click links in text for more info


Proxy may refer to: Proxy or agent, a substitute authorized to act for another entity or a document which authorizes the agent so to act Proxy, a measured variable used to infer the value of a variable of interest in climate research Proxy, a measured variable used to infer the value of a variable of interest Healthcare proxy, a document used to specify an agent to make medical decisions for a patient in case they are incapacitated Proxy abuse, abuse committed on behalf of somebody else Proxy bullying, bullying committed on behalf of somebody else Proxy fight, attempting to influence how company shareholders use their proxy votes Proxy marriage, common amongst European monarchs, where one party is not present in person to their marriage to the other Proxy murder, a murder committed on behalf of somebody else Proxy statement, information published related to a U. S. stockholders' meeting Proxy voting, a vote cast on behalf of an absent person Proxy war, a war where two powers use third parties as a substitute for fighting each other directly Torture by proxy, torturing someone on somebody else's behalf Proxy, a mysterious humanoid lifeform in the anime Ergo Proxy PROXY, a holodroid featured in Star Wars: The Force Unleashed Proxy, the codename of Wendy Harris, a fictional character in the Batgirl comic book series "Proxy", the name of a fictional character in the 2012 horror film Smiley "Proxy", a term in Slender: The Arrival, for a person, influenced or controlled by the Slender Man Proxies, British electronic rock band formed in 2010 "Proxy", a 2014 song by Martin Garrix "The Proxy", a song by RJD2 on his 2002 album Deadringer Proxy, a 2013 horror film directed by Zack Parker Proxies, a 1921 silent drama film directed by George D. Baker The Proxy, a drama web series starring Stuart Ashen Proxy card, a substitute card used in trading card games when a player does not own the substituted card and can occur when proxy cards are not tradeable Proxy, a 2013 young adult novel by Alex London ProxyAddress, a service providing postal addresses for homeless people Proxy pattern, a software design pattern in computer programming known as a proxy class Proxy server, a computer network service that allows clients to make indirect network connections to other network services Münchausen syndrome by proxy Proxi, a proprietary freeware computer application for Mac OS X by Griffin Technology Vicarious

Freestyle skiing at the 2018 Winter Olympics – Women's halfpipe

The Women's halfpipe event in freestyle skiing at the 2018 Winter Olympics took place on 19 and 20 February 2018 at the Bogwang Phoenix Park, South Korea. The top 30 athletes in the Olympic quota allocation list qualified, with a maximum of four athletes per National Olympic Committee allowed. All athletes qualifying must have placed in the top 30 of a FIS World Cup event or the FIS Freestyle Ski and Snowboarding World Championships 2017 during the qualification period and have a minimum of 50 FIS points to compete. If the host country, South Korea at the 2018 Winter Olympics did not qualify, their chosen athlete would displace the last qualified athlete, granted all qualification criteria were met; the qualification was held on 19 February at 10:00. The final was held on 20 February at 10:30

Martha Dana Mercer

Martha Mercer, née Dana was a US art collector and philanthropist. She was the daughter of Charles Stratton Dana of the Dana family of Boston, she became friends with Isabella Stewart Gardner who arranged for her to have her portrait painted by Anders Zorn in 1899. She married the artist William Robert Mercer of Doylestown, the brother of Henry Chapman Mercer. Together they designed and built Aldie Mansion in the Tudor revival style, today owned by the Heritage Conservancy of Bucks County; the couple had twins in 1910. Her husband died in 1939 and Martha split her legacy into three equal parts, forming the Martha Dana Mercer Trust, she gave to the Boston Symphony Orchestra, the Arnold Arboretum, the Museum of Fine Arts of Boston. Dana Mercer gave her portrait by Zorn to the museum in 1928; the museum has another painting in her collection, Man on Horseback by Gerard ter Borch. Mrs. Mercer is buried near her parents in Mount Auburn Cemetery

John school

John school is a form of educational intervention aimed at clients of prostitutes, who are informally known as'johns' in North America. John schools are a diversion program for people - exclusively men - arrested for soliciting the services of a prostitute, or another related offense; this acts as an alternative to criminal prosecutions. However, in some jurisdictions, courts may sentence men to attend a john school program as a condition of probation. John schools last for one day, their focus is on the experiences and harms of prostitution, such as the violence associated with prostitution, the sexually transmitted disease risks of prostitution, the effects of prostitution on families and communities. Whether the John school is a diversion program or a sentencing condition, the client will pay a fee to enroll; the fee covers the cost of the program and sometimes contributes to programs to aid prostitutes, or community projects within red light districts. The first comprehensive john school program was started in San Francisco in 1995 by the San Francisco District Attorney's Office and Norma Hotaling and was known as the First Offender Prostitution Program.

