A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became republic. In some countries, it is known by some other sort of name; the Day of the Establishment of the Slovak Republic marks Slovak independence from Czechoslovakia, which occurred on 1 January 1993, one day after the dissolution of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic. India gained its independence on 15 August 1947, after which the process of preparing a constitution was started; the Constitution was passed on 26 November 1949 in the Constituent Assembly. It was adopted on 26 January 1950 with a democratic government system. 26 January was selected, because it was this day in 1930 when the Declaration of Indian Independence was passed. India achieved independence from British rule on 15 August 1947 following the Indian independence movement noted for peaceful nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience led by the Indian National Congress; the independence came through the Indian Independence Act 1947, an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that partitioned British India into the two new independent Dominions of the British Commonwealth: India and Pakistan.
India obtained its independence on 15 August 1947 as a constitutional monarchy with George VI as head of state and the Earl Mountbatten as governor-general. The country, did not yet have a permanent constitution. On 28 August 1947, the Drafting Committee was appointed to draft a permanent constitution, with Dr. B. R. Ambedkar as chairman. While India's Independence Day celebrates its freedom from British Rule, the Republic Day celebrates of coming into force of its constitution. A draft constitution was prepared by the committee and submitted to the Assembly on 4 November 1947; the Assembly met, in sessions open to public, for 166 days, spread over a period of 2 years, 11 months and 18 days before adopting the Constitution. After many deliberations and some modifications, the 308 members of the Assembly signed two hand-written copies of the document on 24 January 1950. Two days it came into effect throughout the nation; the main Republic Day celebration is held in the national capital of New Delhi at the Rajpath before the President of India.
The Memorial Day of the Republic commemorates the proclamation of the Republic of Hungary on 1 February 1946. Since 2004, this day is a national commemoration day, not a national holiday; the National day of Serbia commemorates every year in memory of two major historical events: The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804. and The First Serbian Constitution in 1835. On 23 February 1970, Guyana was declared a "cooperative republic" within the Commonwealth of Nations. In Pakistan, 23 March marks two related events, the Lahore Resolution in 1940, by the leaders of the All India Muslim League demanding a separate state for Muslims of post British India in 1947; the second event was the formal declaration of Pakistan as an Islamic Republic in 1956, having held the status of a Dominion. The main events of this day include a full military parade and the awarding of honors at the Presidential Palace by the President. Iranian Islamic Republic Day is celebrated on Farvardin 12 of the Iranian calendar to mark the anniversary of the 1979 establishment of the Islamic Republic.
Farvardin 12 falls around 1 April in the Gregorian calendar. On 24 April 1970, the Gambia became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations; the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania met for the first time on 15 May 1920. The day is commemorated as Constituent Assembly Day. On 22 May 1972, Ceylon changed its name to Sri Lanka, adopted a new constitution, became a republic. On 28 May 1918, Azerbaijan declared independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic, thus forming the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. Azerbaijan was the first democratic parliamentary republic in the Muslim world; the holiday was not celebrated during Soviet times, it only achieved consistency after the collapse of the USSR. A decade-long People's Revolution by the Communist Party of Nepal along with several months of mass protests by all major political parties of Nepal in 2006, culminated in a peace accord and the ensuing elections for the constituent assembly which voted overwhelmingly in favor of the abdication of the last Nepali monarch Gyanendra Shah and the establishment of a federal democratic republic on 28 May 2008.
Between 1961 and 1994, 31 May was celebrated in South Africa as Republic Day. This practice was discontinued in 1995 following the attainment of majority rule and the re-organisation of public holidays as a consequence. On the last Republic Day, in 1994, South Africa rejoined the Commonwealth of Nations. Republic Day is celebrated on 2 June, it commemorates the referendum of 1946, when the Italian population was called to decide what form of government to give to the country after World War II and the fall of Fascism. After 85 years of monarchy, Italy became a Republic, the monarchs of the House of Savoy were deposed and exiled; this is one of the most important Italian public holidays which, like 14 July in France and 4 July in the USA, celebrates the birth of the nation. A grand military parade is held in central Rome. Lýðveldisdagurinn commemorates the independence of Iceland on 17 June 1944. On 1 July 1960, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana proclaimed a republic and became its first president.
