Altiani is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Altiani is a commune in the Rogna in Quà microregion consists of cliff villages in the valley of Tavignano; the village overlooks both the plain of Aleria and Corte as well as Venaco and therefore enjoys a remarkable panorama extensive and varied, over central mountain chain as well as the Tyrrhenian Sea. The commune covers 1,829 hectares in the lower Tavignano valley; the river flows through its territory for 5 km before joining the Vecchio downstream in the Gasprese area. 300 metres upstream of the Genovese bridge on the N200 highway, the river is fed by the Limone stream whose source is under the Punta di Mangaio. For 8.2 km it crosses the communes of Sant'Andréa-di-Bozio, Focicchia and Altiani. This stream is itself fed by the stream of Pietre Bianche which joins 685 metres north of the village; the pattern formed by the streams follows the ridgeline up to Punta Cervio, defining the border between Focicchia and Altiani.
Altiani is separated from Piedicorte-di-Gaggio by a North-South line following the Caselle stream which flows between the Altiani Mountain and Monte Rosso continuing along a ridgeline towards Tavignano, joining the river about 500 m before the confluence of the Cavelle stream and spiking south along a ridge line towards the confluence with Casaloria Creek and the Coina stream. Punta Muracinto marks the southeast end of the commune. In the West, the boundaries of the commune with those of Noceta and Venaco are those of the Regional Natural Park of Corsica; the highest point of the commune is Punta Cervio (1,189 metres, Mount "à cheval" both Focicchia, Piedicorte-di-Gaggio, Altiani. It is located in the north-east part of the commune in the part calledthe Mountain of Altiani; the left bank of Tavignanu consists of bare rocky soil covered with sparse vegetation, sparse scrub with some cork oaks. In summer this scrub is brown and ready to ignite. Fires are quite common in this valley. In contrast, the right side of the river is green, covered with a thick high maquis and overrun with pine trees and cork oaks.
The commune is traversed by the RN200 highway along the Tavignano valley until Ajuinta Bridge to a place called Gasprese. A feature of this road is to have two single lane bridges on the route from Corte to the sea at Aleria: the Ajuinta bridge and the Genovese bridge, both of which are in the Altiani commune; the Genovese Bridge is noteworthy and is classified as a historical monument. As a backup a new bridge was built 50 m downstream; the new bridge on National Highway 200 was opened to traffic on 11 July 2011. It is 115 metres long with a central arch of 115 metres; the village of Altiani is the junction of the D14 and D314 roads, the latter doubling for the RN200 on the heights in serving the villages of the Rogna Quà micro-region: Erbajolo, Altiani, Piedicorte-di-Gaggio and Pancheraccia from Favalello. The most used road is the D314 whioch makes the village 8 km from the RN 200; the village is built on a rocky outcrop along the D314 road that winds through terraced houses between 560 and 640 metres above the valley of Tavignano.
Although old, the buildings are grouped around the white church of St. Mary. Houses with stone walls are rare and the roofs are covered with red tiles; the population all live in the village. Around 1520 the community of Santa Maria d'Altiani was part of the Pieve of Rogna in Quà which fell within the bishopric of Aleria; the Pieve of Rogna had about 4,250 inhabitants and its populated places were: Vivario Herbajolo, la Valle di Sera, la Fosigia la Lamella, Altiani, lo Petragio, lo Pè di Corte, lo Lunello, Porra, lo Piano Buono, la Petra Serena, Santa Maria de Talsini, Omessa, Santa Lutia, Tralunca, lo Soarello, Castirla. In the 18th century part of the Pieve of Rogna took the name of Tavignano. In 1790 it became the canton of Piedicorte-di-Gaggio until its merger with San Sermano. Monseigneur Carlo Fabrizio Giustiniano, bishop of Mariana in the 1680s, described the region as follows: "In this Pieve beyond the river there is the country of Vivario which contains Gatti and Arca and beyond Vivario there are Noceta and Antisanti.
These are the pieves and villages of the first part of this country located beyond the Tavignano, a river which, as it approaches the sea, changes its name and is called by many the Aleria river.... The Pieve of Rogna we have spoken contains below the river the following villages: Erbajolo, la Valle di Sera, Focicchia, la Lamella, Altiani where there is a convent of the Friars Minor, lo Petragio, Piedicorte di Gaggio, lo Lunello, Porra, lo Piano Buono, Pancheraccia and Carco. In 1954, the canton of Piedicorte-di-Gaggio was composed of the communes of: Altiani, Focicchia, Pancheraccia, Piedicorte-di-Gaggio, Pietraserena. Altiani had 347 inhabitants. From 1971 to 1973 new districts were created including the Canton of Bustanico, created from the mergers imposed on the old cantons of Piedicorti-di-Gaggio, San Lurenzo, Sermano; the town derives its resources from agro-pastoral farming of which livestock breeding is the main activity. An experimental breeding station managed by the Office of Agriculture and Rural Development of Corsica has been implemented near the Genovese bridge on the RN200 highway at a place called Ponte.
