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Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods when based on regular personal interaction with adults, to help a person change behavior and overcome problems in desired ways. Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviors, compulsions, thoughts, or emotions, to improve relationships and social skills. There is a range of psychotherapies designed for children and adolescents, which involve play, such as sandplay. Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating. Others have been criticized as pseudoscience. There are over a thousand different psychotherapy techniques, some being minor variations, while others are based on different conceptions of psychology, ethics, or techniques. Most involve one-to-one sessions, between the client and therapist, but some are conducted with groups, including families. Psychotherapists may be mental health professionals such as psychiatrists, mental health nurses, clinical social workers and family therapists, or professional counselors.

Psychotherapists may come from a variety of other backgrounds, depending on the jurisdiction may be regulated, voluntarily regulated or unregulated. The term psychotherapy is derived from therapeia; the Oxford English Dictionary defines it now as "The treatment of disorders of the mind or personality by psychological methods...", however, in earlier use it denoted the treatment of disease through hypnotic suggestion. The American Psychological Association adopted a resolution on the effectiveness of psychotherapy in 2012 based on a definition developed by John C. Norcross: "Psychotherapy is the informed and intentional application of clinical methods and interpersonal stances derived from established psychological principles for the purpose of assisting people to modify their behaviors, emotions, and/or other personal characteristics in directions that the participants deem desirable". Influential editions of a work by psychiatrist Jerome Frank defined psychotherapy as a healing relationship using authorized methods in a series of contacts involving words and rituals—regarded as forms of persuasion and rhetoric.

Some definitions of counseling overlap with psychotherapy, or counseling may refer to guidance for everyday problems in specific areas for shorter durations with a less medical or'professional' focus. Somatotherapy refers to the use of physical changes as injuries and illnesses, sociotherapy to the use of a person's social environment to effect therapeutic change. Psychotherapy may address spirituality as a significant part of someone's mental / psychological life, some forms are derived from spiritual philosophies, but practices based on treating the spiritual as a separate dimension are not considered as traditional or'legitimate' forms of psychotherapy. Psychotherapy has sometimes meant "interpretative" methods, namely psychoanalysis, in contrast with other methods to treat psychiatric disorders such as behavior modification. Psychotherapy is dubbed as a "talking therapy" for a general audience, though not all forms of psychotherapy rely on verbal communication. Children or adults who do not engage in verbal communication are not excluded from psychotherapy.

Psychotherapy may be delivered in person, over the phone, via telephone counseling, or via the internet. It has not been established whether the effectiveness of psychotherapy administered online, over video chat for instance, is comparable to that delivered within in-person meetings: Clear, consistent trends from empirical research are lacking regarding the efficacy of online therapy - Australian Counselling Association; the Victoria Government's Health Agency has awarded no mental health app with scores greater than 3 stars out of 5 for effectiveness. One reason for this is that online Cognitive Behavioural Therapy programs have poor "adherence" compared to face-to-face programs; that means. They may skip days, for instance. According to the American Psychological Association, experts suggests that those who have had two depressive episodes in recent years, or three episodes over their life, should be treated on an ongoing basis to prevent recurrent depression: At least 60% of individuals who have had one depressive episode will have another, 70% of individuals who have had two depressive episodes will have a third, 90% of individuals with three episodes will have a fourth episode.

Psychotherapists traditionally may be: mental health professionals like psychologists and psychiatrists. Psychiatrists are trained first as physicians, and—as such—they may prescribe prescription medication. Clinical psychologists have specialist doctoral degrees in psychology with some clinical and research components. Other clinical practitioners, social workers, mental health counselors, pastoral counselors, n

One Canada Square

One Canada Square is a skyscraper in Canary Wharf, London. It is the second tallest building in the United Kingdom at 770 feet above ground level containing 50 storeys. One Canada Square was designed by Cesar Pelli with Frederick Gibberd Coombes; the design and shape are based on earlier precedents buildings that include Brookfield Place and Elizabeth Tower. The building is clad with durable stainless steel. One of the predominant features of the building is the pyramid roof, which contains a flashing aircraft warning light, a rare feature for buildings in the United Kingdom; the distinctive pyramid pinnacle is 800 feet above sea level. One Canada Square is used for offices, though there are some retail units on the lower ground floor. There is no observation floor, it is a prestigious location for offices and as of October 2017 was 100 %. The building is recognised as a London landmark, it has gained much attention through film and other media as one of the tallest buildings in the United Kingdom.