From 1946 to 1961, this day was celebrated as Independence Day, in honour of the coun
Public holidays in the Philippines
This is a list of public holidays in the Philippines. On July 25, 1987, President Corazon Aquino promulgated the Administrative Code of the Philippines. Chapter 7- of this code specified a list of ten nationwide regular holidays and two nationwide special days and provided that the President may proclaim any local special day for a particular date, group or place. Seven of the regular holidays were specified with fixed dates, two with movable dates, one was specified to fall on the Last Sunday of August; the code did not specify how the movable dates were to be determinedIn 2001, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo decided to include holiday manipulation known as Holiday Economics as part of the then-new government’s list of principal economic policies, moving the celebration dates for holidays occurring on midweek days to weekend days. This was codified by Republic Act. No. 9492, approved on July 25, 2007, which replaced the list of holidays and special days. This act had been specified by the Administrative Code with a new list of eleven national holidays and three nationwide special days.
The act provided that Eidul Adha shall be celebrated as a regional holiday in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao. The act specified two of the holidays and one special day with fixed dates, five of the holidays and two special days as occurring on a Monday nearest to or preceding specified dates, two of the holidays as having movable dates; the act mandated that the President shall issue a proclamation for specifying the specific date movable holidays at least six months prior to the holiday concerned. The act specified that holidays falling on a Wednesday will be observed on the Monday of that week, that holidays falling on a Sunday will be observed on the Monday that follows, provided that regular holidays and special days may be modified by order or proclamation. Presidential Proclamations issued subsequent to the promulgation of Republic Act No. 9492 established celebration dates for national holidays and special days, established new holidays and special days, some nationwide and some local to specified localities.
The Labor Code of the Philippines specifies two types of holidays: the "regular holiday" and the "special non-working day". There is a difference in the pay that employers are required to pay between the two type of holidays. There is a difference in what is closed and in how the days are declared. On top of these pay rules, an employee shall be given an additional 30% if the holiday falls on his or her rest day, an additional 30% if he or she works overtime. Independence Day was celebrated on July 4–-the date of the Philippine independence from the United States in 1946, a date chosen because it was American Independence Day. On May 12, 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal issued Presidential Proclamation No. 28, which declared Tuesday, June 12 a special public holiday throughout the Philippines, "... in commemoration of our people's declaration of their inherent and inalienable right to freedom and independence." On August 4, 1964, Republic Act No. 4166 renamed July 4 holiday as "Philippine Republic Day", proclaimed June 12 as "Philippine Independence Day", enjoined all citizens of the Philippines to observe the latter with befitting rites.
In 1955, President Ramón Magsaysay issued Presidential Proclamation No. 212, s. 1955, which established the observance of Philippine–American Day every November 15, the anniversary of the 1935 inauguration of the Commonwealth of the Philippines. Sometime during the administration of President Ferdinand Marcos, Philippine–American Day was renamed "Philippine–American Friendship Day" and moved to July 4, overshadowing the observance of the date as Republic Day. After the Third Republic and the abolition of the 1935 Constitution under Martial Law, it was impolitic to remind the public of the old republic; this is why, when President Marcos issued Presidential Proclamation No. 2346 s. 1984, reference was made to Philippine–American Friendship Day, relegated to a working holiday without mention of Republic Day. During the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, the practice of celebrating July 4 as both Philippine–American Friendship Day and Republic Day as a non-working holiday was formally abolished.
Section 26 of the Administrative Code of 1987 specified a list of regular holidays and nationwide special days that did not include July 4. Philippine cities, municipalities, or barangays observe one or more holidays. Being a predominantly Catholic country, these are the feasts of the locale's one or more patron saints. Secular observances mark a government's founding day or the birth or death of a prominent native; these are celebrated with parades, processions and feasting, as well as whatever local customs are traditional. Local holidays for the most part are applicable only to the immediate area concerned, barangay fiestas do not warrant a public holiday for the area unless otherwise ordered; such holidays are declared as special non-working day and is proclaimed by the President. Regular holiday and special non-working day have different pay rules. On a regular holiday, if the employee did not work, the employee is entitled 100% of his daily wage. However, special non-working day follows a'No Work, No Pay' principle.