This was an initiative of the Society of Economics f
Aiti is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Aïtinchi. Aiti is some 15 km north of Corte and about 25 km inland from the east coast of Corsica; the Highway N193 from Corte goes north passing near the eastern border of the commune however the commune can only be accessed from this side by the D39 from Francardo a tortuous and circuitous road. The commune can be accessed from the eastern side from San-Lorenzo on the Highway D39 which has a small connecting road across a bridge to the D39 road which enters the commune from the south and is another tortuous and circuitous route to the village of Aiti. Other than some short mountain access roads there are no other roads in the commune. Aiti occupies the northern part of the mountain chain in the west of the massif of Monte San Petrone, separated by the Casaluna Valley; the commune lies "below the hill", or "Corsican Shale" in the north-east of the island along the edge of the Cap Corse shale which continues to the San Petrone mountains and ends south of Castagnicia.
These mountains are a block of lustrous shale from the Tertiary period during the uplift of the Alps on the Hercynian bedrock at the end of the Paleozoic era. The highest point in the commune is the Cima a l'Orzale south of the town and the lowest point is next to the Golo river to the north-west; the commune is mountainous with the hills of Castagnicia to the west. It occupies a small portion of a low-lying area called "Cuvette de Ponte Leccia", one of a series of central low-lying areas stretching from L'Île-Rousse to Solenzara through Ponte Leccia and Cateraggio, it includes many small valleys where streams flow to the Casaluna. The western border of the commune is the Callasima River which flows north to join the Golo River near Ponte-Leccia. Several streams run through the commune; the main streams are Poggie and Fossa Ceca. List of Successive Mayors of Aiti Communes of the Haute-Corse department Aiti on Lion1906 Aiti on Google Maps Aiti on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Aiti on the INSEE website INSEE
Aléria is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica, former bishopric and present Latin Catholic titular see. It includes the easternmost point in Metropolitan France. Aléria shares the canton of Moïta-Verde with 13 other communes: Moïta, Campi, Canale-di-Verde, Linguizzetta, Pianello, Pietra-di-Verde, Tox and Zuani. Aléria is 70 km to the south of Bastia on Route N198, in the centre of the Plaine Orientale called the Plaine d'Aléria, the east-central coastal plain of the island facing Italy, it includes a number of monuments. Most of the rest of the island is precipitously mountainous; the eastern coastline is punctuated by a number of lakes connecting to the Tyrrhenian Sea, the remnant of an ancient system of lagoons behind barrier beaches. The Corsicans refer to them under the name of Étang, "pool", although most are larger by far than an English pool. Marshland is extensive on the coast requiring that cities be built inland from it. Malaria has been a problem near the marshlands and swamps of eastern Corsica.
The fine barrier beaches are a recreational attraction. The Tavignano River enters the commune to the exits into the Tyrrhenian Sea, its lands include marshes to the south and the unconnected étang de Diane to the north. To the west, the étang de Terre Rosse is a reservoir used to irrigate the plain. Corsica had an indigenous population in the Neolithic and the Bronze Age but the east coast was subject to colonization by Mediterranean maritime powers: Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, they built on an étang, which they used as a harbor. Alaliē was placed between the southern end of the 3.5 km long Ētang de Diane and the Tavignano River inland, but controlling the entire district including the mouth of the river. The site is occupied today by the village of Cateraggio at the crossroads of national routes N200 and N198. N200 follows the Vallé du Tavignano into the interior mountains of Corte; when the Etruscans took the district, after its abandonment by the Greeks, they settled further south along N198 in the vicinity of the village of Aléria, today an archaeological site across the river from Cateraggio, where visitors and academics are quartered.