The original plans for a business district on Canary Wharf came from G Ware Travelstead. He proposed three 260 m towers. Travelstead was unable to fund the project, so the plans were sold to Olympia & York in 1987. Olympia & York grouped all three towers into an area known as Docklands Square, the main tower was designated DS7 during planning. Docklands Square was renamed Winston Square before being renamed as Canada Square; the architects chosen to design One Canada Square were Cesar Pelli & Associates, Adamson Associates, Frederick Gibberd Coombes & Partners. They designed the tower with a similar shape to 200 Vesey Street, New York City, developed by Olympia & York and designed by Argentine architect Cesar Pelli; the shape was made reminiscent of "Big Ben". Olympia & York wanted to clad One Canada Square in stone, just like the Brookfield Place buildings, but the architects first wanted to use aluminium for its low density, before insisting on steel to reflect Britain's heritage as an industrial nation.

The final steel clad chosen was Patten Hyclad Cambric-finish stainless-steel. Commenting on the reason for choosing steel for the clad: "We studied the cladding material and chose stainless steel with a linen finish because it seemed to fit the atmosphere of London." —Cesar Pelli, architect One Canada Square was designed to be 864 feet high at 55 storeys, but that penetrated the permitted projection height of the flight obstruction area of the airport approach district to London City Airport, but this was extended to a height of 30 feet above kerb level in consideration of the fact that One Canada Square was on the external zone of the airport approach. To comply with air traffic safety regulations, the architects took five floors off the tower; the final height of 824 feet was permitted, the developers would have had to dismantle what was necessary to fit the height restriction. After losing five floors, Olympia & York insisted the other floors had to make up the lost floor space by increasing mass to the remaining floor space which created a tower, not as slim as Pelli desired.

Pelli and the other architects proposed alternatives, such as building more floors below ground and creating an extension of the tower into Docklands Square, which were similar ideas based upon previous Olympia & York buildings, though the ideas were rejected as it did not fit the basis of prime office space. The design of the tower received a fair share of criticism. According to Cesar Pelli, the most damaging criticism came from Prince Charles, who said on national television, "I would go mad if I had to work in a place like that". Other criticisms came from former Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, who said that the building was "not quite stunning". Construction on the tower began in 1988. Construction was given to Sir Robert McAlpine & Sons in association with Ellis Don of Toronto, but they were slow at building the tower due to building workers going on strike in the summer of 1989, so Lehrer McGovern took over. Lehrer McGovern contracted out most of the work to Balfour Beatty because the Canary Wharf Tower was a difficult building to build.

In total, about 27,500 metric tonnes of British steel and 500,000 bolts were used during construction. Construction involved building a huge cofferdam to seal construction from water, it involved driving 222 piles into the ground at 23 metres deep. A 4-metre thick concrete raft was sunk into the dock to act as anchor. By June 1990, the tower had overtaken Tower 42. On 8 November 1990, the tower was topped out when the top piece of the pyramid roof was put in place by crane; the celebration was attended by recognised engineers and political leaders. Amongst them were César Pelli, Brian Mulroney, Peter Rice, Man-Chung Tang, Margaret Thatcher. Paul Reichmann, the owner of Olympia & York gave credit to Pelli for his building design as "this inauguration symbolises the spirit with which buildings can be achieved". Margaret Thatcher told the distinguished audience that the tower can become a "national recognised landmark". In August 1991, One Canada Square was open for business, his Royal Highness The Duke of Edinburgh opened One Canada Square on the morning of 26 August 1991, unveiled a commemorative plaque at the entrance to the building.