Therefore, the employee is not entitled to any compensation. If the employee works on the special non-working day, the employee shall be entitled to an additional compensation of 30% of his regular daily wage
Public holidays in Azerbaijan
Holidays in Azerbaijan were regulated in the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR for the first time on 19 May 1921 by the Azeri leader Nariman Narimanov. Through the history non-working days have changed. Non-working days in Azerbaijan include the following: National days in Azerbaijan that are working days follows: January 30 – Day of Azerbaijani customs February 2 – Day of Youth in Azerbaijan February 11 – Day of Revenue Service February 26 – Day of Remembrance for Victims of Khojaly massacre March 5 – Day of Physical Culture and Sport March 28 – Day of National Security March 31 – Day of Genocide of Azerbaijanis March 23 – Day of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources April 10 – Day of the builder May 10 – Flower Festival June 2 – Day of Civil Aviation June 5 – Day of Reclamation June 18 Human Rights Day June 20 – Day of the gas sector July 2 – Day of Azerbaijani police July 9 – Day of the employees of the diplomatic service July 22 – National Press Day in Azerbaijan August 1 – Day of Azerbaijani language and alphabet.
August 2 – National Day of Azerbaijani cinema September 15 – Day of Knowledge September 18 – Day of National Music September 20 – Day of Azerbaijani Oil / Oil Workers' Day October 1 – Day of prosecutors in Azerbaijan October 13 – Day of Azerbaijani Railway October 18 - Independence Day November 6 – Day of Baku Metro Employees November 12 – Constitution Day November 22 – Day of Justice of Azerbaijan December 6 – Day of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technologies of Azerbaijan December 16 – Day of Azerbaijani Ministry of Emergency Situations Only the holidays of Ramadan and Qurban remain as non-working religious days in Azerbaijan as the country is secular and irreligious. The religious population of the country in Nardaran and a number of other villages and regions celebrate the Day of Ashura, a Shia mourning day in the Islamic calendar. Religious minorities of the country – Orthodox Christians and Jews - celebrate notable religious days of their faith. Despite the fact that the holiday Novruz takes its roots from the religion of Zoroastranism all Azerbaijanis celebrates it as a holiday of spring.
Holidays of Azerbaijan
Naadam is a traditional festival in Mongolia. The festival is locally termed "eriin gurvan naadam" "the three games of men"; the games are Mongolian wrestling, horse racing, archery, are held throughout the country during midsummer. Women have started participating in the archery and girls in the horse-racing games, but not in Mongolian wrestling. In 2010, Naadam was inscribed on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity of UNESCO. Naadam is the most watched festival among Mongols, is believed to have existed for centuries in one fashion or another, it has its origin in the activities, such as military parades and sporting competitions such as archery, horse riding and wrestling, that followed the celebration of various occasions, including weddings or spiritual gatherings. It served as a way to train soldiers for battle, was connected to Mongols' nomadic lifestyle. Mongolians practice their unwritten holiday rules that include a long song to start the holiday a Biyelgee dance.
Traditional cuisine, or Khuushuur, is served around the Sports Stadium along with a special drink made of horse milk. The three games of wrestling, horse racing, archery are recorded in the 13th-century book The Secret History of the Mongols. During the Qing dynasty's rule, Naadam became a festival held by sums. Now it formally commemorates the 1921 Revolution. Naadam celebrates the achievements of the new state, it was celebrated as a Buddhist/shaman holiday until secularization in the 1930s under the Communist influence of the Soviet Union. The biggest festival is held in the Mongolian capital, during the National Holiday from July 11 to 13, in the National Sports Stadium, it begins with an elaborate introduction ceremony featuring dancers, horse riders, musicians. After the ceremony, the competitions begin; the competitions are horseback riding. Naadam is celebrated in different regions of Mongolia and Inner Mongolia in July and August. In the Tuva Republic, Naadam is on 15 August; the three sports are called "Danshig" games.
They became the great celebration of the new nation, where the nobility got together to dedicate to the Jabzundamba Khutugtu, the new head of state. Genghis Khan's nine horse tails, representing the nine tribes of the Mongols, are still ceremonially transported from Sukhbaatar Square to the Stadium to open the Naadam festivities. At the opening and closing ceremonies, there are impressive parades of mounted cavalry and monks. Another popular Naadam activity is the playing of games using shagai, sheep anklebones that serve as game pieces and tokens of both divination and friendship. In the larger Naadam festivals, tournaments may take place in a separate venue. A total of 512 or 1024 wrestlers meet in a single-elimination tournament that lasts nine or ten rounds. Mongolian traditional wrestling is an untimed competition in which wrestlers lose if they touch the ground with any part of their body other than their feet or hands; when picking pairs, the wrestler with the greatest fame has the privilege to choose his opponent.