First time male offenders who volunteer for the program are required to attend an eight-hour seminar on the negative consequences of prostitution of all types on neighborhoods, the Criminal Justice System, the prostitutes themselves, face the possibility of a jail sentence if they refuse. In the first 12 years of the still ongoing program, now called the First Offender Prostitution Program, the recidivism rate amongst offenders was reduced from 8% to less than 5%. Between 1981 and 2007, 48 john schools had opened in the United States. John schools have been established across the United States, in Canada, South Korea and in the United Kingdom. More than 15 John schools have emerged in the United Kingdom since the first British john school in Leeds, led by Julie Bindel and opened in 1998; as the term'john' is used in the United Kingdom, john schools are referred to by several different names including kerb-crawling rehabilitation schemes or kerb-crawling awareness schemes. The proceeds from a john school in Toronto, Canada finance an eight-week life skills-based course for prostitutes run through Streetlight Support Services.

A 2009 audit of the first john school in San Francisco conducted by the City's budget analysis, faults the program with ill-defined goals and no way to determine its effectiveness. Despite being touted as a national model that comes at no cost to taxpayers, the audit said the program didn't cover its expenses in each of the last five years, leading to a $270,000 shortfall; some critics question how john school curricula construct sex work, while others do note the influence of contradictory perspectives of both sex work advocates and critics. For example, an academic policy evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program in San Francisco found that the program "both replicates and contests competing and contradictory gender ideologies and patterns of power; the program’s enrollment practices and most of its content imply that men who purchase sexual services are rational sexual agents, while women who sell these services are victims.... The program thus illustrates the contested and contradictory ideological dynamics of gender-sensitive institutional reforms."

Prostitution: From Wolfenden to John Schools - Research on John Schools in North America and the UK by Ian R. Cook "Final Report on the Evaluation of the First Offender Prostitution Program: Report Summary" by Michael Shively, Sarah Kuck Jalbert, Ryan Kling, William Rhodes, Peter Finn, Chris Flygare, Laura Tierney, Dana Hunt, David Squires, Christina Dyous, Kristin Wheeler. National Institute of Justice, U. S. Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. "Recidivism Among the Customers of Female Street Prostitutes: Do Intervention Programs Help?" by Martin A. Monto and Steve Garcia. Western Criminology Review 3, June 2002. Reports on School for Johns, BAYSWAN. – index of reports critical of john school programs. "John school takes a bite out of prostitution" by Justin Berton. "San Francisco Chronicle," April 14, 2008

History of Hartlepool United F.C.

Hartlepool United Football Club is a professional association football club based in Hartlepool, County Durham, England. The club competes in the National League, the fifth tier of English football, they were founded in 1908 as Hartlepools United Football Athletic Company. One of English football's most famous managers Brian Clough began his managerial career at the club in 1965. Hartlepool play their home games at Victoria Park; the club's honours include the FA Amateur Cup won in 1904–05 by West Hartlepool F. C. who were dissolved in 1910, its assets and liabilities were subsequently taken over by Hartlepool United. Their main rivals are Darlington; the club's mascot, "H'Angus the Monkey", was elected mayor at the 2002 Hartlepool Borough Council election. The club receives vocal support from Sky Sports presenter Jeff Stelling. In 1905, the amateur team West Hartlepool won the FA Amateur Cup which at the time was considered second only to the FA Cup; as a result of this the opportunity for a professional team arose in 1908, when West Hartlepool Rugby Club went bust leaving their stadium Victoria Ground vacant.

