Psycho is a 1960 American psychological horror film directed and produced by Alfred Hitchcock, written by Joseph Stefano. It stars Anthony Perkins, Janet Leigh, John Gavin, Vera Miles, Martin Balsam, was based on the 1959 novel of the same name by Robert Bloch; the film centers on an encounter between a secretary, Marion Crane, who ends up at a secluded motel after stealing money from her employer, the motel's owner-manager, Norman Bates, its aftermath. Psycho was seen as a departure from Hitchcock's previous film North by Northwest, having been filmed on a low budget, in black-and-white, by a television crew; the film received mixed reviews, but outstanding box-office returns prompted critical reevaluation. Psycho was nominated for four Academy Awards, including Best Supporting Actress for Leigh and Best Director for Hitchcock. Psycho is now considered one of Hitchcock's best films and praised as a major work of cinematic art by international film critics and scholars. Ranked among the greatest films of all time, it set a new level of acceptability for violence, deviant behavior and sexuality in American films, is considered to be the earliest example of the slasher film genre.
After Hitchcock's death in 1980, Universal Studios began producing follow-ups: three sequels, a remake, a made-for-television spin-off, a prequel television series set in the 2010s. In 1992, the Library of Congress deemed the film "culturally or aesthetically significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. During a lunchtime tryst in a Phoenix, Arizona hotel, real-estate secretary Marion Crane and her boyfriend, Sam Loomis, discuss how they cannot afford to get married because of Sam's debts. After lunch, Marion returns to work. Marion's boss asks her to deposit the money in the bank and allows her to leave work early after she complains of a headache. Once home, she decides to steal the money and drive to Fairvale, where Sam lives. En falls asleep, she is awakened the next morning by a state patrol trooper who follows Marion after questioning her and growing suspicious about her skittish behavior. Marion stops at a Bakersfield, California automobile dealership and trades in her Ford Mainline, with its Arizona license plates, for a Ford Custom 300 with California tags.
The officer spots Marion at the car dealership and eyes her suspiciously as she abruptly drives away. During a heavy rainstorm, Marion stops for the night at the Bates Motel; the proprietor, Norman Bates, invites her to share a light dinner. She accepts his invitation but overhears an argument between Norman and his mother about bringing a woman into their Gothic home, which sits perched above the motel. Instead they eat in the motel parlor, where he tells her about his life with his mother, mentally ill and forbids him to have a life apart from her. Moved by Norman's story, Marion decides to drive back to Phoenix in the morning to return the stolen money, which she hides in a folded newspaper on the nightstand; as she showers, a shadowy figure stabs her to death. After seeing blood, Norman runs to Marion's room, where he discovers her body, he cleans up the crime scene, putting Marion's corpse and her possessions – including the stolen money – into the trunk of her car and sinking it in the swamps near the motel.
A week Marion's sister Lila arrives in Fairvale and confronts Sam about Marion's whereabouts. Private investigator Milton Arbogast approaches them and confirms that Marion is wanted for stealing the $40,000. Arbogast discovers Marion spent a night at the Bates Motel, he questions Norman, whose stammering and inconsistent answers arouse his suspicion. After Norman implies that Marion met his mother, Arbogast asks to speak with her, but Norman refuses to allow it. Arbogast updates promises to phone again soon, he goes to the Bates' home in search of Norman's mother. When Lila and Sam do not hear from Arbogast, Sam visits the motel. Sam sees a figure in the house who he assumes is Mrs. Bates. Lila and Sam visit the local deputy sheriff, who informs them that Mrs. Bates died in a murder-suicide ten years ago; the sheriff concludes that Arbogast lied to Lila so he could pursue Marion and the money. Convinced that some ill has befallen Arbogast and Sam drive to the motel. Norman hides her in the fruit cellar.
