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Ptolemy Philadelphus (son of Cleopatra)

Ptolemy XVI Philadelphus Antonius was a Ptolemaic prince and was the youngest and fourth child of Greek Ptolemaic Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt, her third with Roman Triumvir Mark Antony. Ptolemy XVI Philadelphos Antonius was of Roman heritage, his father Mark Antony summoned Cleopatra to a summit near Antioch, Syria in a place Plutarch locates situated between Beirut and Sidon, called Light, an unwalled village. If Plutarch is to be believed Philadelphos was conceived in an unwalled village called Light, during this Mark Antony and Cleopatra summit between November and December 37 BCE because Prof Tarn believes his birth was between August–September 36 BCE. Ptolemy XVI was named after the original Ptolemy II Philadelphus and Cleopatra's intention was recreating the former Ptolemaic Kingdom, which she herself received from Antony in the Donations of Antioch in 36 BCE at this time with full approval from Octavian. Two years in late 34 BCE, at the Donations of Alexandria, part of her kingdom was granted to Ptolemy making him ruler of Syria and Cilicia.

Having approved of Antony's planned reorganization of the East in 36 BCE, by 34 BCE their political situations had evolved and Octavian used with potency the Donations of Alexandria in his propaganda war against Antony. The parents of Philadelphos were defeated by Caesar Octavian during the naval battle at Actium, Greece in 31 BC; the next year, his parents committed suicide as Octavian and his legions invaded Egypt to annex it as a province of the Roman Republic. Octavian took him and his elder siblings Alexander Helios and Cleopatra Selene II from Egypt to Roman Italy. Octavian celebrated his military triumph in Rome, by parading the three orphans in heavy golden chains in the streets of Rome; the chains were so heavy. Octavian gave these siblings to Octavia Minor, his second-eldest sister, their father's former wife; the fate of Ptolemy Philadelphos is unknown. Plutarch states that the only child that Octavian killed out of Antony's children was Marcus Antonius Antyllus, but the ancient sources make no mention of him after being taken to Rome with his surviving siblings.

His sister Cleopatra Selene survived to adulthood and was married to Juba of Mauretania, a client king of the Roman empire. Through her, the Ptolemaic line intermarried back into the Roman nobility for many generations. If Ptolemy Philadelphus survived to adulthood, proof of his survival has not been found. Roller speculates that he may have died from illness in the winter of 29 BC. List of people who disappeared List of Syrian monarchs Timeline of Syrian history Plutarch's Antony "Ptolemy Philadelphus". Archived from the original on 2006-08-28. Cleopatra Selene II and Juba II

Peregrine Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire

Peregrine Andrew Morny Cavendish, 12th Duke of Devonshire, is an English peer. He is the only surviving son of Andrew Cavendish, 11th Duke of Devonshire and his wife, the former Deborah Mitford, he succeeded to the dukedom following the death of his father on 3 May 2004. Prior to this succession, he was styled Marquess of Hartington, his immediate family are owner-occupiers of Chatsworth House and are worth an estimated £800 million. Estates landscaped before 1900 by the family are parts of North Yorkshire. Other capital managed by the Duke includes fine and contemporary art and farming, he attended Eton College and Exeter College, where he read History. The Duke is well known in the world of horse racing and served as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot and chairman of Ascot Racecourse Ltd. In 1980 he was elected to the Jockey Club and in 1989 he was appointed its Senior Steward. During his five-year term of office, he oversaw a number of changes within the racing industry, in particular the creation of the British Horseracing Board, now the governing authority for British racing.

He was appointed first chairman of the board in June 1993 and retired at the end of his term in 1996. He was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire for services to racing in 1997 and Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order in the 2009 New Year Honours for his services as Her Majesty's Representative at Ascot, he was appointed a Trustee of the Wallace Collection in 2007. He is a trustee of Museums Trust, he is Chairman of the Devonshire Arms Hotel Group, a chain of countryside hotels in North Yorkshire and Derbyshire, Deputy Chairman of Sotheby's. He collects modern British and contemporary painting and sculpture, as well as works in other areas, many of which are on display at his family seat Chatsworth House; the Duke and Duchess and the house and estate grounds were featured in the BBC documentary series Chatsworth. In December 2012, he sold Auxiliary cartoon for the Head of a Young Apostle by Raphael for £29.7m at a Sotheby's auction. As of 2016 he is the owner of a notable bookstore in London.