Hundreds of construction workers attended the opening ceremony. The Duke of Edinburgh addressed some 800 invited guests, many of whom had been involved in the project, he spoke of the "large, airy space an

111th Engineer Brigade (United States)

The 111th Engineer Brigade is an engineer brigade of the United States Army. It is a subordinate unit of the West Virginia Army National Guard with units located throughout West Virginia, it is headquartered at Eleanor, West Virginia in St. Albans, West Virginia; the 111th Engineer Brigade relocated in 2005 to its new facility at Dam. DISTINCTIVE BADGE: A gold color metal and enamel device consisting of a black enamel diamond shape bearing a white enamel powder horn, mouth to the right and stringed gold, at the top a semi-circular scarlet enamel scroll folded back at each side, terminating behind the diamond shape a base and inscribed at the top "MINUTEMEN FOR FREEDOM" in gold letters. SYMBOLISM: The white powder horn represents the early pioneers, the Greenbrier Long Rifles of the day and the readiness of the present 111th Engineer Brigade; the black diamond shape alludes to the coal fields of West Virginia. Scarlet and white are colors used for Engineer units. Headquarters and Headquarters Company Forward Support Company 115th Engineer Company 119th Engineer Company 601st Engineer Company 821st Engineer Company 193rd Engineer Platoon 229th Engineer Detachment 753rd Ordnance Company Explosive Ordnance Disposal 1257th Transportation Company 3664th Ordnance Company 620th Signal Company 1935th Contingency Contracting Team 153rd Public Affairs Detachment 249th Army Band Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment Company C, 2d Battalion, 104th Aviation Regiment Company C, 1st Battalion, 150th Aviation Regimemt Company B, 1st Battalion, 224th Aviation Regiment Detachment 1, 642d Support Battalion Detachment 28, Operational Support Airlift Command 111th Engineer Brigade The Institute of Heraldry: 111th Engineer Brigade

Ralph Drollinger

Ralph Kim Drollinger is an American clergyman and retired professional basketball player, leader of the "White House Bible Study Group," a study group sponsored by 10 cabinet members which holds weekly meetings each Wednesday. Drollinger attended Grossmont High School in La Mesa and the University of California, Los Angeles, where he received a Bachelor of Arts degree in Geography/Ecosystems, he received a Masters of Divinity degree from The Master's Seminary. Drollinger played basketball at Grossmont High School and was the CIF Southern Section MVP, as his team won the 1972 CIF championship as a high school All-American, he was a 7'2" and 250 lb center and played collegiately at the University of California, Los Angeles. He was the first player in NCAA history to go to four Final Four tournaments, he played for two national championship teams under coach John Wooden and after his first season, won the Seymour Armond Award as UCLA's most outstanding freshman. In his junior and senior years he was an Academic All-American.

Drollinger played on America' World Cup Basketball team in 1978. Drollinger was taken in the NBA Draft three times, he chose to forgo the NBA during those years to instead play with Athletes in Action, an evangelistic basketball team that toured the world and preached the gospel at halftimes and represented America in the 1978 FIBA World Championship. He was selected with the 17th pick in the seventh round in 1976 by the Boston Celtics, with the 1st pick of the eighth round in 1977 by the New York Nets, with the 17th pick of the fifth round in 1978 by the Seattle SuperSonics. Drollinger was the first Dallas Maverick in the history of the new NBA franchise, he signed with the Dallas Mavericks in June 1980 as a free agent before they had hired Dick Motta as the head coach, motivated by his desire to attend Dallas Theological Seminary during his playing days. He played in only six games due to a knee injury which led to his retirement from basketball in March 1981. In the Mavs' inaugural season in 1980–81, he averaged 2.5 points, 3.2 rebounds and 2.3 assists per game.

