XI in 1378 that the Partidas became widely applied, opposition to the Partidas can explain the differences among the similar texts listed above. In any case, if the Partidas was written as a legal code, Alfonso X, in what was called the fecho del imperio, had aggressively pursued the crown of the Holy Roman Empire. His purpose for creating the Siete Partidas may have been to create a valid legal text for the entire Empire. In support of this argument, Aquilino Iglesias claimed in 1996 that the Partidas contained no references to Castilian territorial organization, what is certain is that the Partidas, including the prologue, makes no reference whatsoever to any intention to acquire the imperial crown.
Moreover, some authors, such as Juan Escudero, have references in the text to Castiles specific territorial organization, for example. It is not known whether the Siete Partidas was enacted by Alfonso X, some authors believe so, and assert that the overthrow of the learned king by his son Sancho IV would have suspended its applicability. This fact is considered by authors who do not believe that the Partidas was enacted by Alfonso X as a late enactment. The Siete Partidas can be characterised as a text of law or ius commune
Alexander III of Scotland
Alexander III was King of Scots from 1249 to his death. Alexander was born at Roxburgh, the son of Alexander II by his second wife Marie de Coucy. Alexander III was the grandson of William the Lion, Alexanders father died on 8 July 1249 and he became king at the age of seven, inaugurated at Scone on 13 July 1249. The former dominated the years of Alexanders reign. At the marriage of Alexander to Margaret of England in 1251, Henry III of England seized the opportunity to demand from his son-in-law homage for the Scottish kingdom, but Alexander did not comply. In 1255 an interview between the English and Scottish kings at Kelso led to Menteith and his party losing to Durwards party. On attaining his majority at the age of 21 in 1262 and he laid a formal claim before the Norwegian king Haakon. Haakon rejected the claim, and in the following year responded with a formidable invasion, sailing around the west coast of Scotland he halted off the Isle of Arran, and negotiations commenced. Alexander artfully prolonged the talks until the autumn storms should begin, at length Haakon, weary of delay, only to encounter a terrific storm which greatly damaged his ships.
The Battle of Largs proved indecisive, but even so, Haakons position was hopeless, baffled, he turned homewards, but died in Orkney on 15 December 1263. The Isles now lay at Alexanders feet, and in 1266 Haakons successor concluded the Treaty of Perth by which he ceded the Isle of Man, Norway retained only Orkney and Shetland in the area. Alexander had married Margaret, daughter of King Henry III of England and Eleanor of Provence and she died in 1275, after they had three children. Towards the end of Alexanders reign, the death of all three of his children within a few made the question of the succession one of pressing importance. In 1284 he induced the Estates to recognize as his heir-presumptive his granddaughter Margaret, the need for a male heir led him to contract a second marriage to Yolande de Dreux on 1 November 1285. Alexander died in a fall from his horse riding in the dark to visit the queen at Kinghorn in Fife on 18 March 1286 because it was her birthday the next day. He had spent the evening at Edinburgh Castle celebrating his second marriage and he was advised by them not to make the journey to Fife because of weather conditions, but he travelled anyway.
Alexander became separated from his guides and it is assumed that in the dark his horse lost its footing, the 44-year-old king was found dead on the shore the following morning with a broken neck. Some texts have said that he fell off a cliff, although there is no cliff at the site where his body was found, there is a very steep rocky embankment, which would have been fatal in the dark
Isabella I of Jerusalem
Isabella I was Queen regnant of Jerusalem from 1190 to her death. She was the daughter of Amalric I of Jerusalem and his second wife Maria Comnena and her half-brother, Baldwin IV of Jerusalem, engaged her to Humphrey IV of Toron. Her mothers second husband, Balian of Ibelin, and his stepfather, the marriage of Isabella and Humphrey was celebrated in Kerak Castle in autumn 1183. Saladin, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt and Syria, laid siege to the fortress during the wedding, but Baldwin IV forced him to lift the siege. Baldwin IV, who suffered from leprosy, had made his nephew, Baldwin V, his heir and co-ruler, to prevent Sybillas second husband, Guy of Lusignan. Guys opponents tried to play Isabella and her husband off against him, Isabella was the daughter of Amalric, King of Jerusalem, by his second wife, Maria Comnena. Maria Comnena married Amalric on 29 August 1171, Isabella was born before September 1172. Amalric died unexpectedly on 11 July 1174 and his son by his first marriage, Baldwin IV, was crowned king two weeks later.