He took up the position as the third Chancellor of the University of Derby at a ceremony on 28 October 2008 in Buxton. The Duke is a current patron of St Wilfrid's Hospice in Eastbourne; the range of Cavendish Pianos were named after the family name of the Duke to recognise his support, critical to the establishment of the new firm. He was the third Chancellor of the University of Derby from 2008 to March 2018, he stepped down from the role in 2018 and his son and heir, William Cavendish, Earl of Burlington was nominated and installed as the fourth and current Chancellor of the University in March 2018. On 28 June 1967 the future Duke married Amanda Carmen Heywood-Lonsdale, daughter of Commander Edward Gavin Heywood-Lonsdale and a descendant of Arthur Heywood-Lonsdale, they have three children - Lord Burlington, Lady Celina, Lady Jasmine - as well as ten grandchildren. In February 2010, the Duke announced his intention to give up his title if hereditary peers were removed from the House of Lords, on the basis that "the aristocracy is dead" and "because it would be clear-cut what the people wanted, it would be confusing to maintain hereditary titles".

This mirrored the view of his mother, who had said "titles are meaningless because peers are no longer legislators". This was dismissed as "nonsense" by Lord Ferrers, who disagreed with the Duke's claims that the aristocracy was dead, it is not known how serious he was in his intention, but if he had gone ahead with his threat he would have been known as "Sir Peregrine Cavendish, KCVO, CBE". Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order Commander of the Order of the British Empire Chancellor of the University of Derby


MOSEK is a software package for the solution of linear, mixed-integer linear, mixed-integer quadratic, quadratically constraint and convex nonlinear mathematical optimization problems. The emphasis in MOSEK is on solving large scale sparse problems the interior-point optimizer for linear, conic quadratic and semi-definite; the software is very efficient solving the latter set of problems. A special feature of the MOSEK interior-point optimizer is that it is based on the so-called homogeneous model; this implies that MOSEK can reliably detect a primal and/or dual infeasible status as documented in several published papers. The software is developed by a Danish company established in 1997 by Erling D. Andersen, it has its office located in the capital of Denmark. In addition to the interior-point optimizer MOSEK includes: Primal and dual simplex optimizer for linear problems. Mixed-integer optimizer for linear and conic problems. In version 9, Mosek introduced support for power cones in its solver.

The software provides interfaces to the C, C#, Java and Python languages. Most major modeling systems are made compatible with MOSEK, examples are: AMPL, GAMS. MOSEK can be used from popular tools such as MATLAB and the R programming language / software environment. With the latter, an outdated version of package Rmosek is available from the CRAN server, the up-to-date version is provided by Mosek ApS), CVX, YALMIP

National Institute for Higher Education

A National Institute for Higher Education was a category of higher education institution established in Ireland to provide higher level technical education above the standard of the established Regional Technical College system, at university level. Higher level technical education in Ireland was seen to be an area, poorly served until the advent of these institutions; the plan was to see degree level education mainly. The first institution was set up in Limerick, where there had been long-standing demand for a university, in fact a "University of Limerick" was proposed inter alia in the late 1960s by the Lichfield Report; the institution at Dublin was to be the unified campus of what became Dublin Institute of Technology, but instead a new institution was developed similar to Limerick. In the 1970s it was expected that the institutions would be recognised colleges of the National University of Ireland, in time this status been raised to constituent college status; this did occur for a short time, however the institutions had all degrees conferred by the National Council for Educational Awards after 1977, this continued until university status was achieved.