At the motel, Sam distracts Norman by engaging in conversation while Lila cases the property and sneaks inside the house. After Sam grills him, Norman becomes agitated, knocks Sam out, rushes to the house. Lila hides in the cellar. Lila discovers she is a mummified corpse. Lila screams as Norman runs into the cellar, holding a chef's knife and wearing his mother's clothes and a wig. Before Norman can attack Lila, Sam – having regained consciousness – subdues him. At the courthouse, a psychiatrist explains that Norman murdered Mrs. Bates and her lover ten years ago out of jealousy. Unable to bear the guilt, he began to treat it as if she were still alive, he recreated his mother in his own mind as an alternate personality, dressing in her clothes and talking to himself in her voice. This "Mother" personality is as jealous and possessive as Mrs. Bates was while alive: whenever Norman feels attracted to a woman, "Mother" kills her; as "Mother", Norman killed two young gir
Roberto Formigoni was an Italian politician, born in Lecco, Italy, on 30 March 1947. He was the President of Lombardy in Italy from 1995 to 2013, he is the former unofficial political spokesperson of the Liberation movement. On 21 February 2019 the Supreme Court of Cassation, the highest court in Italy, found him guilty of corruption and sentenced him to a definitive jail term of 5 years and 10 months; as a result, he has been detained in the prison of Bollate, near Milan, since February 2019. Roberto Formigoni began his political career early in Christian Democracy, through youth movements such as Gioventù Studentesca and Communion and Liberation. In 1976, he founded the Popular Movement and was elected a deputy in both the European Parliament and Parliament of Italy, he was the Vice-President of the European Parliament for five years and served as under-secretary for the Environment in the Italian government. In 1990, he garnered attention when he was involved in a mission to Iraq which concluded with the freeing of some Italian technicians who were hostages of the local government.
He took part in the Oil-for-food programme for Iraq, buying 1,000,000 oil barrels. The move linked him to alleged bribe scandals. In 1995, he and Rocco Buttiglione founded the United Christian Democrats party. In 1998, he moved to Forza Italia, when Buttiglione decided to support the government of Massimo D'Alema, he was elected President of Lombardy in 1995. Leftist groups opposed his center-right platform. President Formigoni was re-elected in 2000 carrying over 62% of the 3.5 million votes, in 2005. He was elected to a fourth term in March 2010, his candidature had been contested by academics and left-wing politicians, as in disregard of Law n. 165/2004, that put a limit of two consecutive mandates to directly-elected Regional Presidents. Formigoni was indirectly elected in 1995, but directly elected in 2000 and 2005, he defended himself, stating that the law was not in vigour when he was first directly elected in 2000, so he should be allowed a 4th mandate. According to some scholars, his mandate may be overturned by judges on.
Roberto Formigoni candidated the Italian showgirl Nicole Minetti and dental hygienist of the former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, who asked for a political seat for her and this was contested by Italian newspapers. On 16 October 2012, Formigoni announced the dissolution of the regional legislature after one of his commissioners, Domenico Zambetti of the People of Freedom was arrested on accusations he bought votes from the'Ndrangheta in 2010 and extorted favours and public building contracts, including construction tenders for the World Expo 2015 in Milan. Roberto Formigoni has been judged on 2002 due bribery due the landfill in Italy. Roberto Formigoni has been processed through the Italian Courts due illegal environmental pollution on December 2009. Roberto Formigoni was interrogated by Italian Court in Rome due the Propaganda 2 freemasonry group. Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for 1 year of imprisonment due defamation issues on 12 July 2012. Roberto Formigoni has been condemned due bribery on 25 July 2012 by Italian courts.
On 12 February 2013 he has been investigated due criminal group activities. On 3 March 2014 Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for criminal association activities and bribery. On 15 April 2016 Roberto Formigoni has been condemned for 9 years and he has been considered by the Italian Courts "Boss of criminal group" due his tactical bribery attitudes that lasted more than 10 years while he managed more than 70 million euro public money. Roberto Formigoni has been condemned due defamation of the Italian judge Alfredo Robledo. 1995 Lombard regional election 2000 Lombard regional election 2005 Lombard regional election 2010 Lombard regional election Communion and Liberation Advocacy group Official website
Sport in Cardiff is dictated by, amongst other things, its position as the capital city of Wales, meaning that national home sporting fixtures are nearly always played in the city. All of Wales' multi-sports agencies and many of the country's sports governing bodies have their headquarters in Cardiff and the city's many top-quality venues have attracted world-famous sport events, sometimes unrelated to Cardiff or to Wales; the city hosts numerous international sporting events, be it independently or on behalf of Wales or the United Kingdom. Rugby fans around the world have long been familiar with the Cardiff Arms Park and its successor the Millennium Stadium, a visible presence from in and around the city. Early this century, hundreds of thousands of English football and rugby league supporters visited Cardiff during the six years it took to rebuild Wembley Stadium, as the FA Cup and Rugby League Challenge Cup finals were played at the Millennium Stadium. In 2009, Cardiff hosted the first Ashes cricket test, between England and Australia, to be held in Wales.
