International Standard Serial Number
An International Standard Serial Number is an eight-digit serial number used to uniquely identify a serial publication. The ISSN is especially helpful in distinguishing between serials with the same title, ISSN are used in ordering, interlibrary loans, and other practices in connection with serial literature. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization international standard in 1971, ISO subcommittee TC 46/SC9 is responsible for maintaining the standard. When a serial with the content is published in more than one media type. For example, many serials are published both in print and electronic media, the ISSN system refers to these types as print ISSN and electronic ISSN, respectively. The format of the ISSN is an eight digit code, divided by a hyphen into two four-digit numbers, as an integer number, it can be represented by the first seven digits. The last code digit, which may be 0-9 or an X, is a check digit. Formally, the form of the ISSN code can be expressed as follows, NNNN-NNNC where N is in the set, a digit character.
The ISSN of the journal Hearing Research, for example, is 0378-5955, where the final 5 is the check digit, for calculations, an upper case X in the check digit position indicates a check digit of 10. To confirm the check digit, calculate the sum of all eight digits of the ISSN multiplied by its position in the number, the modulus 11 of the sum must be 0. There is an online ISSN checker that can validate an ISSN, ISSN codes are assigned by a network of ISSN National Centres, usually located at national libraries and coordinated by the ISSN International Centre based in Paris. The International Centre is an organization created in 1974 through an agreement between UNESCO and the French government. The International Centre maintains a database of all ISSNs assigned worldwide, at the end of 2016, the ISSN Register contained records for 1,943,572 items. ISSN and ISBN codes are similar in concept, where ISBNs are assigned to individual books, an ISBN might be assigned for particular issues of a serial, in addition to the ISSN code for the serial as a whole.
An ISSN, unlike the ISBN code, is an identifier associated with a serial title. For this reason a new ISSN is assigned to a serial each time it undergoes a major title change, separate ISSNs are needed for serials in different media. Thus, the print and electronic versions of a serial need separate ISSNs. Also, a CD-ROM version and a web version of a serial require different ISSNs since two different media are involved, the same ISSN can be used for different file formats of the same online serial
EBSCO Information Services
EBSCO offers library resources to customers in academic, medical, K–12, public library, law and government markets. In 2010, EBSCO introduced its EBSCO Discovery Service to institutions, EBSCO Information Services is a division of EBSCO Industries Inc. a family owned company since 1944. EBSCO is an acronym for Elton B. Stephens Co, according to Forbes Magazine, EBSCO is one of the largest privately held companies in Alabama and one of the top 200 in the United States, based on revenues and employee numbers. Sales surpassed $1 billion in 1997 and exceeded $2 billion in 2006, EBSCO Industries is a diverse company which includes over 40 businesses. EBSCO Publishing was established in 1984 as a print publication called Popular Magazine Review, in 1987 the company was purchased by EBSCO Industries and its name was changed to EBSCO Publishing. It employed around 750 people by 2007, in 2003 it acquired Whitston Publishing, another database provider. In 2010 EBSCO purchased NetLibrary and in 2011, EBSCO Publishing took over H. W.
Wilson Company and it merged with EBSCO Information Services on July 1,2013. The merged business operates as EBSCO Information Services, as of 2016, the President and CEO is Tim Collins. Databases, EBSCO provides a range of library database services, many of the databases, such as MEDLINE and EconLit, are licensed from content vendors. Discovery, This product is used to create a unified, customized index of an institutions information resources, the system works by harvesting metadata from both internal and external sources, and creating a preindexed service. EBooks, EBSCO provides ebooks and audiobooks across a range of subject matter. DynaMed is a reference tool for physicians and other health care professionals for use at the point-of-care. It provides DRM-protected audio and DRM-protected audiobooks through its subsidiary NetLibrary and it competes in this market with OverDrive’s Digital Library Reserve. In 2012, the Stephens were recognized for their philanthropic work, interview with Sam Brooks, Senior VP for Sales and Marketing with EBSCO Publishing, About H. W.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, embracing all aspects of conscious and unconscious experience as well as thought. It is a discipline and a social science which seeks to understand individuals and groups by establishing general principles. In this field, a professional practitioner or researcher is called a psychologist and can be classified as a social, Psychologists explore behavior and mental processes, including perception, attention, intelligence, motivation, brain functioning, and personality. This extends to interaction between people, such as relationships, including psychological resilience, family resilience, and other areas. Psychologists of diverse orientations consider the unconscious mind, Psychologists employ empirical methods to infer causal and correlational relationships between psychosocial variables. Psychology has been described as a hub science, with psychological findings linking to research and perspectives from the sciences, natural sciences, humanities.