In November 1986 the International Study Group on Technological Education was established by the Minister for Education. The chair was T. P. Hardiman, chairman of the Investment Bank of Ireland, whilst the deputy chair was Emeritus Professor of Business Administration at University College, Dublin; the other three members were: Vice-Chancellor of Brunel University and Vice President of the Royal Society President of the University of Waterloo Vice-President of the German Research Foundation at Hamburg University of TechnologyThe institutions were de facto universities from the start, were elevated to the level of university in 1989 after the International Study Group on Technological Education presented its recommendations to the Irish Government on their status. The original brief of this report was to investigate the creation of a single National Technological examine third-level technological education outside the universities and to consider the case of a new Technological University...

However the study group found that this title would not be appropriate considering that non-technical disciplines were offered and that one university might limit the innovation which had become the trademark of the two separate institutions:...the NIHE Limerick having the title University of Limerick and the NIHE Dublin having the title Dublin City University or the University of Leinster. The title'technological university" should not be used. List of higher education institutions in the Republic of Ireland

Charles Paulet, 13th Marquess of Winchester

Charles Ingoldsby Burroughs-Paulet, 13th Marquess of Winchester PC was a British peer and courtier, styled Earl of Wiltshire from 1794 until 1800. Born Lord Charles Ingoldsby Paulet, he was the eldest son of the 12th Marquess of Winchester and was educated at Eton and Clare College, Cambridge. After graduating, he served with the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards as an ensign from 1784–86 sat in the Commons as Member of Parliament for Truro from 1792–96, he returned to the military in 1796 as a Lt.-Col. in the North Hampshire Militia and became Lord Lieutenant of Hampshire in 1798. He married Anne Andrews on 31 July 1800 and they had seven children: John Paulet, 14th Marquess of Winchester Lord Charles Paulet, a religious minister, married Caroline Ramsden firstly; when Queen Victoria came to the throne that year, the office was abolished as to the Sovereign — Prince Albert continued to have one, as did the Prince of Wales until the complete abolition of the office in 1901. On 8 August 1839, he added the name of Burroughs to his own, when he inherited the property of Dame Sarah Salusbury, under the terms of her will.

Lord Winchester died in 1843 and his titles passed to his eldest son, John

Brewer's spent grain

Brewer's spent grain or draff is a byproduct of the brewing industry that makes up 85 percent of brewing waste. BSG is obtained as a solid residue after wort production in the brewing process; the product is wet, with a short shelf-life, but can be dried and processed in various ways to preserve it. Because BSG is available wherever beer is consumed and is available at a low cost, many potential uses for this waste have been suggested and studied; the majority of BSG is composed of barley malt grain husks in combination with parts of the pericarp and seed coat layers of the barley. Though the composition of BSG can vary, depending on the type of barley used, the way it was grown, other factors, BSG is rich in cellulose, hemicelluloses and protein. BSG is naturally high in fiber, making it of great interest as a food additive, replacing low-fiber ingredients; the high protein and fiber content of BSG makes it an obvious target to add to human foods. BSG can be ground and sifted into a powder that can increase fiber and protein content while decreasing caloric content replacing flour in baked goods and other foods, such as breadsticks and hot dogs.

Some breweries that operate restaurants re-use their BSG in recipes, such as in pizza crust. Grainstone is an Australian based company that has commercialised an innovative method to convert BSG to a premium specialty flour; the low cost and high availability of BSG has led to its use as livestock feed. BSG dried; the high protein content in BSG offers a wide variety of amino acids essential in the diet of livestock. In fact, supplementing BSG in cow diets may increase milk yield, milk total solids content, milk fat yield, when compared to maize. BSG may be an affordable soil amendment for agricultural purposes, its high protein content translates to high nitrogen availability in soils, which could be ideal for many common crops such as beets, spinach and onions. In combination with compost, BSG may improve germination rate and the availability of organic matter in soil. Studies have shown that BSG in addition to compost has a stronger, positive effect on germination than compost alone. An additional study has shown that the inclusion of BSG in soil is more effective at sodic soil reclamation and corn seed germination than gypsum, traditionally used in sodic soils