The stadium was bought and the current club was founded under the name Hartlepools United Football Athletic Company representing both the town of West Hartlepool and the original settlement of Old Hartlepool. The new team joined the professional North-Eastern league and West Hartlepool F. C. lost some of their players to the new professional side. West Hartlepool managed to continue for a few seasons however it was not long before they broke up leaving Hartlepools United as the only team in town. In 1910, the club took over the assets and liabilities of West Hartlepool F. C., dissolved that year. In 1920, the Football League formed a third division; this was based entirely in the south, as the new division was created by absorbing the entire top division of the Southern League, with Grimsby Town the only northern representative. This was rectified the following season when a Third Division North was created, with Hartlepool as one of the founder members. Brian Clough was invited to manage Hartlepool in 1965.

His reaction was "I don't fancy the place". In 1968 the "s" and the "United" were dropped from the team name of "Hartlepools United"; this was in connection with West Hartlepool being absorbed along with the old smaller town of Hartlepool and the village of Hart into one new borough named "Hartlepool". The appendage of "United" was restored in 1977. Under Len Ashurst, the team began to revive after years of indifferent form; the 1971–72 season saw a welcome improvement to 18th, saved the club. The club once again avoided the re-election zone in 1972–73, finishing in 20th place, but with four successive finishes either in or not far above the bottom four and strong challenges coming from non-league sides, the club needed to show signs of improvement. Ashurst did that, finishing in 11th in 1973–74. Ken Hale took over and guided the team to 13th and 14th over the next two seasons and reached the League Cup Fourth round in 1974–75. However, 1976–77 saw a return to the doldrums, his successor Billy Horner could not stop the rot either, the team finished in 22nd place.

Again there was a strong challenger from non-league in the form of Wimbledon. Over the close season the team's name was changed to its current form of Hartlepool United. A tragedy struck the club a few weeks before the end of the season when 20-year-old player Dave Wiggett was killed in a car crash. A marginal improvement to 21st the following year again saw the club applying to stay in the league, it seemed to be only a matter of time. Once again it was a huge relief for the supporters that Horner managed to make considerable improvements the following season. A large part of this was due to the strike partnership of Keith Houchen. There was relative success in the FA Cup, with Crystal Palace being defeated at the Victoria Ground thanks to two goals from Newton as the club made the Fourth round. 1978–79 saw a finish in 13th place. Keith Houchen was top scorer with 17 league goals, with Newton making double figures. Financial issues were however making waves off the pitch and in particular the ownership of the ground.

The Town Council were approached by the club with a view to buying the ground in January 1977, although this was turned down negotiations continued. In February 1978, a deal seemed to have been agreed. Barker would accuse the council of trying to renege on the deal in July 1980, threatened to move the club out of the town amidst rumours that he was prepared to sell up and allow

Brooklyn Robins Dry Dock

The Brooklyn Robins Dry Dock were an American soccer team which took its name from the workplace it represented. The dock was part of the Todd Pacific Shipyards in Brooklyn who formed the professional soccer club in 1918 to play in the National Association Football League. Robins played until the league folded in 1921. Robins best finish won the 1921 National Challenge Cup. In 1918, the entry of the United States into World War I had led to a drain on players due to military service; the loss of players impacted most league, including the NAFBL. While most teams in the league were able to find enough players to begin the season, three teams were forced to sit out the season. A fourth, the East Newark Scots-Americans, folded after five games. In order to maintain enough teams to stage a competitive season, the NAFBL brought in the Robins Dry Dock which assumed the Scots-Americans record. While Robins was unable to finish higher than third in its three seasons in the NAFBL, it became dominant in national competitions.

In 1921, the top teams of the NAFBL collapsed when the league’s top teams joined with the top teams of the Southern New England Soccer League to form the American Soccer League. Robins did not join the ASL. Instead, Todd Shipyards, the parent company of Robins Dry Dock, as well as Tebo Yacht Basin which sponsored the Tebo Yacht Basin F. C. of the SENSL, entered its own team in the new league. At the time there were two national cups, the long running American Cup and the established National Challenge Cup. In March 1919, Robins went to the semifinals of the American Cup, falling to Bethlehem Steel F. C. In 1920, Robins took its revenge on Bethlehem when it defeated the Steelmen in the American Cup final. Robins repeated as cup champions the next year as well. In the 1920 National Challenge Cup, Robins lost to Fore River in the semifinals; the next year, Robins took the Challenge Cup in a 4-3 victory over St. Louis Scullin Steel F. C. National Association Football League standings