Wrestlers wear two-piece costumes consisting of shorts. Only men are allowed to participate; each wrestler has an "encourager" called a zasuul. The zasuul sings a song of praise for the winning wrestler after rounds 3, 5, 7. Winners of the 7th or 8th stage earn the title of zaan, "elephant"; the winner of the 9th or 10th stage is called arslan, "lion". In the final competition, all the "zasuuls" drop in the wake of each wrestler as they take steps toward each other. Two-time arslans are called avraga. Unlike Western horse racing, which consists of short sprints not much longer than 2 km, Mongolian horse racing as featured in Naadam is a cross-country event, with races 15–30 km long; the length of each race is determined by age class. For example, two-year-old horses race for seven-year-olds for seventeen miles. Up to 1000 horses from any part of Mongolia can be chosen to participate. Race horses are fed a special diet. Children from 5 to 13 are chosen as jockeys and train in the months preceding the races.
While jockeys are an important component, the main purpose of the races is to test the skill of the horses. Before the races begin, the audience sings traditional songs and the jockeys sing a song called Gingo. Prizes are awarded to jockeys; the top five horses in each class earn the title of airgiyn tav and the top three are given gold and bronze medals. The winning jockey is praised with the title of tumny leader of ten thousand; the horse that finishes last in the Daaga race is called bayan khodood. A song is sung to the Bayan khodood wishing him luck to be next year's winner. More about horse riding in Mongolia In this competition both men and women may participate, it is played by teams of ten. Each archer is given four arrows. Men shoot their arrows from 75 meters away. Traditionally the archers wear their national clothing during the competition. All the archers wear leather bracers up to the elbow on their outstretched arm, so that the deel’s cuff does not interfere with shooting. Mongolian archery is unique for having dozens of surs as targets.
Each sur is a small wooden cylinder. They are placed on top of each other forming a wall three-high, 8 inches high by 5 feet wide. Knocking
Mongolian State Flag Day
State Flag Day is the main state holiday in Mongolia. This date is celebrated annually on July 10. State Flag Day is annually celebrated with a military parade and a flag raising ceremony on Chinggis Square. In 2008, 3 Mongolian Members of Parliament passed a law on the establishment of State Flag Day; as a result, State Flag Day was celebrated for the first time on July 10 the following year. The annual military parade Mongolian Armed Forces on the southern part of Sükhbaatar Square is the main event during State Flag Day; the parade has been held since 2009, is presided by the President of Mongolia in his/her capacity as Commander in Chief of the MAF. The ceremonies begin as the president steps out of the Government Palace to be received at the saluting base by the Speaker of the State Great Khural, the Prime Minister, the Minister of Defense, as well as members of the government and the General Staff of the Mongolian Armed Forces; as the President receives the salute a car carrying a color guard from the National Defense University takes its place in the parade to the tune of a slow march.
After a fanfare by the combined massed bands of the Ulaanbaatar garrison provided by the Military Band of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Mongolia and the Brass Band of the Military Music College of Mongolia of the NDU, the Minister of Defense arrives in the center of the square to receive the report from the Chief of the General Staff of the MAF, on the status of the parade and its readiness for inspection. As the Minister's vehicle pass the mobile column of the parade he/she greets the formations and congratulates them on the holiday. Once the minister and the parade commander finish their inspection, the minister's vehicle heads to the saluting base to greet the president and give his/her ceremonial report on the parade's readiness to march off. Following this, the National Anthem of Mongolia is played by the band as the national flag is raised. Following a threefold Urra by the armed forces, the parade commander orders the parade formations to stand at attention and to move their colours and commanders to the front of their formation for the march past.