By many accounts psychology ultimately aims to benefit society, the majority of psychologists are involved in some kind of therapeutic role, practicing in clinical, counseling, or school settings. Many do scientific research on a range of topics related to mental processes and behavior. The word psychology derives from Greek roots meaning study of the psyche, the Latin word psychologia was first used by the Croatian humanist and Latinist Marko Marulić in his book, Psichiologia de ratione animae humanae in the late 15th century or early 16th century. In 1890, William James defined psychology as the science of mental life and this definition enjoyed widespread currency for decades. Also since James defined it, the more strongly connotes techniques of scientific experimentation. Folk psychology refers to the understanding of people, as contrasted with that of psychology professionals. The ancient civilizations of Egypt, China, historians note that Greek philosophers, including Thales and Aristotle, addressed the workings of the mind.
As early as the 4th century BC, Greek physician Hippocrates theorized that mental disorders had physical rather than supernatural causes, in China, psychological understanding grew from the philosophical works of Laozi and Confucius, and from the doctrines of Buddhism. This body of knowledge involves insights drawn from introspection and observation and it frames the universe as a division of, and interaction between, physical reality and mental reality, with an emphasis on purifying the mind in order to increase virtue and power. Chinese scholarship focused on the advanced in the Qing Dynasty with the work of Western-educated Fang Yizhi, Liu Zhi. Distinctions in types of awareness appear in the ancient thought of India, a central idea of the Upanishads is the distinction between a persons transient mundane self and their eternal unchanging soul. Divergent Hindu doctrines, and Buddhism, have challenged this hierarchy of selves, yoga is a range of techniques used in pursuit of this goal
American Psychological Association
The APA has an annual budget of around $115m. There are 54 divisions of the APA—interest groups covering different subspecialties of psychology or topical areas, the American Psychological Association and the American Psychiatric Association are sometimes distinguished as the bigger APA and the little APA because of their relative membership sizes. APA is a corporation chartered in the District of Columbia, APAs bylaws describe structural components that serve as a system of checks and balances that ensure democratic process. The organizational entities include, APA President, APAs president is elected by the membership. The president chairs the Council of Representatives and the Board of Directors, during his or her term of office, the president performs such duties as are prescribed in the bylaws. The Board oversees the associations administrative affairs and presents a budget for council approval. The council has authority to set policy and make decisions regarding APAs roughly $60 million annual income.
It is composed of elected members from state/provincial/territorial psychological associations, APA divisions, APA Committee Structure and Committees. Members of boards and committees conduct much of APAs work on a volunteer basis and they carry out a wide variety of tasks suggested by their names. Some have responsibility for monitoring major programs, such as the directorates, the June 2013 GGP update on the recommended changes can be found in the document Good Governance Project Recommended Changes to Maximize Organizational Effectiveness of APA Governance. The suggested changes would change APA from a membership-based, representational structure to a corporate structure and these motions will be discussed and voted upon by Council on July 31,2013 and August 2,2013. State licensing laws specify state specific requirements for the education and training of psychologists leading to licensure, psychologists who are exempted from licensure could include researchers, educators, or general applied psychologists who provide services outside of the health and mental health field.
The American Psychological Association Practice Organization and the Education Advocacy Trust and they engage in advocacy on behalf of psychological practitioners and health care consumers and psychology education, respectively. 124th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Denver Colorado 125th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Washington, APA publishes over 70 other journals encompassing most specialty areas in the field, APAs Educational Publishing Foundation is an imprint for publishing on behalf of other organizations. The APA has published books under the Magination Press imprint, software for data analysis, videos demonstrating therapeutic techniques, reports. The awards are designed to recognize organizations for their efforts to foster employee health, the award program highlights a variety of workplaces and small, profit and non-profit, in diverse geographical settings. Applicants are evaluated on their efforts in the five areas, employee involvement, work-life balance, employee growth and development and safety.