Before long, it became obvious that Baldwin suffered from lepromatous leprosy, to secure the succession of the ailing king, his sister, was given in marriage to William of Montferrat in November 1176, but he died seven months later. The High Court of Jerusalem refused both proposals, Isabellas mother married Balian of Ibelin in autumn 1177. His brother, Baldwin of Ibelin, wanted to marry Sybilla, after the marriage of Sybilla and Guy on Easter 1180, a division emerged between Guy of Lusignans supporters and opponents. The first group included the mother of Baldwin IV and Sybilla, Agnes of Courtenay, her brother and their opponents included Isabellas mother and stepfather, and Raymond III of Tripoli. To secure Guys position, the king arranged the betrothal of Isabella to Raynald of Châtillons stepson, Isabella was sent to Kerak Castle to be educated by Humphreys mother, Stephanie of Milly. Stephanie forbade her to pay visits to her mother and stepfather at Nablus, the relationship between Baldwin IV and Guy of Lusignan deteriorated.
Baldwin IV removed Guy from the regency and denied his right of succession, making Guys stepson, Baldwin V, his heir and co-ruler on 20 November 1183. A version of Ernouls chronicle suggests that the child Baldwin V was made heir, Guys principal supporters, Joscelin of Courtenay and Raynald of Châtillon, were not present at Baldwin Vs coronation, because they attended the wedding of Isabella and Humphrey of Toron. The wedding took place in Kerak Castle, the Ayyubid sultan of Egypt and Syria laid siege to the fortress. Baldwin IV assembled an army and departed from Jerusalem to Kerak
Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp
Duke Charles Frederick of Holstein-Gottorp was the son of Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp and his consort, Hedvig Sophia, daughter of King Charles XI of Sweden. He became reigning duke in infancy, upon his fathers death in 1702, and all his life was a claimant to the throne of Sweden, as pro forma heir to Charles XII. He is the father of Peter III of Russia, and as such he was an ancestor of all Russian emperors after Catherine II. Charles Frederick was born in Sweden, where his parents had been offered safety during the outbreak of the Great Northern war by his maternal uncle and he succeeded to the duchy at the age of two after the death of his father. Duke Charles Frederick was under the regency of his mother, with whom he resided in Stockholm, actual daily rule of the duchy was left to administrators. Danish troops had ravaged the lands during the Great Northern War and conquered its northern portions. His mother is said to have raised him tenderly but firmly and his mother, and Hedwig Eleonora, both supported and worked for his right to be considered heir of Sweden after his childless uncle.
Charles Frederick met his uncle Charles XII for the first time in 1716 and he was declared of legal majority in 1717, and was given some military responsibility. Upon the death in 1718 of his uncle and second cousin, Charles XII of Sweden. The dukes party asserted that the monarchy in Sweden, which his grandfather King Charles XI had created. Upon the news of the death of his uncle, he was reportedly too grief-stricken to take any action, Ulrika Eleonoras husband Frederick, who was present with him in Tistedalen, rushed to assist her in claiming the throne. When Charles Frederick was confronted with Ulrika Eleonora, he was forced by Arvid Horn to greet her as queen. He asked to be granted the title Royal Highness and to be recognized as her heir, Charles Frederick withdrew from Sweden, eventually settling in Russia. Afterward, the so-called Holsteiner Party in Sweden continued to advance Charles Fredericks claims, the party made preparations and awaited the childless Ulrika Eleonoras death, but Charles Frederick died before his aunt and left his claims to his infant son.
By that time Sweden had enacted new laws of succession and his first cousin Adolph Frederick, of his same Oldenburg dynasty, was elected Crown Prince of Sweden. In 1723, he was granted the title Royal Highness in his absence, Charles Frederick left for Hamburg, as Holstein-Gottorp had been occupied by Denmark since 1713. He succeeded to have the occupation removed by application to the German-Roman Emperor, in 1720, Sweden and Denmark-Norway concluded the Treaty of Frederiksborg, in which Sweden pledged to cease its support of Holstein-Gottorp. Duke Charles Frederick was married to Anna Petrovna, Tsesarevna of Russia and elder daughter of Tsar Peter I and his peasant wife, as Charles was the Swedish heir, Peter saw the marriage as politically useful
Edward I of England
Edward I, known as Edward Longshanks and the Hammer of the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. He spent much of his reign reforming royal administration and common law, through an extensive legal inquiry, Edward investigated the tenure of various feudal liberties, while the law was reformed through a series of statutes regulating criminal and property law. Increasingly, Edwards attention was drawn towards military affairs, the first son of Henry III, Edward was involved early in the political intrigues of his fathers reign, which included an outright rebellion by the English barons. In 1259, he sided with a baronial reform movement. After reconciliation with his father, however, he remained throughout the subsequent armed conflict. After the Battle of Lewes, Edward was hostage to the rebellious barons, Montfort was defeated at the Battle of Evesham in 1265, and within two years the rebellion was extinguished. With England pacified, Edward joined the Ninth Crusade to the Holy Land, the crusade accomplished little, and Edward was on his way home in 1272 when he was informed that his father had died.