Once the commander orders the parade to march in quick time with the command Eyes on the right, quick march!, the Corps of Drums of the Military Music College, march to a tune being played by the drummers and fifers. By the signal of the Corps Drum Major, massed bands start playing and the corps stops and swings its drumsticks while their eyes are on the right; the Corps of Drums are immediately followed by cadets from the NDU, who are followed by the parade formations participating in the parade, ending with the Mongolian State Honor Guard Battalion. Public holidays in Mongolia Mongolian Armed Forces Mongolian General Purpose Force Mongolian Air Force Military band National Defense University Military Band of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Mongolia Military Music College of Mongolia Mongolian State Honor Guard
New Year's Day
New Year's Day simply called New Year or New Year's, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar. In pre-Christian Rome under the Julian calendar, the day was dedicated to Janus, god of gateways and beginnings, for whom January is named; as a date in the Gregorian calendar of Christendom, New Year's Day liturgically marked the Feast of the Naming and Circumcision of Jesus, still observed as such in the Anglican Church and Lutheran Church. In present day, with most countries now using the Gregorian calendar as their de facto calendar, New Year's Day is the most celebrated public holiday observed with fireworks at the stroke of midnight as the new year starts in each time zone. Other global New Year's Day traditions include making New Year's resolutions and calling one's friends and family. Mesopotamia instituted the concept of celebrating the new year in 2000 BC and celebrated new year around the time of the vernal equinox, in mid-March.
The early Roman calendar designated March 1 as the first day of the year. The calendar had just ten months, beginning with March; that the new year once began with the month of March is still reflected in some of the names of the months. September through December, our ninth through twelfth months, were positioned as the seventh through tenth months. Roman legend credited their second king Numa with the establishment of the months of Ianuarius and Februarius; these were first placed at the end of the year, but at some point came to be considered the first two months instead. The January Kalends came to be celebrated as the new year at some point after it became the day for the inaugurating new consuls in 153 BC. Romans had long dated their years by these consulships, rather than sequentially, making the kalends of January start the new year aligned this dating. Still and religious celebrations around the March new year continued for some time and there is no consensus on the question of the timing for January 1's new status.
Once it became the new year, however, it became a time for family celebrations. A series of disasters, notably including the failed rebellion of M. Aemilius Lepidus in 78 BC, established a superstition against allowing Rome's market days to fall on the kalends of January and the pontiffs employed intercalation to avoid its occurrence. In 567 AD, the Council of Tours formally abolished January 1 as the beginning of the year. At various times and in various places throughout medieval Christian Europe, the new year was celebrated on December 25 in honor of the birth of Jesus; these days were astronomically and astrologically significant since, at the time of the Julian reform, March 25 had been understood as the spring equinox and December 25 as the winter solstice. Medieval calendars nonetheless continued to display the months running from January to December, despite their readers reckoning the transition from one year to the next on a different day. Among the 7th century pagans of Flanders and the Netherlands, it was the custom to exchange gifts on the first day of the new year.
This custom was deplored by Saint Eligius, who warned the Flemish and Dutch: " make vetulas, little deer or iotticos or set tables at night or exchange New Year gifts or supply superfluous drinks." However, on the date that European Christians celebrated the New Year, they exchanged Christmas presents because New Year's Day fell within the twelve days of the Christmas season in the Western Christian liturgical calendar. Because of the leap year error in the Julian calendar, the date of Easter had drifted backward since the First Council of Nicaea decided the computation of the date of Easter in 325. By the sixteenth century, the drift from the observed equinox had become unacceptable. In 1582, Pope Gregory XIII declared the Gregorian calendar used today, correcting the error by a deletion of 10 days; the Gregorian calendar reform restored January 1 as New Year's Day. Although most Catholic countries adopted the Gregorian calendar immediately, it was only adopted among Protestant countries; the British, for example, did not adopt the reformed calendar until 1752.
Until the British Empire – and its American colonies – still celebrated the new year on March 25. Most nations of Western Europe adopted January 1 as New Year's Day somewhat before they adopted the Gregorian Calendar. In Tudor England, New Year's Day, along with Christmas Day and Twelfth Night, was celebrated as one of three main festivities among the twelve days of Christmastide. There, until the adoption of the Gregorian Calendar in 1752, the first day of the new year was the Western Christian Feast of the Annunciation, on March 25 called "Lady Day". Dates predicated on the year beginning on March 25 became known as Annunciation Style dates, while dates of the Gregorian Calendar commencing on January 1 were distinguished as Circumcision Style dates, because this was the date of the Feast of the Circumcision, the observed memorial of the eighth day of Jesus Christ's l
The Mongolian Lunar New Year known as Tsagaan Sar, is the first day of the year according to the Mongolian lunisolar calendar. The festival of the Lunar New Year is celebrated by the Mongols along with the people in the Arctic and some Turkic peoples; the White Moon festival is celebrated on the first through third days of the first lunar month. Tibet's Losar occurs on the same day as the Mongolian White Moon. Tsagaan Sar is one of the most important Mongolian holidays; the Mongolic Khitan of the Liao Dynasty had a festival day called Five Moon, a name ending in "moon" like Tsagaan Sar. The Liaoshi records in Chapter 53: 國語謂是日為「討賽咿兒」。「討」五；「賽咿兒」，月也。 In the national language this day is called "Tao Saiyir". "Tao" means five. The Mongols of Genghis Khan used the twelve-year animal cycle to mark their chronology; the Secret History of the Mongols written in 1240 as well as many letters of the Khans extensively use the twelve-year animal cycle. On the Year of the Red Hare, Genghis Khan ascended and purified himself on the first day of the lunar new year, wore new clothes, paid respects to Heaven and Earth and greeted his mother Hoelun and took part in a ceremony in his palace.