Still south of there was the Etruscan necropolis, in today's Casabianda. Aléria takes its name from the Roman town placed there after the defeat of the Etruscans; the entire district, however, is wider still, following the Corsican custom of including some mountains and some beaches in every district. It incorporates the agricultural lands of Teppe Rosse, the entire Étang de Diane and the Plage de Padulone 3 km east of Cateraggio, a former barrier beach. Since 1975 a series of laws have created the Casabianda-Aléria Nature Preserve, 1,748 ha between the mouth of the Tavignanu and the Étang d'Urbinu, 5 km to the south; the reserve to the south was initiated from the grounds of the former penitentiary of Casabianda in 1951. It was instituted in 1880 in a pestilential area which it was hoped the prisoners could farm, it contained 214 plots. Due to a high death rate from malaria, the agricultural experiment failed. According to Herodotus twenty years before the abandonment of Phocaea in Ionia, that is, in 566 BC, Phocaeans colonizing the western Mediterranean founded a city, Alaliē, on the island of Cyrnus.
Diodorus Siculus says that the city was named Calaris a corruption of Alaliē. The historical circumstances of Calaris leave no doubt. Diodorus says that Aleria had a "beautiful large harbor, called Syracusium," that Calaris and another city, were on it, that Nicaea had been built by the Etruscans. Syracusium can only be a lake exiting to the Tyrrhenian Sea; as Aleria and Nicaea were trade rivals it seems unlikely that the Etruscans would have allowed the Phocaeans, who were ancient Greeks, access to Étang de Diane. Nicaea is identified with the La Marana district further north, where the Romans built a city, Mariana, on the Étang de Biguglia, a better harbor. Diodorus says that the cities of Corsica were subject to the Phocaeans and that the latter took slaves, resin and honey from them. Alaliē was an emporium. Of the natives whom the Phocaeans subjugated Diodorus says only that they were "barbarians, whose language is strange and difficult to understand" and that they numbered more than 30,000.
At home Phocaea was the first city of Ionia to come under siege by the army of Cyrus, who were Medes commanded by Harpagus, in 546 BC. Requesting a cease-fire the Phocaeans took to their ships, abandoning the city to Harpagus, who allowed them to escape. Refused permission to settle Oenussae in the territory of Chios they resolved to reinforce Alaliē, but first made a surprise punitive raid on Phocaea, executing the entire Persian garrison. At this success half the Phocaeans reinhabited Phocaea. In Corsica they were so troublesome to the Etruscans and to the Carthaginians of Sardinia that the two powers sent a combined fleet of 120 ships to root them out, but this force was defeated by 60 Phocaean ships at the Battle of Alalia in the Sardinian Sea, which Herodotus describes as a Cadmeian victory because the Greeks lost 40 ships sunk and the remaining 20 so damaged as not to be battle-worthy. Now unable to defend themselves, the Phocaeans took to their remaining ships and sailed off to Rhegium, abandoning Alaliē.
Antisanti is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Antisantaises. Antisanti is a landlocked commune on the eastern side of Corsica overlooking the eastern plain of the island some 80 km south of Bastia and 12 km west by north-west of Aléria, it belonged to the ancient Pieve of Rogna and is now part of the Rogna in La micro-region located on the right bank of the Tavignano extending from Vivario to the plain. Access to the commune is by the minor road D43 from Aléria in the east passing through the heart of the commune and the village before continuing west to join the D143 south-east of Santo-Pietro-di-Venaco. There is a connecting road to the D343 near Vezzani. National Highway N200 passes along the eastern and northern borders but there is no access to the commune; the west of the commune is rugged and forested while the eastern half is on the plain with farmland although still having significant forested areas.
The northern and eastern borders of the commune are formed by the Tavignano river with a large tributary flowing west through the centre of the commune to join it on the eastern border. In 1770 Antisanti was one of the least populated communes in the Piève of Rogna. With the French Revolution of 1789 the Pieve of Sorba became the Canton of Vezzani in the district of Bastia. Since 1954 Antisanti has been part of the Canton of Vezzani along with the communes of Aghione, Noceta, Pietroso and Vezzani. List of Successive Mayors In 2009 the commune had 388 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year. Population change Sources: Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 Antisanti markets 40% of the national production of Clementines from its vast orchards.
A War Memorial on the side facade of the parish church. The'Parish church of Saint-Pierre-aux-Liens. Built in 1894, this small baroque church was remodeled and enlarged in 1944. Georges Benedetti, French politician, born in Antisanti on 29 July 1930 Communes of the Haute-Corse department Antisanti official website Antisanti on Lion1906 Antisanti on Google Maps Antisanti on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute website Antisanti on the INSEE website INSEE
Bigorno is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Since 2015, it is part of the canton of Golo-Morosaglia. Bigorno is 2 kilometres to the west of the seat of the canton Campitello. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE
Algajola is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Algajolais or Algajolaises Algajola is a commune on the Balagne coast between Calvi, 12 km to the west, Ile Rousse, 10 km to the East, it is one of 19 communes in the Canton of Belgodère and not to those of Calvi or Ile Rousse as its location would suggest. It is part of the arrondissement of Calvi; the commune occupies a small area of 172 hectares on the coast bisected by small hills oriented north-south, the highest is a "saddle" straddling Algajola and Aregno which rises to 288m. To the west of the hills, Tebina is a flat area and Cocani covers the hillsides down to the resort. On both sides of the hills their slopes were once covered with maquis were turned into terraces to cultivate strips of land. For a long time the maquis here consisted of cistus and mastic and some wild olive trees which reestablished themselves on the abandoned terraces. One small stream, unnamed on maps, rises in the commune at Tepina and empties into the port of San Damiano.