Some years after his retirement, Dr. James Dobson invited Drollinger to play in an early morning pick up game with Pete Maravich; that morning Maravich collapsed in the middle of the game from a massive heart attack. Dobson and Drollinger to no avail, he was selected as one of the Fabulous 50 Basketball Players by the San Diego Hall of Champions in 2011. After his brief injury-plagued professional career, Drollinger founded and participated in a variety of sports related ministries, he helped found and was the Executive Director of Sports Outreach America, an umbrella trade organization of American church and parachurch sports ministries, such as the Fellowship of Christian Athletes, Athletes in Action, Pro Athletes Outreach. He founded Sports Spectrum Magazine, a bi-monthly print magazine that features the testimony of Christian athletes, the "Path To Victory" Sports New Testament in conjunction with Biblica, He founded and financed Julius Erving's Sports Focus, a weekly one-half hour television anthology on ESPN featuring the testimony of Christian athletes and hosted by NBA player Julius Erving.

In 1997, Drollinger founded Capitol Ministries, a ministry organization that provides Bible studies and discipleship to political leaders. The organization has founded ministries in over 40 US State Capitols since then. Drollinger leads Capitol Ministries in Washington, D. C. and what is referred to internally as The Members Bible Study in the US Capitol. Drollinger leads several senior Trump administration officials in a similar group at the White House, provides bible study print-outs for Donald Trump, he is not associated with The Fellowship due to. Drollinger is a conservative evangelical Christian who describes his belief that there should indeed be an "institutional" separation of Church and State, but that the Church should still "influence" the State, he has asked President Trump to use his presidency to turn the American government into a "benevolent dictatorship." Drollinger is on record as being anti-LGBTQ, anti-women's rights, declaring Catholicism as "one of the primary false religions of the world."

Rebuilding America: The Biblical Blueprint ISBN 978-1-62467-024-4 Drollinger is married to Danielle Madison, the founding and former executive director of California's Allied Business PAC, with whom he shares three children and seven grandchildren. He is the son of the founder of Adventure16, a retail chain of mountaineering specialty stores located throughout Southern California. Drollinger is a world-class mountaineer and is the first person to have climbed every peak on the main ridge of the Sierra Nevada between Olancha and Sonora Pass, the 250 mile section of the ridge referred to as the High Sierra. Frank Buchman The Fellowship Oxford Group Abraham Vereide Schwartz, Mattathias. "How the Trump Cabinet’s Bible Teacher Became a Shadow Diplomat". The New York Times, October 29, 2019. Drollinger biography from Capitol Ministries NBA statistics from

Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art

The Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art is part of the National Galleries of Scotland, which are based in Edinburgh. The National Gallery of Modern Art houses the collection of modern and contemporary art dating from about 1900 to the present in two buildings, Modern One and Modern Two, that face each other on Belford Road to the west of the city centre; the National Gallery has a collection of more than 6000 paintings, installations, video work and drawings and stages major exhibitions. The first Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art opened in the August 1960 in Inverleith House, a Georgian building set in the middle of Edinburgh’s Royal Botanic Garden. In 1984 the National Gallery moved to Belford Road, Inverleith House became a contemporary art gallery, curated by the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh featuring exhibitions of works and specimens from its historic collections. In 1984 the National Gallery moved to the former premises of the John Watson's Institution, a large neo-classical building designed by William Burn in 1825 as a refuge for fatherless children.

Works from the collection are presented here as well as a programme of changing exhibitions. The early part of the collection features European art from the beginning of the twentieth century, including work by André Derain and Pierre Bonnard, cubist paintings and holdings of expressionist and modern British art. Special highlights include paintings by Henri Matisse and Pablo Picasso and the Scottish Colourists Samuel John Peploe, John Duncan Fergusson, Francis Cadell and Leslie Hunter; the Gallery has a renowned collection of international post-war work and an outstanding collection of modern Scottish art. The post-war collection features art by Francis Bacon, David Hockney, Andy Warhol, Joan Eardley and Alan Davie, with more recent works by artists including Douglas Gordon, Antony Gormley, Robert Priseman and Tracey Emin; the collection includes ARTIST ROOMS, a collection of modern and contemporary art acquired for the nation by National Galleries of Scotland and Tate through the Anthony d'Offay donation with support from the National Heritage Memorial Fund, the Art Fund and the Scottish and British Governments.

