Ptolemy XIV of Egypt

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Ptolemy XIV
Ptolemy XIV.jpg
Pharaoh of Egypt
Reign47 - 44 BC
PredecessorCleopatra VII and
Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopator
SuccessorCleopatra VII and
Ptolemy XV Caesarion
Born60/59 BC
Died26 July 44 BC
SpouseCleopatra VII
GreekΠτολεμαίος ΙΔ΄
HousePtolemaic dynasty
FatherPtolemy XII Auletes

Ptolemy XIV (Greek: Πτολεμαῖος, Ptolemaĩos, who lived 60 BC/59 BC–44 BC and reigned 47 BC–44 BC), was a son of Ptolemy XII of Egypt and one of the last members of the Ptolemaic dynasty of Egypt. Following the death of his older brother Ptolemy XIII of Egypt on January 13, 47 BC, he was proclaimed Pharaoh and co-ruler by their older sister and remaining Pharaoh, Cleopatra VII of Egypt, he and Cleopatra were married, but Cleopatra continued to act as lover of Roman dictator Julius Caesar. Ptolemy is considered to have reigned in name only, with Cleopatra keeping actual authority. On March 15, 44 BC Caesar was murdered in Rome by a group of conspirators whose most notable members were Marcus Junius Brutus and Gaius Cassius Longinus. Ptolemy soon followed him in death. An inscription mentioning him as alive was dated at July 26, 44 BC, it has been assumed but remains uncertain that Cleopatra poisoned her co-ruler, with aconite, to replace him with his nephew Ptolemy XV Caesarion, her son by Caesar who was proclaimed co-ruler on September 2, 44 BC and whom his mother intended to support as successor of his father.


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Ptolemy XIV of Egypt
Born: ca. 60 BC Died: 44 BC
Preceded by
Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XIII
Pharaoh of Egypt
47–44 BC
with Cleopatra VII
Succeeded by
Cleopatra VII and Ptolemy XV Caesarion