The borders of Algajola can be defined as follows: North: a ragged coastline 3 km long along the shores of the Mediterranean with the Punta San Damiano. To the east of this part, away from the prevailing westerly winds, is the port of San Damiano, built in Roman times, the village of Algajola with its fortress "feet in the water"; this is part of a point located 500m west of Punta San Damiano ending 200 m from the sandy beach of Aregno in the east. This beach is covered with Posidonia or sea grass in winter which may be the origin of the name of the town but this is a folk etymology East: the border goes south from the start of the beach of Aregno and National Route N197 crosses the border just north of the Cala di Sole campsite the border continues south to the hills of Monti and the highest point in the commune South: the boundary follows the ridge of the hills towards Capu Luna Piana without reaching it to a point located 251 m above sea level overlooking Algajola and Lumio. From there the border passes north-west to Ribe at a point 400 m from the coast West: from Ribe the line runs north to the sea crossing the N197.
Algajola was a small fishing port with a fort on the sea built with the concurrence of the neighbouring towns. Professional fishermen have disappeared and activities have turned to tourism. In a few decades the population of Algajola tripled although its territory is small. In summer, there are thousands of residents, Italian tourists, northern Europeans, French people who come to visit this resort town with its fortress by the sea; the western part of the commune has the marina of San Damiano. The village is served by the CFC railway line. During the summer season, it is the Trinighellu stop on the beaches service from Calvi to L'Ile Rousse. There is a single road accessing the commune: the National Route N197. A parallel road accessing Aregno beach to the east starts from the roundabout, opened in 2010 to the west allows access to the village by the sea. At the roundabout a road leads to the fishing port/marina of San Damiano. Algajola was built on the site of an ancient Phoenician city called Argha.
An etymology from a commune at Alghero on a similar site in Sardinia is possible. According to the historians Cluver and Canari, CÆSIÆ littus shown on the northern coast of Corsica by Ptolemy on his maps was Algajola. According to Müller it was the Gulf of Saint-Florent. Following his study, Xavier Poli excluded these hypothses stating that: "Cæsiæ is the beach on the Gulf of Calvi" because littus means "sandy beach"; the Aregno beach that starts in the commune is sandy. Algajola, according to Gabbiola, was in the old Pieve of Aregnu. From the 16th century to 1520 Balagne was a province of the Republic of Genoa, it was composed of the pieves of Tuani, Santo Andrea and Olmia. The Pieve of Aregno had several populated places: Arpagiola, Monticello, Santo Antonino, Santa Riparata, Pragola, Le Torre, Regno, li Catari lo Lavatogio, Spano and Aquapessa with a total of 1,350 inhabitants. Algaiola was the administrative capital of the province of Balagne. A court for the nearby pièves was established there.
A castle fortress was built shortly before 1531 for the use of the "lieutenant" of the Office of Saint George and part the Genovese defensive system. Before the war that gave Henry II of France to the Genovese in Corsica, Algajola was a minor fortress on the coast: "The village, now abandoned, was very small since it had little more than twenty-five or thirty fires. Today there are less. So it is conveniently located as anyone going to the Piève of Balagne at Algajola for business can come back at night to sleep in his house, it is without doubt that because of this convenience that the Office of Saint George chose this place to be the residence of the lieutenant in preference to many other more populated and healthier areas. There is a Franciscan monastery in this piève, a vast and remarkable site with its cool shadows, the goodness of water and the air, so good that at Rome or Genoa such a site would pay many thousands of écus". - Monseigneur Giustiniani in Dialogo nominato Corsica, translation by Father Letteron in History of Corsica, Volume I, page 19.
In January 1555 Manomozzo, the Sergeant Sampiero was sent by Marshal de Thermes from Ajaccio with a hundred men - many Corsicans and some Gascons - to take Saint-Florent. Repelled by the Genovese, they retreated to Bala
Bustanico is a commune in the Haute-Corse department of France on the island of Corsica. Communes of the Haute-Corse department INSEE