The growing collection includes works by major international artists including Andy Warhol, Louise Bourgeois, Robert Mapplethorpe and Damien Hirst. The displays change on a regular basis. Across the road, the Dean Orphan Hospital designed by Thomas Hamilton was constructed in 1833, it was converted to a gallery in 1999 by Terry Farrell and Partners. Modern Two is home to a changing programme of world-class exhibitions and displays drawn from the permanent collection. On permanent display is a recreation of the sculptor Eduardo Paolozzi’s studio, as well as his 7.3 metre-tall sculpture, that dominates the café. Modern Two is home to the Gallery’s world-famous collection of Surrealism, including works by Salvador Dalí, René Magritte and Alberto Giacometti; the building houses a library and special books collection. The library’s great strengths are Dada and Surrealism, early twentieth century artists and contemporary Scottish art; the archive contains over 120 holdings relating to twentieth and twenty-first century artists and art organisations, including the Gallery’s own papers.

The archive holds one of the world’s best collections of Dada and Surrealist material made up by the collections of Roland Penrose and Gabrielle Keiller. The special books collection contains over 2,500 artist books and limited edition livres d’artiste, again with a main focus on Dada and Surrealism, but books by other major artists from the twentieth century including Oskar Kokoschka’s Die Träumenden Knaben and Henri Matisse’s Jazz; this material is available to the public in the reading room, open to the public by appointment. There are regular changing displays in the Gabrielle Keiller library to showcase items from these collections. Modern One and Two are set in extensive parkland, where visitors can discover sculpture by such artists as Ian Hamilton Finlay, Barbara Hepworth, Henry Moore, George Rickey, Rachel Whiteread, Richard Long and Nathan Coley; the lawn to the front of Modern One was re-landscaped in 2002 to a design by Charles Jencks. This dramatic work, or Landform, comprises a stepped, serpentine mound reflected in three crescent-shaped pools of water.

The façade of Modern One is home to Martin Creed’s Work No. 975, EVERYTHING IS GOING TO BE ALRIGHT. Modern One backs on to the Water of Leith river and walkway, which can be accessed by a long flight of steep steps behind the Gallery. Open daily, 10am-5pm. Admission is free. Both galleries have renowned cafés. There is a Gallery Bus which takes visitors from the Scottish National Gallery to the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and back again; the gallery's director is Simon Groom, appointed in 2007. National Galleries of Scotland In the Car Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art and Sculpture Garden – official website official website – Museum collections Charles Jencks' Landform

Wessex Sound Studios

Wessex Sound Studios was a recording studio located at 106a Highbury New Park, England. Many renowned popular music artists recorded there, including Sex Pistols, King Crimson, the Clash, Theatre of Hate, XTC, the Sinceros, Talk Talk, the Rolling Stones, Pete Townshend and The Damned; the property was sold to a residential development company in 2003. The building that would become Wessex Studios was built in 1881 as a church hall of St. Augustine's Church, located in Highbury, London. Like other buildings of the Victorian era, it featured Gothic design. From 1946 to 1949 the hall was the home of the Rank Organisation's'Company of Youth' - more popularly known as the'Rank Charm School' - where future stars of British films, such as Diana Dors, Chirstopher Lee, Barbara Murray and Pete Murray, were tutored and paid about £10/week. Rank had a film studio in the former Highbury Athenaeum building up the road at 96a Highbury Park where supporting features were made; that too was closed in 1949. In the 1960s, the Thompson family converted the church hall into a recording studio.

They named it Wessex because their previous recording studio had been located in what was the kingdom of Wessex. Les Reed, songwriter of "There's a Kind of Hush" etc. with Barry Mason, the Beatles, bought the building in 1965. In 1975, Chrysalis bought Wessex Studios and George Martin's AIR Studios. Purchased by Nigel Frida to become part of the Matrix Recording studios Group in the 1980s, one of the largest independent recording studio complexes in the UK with 5 facilities across London. In 2003, Neptune Group bought the building and converted it into a residential development known as "The Recording Studio", comprising eight apartments and a townhouse. Good vibrations - Property, House & Home - The Independent at The Bill Price Interview at Islington - Churches | British History Online at www. Neptune Group - Current owner of the building St. Augustine's Church - The church in front of the building