Awards are given at the local and national level, American Psychological Association Style is a set of rules developed to assist reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences
ProQuest LLC is an Ann Arbor, Michigan-based global information-content and technology company founded in 1938 as University Microfilms by Eugene B. ProQuest provides solutions and products for libraries and its resources and tools support research and learning and dissemination, and the acquisition and discovery of library collections. From its founding as a producer of products and as an electronic publisher. Today, the company provides tools for discovery and citation management and platforms that allow users to discover, use. Content is accessed most commonly through library Internet gateways, the current chief executive officer is Kurt P. Sanford. ProQuest is part of Cambridge Information Group, ProQuest was founded as a microfilm publisher. These are made available through a variety of Web-based interfaces, a recent offering, ProQuest Video Preservation and Discovery Service, allows libraries to preserve and provide access to their proprietary audio and video collections. Ebrary offers access to collections, by subscription or a perpetual archive model, in subject packages tailored for academic, government, public.
Serials Solutions delivers discovery and e-resource access and management services, using a Software-as-a-Service model, Eugene Power, a 1930 M. B. A. graduate of the University of Michigan, founded the company as University Microfilms in 1938, preserving works from the British Museum on microfilm. By June 1938, Power worked in two rented rooms from a downtown Ann Arbor funeral parlor, specializing in microphotography to preserve library collections. In his autobiography Edition of One, Power details the development of the company and this work mainly involved filming maps and European newspapers so they could be shipped back and forth overseas more cheaply and discreetly. Power noticed a market in dissertations publishing. Students were often forced to publish their own works in order to finish their doctoral degree, Dissertations could be published more cheaply as microfilm than as books. ProQuest still publishes so many dissertations that its Dissertations and Theses collection has been declared the official U. S.
off-site repository of the Library of Congress, vaughn Davis Bornet seized on the idea and published Doctoral Dissertations and the Stream of Scholarship and Microfilm Publication of Doctoral Dissertations. As the dissertations market grew, the company expanded into filming newspapers, the companys main newspaper database is ProQuest NewsStand. In 1985 it was purchased from Xerox by Bell & Howell, in the 1980s, UMI began producing CD-ROMs that stored databases of periodicals abstracts and indexes. At a time when modem connections were slow and expensive, it was efficient to mail database CD-ROMs regularly to subscribing libraries. The ProQuest brand name was first used for databases on CD-ROM, an online service called ProQuest Direct was launched in 1995, its name was shortened to just ProQuest
University of Toronto
The University of Toronto is a public research university in Toronto, Canada on the grounds that surround Queens Park. It was founded by charter in 1827 as Kings College. Originally controlled by the Church of England, the university assumed the present name in 1850 upon becoming a secular institution, as a collegiate university, it comprises twelve colleges, which differ in character and history, each with substantial autonomy on financial and institutional affairs. It has two campuses in Scarborough and Mississauga. Academically, the University of Toronto is noted for influential movements and curricula in literary criticism and communication theory, by a significant margin, it receives the most annual scientific research funding of any Canadian university. It is one of two members of the Association of American Universities outside the United States, the other being McGill University, the Varsity Blues are the athletic teams that represent the university in intercollegiate league matches, with long and storied ties to gridiron football and ice hockey.
The universitys Hart House is an example of the North American student centre. The founding of a college had long been the desire of John Graves Simcoe. As an Oxford-educated military commander who had fought in the American Revolutionary War, the Upper Canada Executive Committee recommended in 1798 a college be established in York, the colonial capital. On March 15,1827, a charter was formally issued by King George IV, proclaiming from this time one College, with the style. For the education of youth in the principles of the Christian Religion, the granting of the charter was largely the result of intense lobbying by John Strachan, the influential Anglican Bishop of Toronto who took office as the colleges first president. The original three-storey Greek Revival school building was built on the present site of Queens Park, under Strachans stewardship, Kings College was a religious institution closely aligned with the Church of England and the British colonial elite, known as the Family Compact.