On the first day of the lunar new year of the Year of the Rat, Genghis Khan distributed gold presents to people aged over 60. Marco Polo describes a Mongolian Lunar New Year celebrated by Kublai Khan in the 13th century during the Yuan Dynasty. In Book Two, Part One he writes: The beginning of their New Year is the month of February, on that occasion the Great Khan and all his subjects made such a Feast as I now shall describe, it is the custom that on this occasion the Khan and all his subjects should be clothed in white. And this is done in order that they may thrive all through the year, for they deem that white clothing is lucky. On that day all the people of all the provinces and governments and kingdoms and countries that owe allegiance to the Khan bring him great presents of gold and silver, pearls and gems, rich textures of divers kinds, and this they do that the Emperor throughout the year may have abundance of treasure and enjoyment without care. And the people make presents to each other of white things, embrace and kiss and make merry, wish each other happiness and good luck for the coming year.
After the Red Turban Rebellion drove the Mongols out of China in 1368 the Northern Yuan Dynasty continued Mongol traditions in the Mongol homeland. In contrast to the Naadam festival in summer which celebrates manly virtues Tsagaan Sar celebrates the softer virtues of peace and harmony; the color white represented by the white foods or "tsagaan idee" symbolize purity of intent. In Paragraph 254 of the Secret History of the Mongols the sons of Genghis Khan fight over who will succeed as next Khan. Genghis Khan sits silently. Khukhuchos speaks up and reprimands Chagatai: "Chagatai, you have spoken careless words that have frozen the warm liver of your good queen mother, grieved her loving heart, dried her oil-like thoughts and curdled her milk white spirit." During Tsagaan Sar emphasis is placed on purity of intent or whiteness of spirit when visiting elder relatives. The greeting "Amar baina uu" is said while the arms are extended with open palms showing no bad intention; the younger places his or her arms below the elder in a supporting fashion, both bow and embrace and the traditional Mongolian "sniff-kiss" is given by the elder on both cheeks.
This traditional gesture is called zolgokh. Quarreling is taboo and emphasis is placed on genuine reconciliation. Gift-giving is central to Tsagaan Sar. A lavish feast is laid out to wish for happiness and prosperity in the coming year. During the Qing Dynasty, the Mongolians followed the "shar zurhai" to determine the day of the Lunar New Year. From 1911 onwards during the Bogd Khanate of Mongolia, the Mongolians have used the Tugs Bayasgalant horoscope which differs from the yellow horoscope on certain years; the customs of Tsagaan Sar are different depending on the region. In Mongolia around the New Year for example, families burn candles at the altar symbolizing Buddhist enlightenment. People greet each other with holiday-specific greetings such as Амар байна уу?, meaning "Are you living peacefully?" Mongols visit friends and family on this day and exchange gifts. A typical Mongol family will meet in the home dwelling of the eldest in the family. Many people will be dressed in full garment of national Mongol costumes.
When greeting their elders during the White Moon festival, Mongols perform the zolgokh greeting, grasping them by their elbows to show support for them. The eldest receives greetings from each member of the family except for his/her spouse. During the greeting ceremony, family members hold long blue, silk cloths called a khadag. After the ceremony, the extended family eats sheep's tail, rice with curds, dairy products, buuz, it is typical to drink airag and exchange gifts. The day before Tsagaan Sar is called the name of the lunar phase of a new or dark moon; the lunar phases are Bituun, Shined and Huuchid. On the Bituun day, people clean around home, herders clean the livestock barns and shades, to meet the New Year fresh; the Bituun ceremony includes