Cardiff hosted eight football matches of the London 2012 Olympics and was the training base for certain participating nations. In 2008/09, 61% of Cardiff residents participated in sport and active recreation, the highest percentage out of all 22 local authorities in Wales. Cardiff plays host to many high-profile sporting events at a local and international level. In recognition of the city's commitment to sport for all, Cardiff was awarded the title of European City of Sport 2009. Organised sports have been held in the city since the early 19th century. Cardiff Arms Park, in central Cardiff, is among the world's most famous venues—being the scene of three Welsh Grand Slams in the 1970s and six Five Nations titles in nine years — and was the venue for Wales' games in the 1991 Rugby World Cup; the Arms Park has a sporting history dating back to at least the 1850s, when Cardiff Cricket Club relocated to the site. The ground was donated to Cardiff CC in 1867 by the Marquess of Bute. Cardiff Cricket Club shared the ground with Cardiff Rugby Football Club —forming Cardiff Athletic Club between them—until 1966, when the cricket section moved to Sophia Gardens.
Cardiff Athletic Club and the Welsh Rugby Union established two stadia on the site—Cardiff RFC played at their stadium at the northern end of the site, the Wales national rugby union team played international matches at the National Stadium, Cardiff Arms Park, which opened in 1970. The National Stadium was replaced by the 74,500 capacity Millennium Stadium in 1999—in time for the 1999 Rugby World Cup—and is home stadium to the Wales national rugby and football teams for international matches. In addition to Wales' Six Nations Championship and other international games, the Millennium Stadium held four matches in the 2007 Rugby World Cup and six FA Cup finals while Wembley Stadium was being rebuilt. Sport Wales, the Welsh Sports Association and the Federation of Disability Sport Wales, the country's multi-sport agencies, are based at the Sport Wales National Centre, Sophia Gardens. Sport Wales is responsible for promoting sport and active lifestyles in Wales, it was established in 1972 with the objectives of "fostering the knowledge and practice of sport and physical recreation among the public at large in Wales and the provision of facilities thereto".
Sport Wales is the Welsh Assembly Government's main adviser on sporting matters and is responsible for distributing National Lottery awards to sports in Wales. The Welsh Sports Association is an independent, umbrella body and representing the national and international interests of all the national governing bodies of sport and physical recreation in Wales, it has a membership of over 60 NGBs. The WSA acts as an independent consultative body to the Welsh Assembly Government, Sport Wales and to UK Sport; the Federation of Disability Sport Wales is the national pan-disability governing body of sports organisations that provide local sporting and physical activity opportunities to disabled people in Wales. Cardiff Athletic Club owns the Cardiff Arms Park site, it was established in 1922, has been the main body responsible for much of the premier amateur sporting activities in Cardiff. The Athletic Club has cricket, rugby union, field hockey and bowls sections. Cardiff is one of the centres of British baseball and hosts the annual Wales vs England international game every other year at Roath Park, although the 2008 game – marking the centenary of the fixture between the two countries – was held in Llanrumney.
Wales won the encounter again, having not lost to England, home or away, since 1995. Welsh Baseball Union – formed 1892 – the governing body of men's British baseball in Wales, is based in Heath, Cardiff. Welsh Ladies Baseball Union, the governing body of women's British baseball in Wales, is based in Grangetown, Cardiff, it was formed in 2006 when the WLBU decided to break away from the men's WBU. The Cardiff Celts basketball team compete in the English Basketball League, Division 1; the Celts play their home games at the Sport Wales National Centre. Basketball Wales, the sole controller and the governing body of all aspects of the game of basketball in Wales, is based at the Sport Wales National Centre, Sophia Gardens, it is responsible for the management of the Welsh National Basketbal