Reformist politicians opposed the control over colonial institutions and fought to have the college secularized. Having anticipated this decision, the enraged Strachan had resigned a year earlier to open Trinity College as a private Anglican seminary, University College was created as the nondenominational teaching branch of the University of Toronto. Established in 1878, the School of Practical Science was precursor to the Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering, while the Faculty of Medicine opened in 1843, medical teaching was conducted by proprietary schools from 1853 until 1887, when the faculty absorbed the Toronto School of Medicine. Meanwhile, the university continued to set examinations and confer medical degrees, the university opened the Faculty of Law in 1887, followed by the Faculty of Dentistry in 1888, when the Royal College of Dental Surgeons became an affiliate. Women were first admitted to the university in 1884, over the next two decades, a collegiate system took shape as the university arranged federation with several ecclesiastical colleges, including Strachans Trinity College in 1904.
The university operated the Royal Conservatory of Music from 1896 to 1991, the University of Toronto Press was founded in 1901 as Canadas first academic publishing house
Cognitive science is the interdisciplinary, scientific study of the mind and its processes. It examines the nature, the tasks, and the functions of cognition, Cognitive scientists study intelligence and behavior, with a focus on how nervous systems represent and transform information. The typical analysis of cognitive science spans many levels of organization, from learning and decision to logic and planning, the fundamental concept of cognitive science is that thinking can best be understood in terms of representational structures in the mind and computational procedures that operate on those structures. The cognitive sciences began as a movement in the 1950s often referred to as the cognitive revolution. A central tenet of science is that a complete understanding of the mind/brain cannot be attained by studying only a single level. An example would be the problem of remembering a phone number, one approach to understanding this process would be to study behavior through direct observation, or naturalistic observation. A person could be presented with a number and be asked to recall it after some delay of time.
Then, the accuracy of the response could be measured, another approach to measure cognitive ability would be to study the firings of individual neurons while a person is trying to remember the phone number. Neither of these experiments on its own would fully explain how the process of remembering a phone number works, thus, an understanding of how these two levels relate to each other is imperative. ”This can be provided by a functional level account of the process. Studying a particular phenomenon from multiple levels creates a better understanding of the processes that occur in the brain to give rise to a particular behavior, Cognitive scientists work collectively in hope of understanding the mind and its interactions with the surrounding world much like other sciences do. Similarly to the field of psychology, there is doubt whether there is a unified cognitive science. Many, but not all, who consider themselves cognitive scientists hold a functionalist view of the view that mental states and processes should be explained by their function - what they do.
According to the multiple realizability account of functionalism, even non-human systems such as robots, the term cognitive in cognitive science is used for any kind of mental operation or structure that can be studied in precise terms. The earliest entries for the word cognitive in the OED take it to mean roughly pertaining to the action or process of knowing, the first entry, from 1586, shows the word was at one time used in the context of discussions of Platonic theories of knowledge. Most in cognitive science, presumably do not believe their field is the study of anything as certain as the knowledge sought by Plato, Cognitive science is a large field, and covers a wide array of topics on cognition. However, it should be recognized that science has not always been equally concerned with every topic that might bear relevance to the nature. Among philosophers, classical cognitivists have largely de-emphasized or avoided social and cultural factors, consciousness, animal cognition, with the decline of behaviorism, internal states such as affects and emotions, as well as awareness and covert attention became approachable again.
For example and embodied cognition theories take into account the current state of the environment as well as the role of the body in cognition
University of Prince Edward Island
The University of Prince Edward Island is a public liberal arts university in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island and the sole university in the province. Founded in 1969, the legislation is the University Act. The university traces its roots back to 1804, when Lt, governor Edmund Fanning and the Legislative Council of Prince Edward Island called for the establishment of Kent College. By 1820, the first Kent College building, known as the National School, succeeded by Central Academy, which received a Royal Charter in 1834. The Colleges were renamed for the Prince of Wales in honour of the future King Edward VII in 1860, Holland College was created to fill the void left by the merger of Prince of Wales College into the university. The first student to enrol was Elizabeth Rollins Epperly, who would become president. Its predecessor institutions ceased to operate although St. Dunstans still retains its charter, UPEI is located on the former St. Dunstans campus. On 8 May 2004 Canada Post issued University of Prince Edward Island, the stamp was based on a design by Denis LAllier and on a photograph by Guy Lavigueur.