Making a slow return, he reached England in 1274 and was crowned at Westminster on 19 August, after suppressing a minor rebellion in Wales in 1276–77, Edward responded to a second rebellion in 1282–83 with a full-scale war of conquest. After a successful campaign, Edward subjected Wales to English rule, built a series of castles and towns in the countryside, his efforts were directed towards Scotland. Initially invited to arbitrate a dispute, Edward claimed feudal suzerainty over the kingdom. In the war followed, the Scots persevered, even though the English seemed victorious at several points. At the same there were problems at home. In the mid-1290s, extensive military campaigns required high levels of taxation and these crises were initially averted, but issues remained unsettled. When the King died in 1307, he left to his son, Edward II, Edward I was a tall man for his era, hence the nickname Longshanks. He was temperamental, and this, along with his height, made him an intimidating man, nevertheless, he held the respect of his subjects for the way he embodied the medieval ideal of kingship, as a soldier, an administrator and a man of faith.
The Edict remained in effect for the rest of the Middle Ages, Edward was born at the Palace of Westminster on the night of 17–18 June 1239, to King Henry III and Eleanor of Provence. Among his childhood friends was his cousin Henry of Almain, son of King Henrys brother Richard of Cornwall, Henry of Almain would remain a close companion of the prince, both through the civil war that followed, and during the crusade. Edward was in the care of Hugh Giffard – father of the future Chancellor Godfrey Giffard – until Bartholomew Pecche took over at Giffards death in 1246, there were concerns about Edwards health as a child, and he fell ill in 1246,1247, and 1251
Succession to the Dutch throne
Since 1983, the crown of the Netherlands passes according to absolute primogeniture. From 1814 until 1887, a monarch could only be succeeded by their closest female relative if there were no male relatives. Male-preference cognatic primogeniture was adopted in 1887, though abolished when absolute primogeniture was introduced in 1983, proximity of blood has been taken into consideration since 1922, when the constitution was changed to limit the line of succession to three degrees of kinship from the current monarch. The list below contains all people currently eligible to succeed to the throne, Princess Beatrixs second son, Prince Friso of Orange-Nassau, was removed from the line of succession in 2004 when he married without seeking Parliamentary approval. His two daughters, Countess Luana of Orange-Nassau van Amsberg and Countess Zaria of Orange-Nassau van Amsberg, are not in the line of succession, Princess Irene was removed from the list when she married Carlos Hugo, Duke of Parma without Parliamentary approval.
Approval was withheld because Carlos Hugos Carlist pretense to the Spanish throne threatened to cause a Constitutional crisis, Princess Christina was removed from the list because she married Jorge Pérez y Guillermo. The couple decided not to seek Parliamentary approval for their marriage, Prince Pieter-Christiaan and Prince Floris of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, were removed from the list because they had both decided not to seek Parliamentary approval for their 2005 marriages. Prince Maurits and Prince Bernhard of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, list of heirs to the Dutch throne Monarchy of the Netherlands
Charles XII of Sweden
Charles XII, Latinized to Carolus Rex, was the King of Sweden from 1697 to 1718. He belonged to the House of Palatinate-Zweibrücken, a line of the House of Wittelsbach. Charles was the surviving son of Charles XI and Ulrika Eleonora the Elder. He assumed power, after a caretaker government, at the age of fifteen. Leading the Swedish army against the alliance Charles won multiple victories despite being usually significantly outnumbered, a major victory over a Russian army some three times the size in 1700 at the Battle of Narva compelled Peter the Great to sue for peace which Charles rejected. Russia was now the remaining hostile power. The defeat was followed by Surrender at Perevolochna, two campaigns met with frustration and ultimate failure, concluding with his death at the Siege of Fredriksten in 1718. At the time, most of the Swedish Empire was under military occupation. This situation was formalized, albeit moderated in the subsequent Treaty of Nystad, Charles was an exceptionally skilled military leader and tactician as well as an able politician, credited with introducing important tax and legal reforms.
With the war consuming more than half his life and nearly all his reign, like all kings, was styled by a royal title, which combined all his titles into one single phrase. The fact that Charles was crowned as Charles XII does not mean that he was the 12th king of Sweden by that name, Swedish kings Erik XIV and Charles IX gave themselves numerals after studying a mythological history of Sweden. He was actually the 6th King Charles, the non-mathematic numbering tradition continues with the current King of Sweden, Carl XVI Gustaf, being counted as the equivalent of Charles XVI. In late 1699 Charles sent a detachment to reinforce his brother-in-law Duke Frederick IV of Holstein-Gottorp. A Saxon army simultaneously invaded Swedish Livonia and in February 1700 invested Riga, Russia declared war, but stopped short of an attack on Swedish Ingria until September 1700. Leading a force of 8,000 and 43 ships in an invasion of Zealand, Charles rapidly compelled the Danes to submit to the Peace of Travendal in August 1700, Russia had opened their part of the war by invading the Swedish-held territories of Livonia and Estonia.