The 49¢ stamps are perforated 13.5 and were printed by Canadian Bank Note Company, uPEIs campus, located at the corner of Belvedere and University Avenues in Charlottetown, Prince Edward Islands capital city, is built on 134 acres of land. The Confederation Trail runs alongside its eastern boundary, original SDU buildings in the central quadrangle have been renovated to retain integrity of their exterior aesthetic design while meeting modern standards. Main Building, built in 1854, and Dalton Hall, built between 1917 and 1919, are on the registry of Historic Places of Canada, the War Memorial Hall is a landmark building on the campus of UPEI. Built as a residence building in 1946, Memorial Hall honours alumni who had enlisted and died in the First World War. The most recent addition is the Health Sciences Building, home to the School of Nursing, the current President is Dr. Alaa Abd-El-Aziz, installed July 1,2011. The current chancellor is Dr. Don MacDougall, UPEI offers undergraduate and professional programs in four faculties — Arts, Science and Veterinary Medicine — and two schools — Business and Nursing.
Bachelors degree programs, in cases including honours options, are available in Arts, Business Administration, Education. Co-op programs have established in Business Administration, Computer Science, Physics. One new faculty, Veterinary Medicine, and two schools, Business Administration and Nursing, were added as the university expanded. Masters and Doctoral degree programs were first introduced through the Atlantic Veterinary College and, beginning in 1999, in that same year the first students were admitted to the universitys new Master of Education program
Music psychology, or the psychology of music, may be regarded as a branch of both psychology and musicology. It aims to explain and understand musical behavior and experience, including the processes through which music is perceived, responded to, and incorporated into everyday life. Modern music psychology is primarily empirical, its knowledge tends to advance on the basis of interpretations of data collected by systematic observation of, Music psychology can shed light on non-psychological aspects of musicology and musical practice. For example, it contributes to music theory through investigations of the perception and computational modelling of musical structures such as melody, tonality, meter, ethnomusicology can benefit from psychological approaches to the study of music cognition in different cultures. The study of sound and musical phenomenon prior to the 19th century was focused primarily on the modelling of pitch. This view that sound and music could be understood from a physical standpoint was echoed by such theorists as Anaxagoras.
An important early dissenter was Aristoxenus, who foreshadowed modern music psychology in his view that music could only be understood through human perception, Research by Vincenzo Galilei demonstrated that, when string length was held constant, varying its tension, thickness, or composition could alter perceived pitch. From this he argued that simple ratios were not enough to account for musical phenomenon and he claimed that the differences between various tuning systems were not perceivable, thus the disputes were unnecessary. Study of topics including vibration, the series, and resonance were furthered through the scientific revolution, including work by Galileo, Mersenne. This included further speculation concerning the nature of the organs and higher-order processes, particularly by Savart, Helmholtz. The latter 19th century saw the development of music psychology alongside the emergence of a general empirical psychology. The first was structuralist psychology, led by Wilhelm Wundt, which sought to break down experience into its smallest definable parts, Carl Seashore led this work, producing his The Measurement of Musical Talents and The Psychology of Musical Talent.
Seashore used bespoke equipment and standardized tests to measure how performance deviated from indicated markings, Music psychology in the second half of the 20th century has expanded to cover a wide array of theoretical and applied areas. From the 1960s the field grew along with science, including such research areas as music perception, musical development and aptitude, music performance. It has emerged into the public sphere, much work within music psychology seeks to understand the cognitive processes that support musical behaviors, including perception, memory and performance. Music has been shown to elicit emotional responses in its listeners. The field draws upon and has significant implications for areas as philosophy, musicology. A significant amount of research concerns brain-based mechanisms involved in the processes underlying music perception