Charles countered this by attacking the Russian besiegers at the Battle of Narva, the Russians outnumbered the Swedish army of ten thousand men by almost four to one. Charles attacked under cover of a blizzard, effectively split the Russian army in two and won the battle, many of Peters troops who fled the battlefield drowned in the Narva River. The total number of Russian fatalities reached about 10,000 at the end of the battle, while the Swedish forces lost 667 men, Charles did not pursue the Russian army
Joan the Lame
Joan of Burgundy, known as Joan the Lame, was Queen of France as the first wife of King Philip VI. Joan served as regent while her husband fought on military campaigns during the Hundred Years War, Joan was the daughter of Robert II, Duke of Burgundy, and Agnes of France. Her older sister, was the first wife of Louis X of France, Joan married Philip of Valois, Louiss cousin, in July 1313. From 1315 to 1328, they were Count and Countess of Maine, from 1325, they were Count and Countess of Valois and Anjou. King Philip IVs sons, Louis X, Philip V, and Charles IV, left no surviving male heirs, the Hundred Years War ensued, with Edward III of England, a nephew of Louis X, claiming the French crown. Intelligent and strong-willed, Joan proved a capable regent while her husband fought on military campaigns during the war. However, her nature and power earned both herself and her husband a bad reputation, which was accentuated by her deformity, and she became known as la male royne boiteuse. One chronicler described her as a danger to her enemies in court, Joan died of the plague 12 December 1349.
She was buried in the Basilica of Saint Denis, her tomb and her children with Philip VI were, John II. Marie, who married John of Brabant, the son and heir of John III, Duke of Brabant, in 1361, Joans grandnephew, Philip I of Burgundy, died without legitimate issue, ending the male line of the Dukes of Burgundy. Joan is a character in Les Rois maudits, a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon and she was portrayed by Ghislaine Porret in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series
Odo IV, Duke of Burgundy
Odo IV or Eudes IV was Duke of Burgundy from 1315 until his death and Count of Burgundy and Artois between 1330 and 1347. He was the son of Duke Robert II and Agnes of France. Odo succeeded his brother, Hugh V, in 1315. Odo defended the rights of his niece Joan of Navarre against Philip the Tall, another uncle, in 1318, Odo married Philips eldest daughter, Joan III, Countess of Burgundy. Thus allying himself with Philip V, who had become king of France, on the death of his brother, Louis in 1316, Odo became titular king of Thessalonica. By 1320, Odo was complaining to the pope of the Angevins usurpation of Thessalonica, yet sold his rights as King of Thessalonica and Prince of Achaea to Louis, Count of Clermont. Odos wife inherited the domains of her mother in 1330, the county of Artois and the county of Burgundy and her claim to the County of Artois was challenged by Robert III of Artois, who at that time was a close friend and advisor of King Philip VI. The dispute ended abruptly when in December 1330 the documents used by Robert of Artois to support his claim were found to be forged on his instructions, Odo was a loyal vassal of his brother-in-law, Philip of Valois, after he succeeded to the French throne as Philip VI.
He belonged to Philip VI’s small circle of trusted advisors and he fought in many theatres of French warfare, the Low Countries, Aquitaine. He fought the Flemings and was wounded at the Battle of Cassel in 1328, in 1340, Odo first fought in Hainaut, helped capture the town of Antoing and defended Saint-Omer in the battle there against Robert III of Artois. During the summer the French government became aware of plans for an Anglo-Flemish army under Robert of Artois to attack on Saint-Omer, the Duke entered Saint-Omer 15 July with several thousands men-at-arms and begun preparing the defences of the city. The slow progress of the English army allowed further reinforcements led by John I, on 26 July Robert of Artois offered battle to the garrison of Saint-Omer. Contrary to orders some hotheads charged out, their attack was beaten off, the Duke of Burgundy now decided to sally with the Count of Armagnac. During the battle the Duke got into a fight with the English and Brugeois contingents. Meanwhile, however the Count of Armagnac had scattered the enemy left flank, the loss of most of his Flemish troops forced Robert of Artois to flee back to Flanders.
He took part in the War of the Breton Succession as a partisan of Charles of Blois serving as advisor to John and he served together with the Duke of Normandy and the Chancellor of France, Guillaume Flote, as French ambassadors to a peace conference at Avignon summer 1344. The conference was however actively sabotaged by the English, in 1346, he was in Guyenne combatting the English. Spring that year the French government decided to field its so far strongest army in the south-west, in April Normandy laid siege to the town of Aiguillon which controlled the confluence between the Lot and the Garonne